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MOGWAI (/ˈmɒɡwaɪ/ ) are a Scottish post-rock band, formed in 1995 in Glasgow
Glasgow
. The band consists of Stuart Braithwaite
Stuart Braithwaite
(guitar, vocals), Barry Burns (guitar, piano, synthesizer, vocals), Dominic Aitchison (bass guitar), and Martin Bulloch (drums). The band typically compose lengthy guitar-based instrumental pieces that feature dynamic contrast , melodic bass guitar lines, and heavy use of distortion and effects . The band were for several years signed to Glasgow
Glasgow
label Chemikal Underground , and have been distributed by different labels such as Matador in the US and Play It Again Sam in the UK, but now use their own label Rock Action Records in the UK, and Sub Pop
Sub Pop
in North America. The band were frequently championed by John Peel
John Peel
from their early days, and recorded seven Peel Sessions between 1996 and 2004. Peel also recorded a brief introduction for the compilation Government Commissions: BBC Sessions 1996–2003 .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Formation (1991–95) * 1.2 Mogwai Young Team (1995–97) * 1.3 Come On Die Young (1998–99) * 1.4 Rock Action (2000–01) * 1.5 Happy Songs For Happy People (2002–03) * 1.6 Mr Beast
Mr Beast
(2004–06) * 1.7 The Hawk Is Howling
The Hawk Is Howling
(2007–08) * 1.8 Burning / Special
Special
Moves (2009–10) * 1.9 Hardcore Will Never Die, But You Will (2011–13) * 1.10 Rave Tapes (2013–2015) * 1.11 Every Country\'s Sun (2016–present)

* 2 Soundtracks and other work * 3 Musical style * 4 Band members * 5 Discography * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

HISTORY

FORMATION (1991–95)

Stuart Braithwaite
Stuart Braithwaite
and Dominic Aitchison met in April 1991, and four years later formed Mogwai
Mogwai
with old schoolfriend Martin Bulloch . The band are named after the creatures from the film Gremlins
Gremlins
, although guitarist Stuart Braithwaite
Stuart Braithwaite
comments that "it has no significant meaning and we always intended on getting a better one, but like a lot of other things we never got round to it." 'Mogwai' means "evil spirit" or "devil" in Cantonese
Cantonese
(Chinese : 魔鬼; pinyin : móguǐ; Jyutping
Jyutping
: mo¹gwai²; IPA : mɔ˧˥ kueɪ˨˩˦). The band debuted in February 1996 with the "Tuner"/"Lower" single and by the end of the year they received 'single of the week' from NME
NME
for "Summer", a feat repeated early in 1997 with "New Paths to Helicon". After playing a few shows the band expanded with the introduction of John Cummings on guitar, and Teenage Fanclub
Teenage Fanclub
drummer Brendan O\'Hare joined whilst they recorded their début album Mogwai Young Team .

MOGWAI YOUNG TEAM (1995–97)

The album, released in October 1997, reached number 75 on the UK Albums Chart , and featured a guest appearance from Aidan Moffat
Aidan Moffat
of Arab Strap . In 1998 the band had their first singles chart success with a split single with Magoo of Black Sabbath
Black Sabbath
cover versions reaching number 60 in the UK and an EP of "Fear Satan" remixes reaching number 57. In the same year, an album of remixes of the band's tracks by the likes of Kevin Shields
Kevin Shields
, Alec Empire , and μ-ziq was issued (Kicking a Dead Pig: Mogwai
Mogwai
Songs Remixed ). The band also remixed tracks for David Holmes and Manic Street Preachers
Manic Street Preachers
. O'Hare was sacked after the release of the album (reportedly after upsetting the rest of the band by talking all through a performance by Arab Strap).

COME ON DIE YOUNG (1998–99)

Barry Burns was brought in prior to the recording of Come On Die Young , the band's second album. He had already played a few shows with the band, as a flautist and as an occasional pianist. According to Stuart, Barry was invited into the band because he was a "good laugh". The album reached number 29 in the UK. The band line up remained unchanged from 1998 until November 2015, when John Cummings left to pursue other projects. Fellow Scottish musician Luke Sutherland has contributed violin (and more recently vocals and guitar) to Mogwai's records and live performances.

