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Sharif al-Ulama family Pahlavi dynasty
Pahlavi dynasty
(by marriage)

Mohammad Amir Khatami
Mohammad Amir Khatami
(Persian: محمدامیر خاتمی‎) (1920 – 12 September 1975), CVO, was the commander of the Iranian air force, advisor to Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
and the second husband of Princess Fatimeh Pahlavi, half-sister of the Shah.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Career 3 Personal life 4 Death 5 Honours

5.1 National honours 5.2 Foreign honours

6 References

Early life and education[edit] Khatami was born in Rasht
Rasht
in 1920.[1] His father was a tea house owner and later dealt with real estate.[2] His mother was a relative of Imam Jomeh, a significant religious figure in Tehran
Tehran
and a relative of Nasr ed Din Shah.[2] After graduating from the American High School in Tehran, Khatami then attended the military high school.[2] In 1939, he began to study at the air force branch of the military college and graduated as a second lieutenant.[2][3] Next he went to the United Kingdom and joined pilot training courses.[3] He graduated from the Royal Air Force College Cranwell.[4] He was also trained at Fürstenfeldbruck Air Base, Germany, in the 1950s.[5]

Shahpour Gholam Reza Pahlavi
Gholam Reza Pahlavi
(left) and Mohammad Khatami

Career[edit] In 1946, Khatami was named personal pilot of the Shah.[6][7] Days before the 19 August 1953 coup on 16 August, the Shah, accompanied by his second wife Sorayya Esfandiary Bakhtiari and Aboul Fath Atabay, escaped from Iran
Iran
to Iraq
Iraq
and then to Italy
Italy
by a plane aviated by Khatami.[7][8][9] In 1957, Khatami was appointed chief of staff for the imperial air force.[10][11] He succeeded Hedayat Gilanshah in the post following the latter's death in a plane crash.[12] Khatami served in this post until his death in 1975.[1][12] In addition, he served as the chairman of the board of the Iranian National Airlines and chief of the council of the Civil Aviation Department.[2] He was also co-owner of a construction company.[2] Personal life[edit] Khatami married twice. His first spouse was his cousin with whom he had a daughter.[1] She was killed in an accident in 1954. Then Khatami married Princess Fatimeh Pahlavi
Fatimeh Pahlavi
on 22 November 1959, half-sister of the Shah.[10][13][14] The Shah and his then fiancée Farah Diba attended the wedding ceremony.[15] They had two sons, Kambiz (born 1961) and Ramin (born 1967), and a daughter, Pari (born 1962).[3] A declassified CIA
CIA
report argues that Khatami was close to Hossein Fardoust and Taqi Alavikia, and that they were part of a dowreh, or circle of associates. The dowreh, along with familial relations, was a significant element in the political functioning of Iran
Iran
in the Pahlavi era.[2] Until his death, Khatami raised his wealth to nearly $100 million.[6][16] Death[edit] Khatami died in a kiting accident on 12 September 1975 in Dezful.[1][10] His death has been considered to be mysterious and the Shah was implicated in his death.[6][17] Honours[edit] National honours[edit]

Order of Humayoun, 1st class (Imperial State of Iran).[4]

Foreign honours[edit]

Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
Royal Victorian Order
[CVO] (United Kingdom, 2 March 1961).[4] Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
Germany
(Federal Republic of Germany, 21 October 1965).[4]

References[edit]

^ a b c d Abbas Milani (2008). Eminent Persians: The Men and Women who Made Modern Iran, 1941-1979: In Two Volumes. Syracuse University Press. p. 457. ISBN 978-0-8156-0907-0. Retrieved 20 February 2013.  ^ a b c d e f g "Centers of Power in Iran" (PDF). CIA. May 1972. Retrieved 5 August 2013.  ^ a b c Hadidi, Ebrahim. "Field Martial Mohammad Khatami". Institute for Iranian History. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  ^ a b c d "The Pahlavi Dynasty". Royal Ark. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  ^ "Golden Crown History". IIAF. Retrieved 31 July 2013.  ^ a b c Fakhreddin Azimi (30 June 2009). Quest for democracy in Iran: a century of struggle against authoritarian rule. Harvard University Press. p. 236. ISBN 978-0-674-02036-8. Retrieved 16 July 2013.  ^ a b The Rise and Fall of the Pahlavi Dynasty: Memoirs of Former General Hussein Fardust. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. 31 December 1998. p. 123. ISBN 978-81-208-1642-8. Retrieved 16 July 2013.  ^ Hadidi, Ibrahim (1 December 2011). "New: Contemporary History: 19 August 1953 Coup". Iran
Iran
Review. Retrieved 16 July 2013.  ^ Love, Kenneth (16 August 1953). "Shah Flees Iran
Iran
After Move to Dismiss Mossadegh Fails". The New York Times. Baghdad. Reuters. Retrieved 16 July 2013.  ^ a b c Hosseini, Mahmud Mirza. "Field Martial Mohammad Khatami". IICHS. Retrieved 20 February 2013.  ^ Alvandi, Roham (2012). "Nixon, Kissinger, and the Shah: the origins of Iranian primacy in the Persian Gulf" (PDF). Diplomatic history. 36 (2): 337–372. doi:10.1111/j.1467-7709.2011.01025.x. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 July 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2013.  ^ a b "IIAF History". IIAF. Retrieved 30 July 2013.  ^ "Fatemeh Pahlevi Dies at 58, A Half Sister to Shah of Iran". The New York Times. AP. 3 June 1987. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  ^ Edgar Burke Inlow (1 January 1979). Shahanshah: The Study of Monarachy of Iran. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 91. ISBN 978-81-208-2292-4. Retrieved 8 April 2013.  ^ "Shah engaged". Toledo Blade. 23 November 1960. Retrieved 16 July 2013.  ^ Manouchehr Gangī (2002). Defying the Iranian Revolution: From a Minister to the Shah to a Leader of Resistance. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-275-97187-8. Retrieved 31 July 2013.  ^ (ed.) Gholamali Haddad Adel, Mohammad Jafar Elmi, Hassan Taromi-Rad (1 October 2012). Pahlavi Dynasty: An Entry from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam. MIU Press. p. 172. ISBN 978-1-908433-01-5. Retrieved 8 April 2013. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)

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Iran
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Commanders of the Imperial Iranian Air Force

Mizani (1923–24) A. Nakhjavan (1924–30) Mirza-Khosravani (1930–31) A. Nakhjavan (1931–32) Koupal (1931–33) A. Nakhjavan (1933–37) Mirza-Khosravani (1937–41) Bouzarjmehri (1941; caretaker) M. Firouz (1942) M. Nakhjavan (1942–43) Ghahremani (1943) M. Firouz & Mohanna (1943; co-commanders) A. Nakhjavan (1943) Mohanna (1943) H. Firouz (1943–44) Amidi (1946–47) Gilanshah (1947–48) Mohanna (1948–49) Sepahpour (1949–50) Alaei (1950–51) Sepahpour (1951–52) Gilanshah (1952–53) Moeini (1953–54) Gilanshah (1954–58) Khatami (1958–75) Tadayon (1975–77) Rabii (1977–79)

See also: Commanders of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
Army Air

.