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MIDDLE FRANCONIA (German : Mittelfranken) is one of the three administrative regions of Franconia
Franconia
in Bavaria
Bavaria
, Germany
Germany
. It is in the west of Bavaria
Bavaria
and adjoins the state of Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg
. The administrative seat is Ansbach
Ansbach
but the most populated city is Nuremberg
Nuremberg
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Subdivisions * 2 History * 3 Main sights * 4 Coat of arms * 5 Population * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

SUBDIVISIONS

The region is divided into seven Landkreise (districts) and five Kreisfreie Städte ('district-free cities'):

* Landkreise

* Ansbach
Ansbach
(district) * Erlangen-Höchstadt * Fürth * Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim * Nürnberger Land * Roth * Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen

* Kreisfreie Städte

* Ansbach
Ansbach
* Erlangen
Erlangen
* Fürth * Nuremberg
Nuremberg
(Nürnberg) * Schwabach

HISTORY

See also: Principality of Ansbach
Ansbach
See also: Imperial City of Nuremberg
Nuremberg

After the founding of the Kingdom of Bavaria
Bavaria
the state was totally reorganised and, in 1808, divided into 15 administrative government regions (German: Regierungsbezirke (singular Regierungsbezirk
Regierungsbezirk
)), in Bavaria
Bavaria
called Kreise (singular: Kreis). They were created in the fashion of the French departements, quite even in size and population, and named after their main rivers.

In the following years, due to territorial changes (e. g. loss of Tyrol , addition of the Palatinate ), the number of Kreise was reduced to 8. One of these was the Rezatkreis (Rezat District). In 1837 king Ludwig I of Bavaria
Bavaria
renamed the Kreise after historical territorial names and tribes of the area. This also involved some border changes or territorial swaps. Thus the district name of Rezatkreis changed to Upper Franconia.

MAIN SIGHTS

Next to the major city Nuremberg
Nuremberg
, the capital Ansbach
Ansbach
and the former residene city Erlangen
Erlangen
the cities of the Romantic Road Rothenburg ob der Tauber and Dinkelsbühl belong to the major tourist attractions. The Lichtenau Fortress , Rothenberg Fortress , Hohenstein and Cadolzburg
Cadolzburg
belong to the most important castles of Middle Franconia. The Franconian Jura
Franconian Jura
and the northern valley of the River Altmühl are among the scenic attractions.

COAT OF ARMS

Coat of Arms of Middle Franconia
Franconia

The coat of arms displays:

* the black and white pattern of the Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
family in the upper dexter quarter (the first quarter) * the Arms of Franconia
Franconia
in the lower dexter quarter (the 3rd quarter) * the sinister half of the German Imperial Eagle (similar to that displayed by the German Confederation
German Confederation
) in the sinister half.

POPULATION

YEAR INHABITANTS

1900 815,895

1910 930,868

1939 1,065,122

1950 1,273,030

1961 1,371,144

1970 1,486,389

1987 1,521,484

2002 1,703,869

2005 1,712,275

2006 1,712,622

2008 1,714,453

2010 1,710,876

SEE ALSO

* Bavaria
Bavaria
portal

* Upper Franconia
Franconia
(Oberfranken) * Lower Franconia
Franconia
(Unterfranken)

REFERENCES

* ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). June 2016.

* ^ County of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
* ^ Franconia
Franconia
* ^ File:Wappen Deutscher Bund.svg

EXTERNAL

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