ROCK ACTION (2000–01)

The band's 2001 album Rock Action gave them their highest UK album chart placing, reaching number 23. The album was less guitar-led than previously, featuring more electronics; a larger than usual number of tracks also featured vocals, guest vocalists included David Pajo
David Pajo
of Slint
Slint
, Gruff Rhys
Gruff Rhys
of Super Furry Animals
Super Furry Animals
and Gary Lightbody
Gary Lightbody
of Snow Patrol . Shortly afterwards the band released " My Father My King ", a cacophonous 20-minute song which closed their Rock Action-period shows, and was billed as a companion piece to the album.

HAPPY SONGS FOR HAPPY PEOPLE (2002–03)

Mogwai's 2003 album Happy Songs for Happy People
Happy Songs for Happy People
continued the band's movement into the use of electronica and more spacious arrangements. It was the band's first album to sell in any numbers in the US, reaching No.13 on the Billboard Independent Albums Chart and even spending one week in the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
. Reviews were generally favourable, although as Pitchfork Media
Pitchfork Media
said in 2008 "...(the album's) reception ranged from middling to favorable. Some praised the band's scope, grandeur, and willingness to explore beyond the bounds of the quiet-loud-louder dynamic it had mastered; others lamented a lack of the same, alternately calling Happy Songs too soft, too small, or too stiff."

MR BEAST (2004–06)

Mogwai
Mogwai
playing at Somerset House
Somerset House
, London, 7 July 2007

In March 2006, the album Mr Beast
Mr Beast
was released in a regular format and in a limited deluxe edition package that came with both the album on CD and a DVD documenting the recording process entitled The Recording of Mr Beast
Mr Beast
. The album was described by Creation Records head Alan McGee as "probably the best art rock album I've been involved with since Loveless . In fact, it's possibly better than Loveless". referring to the influential 1991 album by My Bloody Valentine . AllMusic called the album "Possibly the most accessible yet sophisticated album Mogwai
Mogwai
(have) released".

THE HAWK IS HOWLING (2007–08)

The band's sixth studio album was recorded from late 2007 until early 2008, and was released in September 2008. It was the first Mogwai album not to feature vocals, and was also the first to be self-produced by the band; the album was recorded by Andy Miller at Chem19 Studios in Hamilton, South Lanarkshire , and mixed by Gareth Jones at Castle of Doom Studios in Glasgow. The album spawned an EP, Batcat , featuring the title track from the album and also a collaboration with Roky Erickson , with Erickson providing vocals on "Devil Rides".

BURNING / SPECIAL MOVES (2009–10)

In 2010 the band released their first live film (Burning, filmed by Vincent Moon and Nathanaël Le Scouarnec, which premiered at the Glasgow
Glasgow
Film Festival in February) and live album (called Special Moves). Burning contains eight tracks from the band's Brooklyn shows during their 2008/2009 American tour, whilst Special
Special
Moves adds nine more tracks from the same source. Special
Special
Moves was the first release on Mogwai's own Rock Action records, named after Stooges drummer Scott Asheton , who had his name changed to Rock Action.

HARDCORE WILL NEVER DIE, BUT YOU WILL (2011–13)

In September 2010, Mogwai
Mogwai
left longtime North American distributor Matador Records, and signed with Sub Pop
Sub Pop
. Braithwaite also stated that the band were working on material for a new album for release in early 2011. On 27 October 2010, Mogwai
Mogwai
announced their seventh studio album, Hardcore Will Never Die, But You Will . The album was released on 14 February 2011 in the UK and entered the UK Albums Chart
UK Albums Chart
at number 25. A bonus edition featured an additional CD featuring a 23-minute piece called "Music for a Forgotten Future (The Singing Mountain)", which was recorded for an art installation by Douglas Gordon and Olaf Nicolai. Three singles were released from the album; "Rano Pano", "Mexican Grand Prix" and "San Pedro".

