MOEL FAMAU (or Moel Fama) is the highest hill within the Clwydian
Range , formerly
* 1 Name * 2 Country Park * 3 Walking * 4 Jubilee Tower * 5 External links * 6 References
Although historical sources attest to a variety of spellings (such as
Moel Famma, Moel Vamma and Moel Fammau), the only two in common use
Attestations from as early as the fourteenth century consistently show that the second element ends in –a. This conforms to the local pronunciation (Welsh: ) and is 'the preferred spelling', according to the Dictionary of the Place-names of Wales. The meaning of the 'Fama' is somewhat uncertain, but it is probably a lenited form of a personal name , 'Mama'.
The alternative form 'Moel Famau' is a result of an 'antiquarian perception' first attested in the eighteenth century that the second element was the lenited form of the common noun mamau ('mothers'). If that were the case, however, the early forms in –a would be very difficult to explain. Nevertheless, the form 'Moel Famau' is common today and it is still sometimes said to mean 'Mothers' Hill'.
The park, which covers an area over 3 square miles (8 km2), is
The Forestry Enterprise manage the neighbouring forest as a sustainable conifer plantation for timber production and tourism.
Path from Bwlch Penbarras towards the summit of Moel Famau.
Numerous well-maintained trails of varying difficulty can be used to
reach the summit. Two of the most popular, easiest paths start from
the southern car parks within
Bwlch Penbarras between
Much of Wales and
North West England
The tower, which was built to commemorate the golden jubilee of George III in 1810, was designed by Thomas Harrison of Chester. It was designed like an Egyptian obelisk with three tiers. Although the foundation stone was laid in 1810 by George Kenyon, 2nd Baron Kenyon , the tower was never completed due to a lack of funds. In 1862, a major storm brought down the incomplete tower. The remaining upper part of the structure was demolished for safety reasons leaving just the base. Most of the rubble was removed from the site; smaller stonework was reused by local farmers for dry stone walls.
In October 2010, a celebration was observed by local communities, in