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Carlos Ghosn ( Chairman ) Osamu Masuko (President LINE-HEIGHT:1.2EM;">NET INCOME ¥118.170 billion (2015)

OWNER Nissan
Nissan
(34%) Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
(20%)

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 30,498 (2015)

SUBSIDIARIES List

* TRANSPORTATION: Soueast
Soueast
Hunan Changfeng Motor Ralliart ENGINES: Harbin Dongan Automotive Engine Manufacturing SPORTS: Urawa Red Diamonds Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Mizushima INTERNATIONAL: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Australia Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Europe Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors North America Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Philippines
Philippines
(51%) Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors (Thailand)

WEBSITE www.mitsubishi-motors.com

MITSUBISHI MOTORS CORPORATION (Japanese : 三菱自動車工業株式会社, Hepburn : _ Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Jidōsha Kōgyō KK _, IPA: ) is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Minato, Tokyo , Japan. In 2011, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors was the sixth biggest Japanese automaker and the sixteenth biggest worldwide by production. From October 2016 onwards, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
is one-third (34%) owned by Nissan
Nissan
, and thus a part of the Renault- Nissan
Nissan
Alliance .

Besides being part of the Renault- Nissan
Nissan
Alliance, it is also a part of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
_keiretsu _, formerly the biggest industrial group in Japan, through the corporation's minority 20% stake in Mitsubishi Motors, and the company was originally formed in 1970 from the automotive division of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
.

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation was formerly a part of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors, but is now separate from Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors, which builds commercial grade trucks, buses and heavy construction equipment, and is owned by Daimler AG (though Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
continues to own a small stake).

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Post-war era

* 2 Chrysler
Chrysler
connection

* 2.1 1970s

* 2.2 1980s

* 2.2.1 Diamond-Star Motors * 2.2.2 1988 IPO

* 2.3 1990s * 2.4 Independence

* 3 Other alliances

* 3.1 Volvo
Volvo
* 3.2 PSA Peugeot Citroën * 3.3 Volkswagen
Volkswagen
* 3.4 Colt and Lonsdale * 3.5 Proton * 3.6 Hyundai * 3.7 Hindustan * 3.8 Samcor * 3.9 Nissan
Nissan
* 3.10 Chinese joint ventures * 3.11 Japan
Japan
Sales Channels

* 4 Historical troubles

* 4.1 Asian economic downturn * 4.2 Vehicle defect cover-up * 4.3 0–0–0 * 4.4 End of Australian production * 4.5 End of European production * 4.6 End of North American production * 4.7 Fuel mileage scandal

* 5 Revitalization plan * 6 Management * 7 Electric vehicles

* 8 Motorsport

* 8.1 Circuit racing * 8.2 Off-road racing

* 9 Partnership with Jackie Chan

* 10 Locations

* 10.1 Research, design and administration * 10.2 Production facilities

* 11 Leadership * 12 Slogans * 13 See also * 14 References * 15 External links

HISTORY

Workers at Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shipbuilding Co., Ltd alongside one of the prototype Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Model A automobiles.

Mitsubishi's automotive origins date back to 1917, when the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. introduced the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Model A , Japan's first series-production automobile. An entirely hand-built seven-seater sedan based on the _ Fiat
Fiat
Tipo 3 _, it proved expensive compared to its American and European mass-produced rivals, and was discontinued in 1921 after only 22 had been built.

In 1934, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shipbuilding was merged with the Mitsubishi Aircraft
Aircraft
Co., a company established in 1920 to manufacture aircraft engines and other parts. The unified company was known as Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI), and was the largest private company in Japan. MHI concentrated on manufacturing aircraft , ships , railroad cars and machinery, but in 1937 developed the PX33 , a prototype sedan for military use. It was the first Japanese-built passenger car with full-time four-wheel drive , a technology the company would return to almost fifty years later in its quest for motorsport and sales success. A 1937 Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
PX33 on display at the Mondial de l\' Automobile
Automobile
in September 2006.

POST-WAR ERA

Immediately following the end of the Second World War
Second World War
, the company returned to manufacturing vehicles. Fuso bus production resumed, while a small three-wheeled cargo vehicle called the Mizushima and a scooter called the Silver Pigeon were also developed. However, the _zaibatsu _ (Japan's family-controlled industrial conglomerates) were ordered to be dismantled by the Allied powers in 1950, and Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries was split into three regional companies, each with an involvement in motor vehicle development: West Japan
Japan
Heavy-Industries, Central Japan
Japan
Heavy-Industries, and East Japan
Japan
Heavy-Industries.

East Japan
Japan
Heavy-Industries began importing the Henry J , an inexpensive American sedan built by Kaiser Motors , in knockdown kit (CKD) form in 1951, and continued to bring them to Japan
Japan
for the remainder of the car's three-year production run. The same year, Central Japan
Japan
Heavy-Industries concluded a similar contract with Willys
Willys
(now owned by Kaiser) for CKD-assembled Jeep CJ-3Bs . This deal proved more durable, with licensed Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Jeeps in production until 1998, thirty years after Willys
Willys
themselves had replaced the model.

By the beginning of the 1960s Japan's economy was gearing up; wages were rising and the idea of family motoring was taking off. Central Japan
Japan
Heavy-Industries, now known as Shin Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy-Industries, had already re-established an automotive department in its headquarters in 1953. Now it was ready to introduce the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
500 , a mass market sedan , to meet the new demand from consumers. It followed this in 1962 with the Minica kei car and the _Colt 1000_, the first of its Colt line of family cars, in 1963. In 1964, Mitsubishi introduced its largest passenger sedan, the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Debonair as a luxury car primarily for the Japanese market, and was used by senior Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
executives as a company car.

