The MITSUBISHI PAJERO (/pəˈdʒɛroʊ/ ; Spanish: ; Japanese
パジェロ ) is a sport utility vehicle manufactured by
Mitsubishi . It was named after Leopardus pajeros, the
Pampas cat ,
which is native to the
In Japan, the Pajero was sold at a specific retail chain called "Car Plaza ". Discontinued in the United States in 2006, the vehicle continues to be sold in the rest of the world in its fourth-generation iteration.
Thanks to their success, the Pajero, Montero and Shogun names were also applied to other, mechanically unrelated models, such as the Pajero Mini kei car , the Pajero Junior and Pajero iO/Pinin mini SUVs , and the Mitsubishi Pajero/Montero/Shogun Sport .
* 1 History * 2 First generation L040 (1982–1991) * 3 Second generation V20 (1991–1999) * 4 Third generation V60 (1999–2006) * 5 Fourth generation V80 (2006–present) * 6 Future * 7 Production and sales * 8 References * 9 External links
The first Pajero prototype was unveiled at the
Tokyo Motor Show in
November 1973. The Pajero II prototype followed in 1978, five years
later. Mitsubishi's aim was to create more of a recreational vehicle,
not just an SUV, as an alternative to the
Toyota Land Cruiser
In January 1983, the first Pajero made its debut at the Paris Dakar Rally , taking first place in 1985 at only the third attempt. To date, the Pajero is the most successful vehicle in the Dakar Rally (winning its class 7 out of the last 10 races, and 15 of the full 32 races). This not only gave the Pajero an off-road reputation, but also helped in the sales department. Other wins followed, at events such as the Australasian Safari and Northern Forest .
FIRST GENERATION L040 (1982–1991)
BODY AND CHASSIS
RELATED Hyundai Galloper
ENGINE 2.0 L 4G63 I4 2.6 L 4G54 I4 3.0 L 6G72 V6 2.3 L 4D55 diesel I4 2.3 L 4D55T TD I4 2.5 L 4D56T TD I4
WHEELBASE 5-door: 2,695 mm (106.1 in) 3-door: 2,350 mm (92.5 in)
LENGTH 4,650 mm (183.1 in) 3-door: 3,995 mm (157.3 in)
WIDTH 66.1 in (1,679 mm) & 66.6 in (1,692 mm)
5-door: 74.4 in (1,890 mm)
3-door: 72.8 in (1,849 mm) ">
* 2.0-liter 4-cylinder petrol (2000/2.0) * 2.0-liter 4-cylinder turbocharged petrol (2000/2.0 Turbo) * 2.6-liter 4-cylinder petrol (2600/2.6) * 2.3-liter naturally aspirated diesel (2300 D/2.3 D) * 2.3-liter turbocharged diesel (2300 TD/2.3 TD) * 2.5-liter turbocharged diesel (2500 TD/2.5 TD) * 3.0-liter V6 petrol (3000/3.0)
It was loaded with features that had previously not been seen on a Japanese four-wheel-drive car: a turbocharged diesel engine , a front double wishbone suspension with torsion bar springs, power steering and suspension seats. This made the Pajero a four-wheel-drive vehicle which integrated all the amenities of a passenger car.
In January 1983, only a year following its launch, mildly tuned production Pajeros entered the world of motor sport. The Pajero, however, failed to appeal to everyone. In Japan it was seen as a commercial vehicle, and since it was only available in a short-wheelbase form, it didn't really appeal to those with families. Mitsubishi Montero LS 5-door (US)
Hence, in February 1983, Mitsubishi came out with a long-wheelbase, five-door model, to serve the needs of a larger target market. The long-wheelbase model was available with a choice of two different engines; a 2.0-liter turbocharged petrol (badged as "2.0 Turbo" and "2000 Turbo" in some markets) and a 2.3-liter turbocharged diesel. It also came in Standard, Semi-High Roof and High Roof body styles. A stripped down nine-seater version of the High-Roof variant was commonly used in UN Peace Operations.
