The MITSUBISHI 2MR was a Japanese carrier-based reconnaissance
aircraft of the 1920s, also known as the NAVY TYPE 10 CARRIER
RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT or the C1M in the Navy's short designation
scheme . Designed for
* 1 Development and design * 2 Operational history * 3 Variants * 4 Operators * 5 Specifications (2MR) * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links
DEVELOPMENT AND DESIGN
In 1921, the
Imperial Japanese Navy placed an order with the newly
established aircraft subsidiary of
The 2MR was of similar layout to the contemporary 1MF fighter (i.e. a
single-bay wooden biplane ), but scaled up to accommodate a two-man
crew, and was powered by a similar license-built
After successful testing, the 2MR was adopted by the Japanese Navy as
the NAVY TYPE 10 CARRIER RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT (Type 10 referring to
the year of ordering of 1921, the tenth year of the
The biplane series of the 2MR continued in service aboard Japan's aircraft carriers through the 1920s and into the 1930s, with versions being used as intermediate trainers until the late-1930s. Many were converted to civil use, being used both as trainers and for communications purposes for newspaper companies. Some remained in civilian service until 1938.
2MR1 Initial version, Navy designation TYPE 10-1. Fitted with car
type honeycomb radiator at front of engine. 2MR2 Revised version, with
original car type radiator replaced by Lamblin radiator beneath
fuselage and relocated pilot's seat. TYPE 10-2. 2MR3 Increased tail
area, radiator moved forward. 2MR4 Definitive carrier reconnaissance
version. Rounded wingtips and re-located pilot's seat. Karigane
Improved prototype of 1928 for reconnaissance aircraft for both Navy
and Army. One only built. 2MRT1 Intermediate trainer version of 2MR1.
2MRT1A Intermediate trainer, revised tail surfaces. 2MRT2 Intermediate
trainer version of 2MR2. 2MRT2A Trainer version of 2MR3. 2MRT3 Further
revised intermediate trainer. Radiators relocated under wings. 2MRT3A
Final Trainer version. Fitted with night flying equipment and
floatation gear. R-1.2 Trainer Civil trainer conversion of Type 10-1.
R-2.2 Trainer Civil trainer conversion of Type 10-2.
* Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service
Data from Japanese Aircraft 1910-1941