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Coordinates : 41°41′59″N 14°36′40″E / 41.6997°N 14.6111°E / 41.6997; 14.6111

MOLISE (pronounced ) is a region of Southern Italy
Italy
. Until 1963, it formed part of the region of Abruzzi e Molise
Abruzzi e Molise
, alongside the region of Abruzzo . The split, which did not become effective until 1970, makes Molise
Molise
the youngest region in Italy. The region covers 4,438 square kilometres (1,714 sq mi) (the Aosta Valley is the only smaller region) and has a population of 313,348 (as of 1 January 2015)

The region is split into two provinces, named after their respective capitals Campobasso
Campobasso
and Isernia
Isernia
. Campobasso
Campobasso
also serves as the regional capital.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography

* 2 Main sights and monuments

* 2.1 Campobasso
Campobasso
* 2.2 Isernia
Isernia
* 2.3 Termoli * 2.4 Province of Campobasso
Campobasso
* 2.5 Province of Isernia
Province of Isernia

* 3 Economy * 4 Demographics * 5 Administrative divisions

* 6 Culture

* 6.1 Cuisine

* 7 International relations

* 7.1 Twin towns — sister cities

* 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links

GEOGRAPHY

Molise
Molise
is bordered by Abruzzo to the north, Puglia
Puglia
to the east, Lazio to the west and Campania to the south. It has 35 kilometres (22 miles) of sandy coastline to the northeast, lying on the Adriatic Sea in front of Tremiti islands . Territory of Molise
Molise
is mostly mountainous with 55% of mountains and 45% of hills that goes down till the sea.

MAIN SIGHTS AND MONUMENTS

CAMPOBASSO

Monforte Castle (Campobasso)

* Castello Monforte * Terzano Tower * Campobasso
Campobasso
Cathedral (Santissima Trinità) * Church of Sant'Antonio * Church of San Bartolomeo * Church of San Giorgio * Savoia Theater * San Giorgio Palace (Head of municipality) * Provincial Museum of "Sanniti "

ISERNIA

Altilia (Sepino)

* Isernia Cathedral (San Pietro) * Fountain Fraterna * Monumental complex and museum of Santa Maria delle Monache Abbey * Sanctuary of Santi Cosma e Damiano * Archeological site Isernia
Isernia
La Pineta * Museum of Paleolithic in the site of La Pineta

TERMOLI

* Cathedral of San Basso from Lucera * Medieval castle of Frederick II * Sinarca Tower * Rinascimental Gallery Museum

PROVINCE OF CAMPOBASSO

Isernia
Isernia
collage Venafro castle

* Trivento
Trivento
Cathedral * Church of Santa Maria Maggiore ( Guglionesi ) * Santuario di Santa Maria del Canneto (Roccavivara) * Caldora Castle ( Carpinone ) * Castle Anjou ( Civitacampomarano ) * Longobard Castle ( Tufara
Tufara
) * Bojano
Bojano
Cathedral (San Bartolomeo) * Medieval fortress Civita Superiore ( Bojano
Bojano
) * Angioina Tower ( Colletorto ) * Larino Cathedral * Archeological site and Roman theater of Larinum ( Larino ) * Archeological site and museum of Altilia ( Sepino ) * Italic sanctuary of San Pietro dei Cantoni ( Sepino ) * Megalithic wall of Saipins (Terravecchia zone - Sepino) * Church of Santa Maria della Strada ( Matrice ) * Guardialfiera old town * Capua castle ( Gambatesa )

PROVINCE OF ISERNIA

* Abbey of San Vincenzo al Volturno
Volturno
( Castel San Vincenzo
Castel San Vincenzo
) * Marinelli Bells Factory and Museum ( Agnone ) * Theatre and Italic temple in the archeological site of Pietrabbondante * Parish church and belfry of Saint Silvestro ( Bagnoli del Trigno ) * Bagnoli del Trigno (The pearl of Molise) * Rupestrian church of Pietracupa * Church of Sant'Antonio Abate ( Pietracupa ) * Capracotta * Neogothic basilica of Santa Maria Addolorata ( Castelpetroso ) * Venafro Cathedral * Castle Pandone ( Venafro ) * Castle Pandone (Cerro al Volturno
Volturno
) * Abbey of Santa Maria del Carmelo ( Roccavivara ) * Pescolanciano Castle

ECONOMY

Castle of Termoli Campobasso
Campobasso
's Cathedral

Agriculture, involving small and micro holdings, is currently offering high-quality products. The agricultural holdings produce wine, cereals, olive oil, vegetables, fruits and dairy products. Traditional products are Grass Pea (cicerchia) and Farro
Farro
. Molise's autochthonous grape is Tintilia which has been rediscovered during the last ten years, and many other PDO (DOP) wines, both red and white.