The long-wheelbase model also increased seating capacity to seven, with available third row seats, which could be folded to the sides for additional trunk space or combined with second row seats to form a bed.
The Pajero was further refined in June 1984. The turbo diesel engines
now had higher power/torque ratings, whilst the long-wheelbase models
got standard four-wheel disc brakes and four-way adjustable shock
absorbers as standard equipment.
A new flagship model was then introduced in early 1987, with two-tone
paint, 15-inch light alloy wheels, front-seat heaters, wool seat
covers, leather headrests, a three-spoke steering wheel and a sound
system with radio/cassette. Also in 1987, a version of the
Pajero/Montero was rebadged by
Finally in 1988, a 3.0-liter
It was available with a 3-door body for a short wheelbase (SWB) or a 5-door body for a long-wheelbase (LWB). Engines included a 2.6 L I4 with 82 kW (110 hp /112 PS ), a 3.0 L V6 with EFI and 104 kW (139 hp/141 PS) and a turbocharged 2.5 L OHC diesel I4 with 62 kW (83 hp/84 PS) or an intercooled 70 kW (94 hp/95 PS). Part-time four-wheel drive was standard on all models.
The first generation platform was later built under license by Hyundai Precision Products as the Hyundai Galloper from 1991 to 2003, and exported to Europe for a brief time. While it used first generation mechanicals, the Galloper's body was closer to the second generation Pajeros. Australia
The NA series was released to Australia during January 1983 in short- (SWB) and long-wheelbase (LWB) three-door wagon formats, with the 2.6-liter petrol or 2.3-liter turbo diesel, both mated to a five-speed KM145 manual transmission. Brakes were ventilated front discs and rear drums. The five-door, high-roof LWB model was introduced in May 1984 with the same powertrain options. The five-door offered a luxury Superwagon trim and also had a shorter final drive than the SWB models, to make up for the increased weight.
The NB of November 1984 included a revised grille, deleted the LWB three-door body style and the diesel engine for the remaining SWB three-door. Mitsubishi Australia released the NC series in November 1985, introducing optional power steering, while the long-wheelbase five-door switched to a low-roofed design.
A KM148 automatic gearbox became optional on the petrol Superwagon for the October 1986 ND update, while the 2.5-liter turbo diesel replaced the old 2.3-liter unit. For the October 1987 NE series, the Japanese 2.6-liter petrol was replaced with the Australian-made Astron II version. Brake dimensions were also increased across the range.
The NE three-door Sports and five-door Superwagon added a limited slip differential, front bumper overriders, spare wheel cover, side pin striping, 16-inch chrome wheels, and optional two-tone paint over the base cars. The most expensive models also received an inclinometer, volt meter, oil pressure gauge, stereo cassette player, remote fuel filler release, suspension driver's seat, carpeting, and tweed and velour cloth trim (over tweed cloth and vinyl).
September 1988's NF facelift saw the introduction of a 3.0-liter V6 engine in the top-line Superwagon, delivering 105 kW (141 hp) and 228 N·m (168 lb·ft) via a five-speed V5MT1 manual or four-speed KM148 automatic. Suspension became a three-link coil spring design at the rear. Rear disc brakes were fitted to the V6 only.
The final NG refresh from September 1989 to April 1991 was a minor trim and equipment readjustment. The KM148 automatic transmission was replaced by the V4AW2 with lockup. High-end NG models (i.e. not the base Commercial trim) now received chrome, truck-style side mirrors. An intercooler was also added to the 2.5-liter turbo diesel models in 1990.
SECOND GENERATION V20 (1991–1999)
1991–1999 (up to 2008 in the
Sakahogi, Gifu , Japan (Pajero Manufacturing Co., Ltd.)