In 2012 a remix album, A Wrenched Virile Lore was released which included tracks from Hardcore... remixed by numerous artists including Xander Harris
Xander Harris
, The Soft Moon , Robert Hampson
Robert Hampson
and Justin Broadrick
Justin Broadrick
. The album, whose title is almost an anagram of "Hardcore Will Never Die" was again released by Sub Pop
Sub Pop
in the US, and Rock Action Records elsewhere.

RAVE TAPES (2013–2015)

Mogwai
Mogwai
performing their soundtrack to Zidane: A 21st Century Portrait in Manchester, 19 July 2013

In July 2013, Mogwai
Mogwai
performed their soundtrack to Zidane: A 21st Century Portrait for the first time at dates across the UK. An announcement of new live dates followed, including two nights at the Royal Festival Hall
Royal Festival Hall
, and an appearance closing the final holiday camp edition of the "All Tomorrow\'s Parties" festival in Camber Sands, England.

They announced their eighth studio album Rave Tapes on 28 October 2013. The album was released on 20 January 2014 on Rock Action in the UK, Spunk in Australia and Hostess in Japan and South-east Asia, while Sub Pop
Sub Pop
released the album in the US on 21 January. Rave Tapes was produced by Mogwai
Mogwai
and Paul Savage, and the song "Remurdered" was uploaded to the Rock Action and Sub Pop
Sub Pop
SoundCloud
SoundCloud
pages at the time of the announcement. The album entered the UK album charts at No.10 and as of April 2014 was the best selling UK album released in 2014 in terms of vinyl sales.

An EP titled Music Industry 3. Fitness Industry 1. on Rock Action was released on 1 December 2014 featuring three new tracks from the Rave Tapes sessions, along with three remixes of tracks from that album by Blanck Mass
Blanck Mass
, Pye Corner Audio and Nils Frahm . The EP was recorded in Glasgow
Glasgow
with Paul Savage .

In June 2015 Mogwai
Mogwai
played a series of high-profile shows in the UK and Ireland, climaxing with two nights at the Camden Roundhouse , to celebrate the band's 20th anniversary. At the same time, in association with ATP , they curated a series of shows at the London venue featuring acts that have "challenged, intrigued and inspired" them, including The Jesus and Mary Chain , Public Enemy , and Godspeed! You Black Emperor . A career retrospective album comprising three CDs or six LPs, Central Belters , was released on 23 October.

On 15 November 2015, the band announced that guitarist John Cummings had left to pursue his own projects.

EVERY COUNTRY\'S SUN (2016–PRESENT)

In April 2016, Braithwaite told the Guardian that the band were writing new songs and would be travelling to the US later in the year to record a new album with Dave Fridmann , who produced Rock Action some 15 years previously. On 25 November, Fridmann announced that the band had started recording the album with him. On 3 March 2017, the band announced that they had completed recording and were mastering the album at Abbey Road Studios
Abbey Road Studios
. The band have announced a worldwide tour to coincide with the release of the new album, starting with dates in Europe in October before visiting North America in November, and finally playing in their home city, Glasgow, in December.

On 14 May 2017, the band announced the new album would be named Every Country\'s Sun and would be released on 1 September 2017. They also shared the first song "Coolverine". On June 2, Mogwai
Mogwai
played a show at Primavera Sound festival in Barcelona, only announced on the day, which consisted of Every Country's Sun played in full.

SOUNDTRACKS AND OTHER WORK

In 2006, the band provided the soundtrack to the film Zidane: A 21st Century Portrait, with the soundtrack album released the following year. The band's song "Auto Rock" was used in Michael Mann's 2006 film Miami Vice . The band also collaborated with Clint Mansell and Kronos Quartet
Kronos Quartet
on the soundtrack to The Fountain
The Fountain
in 2006. Mogwai
Mogwai
are also featured in the 2009 post-rock documentary Introspective. The band donated an exclusive track to the PEACE project in April 2010 in support of Amnesty International
Amnesty International
. In 2012, the band provided the soundtrack for the Canal+
Canal+
French TV series Les Revenants (broadcast as The Returned in the UK). The album, Les Revenants , was released on 25 February 2013. The track "Kids Will Be Skeletons" was featured as part of the soundtrack of the story based video game Life Is Strange .

