HOME
The Info List - Mollendo





Mollendo
Mollendo
is a town bordering the Pacific Ocean in southern Peru. It is located in the Arequipa Region
Arequipa Region
and is the capital of both the Islay Province and the Mollendo
Mollendo
District. Mollendo
Mollendo
was the main port in the Peruvian southern coast until Matarani was developed about 50 years ago; the port of Mollendo
Mollendo
only serves fishermen for the local economy currently and all the commercial shipping is done through Matarani 12 kilometers north; the old port is in ruins. From about 1830 to 1880 it was important in the Guano
Guano
trade. The railroad used to run a passenger train daily, but a good highway connects Mollendo
Mollendo
to the Panamerican Highway
Panamerican Highway
now and the train now only runs the summer express that goes down from Arequipa
Arequipa
on Saturday and returns on Sunday; the beach is the main attraction, even though it is visited by the Humboldt Current
Humboldt Current
that brings cold water from Antarctica.In the summer months, which run from January to March, the population more than doubles as people from the largest city in the region Arequipa
Arequipa
use Mollendo
Mollendo
and its beaches as a vacation spot, especially on weekends.[1] Mollendo
Mollendo
exports wool and has industries producing cement, textiles, canned fish, and cheese. It is also a popular beach resort. The Auxiliary Ship BAP Mollendo
BAP Mollendo
(ATC-131) of the Peruvian Navy
Peruvian Navy
is named after the town.

Contents

1 History

1.1 The Inca
Inca
era 1.2 First inhabitants 1.3 War of the Pacific

2 Airport 3 Railway 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] The Inca
Inca
era[edit] About 1300, the legendary Inca
Inca
Mayta Cápac, puts the regions of Arequipa
Arequipa
and Moquegua under the control of the Inca
Inca
empire. Sixty three years later, and according to Garcilaso de la Vega, the Inca Cápac Yupanqui, following traditional customs of the Inca
Inca
Empire, selected four generals from his major staff and entrusted them the command of approximately twenty thousand soldiers (or Tuqui Titos) for the coast region conquest project. Cápac Yupanqui's son, Sinchi Rocca, conquered all of Arequipa
Arequipa
and Moquegua coast area. From this event and ahead, Tambo is a main protagonist into the region history, due their geographical position and serving as weapons and food supply depot. Inca
Inca
Yáhuar Huácac, successor of Inca
Inca
Cápac Yupanqui, established his supply depots and headquarters in this valley, to march into Atacama (north Chilean region) direction to expand the territory of the Inca
Inca
Empire. First inhabitants[edit] After Tiahuanaco's culture decadency and during the Inca
Inca
era, Peruvian south coast were occupied for several tribes:

The "Tampus" stationed into today Tambo region. The "Chullis" corresponding to Chule zone. The "Changos" located between the Aranta and Islay zones.

The river basin formed by the Tambo river, probably conquest and occupied by external forces during several periods, generate a population with local and heterogeneous customs, leaving several vestiges about their civilization, suddenly attached to the remaining mixed etymology name from several languages such as Quechua, Cocachacra, Challascapi, etc. Another external influences were the Kauiqui and Puquina with characteristic suffixes such as ando, endo, indo. Some examples are: Cachendo, Mollendo, Huarindo, Catarindo, etc. A large population were located along the valley and nearing hills, serving it from subterranean waters. Influence of the sea was decisive on the valley and coast inhabitants were the mama coccha (the sea creator) provide them with fish and sea fruits. War of the Pacific[edit] During the War of the Pacific
War of the Pacific
Mollendo
Mollendo
was invaded by Chilean forces under the command of Colonel Orozimbo Barbosa. The main idea of this army (transported by the Chilean Navy) was to wreak havoc on Southern Peru, so as to force the process of negotiations for peace between Peru
Peru
and Chile. The invasion forces consisted of the 3rd Chilean Line Infantry Regiment, The Chilean Marines, One brigade of Chilean Sappers, and 30 Horse Cavalry. The defenses of Mollendo
Mollendo
consisted of two small forts with no cannon ( which were days earlier transported to Arequipa) defended by 100 soldiers. The first to disembark were the Chilean Marines, who took the town without a struggle. The rest (Main Body) of the expedition landed on or near Islay, without opposition. On March 9, 1880, the Main Body of the expedition entered Mollendo. Colonel Barbosa with 500 soldiers left Mollendo
Mollendo
towards Mejia in search of the defenders, leaving the 3rd Chilean Line Infantry in charge of the town, looting of homes quickly began. Colonel Barbosa arrived in Mejia, destroying the locomotives and railtracks to prevent reinforcements arriving from Arequipa
Arequipa
via rail. Colonel Barbosa surprised the defenders at Ensenada, taking 20 prisoners. Upon his return to Mollendo, he learned of the sacking of the town, punishing some members of his command. This resulted in some desertions. Airport[edit] The town of Mollendo
Mollendo
is serviced by the small civilian Mollendo Airport ICAO Code (SPDO) Railway[edit] The town is served by the standard gauge Southern Railway of Peru, which connects with Cuzco and Puno. See also[edit]

Railway stations in Peru

References[edit]

^ http://www.peruthisweek.com/the-break-mollendo-beach-town-in-arequipa-80264

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mollendo.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Mollendo.

Sobre Mollendo Mollendo
Mollendo
Airport (in Spanish) War in the Pacific Moll

.