The Info List - Mont Blanc Tramway

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The Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
Tramway or Tramway du Mont-Blanc (TMB) is a mountain railway line in the Haute-Savoie
department of France. It is the highest in France
and the fourth highest in Europe. The extensive views of Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
and adjacent mountains of the Mont Blanc massif provided by the tramway make it popular with tourists. Also, mountaineers and hikers use the tramway because its stops provide the jumping off points for many trails, as well as giving access to the Refuge Nid d'Aigle close to the terminus of railway.[1] The normal alpine mountaineering route to climb Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
starts at the tramway's terminus, Nid d'Aigle, and proceeds either to an overnight stop at the Tête Rousse Hut, or at the higher Goûter Hut (fr).[2][3]


1 Location 2 Technology 3 Operations 4 Gallery 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Location[edit] The line runs from a connection with the SNCF
at Saint-Gervais-les-Bains
Le Fayet station to the Nid d'Aigle station at the Bionnassay glacier at an altitude of 2,372 m (7,782 ft). The initial intention was for the line to reach the Aiguille du Goûter. Technology[edit] The line is 12.4 km (7.7 mi) long and has a rail gauge of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in). It is a rack and adhesion railway, using the Strub design to overcome a height difference of 1,792 m (5,879 ft). The line has an average gradient of 15% and a maximum gradient of 24%. Some 85% of the line is equipped with rack rail, with adhesion being used at the foot of the line and at intermediate crossing stations. The line is electrified using an overhead line at 11 kV and 50 Hz AC. Operations[edit] The line is operated by the Compagnie du Mont-Blanc (fr) which also manages the Montenvers Railway
Montenvers Railway
and many ski lifts in the Mont Blanc region. The first section of the line, to the Col de Voza, was opened in 1907. The line reached its current terminus in August 1914 when work was suspended, because of World War I, and never resumed. The line was worked by steam locomotives until it was electrified in 1956. The line is worked by three motor coaches which are named Anne, Marie and Jeanne. These were the names of the three daughters of the line's owner at the time of electrification. The journey time is 1 hour from Fayet to Bellvue with four or five trips operating per day. The Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
Tramway is featured in the film Malabar Princess. In late July 2010 the last section of the Tramway and the nearby Nid d'Aigle mountain refuge was closed for safety reasons for the rest of the operational season. This was due to concerns of a repeat of a potentially catastrophic flood from release of a vast quantity of water that had built up within an intraglacial pocket within the Tête Rousse glacier lying directly above it.[4][5] Gallery[edit]

Terminus at Saint-Gervais-Le-Fayet (1)

Terminus at Saint-Gervais-Le-Fayet (2)

Snow blower

Saint-Gervais-Ville station

See also[edit]

Chemin de fer du Montenvers


^ "Nid d'Aigle Refuge (2372m), Massif du Mont-Blanc". www.chamonet.com. Retrieved 23 February 2016.  ^ SummitPost Tête Rousse Hut. Retrieved 17 August 2009. ^ "Refuge de l'Aiguille du Goûter". www.camptocamp.org. Retrieved 23 February 2016.  ^ "Catastrophes, avalanches, poches d'eau". www.glaciers-climat.fr. Retrieved 23 February 2016.  ^ Clark, Tim (4 August 2010). "Flood risk in French Alps after water pocket discovered under Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
glacier". Daily Mail Online. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 

Web page http://www.compagniedumontblanc.fr/en/tramway/index.html and descendants, retrieved on 15 March 2004 at 17:15 UTC.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tramway du Mont-Blanc.

Tramway du Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc

v t e

Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc


Argentière Chamonix Champex Courmayeur La Fouly Les Houches Montroc Les Praz Saint-Gervais-les-Bains Trient


Aiguille d'Argentière Aiguille de Bionnassay Aiguille de Blaitière Aiguille Blanche de Peuterey Aiguille du Chardonnet Aiguilles du Diable Aiguilles Dorées Aiguille du Dru Aiguille des Glaciers Aiguille du Goûter Aiguille des Grands Charmoz Aiguille des Grands Montets Aiguille du Grépon Aiguille du Jardin Aiguille du Midi Aiguille de l'A Neuve Aiguille Noire de Peuterey Aiguille du Pissoir Aiguille du Plan Aiguille de Rochefort Aiguille du Tour Aiguille de Tré la Tête Aiguille de Triolet Aiguille Verte La Breya Le Catogne Le Châtelet (Mont Blanc) Dent du Géant Dôme du Goûter Dôme de Rochefort Les Droites Le Génépi Grand Capucin Grand Darray Grand Pilier d'Angle Grande Lui Grande Pointe des Planereuses Grande Rocheuse Grandes Jorasses Mont Blanc Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
de Courmayeur Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
du Tacul Mont Brouillard Mont Dolent Mont Mallet Mont Maudit Pic Eccles Picco Luigi Amedeo Pointe Allobrogia Pointe Helbronner Pointe d'Orny Pointe des Plines Pointe Ronde Pointe Walker Le Portalet Punta Baretti Tita Neire Tour Noir Tour Ronde


Col Ferret Col des Montets


Argentière Bossons Mer de Glace Miage Saleina Tête Rousse Trient


Albert Premier A Neuve Argentière Cosmiques Couvercle Durier Elisabetta Francesco Gonella Grands Mulets Leschaux Mont-Blanc Plan de l'Aiguille Quintino Sella Tête Rousse Torino Tré la Tête Trient Saleina Vallot

Mountaineers (first or major ascents)

Allain Almer Anderegg (J.) Anderegg (M.) Balmat Blanchard Blodig Boivin Bonatti Bonington Boulaz Bristow Brown Burgener Cassin Charlet Clough Cordier (H.) Cordier (P.) Couzy Croz Dent Desmaison Destivelle Długosz Eccles Eckenstein Gabarrou Ghirardini Graham Brown Güssfeldt Harlin Heckmair Hemming Hudson Kennedy King Klucker Kuffner Kukuczka Kurtyka Lachenal Lafaille Lambert MacIntyre Maund Mazeaud Messner Middlemore Moore Mummery Paccard Paradis Patey Ratti Rébuffat Rey Robbins Roch Rouse de Saussure Smythe Stephen Terray Twight Vallençant Walker Whillans Whymper Winthrop Young


(river) Chemin de fer du Montenvers Giardino Botanico Alpino Saussurea Haute Route Marathon du Mont Blanc Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
glacier flood Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
Tramway Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
Tunnel Saint-Gervais–Vallorcine railway Skyway Monte Bianco Top of the Mont Blanc Tour du Mont Blanc Val d'Aosta Val Ferret Val Veny Vallée Blan