In 2015 the band supplied the music for Mark Cousins ' documentary Atomic, Living in Dread and Promise . The soundtrack was reworked and released as Atomic on 1 April 2016, through Rock Action Records. The band carried out an extensive live tour of Europe and Japan performing the soundtrack against a backdrop of the screening of the film, beginning in Austria on 1 May 2016. They then announced a North American tour of the album for January 2017. The band also co-wrote the score to Fisher Stevens' 2016 documentary film about climate change Before the Flood. The score was performed and written by Mogwai, Trent Reznor, Atticus Ross, and Gustavo Santaolalla.

In 2016 Stuart Braithwaite
Stuart Braithwaite
took part in a documentary about Glasgow music, and Chemikal Underground
Chemikal Underground
Records , called Lost in France. The film was directed by Niall McCann and brought Braithwaite (along with members of The Delgados , Franz Ferdinand and others) to Mauron , Brittany, to recreate a gig they played just after Mogwai
Mogwai
had formed. The film features Mogwai
Mogwai
live, as well as footage of Braithwaite playing Mogwai
Mogwai
tracks solo and interviews with Braithwaite and his old label-mates such as Alex Kapranos (Franz Ferdinand), Emma Pollock (The Delgados) and Stewart Henderson (The Delgados). It premiered at the Edinburgh International Film Festival
Edinburgh International Film Festival
to positive reviews and was called "Funny, vital and sobering” by Scotland's arts magazine The Skinny .

MUSICAL STYLE

The band's influences include Fugazi
Fugazi
, MC5
MC5
, My Bloody Valentine , Sonic Youth
Sonic Youth
, Pixies
Pixies
, The Cure
The Cure
and post-rock pioneers Slint
Slint
. Mogwai's style has easily identifiable connections to genres like shoegaze , math rock , and art rock . Début album Mogwai
Mogwai
Young Team was described as "stunningly dynamic... seamlessly from tranquil, bleakly beautiful soundscapes to brain scrambling white noise and sledgehammer riffing". Douglas Wolk
Douglas Wolk
, writing for SPIN in 1999 said of the band: "Their compositions have gotten increasingly drawn-out and austere over time, sometimes barely more than a single arpeggiated chord or two evolving for ten minutes or more, whisperingly brutal in a way that recalls Slint
Slint
more than any other band". Barry Burns once stated in an interview that he and the rest of the band do not like the categorisation of post-rock because he believes it over-analyses everything.

Braithwaite has commented on the absence of lyrics in most of Mogwai's music, saying:

I think most people are not used to having no lyrics to focus on. Lyrics are a real comfort to some people. I guess they like to sing along and when they can't do that with us they can get a bit upset. — Stuart Braithwaite, The Express

BAND MEMBERS

Current

* Stuart Braithwaite
Stuart Braithwaite
– guitar, bass, vocals (1995–present) * Dominic Aitchison – bass, guitar (1995–present) * Martin Bulloch – drums (1995–present) * Barry Burns – guitar, bass, keyboards, synthesizer, flute, vocals (1998–present)

Former

* Brendan O\'Hare – keyboards, guitar (1997) * John Cummings – guitar, laptop (1995–2015)

Occasional contributor and touring members

* Alex Mackay - guitar, keyboards (touring member; 2016—present) * Luke Sutherland – violin, guitar, vocals, percussion (1998—present) * James Hamilton - drums (touring replacement for Martin Bulloch) (2011—2013) * Scott Patterson - guitar (touring replacement for John Cummings) (2015) * Cat Myers - drums (touring replacement for Martin Bulloch) (2017)

