Mojito (/moʊˈhiːtoʊ/; Spanish: [moˈxito]) is a traditional
Traditionally, a mojito is a cocktail that consists of five
ingredients: white rum, sugar (traditionally sugar cane juice), lime
juice, soda water, and mint. The original Cuban recipe uses
spearmint or yerba buena, a mint variety very popular on the
island. Its combination of sweetness, citrus, and
mint flavors is intended to complement the rum, and has made the
mojito a popular summer drink. The cocktail has a relatively low
alcohol content (about 10% alcohol by volume).
When preparing a mojito, lime juice is added to sugar (or syrup) and
mint leaves. The mixture is then gently mashed with a muddler. The
mint leaves should only be bruised to release the essential oils and
should not be shredded. Then rum is added and the mixture is
briefly stirred to dissolve the sugar and to lift the mint leaves up
from the bottom for better presentation. Finally, the drink is topped
with crushed ice and sparkling soda water. Mint leaves and lime wedges
are used to garnish the glass.
The mojito is one of the most famous rum-based highballs. There are
several versions of the mojito.
3 See also
5 External links
Havana, Cuba, is the birthplace of the Mojito,
although the exact origin of this classic cocktail is the subject of
debate. One story traces the
Mojito to a similar 16th century drink
known as "El Draque", after Sir Francis Drake. In 1586, after his
successful raid at Cartagena de Indias Drake's ships sailed towards
Havana but there was an epidemic of dysentery and scurvy on board. It
was known that the local South American Indians had remedies for
various tropical illnesses, so a small boarding party went ashore on
Cuba and came back with ingredients for an effective medicine. The
ingredients were aguardiente de caña (translated as burning water, a
crude form of rum made from sugar cane) mixed with local tropical
ingredients: lime, sugarcane juice, and mint.
Lime juice on its own
would have significantly prevented scurvy and dysentery, and
tafia/rum was soon added as it became widely available to the British
(ca. 1650). Mint, lime and sugar were also helpful in hiding the harsh
taste of this spirit. While this drink was not called a
Mojito at this
time, it was the original combination of these ingredients.
Some historians contend that African slaves who worked in the Cuban
sugar cane fields during the 19th century were instrumental in the
cocktail's origin. Guarapo, the sugar cane juice often used in
Mojitos, was a popular drink among the slaves who named it. It
never originally contained lime juice.
There are several theories behind the origin of the name Mojito: one
such theory holds that name relates to mojo, a Cuban seasoning made
from lime and used to flavour dishes. Another theory is that
Mojito is simply a derivative of mojadito (Spanish for "a
little wet"), the diminutive of mojado ("wet"). Due to the vast
influence of immigration from the Canary Islands, the term probably
came from the mojo creole marinades adapted in Cuba using citrus (as
opposed to traditional Isleno types).
Mojito has routinely been presented as a favorite drink of author
Ernest Hemingway. It has also often been said that Ernest
Hemingway made the bar called La
Bodeguita del Medio
Bodeguita del Medio famous when he
became one of its regulars and wrote "My mojito in La Bodeguita, My
daiquiri in El Floridita" on a wall of the bar. This epigraph,
handwritten and signed in his name, persists despite doubts
expressed by Hemingway biographers about such patronage and the
author's taste for mojitos. La
Bodeguita del Medio
Bodeguita del Medio is better known
for its food than its drink.
A survey by an international market research company found that in
Mojito was the most popular cocktail in Britain and
Many hotels in
Havana also add
Angostura bitters to cut the sweetness
of the Mojito; while icing sugar is often muddled with the mint leaves
rather than cane sugar, and many establishments simply use sugar syrup
to control sweetness. Many bars today in
Havana use lemon juice
rather than fresh lime. The "Rose Mojito," which is a
containing the rose-flavored spirit, Lanique, was first created at the
Albert's Schloss bar in Manchester, England. A
alcohol is called a "Virgin Mojito" or "Nojito". The
coconut flavor, often through the use of coconut-flavored rum. The
South Side is made with gin instead of rum; the South Side Fizz adds
List of cocktails
Grog is a mix of water, rum and lime, give as rations to British
sailors in the 18th Century.
Mojito recipe from Cuba". Tasteofcuba.com. Archived
from the original on 2011-09-04. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
^ Colleen Graham; About.com Guide (2011-06-11). "About.com Mojito".
Cocktails. about.com. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
Cocktail News: Mojitos Go Fruity". Prweb.com. 2008-06-04.
^ a b c d e Fernandez, Maria Elena (2001-08-12). "Shake It Up, Baby:
Cocktail Is Making a Splash". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 16
^ Fumi. "How to Muddle a Mojito". Wasabibratwurst.com. Retrieved
^ "The Classic Cuban Mojito". Artofdrink.com. Retrieved
Mojito Recipe or American
^ Burkhart, Jeff (2012). Twenty Years Behind Bars: the spirited
adventures of a real bartender (1st ed.). PhotoCine Media.
^ Maratos, David (7 July 2010). "How The El Draque
Cocktail May Have
Helped Britannia Rule The Waves". GoArticles. Archived from the
original on 8 February 2015.
^ Maratos, David (16 June 2012). "The 1st Cocktail, Invented 1586 Was
A Medicinal Crude
Rum Mix (Article 34)". Archived from the original on
28 September 2012.
^ a b "
Mojito History". Mojitocompany.com. Archived from the original
on 12 April 2009.
^ Roberts, Walter Adolphe (1948). Lands of the inner sea, the West
Indies and Bermuda. New York: Coward-McCann. p. 21.
^ Sky juice and flying fish: traditional Caribbean cooking by Jessica
B. Harris in 1991
Mojito is derived from the Spanish mojo sauce, which often contains
lime juice (see "mojito" at Dictionary.com, citing the American
Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, 2006,
Houghton Mifflin), while mojo is derived from the Spanish verb mojar,
meaning "to make wet" (see definition 3 of "mojo" at Dictionary.com,
citing Webster's New Millennium Dictionary of English, Preview Edition
(v 0.9.7), 2003–2007, Lexico Publishing Group, LLC)
^ Shenton, Will (2016-07-11). "The History of the Mojito". Bevvy.co.
^ "Great American Writers and Their Cocktails". NPR.org. 2006-12-15.
^ W. Stock on August 8th, 2010 (2011-02-19). "Die ewige Bodeguita".
Stockpress.de. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
^ Greene, Philip (2012). To Have and Have Another: A Hemingway
Cocktail Companion. Perigee Trade. p. 168.
^ Menu, La Bodeguita del Medio, Habana, Cuba in 1959
^ All around the world cookbook - Page 282 by Sheila Lukins in 1994
^ "Global cocktail consumption highlights opportunity for British bars
and suppliers". International
Cocktail Report. CGA Strategy. 13 July
2016. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
^ "Food: Mojito". The Austin Chronicle. 2006-08-18. Retrieved
^ "Cocktails in the City Comes Back to Manchester".
DrinksEnthusiast.com. Drinks Enthusiast.
^ Gee, Denise. "Nojito Recipe". Epicurious.com. Retrieved
^ Petrosky, Maureen (5 September 2016). "Pitcher cocktail for your
Labor Day party: sparkling Cojito". The 10-Minute Happy Hour. Kitchn.
Archived from the original on 2017-06-13. Retrieved 2017-11-01.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mojito.
The Wikibook Bartending has a page on the topic of: Mojito
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^ Adimando, Stacy.
"Need a fabulous mojito recipe? Try these 9 lucious spin", TODAY, 17
March 2014. Retrieved o