BODY AND CHASSIS
ENGINE 2.5 L 4D56 TD I4 2.8 L 4M40 TD I4 2.4 L 4G64 I4 2.6 L 4G54 I4 3.0 L 6G72 V6 3.5 L 6G74 V6
WHEELBASE 5-door: 2,725 mm (107.3 in) 3-door: 2,420 mm (95.3 in)
LENGTH 186.6 in (4,740 mm) & 185.2 in (4,704 mm)
WIDTH 1998–1999: 69.9 in (1,775 mm) 1992–97: 66.7 in (1,694 mm) & 70.3 inches (1,786 mm)
1992–94 5-door: 73.4 in (1,864 mm) & 74.0 in (1,880 mm)
1995–1999 5-door: 73.8 in (1,875 mm)
The second generation also saw the introduction of Super Select 4WD (SS4) , multimode ABS, which were firsts on Japanese four-wheel drives, and electronic shock absorber. SS4 was ground-breaking in the sense that it combined the advantages of part-time and full-time four-wheel drive with four available options: 2H (high-range rear-wheel drive ), 4H (high-range full-time four-wheel drive), 4HLc (high-range four-wheel drive with locked center differential) and 4LLc (low-range four-wheel drive with locked center differential). Another advantage of this second generation system is that it gave the driver the ability to switch between two-wheel drive and full-time four-wheel drive at speeds up to 100 km/h (62 mph), whereas the first generation Pajero had to be stationary to switch from rear-wheel drive to four-wheel drive (but not from four-wheel drive back to rear-wheel drive). In addition to the SS4, an air locking differential was included as factory option. Either 4HLc or 4LLc mode must be engaged to perform this operation. Multimode ABS, on the other hand, was equally innovative. This meant ABS would be fully functional in all modes of SS4, as braking with a locked center differential requires completely different braking parameters. The new electronic shock absorber was also factory option with three settings: S (soft), M (medium), and H (hard). This meant driver can change ride quality and handling depending on road conditions via a switch on center console.
In July 1993, two new power plants were introduced; a 3.5-liter
24-valve DOHC with ECI-Multi and a 2.8-liter turbocharged diesel with
an intercooler. A new, larger transmission and transfer case was also
part of the upgrade. 1994
In 1996 the 3.0 V6 engine was revised, staying
The Pajero Evolution was introduced in October 1997, which was developed in response to new entry requirements for the Paris – Dakar Rally's T3 Class. The Pajero Evolution came standard with a 3.5-liter 24-valve DOHC V6 with Mitsubishi Innovative Valve Timing and Electronic Lift Control (MIVEC). A new, dual plenum variable intake helped increase power and a new independent rear suspension made the ride even smoother.
In 1998, vehicles destined for General Export and the GCC (Gulf
Cooperation Council countries) received a facelift. Wider fenders, new
headlights, grille, bumper, fog lights and sidesteps were all part of
the redesign. The wide fenders are often called "blister flare
fenders". Driver and front-passenger SRS airbags were made standard on
models equipped with the 3.5-liter DOHC V6 engine, whilst still
remaining optional on GLS models with the 3.0-liter
The second generation was introduced on 22 January 1991 and
manufactured until 1999. It retained the two body styles, but design
was rounder and more city-friendly than the previous bulky model. The
3.0 L V6 gasoline engine was retained, now available with a 24-valve
head, capable of 136 kW (177 hp/185 PS), while the 2.5 turbodiesel's
power was slightly increased to 73 kW (98 hp/99 PS). In 1993, the
Pajero was slightly restyled, and larger engines were introduced, a
3.5 L V6 with 153 kW (215 hp/208 PS) and a 2.8 L
The first generation Pajero was also marketed as the Hyundai Galloper in Korea, Europe and GCC Countries, while the second generation was in production elsewhere.
This model Pajero remained in production in India till 2012 as the
Pajero SFX; the latest generation is sold as the Montero. In the
In Venezuela, the second generation was manufactured from 1992 to 1995 under the name of Mitsubishi Montero, it was available in long and short wheel base. From 1996 to 2009 it name was changed to Mitsubishi Montero Dakar, it was only available in short wheel base with 6G72 engine and manual five-speed transmission.
