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''Italy v France, United Kingdom and United States'' (also called the ''Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 Case'') was a case decided by the
International Court of Justice The International Court of Justice (ICJ; french: Cour internationale de justice, links=no; ), sometimes known as the World Court, is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernment ...

International Court of Justice
(ICJ) in 1954, and part of a long-running dispute over the fate of Nazi gold that was originally seized from
Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, Italy).svg , map_caption = The te ...
. The ICJ held that it had no jurisdiction to adjudicate the case.


Facts

On 17 September 1943, 2,338 kg of gold was seized by the
Germans The Germans (german: Deutsche) are a Germanic peoples, Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe.. "Germans are a Germanic (or Teutonic) people that are indigenous to Central Europe... Germanic tribes have inhabited Central Europe since a ...
from Rome. After the war, both Italy and
Albania Albania ( ; sq, Shqipëri or Shqipëria), officially the Republic of Albania ( sq, Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeast Europe, Southeastern Europe. It is located on the Adriatic Sea, Adriatic and Ionian Sea within the Mediter ...
claimed that this gold was theirs, and that the Tripartite Commission for the Restitution of Monetary Gold should return it to them. On 17 November 1950, the commission informed their forming governments (France, the UK and United States) that they could not resolve the issue. On 25 April 1951, the three governments, having failed to reach an agreement, agreed to request that the
International Court of Justice The International Court of Justice (ICJ; french: Cour internationale de justice, links=no; ), sometimes known as the World Court, is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernment ...

International Court of Justice
appoint an independent arbitrator, who, on 20 February 1953, decided that the gold belonged to Albania. However, the UK and Italy still laid claim to the gold: the UK as partial payment towards the (still unsettled) compensation that Albania was ordered to pay them against damage to UK navy vessels and loss of life during the Corfu Channel Incident, caused by an undisclosed Albanian mine-field in Corfu (see the The Corfu Channel Case (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland v. People's Republic of Albania), Corfu Channel Case), whilst Italy claimed that most of the gold was originally Italian, seized by the Albanian government when it took control of the National Bank of Albania (which Italy had the majority of shares in), and additionally that the Treaty of Peace with Italy, 1947, Italian Peace Treaty specifically gave them claim to the gold. On 19 May 1953, Italy requested that the ICJ determine how much of the gold Italy had claim to, and whether the UK's or the Italian's claim should take precedence, stating that the three countries responsible for the redistribution of the gold should give it all to Italy in partial compensation for the Albanian seizure of the National Bank of Albania, and that this claim should over-ride the UK's claim.


Judgment

On 15 June 1954, the ICJ decided that, as the first issue to be addressed was the resolution of the legal dispute between Italy and Albania over the seizure of the National Bank of Albania, and as Albania had not deferred to the ICJ in this case, the ICJ had no jurisdiction in this matter.
Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943
' (Italy v. France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America) [1954] ICJ Rep 19.


See also

* List of International Court of Justice cases


References


External links


International Court of Justice records of this case
International Court of Justice cases 1953 in case law 1953 in international relations Italy–United States relations Albania–Italy relations Italy–United Kingdom relations France–Italy relations Economy of Nazi Germany Gold Albania–United Kingdom relations {{International-law-stub