Though there is a large Fiat
Fiat
plant ( Termoli ), the industrial sector is dominated by the farming industry with small and medium-sized farms spread widely throughout the region. Another important industry is food processing: pasta, meat, milk products, oil and wine are the traditional products of the region. In the services sector the most important industries are distribution, hotels and catering, followed by transport and communications, banking and insurance. With few exceptions, in all sectors firms are small, and this explains the difficulties encountered when marketing products on a national scale.

International tourism is becoming more evident largely as a result of the international flights from other European states, Great Britain, and North America which enter Pescara not far to the north in Abruzzo. The tourists are attracted by large expanses of unspoilt beaches, a relative lack of congestion, and the gentle pace of life.

DEMOGRAPHICS

HISTORICAL POPULATION

YEAR POP. ±%

1861 355,000 —

1871 374,000 +5.4%

1881 382,000 +2.1%

1901 395,000 +3.4%

1911 396,000 +0.3%

1921 383,000 −3.3%

1931 377,000 −1.6%

1936 388,000 +2.9%

1951 407,000 +4.9%

1961 358,000 −12.0%

1971 320,000 −10.6%

1981 328,000 +2.5%

1991 331,000 +0.9%

2001 321,000 −3.0%

2010 (EST.) 319,000 −0.6%

2017 310,449 −2.7%

Source: ISTAT 2001

The density of the population in Molise
Molise
is well below the national average. In 2008, Molise
Molise
registered 72.3 inhabitants per km2, compared to a national figure of 198.8. The region is subdivided into two provinces: Campobasso
Campobasso
and Isernia, which together cover 1.5% of Italy's territory and less than 1% of its population. The larger province in terms of area is Campobasso
Campobasso
at 2,909 km2, while the smaller is Isernia
Isernia
at 1,529 km2. The province of Campobasso
Campobasso
is the more densely populated of the two provinces, with 79.4 inhabitants per km2, whereas Isernia
Isernia
registered 58.9 inhabitants per km2. At the end of 2008 the most populous towns were Campobasso
Campobasso
(51,247 inhabitants), Termoli (32,420) and Isernia
Isernia
(21,811).

In the period 1951-71, large-scale emigration to other countries of the European Union, to other parts of Italy
Italy
and overseas led to a significant decline in the population of Molise. Negative net migration persisted until 1981. Large-scale emigration has caused many of the smaller towns and villages to lose over 60% of their population, while only a small number of larger towns have recorded significant gains. From 1982 to 1994, net migration has been positive, then followed by a negative trend until 2001. Between 1991 (330,900 inhabitants) and 2001 (320,601 inhabitants), the population of the region decreased by 3.1%; since 2001 the population remained stable.

The region is home to two main ethnic minorities: the Molisan Croats (20,000 people who speak an old Dalmatian dialect of the Croatian language alongside Italian), and those who speak the "arbereshe " dialect of Albanian in five towns of "basso Molise" in the province of Campobasso.

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

Molise
Molise
comprises two provinces:

PROVINCE AREA (KM²) POPULATION DENSITY (INH./KM²)

Province of Campobasso
Campobasso
2,909 231,921 79.7

Province of Isernia
Province of Isernia
1,529 88,931 58.2

CULTURE

Molise
Molise
has much tradition from the religious to the pagans, many museum, archeological sites, musical and food events.

Tradition

* The Festival dei Misteri in Campobasso
Campobasso
(Corpus Domini) * Feast of Saint Pardo with ox chariot (cart) in Larino (25-26-27/May) * Ox chariots (La Carrese) and feast of Saint Leo in San Martino in Pensilis (30 April and 2 May) * The Ndocciata of Agnone (8-24/December) * The Saint Basso feast in Termoli with procession of boats on the sea (4 August) * "U lut'm sab't d'April" of Santa Croce di Magliano with benediction of animals (Last Saturday of April) * Procession of Good Friday in Campobasso
Campobasso
* The procession of hooded on the Good Friday at Isernia
Isernia
* The fire of Saint Anthony the Abbot in Colletorto (17 January) * The feast of Saint Nicandro in Venafro (17 June) * The ox chariots and feast in the village of Ururi and Portocannone

Arts, musical and food festivals

* The international bagpipe festival of Scapoli in July * The "Pezzata" of Capracotta the first Sunday of August * The fish festival of Termoli in August * The Staffoli Horses in August close Agnone * The grape feast of Riccia in September * The grain feast of Jelsi on 26 July * The international festival of folk in the Matese
Matese
in San Massimo * The exhibition of black truffle in San Pietro Avellana * The carnival of Larino in February * "Gl' Cierv" in the carnival of Castelnuovo del Volturno
Volturno
the last Sunday of February

