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MONMOUTHSHIRE (Welsh : Sir Fynwy) is a county in south east Wales
Wales
. The name derives from the historic county of Monmouthshire
Monmouthshire
of which it covers the eastern 60%. The largest town is Abergavenny
Abergavenny
. Other towns and large villages are Caldicot , Chepstow , Monmouth
Monmouth
, Magor and Usk .

CONTENTS

* 1 Historic county * 2 Principal area * 3 Places of interest * 4 References * 5 External links

HISTORIC COUNTY

Main article: Monmouthshire (historic)
Monmouthshire (historic)

The historic county of Monmouthshire
Monmouthshire
was formed from the Welsh Marches by the Laws in Wales
Wales
Act 1535 and bordered Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
to the east, Herefordshire
Herefordshire
to the northeast, Brecknockshire
Brecknockshire
to the north, and Glamorgan
Glamorgan
to the west. The Laws in Wales
Wales
Act 1542 again enumerated the counties of Wales
Wales
and omitted Monmouthshire, implying that the county was no longer to be treated as part of Wales. However, for all purposes Wales
Wales
had become part of the Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England
, and the difference had little practical effect. For several centuries, acts of the Parliament of England
Parliament of England
(in which Wales
Wales
was represented) often referred to " Wales
Wales
and Monmouthshire". However, the Local Government Act 1972 , which came into effect in April 1974, confirmed the county as part of Wales
Wales
, with the administrative county of Monmouthshire
Monmouthshire
and its associated lieutenancy being abolished. Most of its area was transferred to a new local government and ceremonial county called Gwent , with the same eastern and southern boundaries as the historic county, the River Wye
River Wye
and the Severn Estuary , while the western two-fifths of the former Monmouthshire
Monmouthshire
are now administered by other Welsh unitary authorities : Blaenau Gwent
Blaenau Gwent
, Torfaen
Torfaen
, Caerphilly , and Newport .

PRINCIPAL AREA

Main article: Monmouthshire County Council

The current unitary authority of Monmouthshire
Monmouthshire
was created on 1 April 1996 as a successor to the district of Monmouth
Monmouth
along with the Llanelly
Llanelly
community from Blaenau Gwent
Blaenau Gwent
, both of which were districts of Gwent . The use of the name "Monmouthshire" rather than "Monmouth" for the area was controversial, being supported by the MP for Monmouth , Roger Evans , but being opposed by Paul Murphy , MP for Torfaen (inside the historic county of Monmouthshire
Monmouthshire
but being reconstituted as a separate unitary authority). By area it covers some 60% of the historic county, but only 20% of the population. A new council headquarters building at the site of Coleg Gwent , Usk
Usk
was proposed and developed. Planning permission was granted in September 2011. The new county hall in Usk
Usk
was opened in 2013.

In comparison to the pre-1974 areas it covers:

* the former boroughs of Abergavenny
Abergavenny
and Monmouth * the former urban districts of Chepstow and Usk
Usk
* the former rural districts of Abergavenny
Abergavenny
Rural District, Chepstow and Monmouth
Monmouth
Rural District * the former rural district of Pontypool
Pontypool
, except the community of Llanfrechfa Lower * the parish of Llanelly
Llanelly
from the former Crickhowell
Crickhowell
Rural District in Brecknockshire
Brecknockshire

PLACES OF INTEREST

Raglan Castle For a list of settlements in the principal area, see List of places in Monmouthshire .

* Chepstow Castle * Raglan Castle * Monmouth
Monmouth
* Trellech
Trellech
* Abergavenny
Abergavenny
Castle * Wye Valley
Wye Valley
* Black Mountains * Brecon Beacons National Park * White Castle * Skenfrith Castle
Skenfrith Castle
* Grosmont Castle
Grosmont Castle
* Three Castles Walk * Offa\'s Dyke * Llanthony Priory * Tintern Abbey
Tintern Abbey
* Usk
Usk
* Usk
Usk
Valley Walk * Abergavenny
Abergavenny
* Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal
Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal
* Marches Way * Monnow Valley Walk * Caldicot Castle
Caldicot Castle
* The Kymin
The Kymin
* The Sugar Loaf

Scenic Railway Line:

* Gloucester to Newport Line

REFERENCES

* ^ Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons, Westminster. "Hansard, House of Commons, March 15, 1994, Column 782". Parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) * ^ " Monmouthshire County Council press release, "This council is coming home", 12 January 2010". Monmouthshire.gov.uk. 2010-01-12. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ Free Press, Plans for new Monmouthshire
Monmouthshire
council HQ in Usk
Usk
are approved, 29 September 2011 * ^ http://www.tinternvillage.co.uk/publicservices/local-county-council-representation/ * ^ http://www.willmottdixongroup.co.uk/news?actv_news_news_id=262 * ^ Monmouthshire
Monmouthshire
Council: \'Agile\' working means too few desks * ^ " Chepstow Castle from the 1816 Bridge:: OS grid ST5394 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ "Raglan Castle:: OS grid SO4108 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ "Monnow Bridge, Monmouth:: OS grid SO5012 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ "Harold\'s Stones, Trellech:: OS grid SO4905 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ " Abergavenny
Abergavenny
Castle:: OS grid SO2913 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ " Wye Valley
Wye Valley
View from Eagle\'s Nest on Wynd Cliff:: OS grid ST5296 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ "The Sugar Loaf, near Abergavenny:: OS grid SO2718 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ "Looking NNE from the Sugar Loaf:: OS grid SO2620 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ "White Castle:: OS grid SO3716 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ " Skenfrith Castle:: OS grid SO4520 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ "Grosmont Castle:: OS grid SO4024 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ "The Three Castles Walk:: OS grid SO4421 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ "Devil\'s Pulpit:: OS grid ST5499 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ " Llanthony
Llanthony
Priory:: OS grid SO2827 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ " Tintern Abbey:: OS grid SO5300 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. 2005-03-30. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ "View from Usk
Usk
Castle:: OS grid SO3700 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ "Clytha Castle:: OS grid SO3608 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ "Market Hall clock tower, Abergavenny:: OS grid SO2914 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ " Monmouthshire
Monmouthshire
& Brecon Canal, Govilon:: OS grid SO2713 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ "Stream at Dolydd y Castell, Abergavenny:: OS grid SO3013 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. 2007-04-01. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ "The Monnow Valley:: OS grid SO4323 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ "Caldicot Castle:: OS grid ST4888 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21. * ^ "The Round House, The Kymin, Monmouth:: OS grid SO5212 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-21.

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