DISCOGRAPHY

Main article: Mogwai discography

* Mogwai Young Team (1997) * Come On Die Young (1999) * Rock Action (2001) * Happy Songs for Happy People
Happy Songs for Happy People
(2003) * Mr Beast
Mr Beast
(2006) * The Hawk Is Howling
The Hawk Is Howling
(2008) * Hardcore Will Never Die, But You Will (2011) * Rave Tapes (2014) * Every Country\'s Sun (2017)

SEE ALSO

* List of post-rock bands

REFERENCES

* ^ Hodgkinson, Will (18 February 2005). "The Man That Peel Built". The Guardian. London. * ^ "List of John Peel
John Peel
Sessions – Mogwai". BBC. 2005. * ^ Tangari, Joe. " Government Commissions review". Pitchfork. Retrieved 27 March 2017. * ^ A B C D E F G H I Strong, Martin C. (2003) The Great Indie Discography, Canongate, ISBN 1-84195-335-0 , p. 872 * ^ A B C "FAQ". mogwai.co.uk. 2006. * ^ A B C Wolk, Douglas (1999) "Our Gang", CMJ New Music Monthly , May 1999. Retrieved 17 April 2010 * ^ Scott Herren (16 January 2005). " My Father My King review". Sputnikmusic
Sputnikmusic
. Retrieved 5 August 2011. * ^ " Happy Songs for Happy People
Happy Songs for Happy People
on Billboard". Billboard . 5 July 2003. Retrieved 6 August 2011. * ^ Grayson Currin (23 September 2008). "The Hawk Is Howling review". Pitchfork Media
Pitchfork Media
. Retrieved 6 August 2011. * ^ "Questions of Doom: Alan McGee". Archived from the original on 29 September 2006. Retrieved 30 December 2006. * ^ Phares, Heather. " Mr Beast
Mr Beast
– review". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 October 2011. * ^ " Mogwai
Mogwai
– Recording The Hawk is Howling". Sound on Sound. Retrieved 4 November 2012. * ^ Galloway, Vic (2010) "Voice of New Music in Scotland", News of the World (Scottish edition), 21 February 2010, p. 2 * ^ A B "Mogwai\'s movie \'Burning\' to premiere at Glasgow
Glasgow
Film Festival – video", NME
NME
, 21 January 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2010 * ^ "Hardcore Will Never Die, But You Will.". Mogwai
Mogwai
Official Web Site. Retrieved 25 November 2010. * ^ "UK Albums Chart". The Official Charts Company . acharts.us. 20 February 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2011. * ^ " Hardcore Will Never Die, But You Will ( Special
Special
Edition)". discogs. Retrieved 11 April 2012. * ^ "A Wrenched Virile Lore". Mogwai. Retrieved 29 October 2012. * ^ " Mogwai
Mogwai
/ A Wrenched Virile Lore – SP1033". Sub Pop. Retrieved 29 October 2012. * ^ Meighan, Nicola. "A Thirsty Conspiracy: Mogwai
Mogwai
& Douglas Gordon Talk
Talk
Zidane". The Quietus. Retrieved 28 September 2013. * ^ " Mogwai
Mogwai
– Royal Festival Hall". Southbank Centre. Retrieved 28 September 2013. * ^ "ATP End Of An Era Part 2". ATP. Retrieved 28 September 2013. * ^ Amy Phillips; Evan Minsker (28 October 2013). " Mogwai
Mogwai
Announce New Album Rave Tapes". Pitchfork. Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 26 December 2013. * ^ "MOGWAI ANNOUNCE NEW ALBUM RAVE TAPES". FACT Mag. The Vinyl Factory. 28 October 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013. * ^ "Mogwai’s Rave Tapes makes UK top 10". FACT. Retrieved 25 April 2014. * ^ "Arctic Monkeys and Mogwai
Mogwai
lead the best vinyl sales figures in a decade". FACT. Retrieved 25 April 2014. * ^ " Mogwai
Mogwai
