Modification of Final Judgment
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In United States
telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire A wire is a single usually cylindrical A cylinder (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Gr ...
law, the Modification of Final Judgment (MFJ) is the August 1982
consent decree A consent decree is an agreement or settlement that resolves a dispute between two parties without Admission (law), admission of guilt (in a criminal case) or liability (in a civil case), and most often refers to such a type of settlement in the ...
concerning the
American Telephone & Telegraph Company AT&T Corporation, originally the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, is the subsidiary of AT&T, AT&T Inc. that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to businesses, consumers, and government ...
(AT&T) and its subsidiaries. The terms required the
Bell System divestiture The breakup of the Bell System was mandated on January 8, 1982, by an agreed consent decree providing that AT&T Corporation would, as had been initially proposed by AT&T, relinquish control of the Bell System#History, Bell Operating Companies that ...
– removing local telephone service from AT&T control and putting business restrictions on the divested local telephone companies – in exchange for removing other longstanding restrictions on what businesses AT&T could control. The decree replaced the entirety of the previous final judgment of January 24, 1956 in the case ''United States of America v. Western Electric Company, Incorporated, and American Telephone and Telegraph Company'',Modification of Final Judgement
(archived scan) in ''United States of America v. Western Electric Company, Incorporated, and American Telephone and Telegraph Company''. United States District Court for the District of Columbia, Civil Action No. 82-0192, filed August 24, 1982. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
also known as ''United States v. Western Electric Co.'' which had been transferred to the
United States District Court for the District of Columbia The United States District Court for the District of Columbia (in case citation Case citation is a system used by legal professionals to identify past court case decisions, either in series of books called Reporter (law), reporters or law r ...
and is referred to in the MFJ as the ''Western Electric'' case, Copy of full opinion accompanying the Modification of Final Judgment. and consolidated with the existing '' United States v. AT&T'' filed on November 20, 1974, which is referred to in the MFJ as the ''AT&T'' action or ''AT&T'' case. The decree was made with Harold H. Greene as presiding judge.


References

{{Telecommunications 1982 in technology 1982 in United States case law Bell System United States antitrust case law United States communications regulation case law