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MONOETHNICITY is the existence of a single ethnic group in a given region or country. It is the opposite of polyethnicity . The use of the concept of monoethnicity has been criticized for being discriminatory and preventing diversity from being recognized.

It is a common belief in Japan
Japan
that the entire country is monoethnic, but there are many ethnic minorities in Japan
Japan
(e.g. Koreans , Ainus , and Ryukyuans ). They represent around 1% of the whole population

South Koreans regard themselves as a monoethnic society, although there are small ethnic minorities that exist in South Korea, where they account for around 1% of the South Korean population. These include around 650,000 Chinese immigrants

Most Sub-Saharan African countries have mono-racial societies (>0.1%), but it's common to find several ethnic groups within the same country. The number of emigrants from these African countries has grown substantially since 1990, but they receive virtually almost zero immigration .

The Yugoslav Wars are noted as having made territories "de facto and de jure monoethnic nation-states".

MONOETHNIC COUNTRIES

This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it .

COUNTRY POPULATION DOMINANT GROUP % REF

Japan
Japan
126,702,133 Japanese 98.5%

Poland
Poland
38,523,261 Poles
Poles
96.9%

Hungary
Hungary
9,937,628 Hungarians
Hungarians
98%

Armenia
Armenia
3,018,854 Armenians
Armenians
98.1%

SEE ALSO

* Ethnic cleansing
Ethnic cleansing
* Titular nation

REFERENCES

* ^ Deirdre Martin (2009). Language Disabilities in Cultural and Linguistic Diversity. Multilingual Matters. p. 29. ISBN 1847691595 . * ^ Osamu Arakaki (2008). Refugee Law and Practice in Japan. Ashgate Publishing . p. 36. ISBN 0754670090 . * ^ (in Japanese) 平成24年末現在における外国人登録者統計について]. * ^ "Trying to teach South Korea
South Korea
about discrimination", The Los Angeles Times, 2009-02-24 . * ^ Gary Dempsey (2002). Exiting the Balkan Thicket. Cato Institute. pp. 91–. ISBN 978-1-930865-17-4 .

* ^ Haarmann, Harald (1986). Language in Ethnicity: A View of Basic Ecological Relations. Walter de Gruyter. p. 209. ISBN 9783110862805 . Japan
Japan
is widely believed to be a monolingual country with a monoethnic population...

* Henders, Susan J. (2006). Democratization and Identity: Regimes and Ethnicity
Ethnicity
in East and Southeast Asia. Lexington Books. p. 117. ISBN 9780739107676 . Many Japanese take it for granted that they live in a monoethnic society... * Fackler, Martin (29 May 2015). "Biracial Beauty Queen Challenges Japan’s Self-Image". The New York Times
The New York Times
. ...a country that still regards itself as mono-ethnic.

* ^ "Japan". The World Factbook
The World Factbook
. Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
.

* ^ Fishman, Joshua A. (1993). The Earliest Stage of Language Planning: The "first Congress" Phenomenon. Walter de Gruyter. p. 219. ISBN 9783110135305 . After World War II Poland
Poland
has become a primarily monoethnic...

* Cienski, Jan (9 May 2013). "Coming soon to Poland
Poland
– Vietnamese banking". Financial Times . Monoethnic and monocultural Poland...

* ^ "Poland". The World Factbook
The World Factbook
. Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
. * ^ "Hungarian census 2011 - final data and methodology" (PDF). ksh.hu. Hungarian Central Statistical Office.

* ^ Abrahamian, Levon (2006). Armenian identity in a changing world. Mazda Publishers. p. 19. ISBN 9781568591858 . ...the practically monoethnic Armenian Republic...

* Department of International Relations Association (1997). Gotchev, Atanas, ed. The New European security architecture and issues of early warning and conflict prevention. Albatros. p. 110. Thus Armenia
Armenia
became the most mono-ethnic country in the CIS and the Middle East. * Cornell, Svante (2005). Small Nations and Great Powers: A Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict in the Caucasus. Routledge. p. 129. ISBN 9781135796693 . Whereas Armenia
Armenia
is now basically a mono- ethnic state...

* ^ "2011թ. հոկտեմբերի 12-21-ը Հայաստանի Հանրապետությունում անցկացված մարդահամարի արդյունքները " (PDF). armstat.am (in Armenian). National Statistical Service of Republic of Armenia. p. 144. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 March 2016.

* v * t * e

Ethnicity
Ethnicity

Related concepts

* Clan

* Ethnic group
Ethnic group

* Ethnolinguistic group * Ethnoreligious group

* Indigenous peoples
Indigenous peoples
* Ingroups and outgroups * Meta-ethnicity * Metroethnicity * Minority group
Minority group
* Monoethnicity * Nation
Nation
* Nationality
Nationality
* Panethnicity * Polyethnicity * Population
Population
* Race * Symbolic ethnicity * Tribe
Tribe

ETHNOLOGY

* Anthropology
Anthropology
* Ethnic studies * Ethnoarchaeology

* Ethnobiology

* Ethnobotany
Ethnobotany
* Ethnozoology * Ethnoecology

* Ethnocinema * Ethnogeology

* Ethnography
Ethnography

* Autoethnography * Clinical * Critical * Cyber- * Netnography * Online * Person-centered * Salvage * Transidioethnography * Video

* Ethnohistory * Ethnolinguistics * Ethnology * Ethnomathematics * Ethnomethodology * Ethnomuseology * Ethnomusicology
Ethnomusicology
* Ethnophilosophy * Ethnopoetics * Ethnoscience * Ethnosemiotics * Ethnotaxonomy

Groups by region

* Africa * Europe * Oceania

* Arab League * Europe

* Australian

* indigenous

* Indigenous Oceanian * Europeans in Oceania

AMERICAS

* Indigenous * Canada * Mexico * United States * Central America * South America

ASIA

* Central * East * Northern * South * Southeast * West

Identity and ethnogenesis

* Cross-race effect * Cultural assimilation * Cultural identity
Cultural identity
* Demonym * Development * Endonym * Ethnic flag * Ethnic option * Ethnic origin * Ethnic religion
Ethnic religion
* Ethnicity
Ethnicity
in census * Ethnofiction * Ethnonym * Folk religion
Folk religion
* Historical * Imagined community * Kinship
Kinship
* Legendary progenitor * Lineage-bonded society * Mores
Mores
* Nation-building * Nation
Nation
state * National language * National myth * Origin myth * Pantribal sodality * Tribal name * Tribalism * Urheimat

Multiethnic society

* Consociationalism * Diaspora politics * Dominant minority * Ethnic democracy * Ethnic enclave
Ethnic enclave
* Ethnic interest group * Ethnic majority * Ethnic media * Ethnic pornography * Ethnic theme park * Ethnoburb * Ethnocracy * Ethnopluralism * Indigenous rights * Middleman minority * Minority rights * Model minority * Multinational state

Ideology and ethnic conflict

* Ethnic bioweapon * Ethnic cleansing
Ethnic cleansing
* Ethnic hatred * Ethnic joke * Ethnic nationalism * Ethnic nepotism * Ethnic penalty * Ethnic slur * Ethnic stereotype * Ethnic violence * Ethnocentrism * Ethnocide * Ethnosymbolism * Indigenism * Separatist movements * Xenophobia

This article about ethnicity or ethnology is a stub . You can help by expanding it .

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