announce new EP, \'Music Industry 3 Fitness Industry 1\'". NME. Retrieved 25 November 2014. * ^ " Mogwai
Mogwai
Announce Music Industry 3. Fitness Industry 1. EP, Share "Teenage Exorcists"". Pitchfork. Retrieved 25 November 2014. * ^ " Mogwai
Mogwai
announce 20th anniversary shows". Music News. Retrieved 2 July 2015. * ^ "A Mogwai
Mogwai
season at the Roundhouse". Camden Roundhouse. Retrieved 2 July 2015. * ^ " Mogwai
Mogwai
celebrate 20 years with Central Belters compilation". FACT Magazine. Retrieved 2 July 2015. * ^ " Mogwai
Mogwai
:: News :: Statement". mogwai.co.uk. Retrieved 25 April 2016. * ^ " Mogwai
Mogwai
webchat". The Guardian. 6 April 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2016. * ^ Fridmann, Dave. "News and notes". davefridmann.com. Retrieved 25 December 2016. * ^ "Instagram post by mogwaiband". Instagram. Retrieved 12 March 2017. * ^ " Mogwai
Mogwai
finish new album, announce 2017 world tour, officially start taking creative credit for their band name". tinymixtapes.com. 22 March 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017. * ^ " Mogwai
Mogwai
announce new album \'Every Country\'s Sun\'". Rock Action. Retrieved 4 June 2017. * ^ Milton, Jamie. " Mogwai
Mogwai
perform new album in full at secret Primavera show". NME.com. Retrieved 4 June 2017. * ^ MacDonald, John (2007) " Mogwai
Mogwai
Zidane: A 21st Century Portrait", Prefix, 21 June 2007. Retrieved 17 April 2010 * ^ Ankeny, Jason " Mogwai
Mogwai
Biography", AllMusic . Retrieved 17 April 2010 * ^ Hubert, Andrea (2010) "The Guide: film: London Short Film Festival: London", The Guardian
The Guardian
, 2 January 2010, p. 21 * ^ Young, Alex (2010) "Mogwai, Dan Deacon, Voxtrot donate tracks to PEACE", Consequence of Sound, 16 April 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2010 * ^ Martins, Chris. " Mogwai
Mogwai
Release Haunting Score for French Zombie Show \'Les Revenants\'". Spin . Retrieved 21 January 2013. * ^ Beck, Adam (12 November 2015). "Life is Strange Limited Edition Announced". Hardcore Gamer
Hardcore Gamer
. Retrieved 24 January 2016. * ^ Cousins, Mark. "BBC Storyville: Atomic, Living in Dread and Promise". * ^ Geslani, Michelle (12 January 2016). " Mogwai
Mogwai
announce new album, Atomic, share “U-235”". Consequence of Sound. * ^ Gordon, Jeremy (12 January 2016). " Mogwai
Mogwai
Announce New Album Atomic, Share "U-235"". Pitchfork. * ^ "Atomic : Out April 1st". Mogwai. Retrieved 2016-11-23. * ^ Reed, Ryan. " Mogwai
Mogwai
Plot 2017 North American \'Atomic\' Tour". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 25 December 2016. * ^ Porteous, Lewis. "Alex Kapranos on Glasgow
Glasgow
music doc Lost in France". The Skinny . Retrieved 24 August 2017. * ^ Simmonds, Jeremy: "Mogwai", in Buckley, Peter (2003) The Rough Guide to Rock, Rough Guides, ISBN 978-1-84353-105-0 , p. 684-6 * ^ "Chillville Interviews Mogwai". Chillville.com. 12 September 2008. Retrieved 27 November 2009. * ^ Dunk, Marcus (23 October 1999). "forget the vocals – just come on and feel the noise" (Reprint). Daily Express. Retrieved 16 December 2009. * ^ "Martin". Mogwai
Mogwai
official website. Retrieved 6 October 2017.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to MOGWAI .

* Mogwai\'s official website * Mogwai
Mogwai
at the