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The Monastery of the Cross
Cross
(Hebrew: מנזר המצלבה‎, Georgian: ჯვრის მონასტერი, jvris monast'eri) is an Eastern Orthodox monastery near the Nayot neighborhood of Jerusalem, Israel. It is located in the Valley of the Cross, below the Israel
Israel
Museum and the Knesset.

Contents

1 History 2 Destruction of Georgian artifacts 3 See also 4 References

History[edit] The monastery was built in the eleventh century, during the reign of King Bagrat IV by the Georgian Giorgi-Prokhore of Shavsheti. It is believed that the site was originally consecrated in the fourth century under the instruction of the Roman emperor Constantine the Great, who later gave the site to king Mirian III of Kartli
Kartli
after the conversion of his kingdom to Christianity in 327 AD.[1] Legend has it that the monastery was erected on the burial spot of Adam's head—though two other locations in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
also claim this honor—from which grew the tree that gave its wood to the cross on which Christ was crucified.[2] Due to heavy debt the monastery was sold by the Georgians
Georgians
to the Greeks
Greeks
in 1685.[3] It is currently occupied by monks of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem. The remains of the crusader-period monastery forms a small part of the current complex, most of which has undergone restoration and rebuilding. The crusader section houses a church, including a grotto where a window into the ground below allows viewing of the spot where the tree from which the cross was (reputedly) fashioned grew. Remains from the 4th century are sparse, the most important of which is a fragment of a mosaic. The main complex houses living quarters as well as a museum and gift shop. The monastery library houses many Georgian manuscripts. Destruction of Georgian artifacts[edit]

Fresco of Rustaveli before and after being vandalized in 2004

In June 2004, shortly before a visit by the Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili to Israel, a fresco of the legendary Georgian poet Shota Rustaveli on a column inside the church was defaced by unknown individuals. It is the only extant medieval portrait of Rustaveli. The face and part of the accompanying inscription were scratched out. Georgia officially complained to Israel
Israel
after the incident.[4] When asked whether he believed the damage was the work of representatives of the Greek Orthodox Church, the Georgian ambassador to Israel, Revaz Gachechiladze replied "I don't know. There are suspicions, but no evidence".[5] The fresco has been restored by Israeli specialists, based on good existing documentation. Similar incidents occurred in the monastery in the 1970s and 1980s. The Georgian inscriptions were painted over and replaced by Greek ones. In a 1901 photograph of the Council of Archangels fresco there are Georgian inscriptions, but 1960 photographs show the inscriptions had been changed to Greek; after cleaning the paintings the Georgian inscriptions emerged again. The same happened in the case of the Christ Anapeson, the "reclining Jesus".[6] In many places (e.g. near the figures of St. Luke and St. Prochore) the outline of Georgian letters are clearly visible under the recently added Greek inscriptions. See also[edit]

Religion in Israel

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Monastery of the Cross.

References[edit]

^ The Wellspring of Georgian Historiography: The Early Medieval Historical Chronicle The Conversion of Katli and The Life of St. Nino, Constantine B. Lerner, England: Bennett and Bloom, London, 2004, p. 35 ^ Sylvester Saller & Bellarmino Bagatti, "The Sanctity and Cult of Lot", first published in The Town of Nebo (Khirbet el-Mekhayyat). With a Brief Survey of Other Ancient Christian Monuments in Transjordan, Jerusalem
Jerusalem
1949, 5.193-199. Accessed 2008-03-02 ^ Georgia's new ambassador to Israel
Israel
bears a heavy cross, Haaretz ^ Precious Jerusalem
Jerusalem
fresco defaced ^ Lily Galili, "Defaced Fresco of Georgian Hero Clouds Diplomatic Ties", HAARETZ - 05/07/2004. ^ Alexander P. Kazhdan (editor) (1991). "Christ Anapeson". The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2014-11-21. Christ Anapeson (ἀναπεσών, lit. “the reclining one”), the image of Christ asleep, awaiting resurrection. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)

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Historical Georgian monasteries and churches

Georgia

Bedia Dranda Ilori Mokvi Pitsunda Skhalta Bagrati Gantiadi Gelati Katskhi Katskhis Sveti Ubisi Alaverdi Bodbe David Gareja Gremi Ikalto Kvelatsminda Kvetera Nekresi Betania Bolnisi Sioni Ertatsminda Gudarekhi Manglisi Pitareti Rustavi Sioni Tserakvi Tsughrughasheni Ananuri Gergeti Jvari Mtskheta Samtavro Shio-Mgvime Svetitskhoveli Zedazeni Barakoni Nikortsminda Adysh Martvili Tsalenjikha Chulevi Kumurdo Sapara Shavnabada Timotesubani Tsunda Vale Vanis Kvabebi Vardzia Zarzma Ateni Sioni Ikorta Kintsvisi Khvilisha Kvatakhevi Samtavisi Urbnisi Anchiskhati Betlehemi Kldisubani Metekhi S. Nicholas Tbilisi Sioni

Armenia

Akori Akhtala Dzeli Cheshmariti (Hnevank) Kirantsi Kobairi Khujabi Oskipari Sedvi Shahnaziri Tejharuyki

Azerbaijan

Kurmukhi

Bulgaria

Petritsoni

Cyprus

Gialia

Greece

Iviron

Israel

Monastery of the Cross

North Caucasus

Alby-Yerdy Tkhaba-Yerdy

Turkey

Ancha Bana Bomonti catholic church Doliskana Ishkhani Khakhuli Oshki Parekhi Khandzta Opiza Otkhta Eklesia Parkhali Tbeti Monastery

Coordinates: 31°46′20″N 35°12′29″E / 31.7721°N 35.2080°E / 31.7

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