Museum

* National museum of paleolithic in Isernia
Isernia
* Monumental complex and museum of Santa Maria delle Monache in Isernia
Isernia
* Museum of "Tombolo" in Isernia
Isernia
* Provincial museum of Samnium in Campobasso
Campobasso
* Museum of Zampogna (Bagpipe) in Scapoli * Antiquarium of Saepinum-Altilia in Sepino * Photographic museum " Tony Vaccaro " in Bonefro

CUISINE

Pasta e fagioli

The cuisine of Molise
Molise
is similar to the cuisine of Abruzzo , though there are some differences in the dishes and ingredients. The flavors of Molise
Molise
are dominated by the many aromatic herbs that grow there. Some of the characteristic foods include spicy salami , a variety of locally produced cheeses , dishes using lamb or goat , pasta dishes with hearty sauces, and vegetables that grow in the region.

In addition to bruschetta , a typical antipasto will consist of any of several meat dishes, such as the sausages Capocolli, the fennel -seasoned Salsiccie al finocchio, Soppressata
Soppressata
, ventricina , frascateglie or sanguinaccio. In addition to these sausages, a variety of ham is available, such as smoked prosciutto . Frequently, the sausages are enjoyed with polenta .

Main dishes of the region include:

* Brodosini made of tagliatelle in broth with pork cheek and fat * Calcioni di ricotta, a specialty of Campobasso
Campobasso
, made of fried pasta stuffed with ricotta , provolone , prosciutto, and parsley , and usually served with fried artichokes , cauliflower , brains , sweetbread , potato croquette , and scamorza cheese * Cavatiegl e Patane, or gnocchi served in a meat sauce of rabbit and pork. * A variety of Pasta, such as Cavatelli , Lasagna , or maccheroni served with a ragù of lamb or goat * Pasta e fagioli , Pasta-and-white-bean soup cooked with pig's feet and pork rinds * Polenta
Polenta
d'iragn, a polenta-like dish actually made of wheat and potatoes, sauced with raw tomatoes and pecorino * Risotto
Risotto
alla marinara, a risotto with seafood * Spaghetti with diavolillo, a strong chili pepper sauce * Zuppa di cardi, a soup of cardoons , tomatoes, onions, pancetta , olive oil * Zuppa di ortiche, a soup of nettle stems , tomatoes, onions, pancetta, olive oil.

Common second dishes (often meat and vegetable dishes) are:

* Lamb, the most popular meat, served grilled, roasted, or stewed. * Many organ meats of lamb, especially tripe , are popular * Coniglio alla molisana, grilled rabbit pieces skewered with sausage and herbs * Mazzarelle, tightly wrapped rolls made with lung and tripe of lamb * Ragù
Ragù
d' agnello, braised lamb with sweet peppers, a specialty of Isernia * Torcinelli, rolled strips of lamb tripe, sweetbreads, and liver * Pamparella or pork pancetta dried with peperoncino, soaked in wine and cut into small pieces. Pamparella is used to flavor sauces, in particular the sauce for dressing the tacconi, a rustic pasta made with flour and water.

Typical vegetable dishes may include:

* Carciofi ripieni, artichokes stuffed with anchovies and capers * Peeled sweet peppers stuffed with breadcrumbs, anchovies, parsley, basil and peperoncino, sautéed in a frying pan and cooked with chopped tomatoes * Cipollacci con pecorino, fried strong onions and pecorino cheese * Frittata con basilico e cipolle, omelette with basil and onions.

Fish dishes include red mullet soup, and spaghetti with cuttlefish . Trout
Trout
from the Biferno river is notable for its flavor, and is cooked with a simple but tasty sauce of aromatic herbs. And finally Zuppa di pesce, a fish stew, a specialty of Termoli .

The cheeses produced in Molise
Molise
are not very different from those produced in Abruzzo. The more common ones are Burrino and Manteca, soft, delicious, buttery cow's-milk cheeses, Pecorino, sheep's-milk cheese, served young and soft or aged and hard, Scamorza, bland cow's-milk cheese, often served grilled, and Caciocavallo
Caciocavallo
, sheep's-milk cheese.

Sweets and desserts have an ancient tradition here and are linked to the history of the territory and to religious and family festivities. Most common are:

* Calciumi (also called Caucioni or cauciuni), sweet ravioli filled with chestnuts, almonds, chocolate, vanilla, cooked wine musts , and cinnamon and then fried * Ciambelline, ring-shaped cakes made in the countryside. They may be all'olio (with olive oil) or al vino rosso (with red wine) * Ferratelle all'anice, anise cakes made in metal molds and stamped with special patterns * Ricotta pizza, a cake pan filled with a blend of ricotta cheese, sugar, flour, butter, maraschino liqueur, and