The Moniteur ottoman was a newspaper written in French and first published in 1831 on the order of Mahmud II. It was the first official gazette of the Ottoman Empire, edited by Alexandre Blacque at the expense of the Sublime Porte. Its name perhaps referred to the French newspaper Le Moniteur Universel. It was issued weekly. Takvim-i vekayi was published a few months later, intended as a translation of the Moniteur into Ottoman Turkish. After having been edited by former Consul for Denmark "M. Franceschi", and later on by "Hassuna de Ghiez", it was lastly edited by Lucien Rouet. However, facing the hostility of embassies, it was closed in the 1840s. See also
History of Middle Eastern newspapers
^ a b c État présent de l'empire ottoman, p. 168. ^ L'ami de la religion, p. 316. ^ a b État présent de l'empire ottoman, p. 169. ^ Annuaire des deux mondes : histoire générale des divers États, p. 814.
Annuaire des deux mondes : histoire générale des divers États. Ubicini. A. État présent de l'empire ottoman. L'ami de