Monogatari (物語) is a literary form in traditional Japanese
literature, an extended prose narrative tale comparable to the epic.
Monogatari is closely tied to aspects of the oral tradition, and
almost always relates a fictional or fictionalized story, even when
retelling a historical event. Many of the great works of Japanese
fiction, such as the
2 Influence 3 See also 4 References
Genres The genre is sub-divided into multiple categories depending on their contents: Denki-monogatari Stories dealing with fantastical events.
Taketori Monogatari Utsubo Monogatari Hyakumonogatari Kaidankai
Uta-monogatari Main article: Uta monogatari Stories drawn from poetry.
Heichū Monogatari Ise Monogatari Yamato Monogatari
Tsukuri-monogatari Aristocratic court romances.
Genji Monogatari Hamamatsu Chūnagon Monogatari Ochikubo Monogatari Sagoromo Monogatari Torikaebaya Monogatari Tsutsumi Chūnagon Monogatari Yoru no Nezame
Rekishi-monogatari Main article: Rekishi monogatari Historical tales.
Eiga Monogatari Ōkagami
Gunki-monogatari Main article: Gunki monogatari War tales.
Gikeiki Heiji Monogatari Heike Monogatari Hōgen Monogatari Soga Monogatari Taiheiki
Setsuwa-monogatari Anecdotal tales.
Konjaku Monogatarishū Uji Shūi Monogatari
Giko-monogatari Pseudo-classical imitations of earlier tales.
Matsura no Miya Monogatari Sumiyoshi Monogatari
Hanamonogatari "flowering story" Kabukimonogatari "slope story" Kizumonogatari "damaged goods story" Koyomimonogatari "Koyomi Story" Koimonogatari "love story" Nekomonogatari "cat story" Nisemonogatari "imposter story" Onimonogatari "demon story" Otorimonogatari "decoy story" Owarimonogatari "end story" Tsukimonogatari "evil spirit story" Zokuowarimonogatari "continued end story"
When European and other foreign literature later became known to
Japan, the word "monogatari" began to be used in Japanese titles of
foreign works of a similar nature. For example, A Tale of Two Cities
is known as Nito
Monogatari (二都物語), One Thousand and One
Nights as Sen'ichiya
Monogatari (千一夜物語) and more recently
The Lord of the Rings
Mumyōzōshi, a 13th-century literary critique on monogatari, many of which are no longer extant Fūyō Wakashū, a 13th-century collection of poetry from various monogatari sources, many of which are no longer extant Konjaku Monogatarishū, a collection of over one thousand Heian period monogatari, of which 28 remain today.
Frederic, Louis (2002). "Monogatari." Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. Kubota, Jun (2007). Iwanami Nihon Koten Bungaku Jiten (in Japanese). Iwanami Shoten. ISBN 978-4-00-080310-6. Nihon Koten Bungaku Daijiten: Kan'yakuban. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten. 1986. ISBN 4-00-080067-1.