In China, the second generation Pajero was manufactured 2005–2013 and marketed under the name Liebao Heijinggang (猎豹奇兵-黑金刚 Leopaard Black King Kong, whereas 猎豹 can be translated to 'cheetah' instead of 'leopard') by GAC Changfeng Motor Co. Ltd. (广汽长丰, a Guangzou Automobile Group company). It was replaced by a facelifted Leopaard Q6 in 2014,.
THIRD GENERATION V60 (1999–2006)
ASSEMBLY Sakahogi, Gifu , Japan (Pajero Manufacturing Co., Ltd.)
BODY AND CHASSIS
ENGINE 2.5 L 4D56 TD I4 2.8 L 4M40 TD I4 3.2 L 4M41 Di-D I4 3.0 L 6G72 V6 3.5 L 6G74 V6 3.5 L 6G74 V6 GDI 3.8 L 6G75 V6
TRANSMISSION 5-speed manual 4-speed automatic 5-speed automatic
WHEELBASE 3-door: 100.2 in (2,545 mm) 2001–02 5-door: 109.5 in (2,781 mm) 2003–04 5-door: 109.7 in (2,786 mm) 2005–06 5-door: 109.4 in (2,779 mm)
LENGTH 3-door: 166.1 in (4,219 mm) 2001–02 5-door: 188.9 in (4,798 mm) 2003–06 5-door: 190.2 in (4,831 mm)
WIDTH 3-door: 73.8 in (1,875 mm) 2001–02 5-door: 73.9 in (1,877 mm) 2003–06 5-door: 74.8 in (1,900 mm)
HEIGHT 3-door: 72.6 in (1,844 mm) 2001–02 5-door: 73.1 in (1,857 mm) 2003–04 5-door: 71.5 in (1,816 mm) 2005–06 5-door: 74.2 in (1,885 mm)
Designed in house, the third generation Pajero debuted in the
Japanese domestic market in 1999, whilst it was made available to
other markets in late 2000 as a 2001 model. The
The SS4 system was also further refined, as bevel gears were replaced with planetary ones. This meant the front-to-rear torque setting ranged from 33 to 67, with the ability to adjust to 50/50 depending on surface conditions. The system was also made fully electronic, which meant the vehicle didn't have to be in gear to switch between drive modes. After all the upgrades, the system was renamed to Super Select 4WD II (SS4-II).
Alongside rack and pinion steering (as opposed to the recirculating ball system on previous generations), the Pajero also offered a choice of three transmissions; a five speed manual , a four speed INVECS-II automatic and a five speed INVECS-II tiptronic.
An all-new 3.8-liter
The third generation was introduced on 2 August 1999 and was scheduled to be replaced by the Autumn of 2006, having been restyled in 2003. This was the most luxurious of the three generations, moving to a more upscale segment to compete against the Land Rover Discovery , but more importantly, to counter its home rival Toyota Land Cruiser 's growth. The 3.0 L engine's power was increased to 130 kW (175 hp/177 PS), and the 3.5 L engine was given gasoline direct injection , increasing power to 162 kW (217 hp/220 PS) in the Japanese market (export versions kept the standard EFI engine, now with 149 kW (200 hp/203 PS). The 2.8 L Diesel was retained only for developing markets, and was replaced by a new 16-valve direct injection engine, with 3.2 L and 120 kW (161 hp/163 PS).
In the North American market, the 3.5 L engine was replaced for 2003 by a more powerful 3.8 L unit, with 160 kW (215 hp/218 PS). This engine was later made available to a few export markets such as South America and Australia, whilst it replaced the GDI V6 in the Japanese lineup in 2005. The short wheelbase model is not available in North America, where the Montero is the only SUV in Mitsubishi's lineup with standard four-wheel drive . Faced with falling sales, the Montero was pulled from the US market after the 2006 model year.
MY2001-2002 Mitsubishi Montero (US) *
MY2003-2006 Mitsubishi Montero (US)
FOURTH GENERATION V80 (2006–PRESENT)
ASSEMBLY Sakahogi, Gifu , Japan (Pajero Manufacturing Co., Ltd.)
BODY AND CHASSIS
LAYOUT Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
ENGINE 2.8 L 4M40 TD I4 3.2 L 4M41 Di-D I4 3.0 L 6G72 V6 3.5 L 6G74 V6 3.8 L 6G75 V6
TRANSMISSION 5-speed manual 4-speed automatic 5-speed automatic
WHEELBASE 5-door: 2,780 mm (109.4 in) 3-door: 2,545 mm (100.2 in)
LENGTH 5-door: 4,900 mm (192.9 in) 3-door: 4,385 mm (172.6 in)
WIDTH 2007–09: 1,895 mm (74.6 in) 2010–present: 1,875 mm (73.8 in)
HEIGHT 2007–09 5-door: 1,900 mm (74.8 in) 2007–09 3-door: 1,880 mm (74.0 in) 2010–present 5-door: 1,890 mm (74.4 in) 2010–present 3-door: 1,840 mm (72.4 in)
CURB WEIGHT 2385 kg (5-door)
The fourth generation was introduced at the
Paris Motor Show
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In October 2014, Mitsubishi announced that the next generation Pajero will have a plug-in hybrid version, which is scheduled for market launch in 2018, together with the conventionally powered Pajero. A futuristic, full-size crossover concept provides a glimpse at the brand's new design language applied to a large SUV. The Concept GC-PHEV features bold, muscular styling, a powerful yet highly efficient 335 horsepower supercharged MIVEC V-6 engine/electric motor plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) drivetrain, an 8-speed automatic transmission, Mitsubishi's Super All-Wheel Control (S-AWC) full-time all-wheel drive and advanced next-generation high-tech features.
During the 2015 Tokyo Motor Show, Mitsubshi president and chief operating officer, Tetsuro Aikawa , hinted that the butch off-roader's race was all but run, despite confirming that the company's future was in SUVs rather than conventional passenger cars. He confirmed that the current-model Pajero – itself no spring chicken – would continue in production for some time, but refused to rule out that the full-sized off-roader would be missing from Mitsubishi's longer term plans.
Following Mitsubishi joining the
Renault-Nissan Alliance through
PRODUCTION AND SALES
YEAR PRODUCTION DOMESTIC SALES EXPORT SALES
1982 16,930 8,059 7,023
1983 33,605 8,076 25,886
1984 41,422 9,176 32,341
1985 59,770 11,770 49,249
1986 87,252 16,636 70,594
1987 89,456 22,170 67,021
1988 107,157 25,225 79,699
1989 116,883 36,483 82,176
1990 108,730 36,061 71,206
1991 144,988 64,381 80,882
1992 174,708 83,685 89,835
1993 158,922 67,899 88,788
1994 161,238 54,329 106,570
1995 152,102 44,933 110,365
1996 128,593 28,851 99,200
1997 136,941 26,181 111,144
1998 95,675 9,412 90,416
1999 90,524 20,189 65,212
2000 138,315 12,701 129,198
2001 91,700 6,725 85,324
2002 112,161 5,681 106,376
2003 90,929 6,035 85,863
2004 79,152 4,196 74,347
2005 69,142 2,781 66,773
2006 75,933 6,025 68,563
2007 112,103 3,818 108,982
2008 57,903 2,738 58,000
2009 48,055 2,198 44,896
2010 66,569 2,948 64,207
2011 61,603 3,209 58,842
2012 39,759 2,029 38,300
2013 55,066 2,213 52,199
2014 54,267 2,948 52,548
(sources: Pajero 4WD 20 Year History (Japanese), Facts & Figures 2005, Facts & Figures 2008, Facts & Figures 2011, Facts -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">
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