West Japan
Japan
Heavy-Industries (now renamed Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shipbuilding ">

The logo of three red diamonds, shared with over forty other companies within the _keiretsu_, predates Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors itself by almost a century. It was chosen by Iwasaki Yatarō , the founder of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
, as it was suggestive of the emblem of the Tosa Clan who first employed him, and because his own family crest was three rhombuses stacked atop each other. The name _Mitsubishi_ (三菱) consists of two parts: "_mitsu_" meaning "three" and "_hishi_" (which becomes "_bishi_" under rendaku ) meaning "water caltrop " (also called "water chestnut"), and hence "rhombus ", which is reflected in the company's logo ..

CHRYSLER CONNECTION

1970S

Part of Mr. Kubo's expansion strategy was to increase exports by forging alliances with well-established foreign companies. Therefore, in 1971 MHI sold U.S. automotive giant Chrysler
Chrysler
a 15 percent share in the new company. Thanks to this deal, Chrysler
Chrysler
began selling the Galant in the United States
United States
as the Dodge Colt (which was the first rebadged Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
product sold by Chrysler), pushing MMC's annual production beyond 250,000 vehicles. In 1977, the Galant was sold as the Chrysler
Chrysler
Sigma in Australia. A 1973 Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Galant , the basis for the company's first captive import deal with Chrysler.

By 1977, a network of "Colt"-branded distribution and sales dealerships had been established across Europe, as Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
sought to begin selling vehicles directly. Annual production had by now grown from 500,000 vehicles in 1973 to 965,000 in 1978, when Chrysler
Chrysler
began selling the Galant as the Dodge Challenger
Dodge Challenger
and the Plymouth Sapporo . However, this expansion was beginning to cause friction; Chrysler
Chrysler
saw their overseas markets for subcompacts as being directly encroached by their Japanese partners, while MMC felt the Americans were demanding too much say in their corporate decisions.

1980S

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
finally achieved annual production of one million cars in 1980, but by this time its ally was not so healthy; As part of its battle to avoid bankruptcy , Chrysler
Chrysler
was forced to sell its Australian manufacturing division to MMC that year. The new Japanese owners renamed it Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Australia Ltd (MMAL).

In 1982, the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
brand was introduced to the American market for the first time. The Tredia sedan , and the Cordia and Starion coupés , were initially sold through seventy dealers in 22 states, with an allocation of 30,000 vehicles between them. This quota , restricted by mutual agreement between the two countries' governments, had to be included among the 120,000 cars earmarked for Chrysler. Toward the end of the 1980s, as MMC initiated a major push to increase its U.S. presence, it aired its first national television advertising campaign, and made plans to increase its dealer network to 340 dealers.

In 1986 Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
reached an agreement with Liuzhou Automotive to assemble their Minicab kei van and truck there, making Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
the third Japanese manufacturer (after Daihatsu
Daihatsu
and Suzuki
Suzuki
) to begin assembly in China. Before receiving government approval for this project, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
had had to express contrition over "defective" Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
trucks imported to China in 1984 and 1985. By 1989, Mitsubishi's worldwide production, including its overseas affiliates, had reached 1.5 million units.

Diamond-Star Motors

Main article: Diamond-Star Motors A 1984 Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Pajero , the company's most successful SUV .

Despite the ongoing tensions between Chrysler
Chrysler
and Mitsubishi, they agreed to unite in a vehicle manufacturing operation in Normal, Illinois . The 50/50 venture provided a way to circumvent the voluntary import restrictions, while providing a new line of compact and subcompact cars for Chrysler. Diamond-Star Motors (DSM)—from the parent companies' logos: three _diamonds_ (Mitsubishi) and a penta_star_ (Chrysler)—was incorporated in October 1985, and in April 1986 ground was broken on a 1.9 million square-foot (177,000 m²) production facility. In 1987, the company was selling 67,000 cars a year in the U.S., but when the plant was completed in March 1988 it offered an annual capacity of 240,000 vehicles. Initially, three platform-sharing compact 2+2 coupés were released, the Mitsubishi Eclipse , Eagle Talon and Plymouth Laser
Plymouth Laser
, with other models being introduced in subsequent years.

1988 IPO

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors went public in 1988, ending its status as the only one of Japan's eleven auto manufacturers to be privately held. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
agreed to reduce its share to 25 percent, retaining its position as largest single stockholder. Chrysler, meanwhile, increased its holding to over 20 percent. The capital raised by this initial offering enabled Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
to pay off part of its debts, as well as to expand its investments throughout south-east Asia
Asia
where it was by now operating in the Philippines
Philippines
, Malaysia
Malaysia
, and Thailand
Thailand
.

1990S

Hirokazu Nakamura became president of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
in 1989 and steered the company in some promising directions, with the advent of the Japanese asset price bubble "market correction " that led to the Lost Decade as a result of the Plaza Accord agreement signed in 1985. Sales of the company's new Pajero were bucking conventional wisdom by becoming popular even in the crowded streets of Japan.

It was heavily rumored by Japanese media, in 1992 and 1993, that Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors intended a hostile acquisition of Honda
Honda
. While Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
was riding high off of profitable vehicles such as the Diamante and Pajero, Honda
Honda
was caught off-guard with the SUV and truck boom and was losing focus after the illness and later death of its founder . However, Honda
Honda
CEO Nobuhiko Kawamoto took drastic steps, such as exiting Formula 1 and discontinuing unprofitable vehicles to avert a Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
takeover, which proved effective.

Although sales of SUVs and light trucks were booming in the U.S., Japan's car manufacturers dismissed the idea that such a trend could occur in their own country. Nakamura, however, increased the budget for sport utility product development, and his gamble paid off; Mitsubishi's wide line of four-wheel drive vehicles, from the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Pajero Mini kei car to the Delica Space Gear passenger van, rode the wave of SUV-buying in Japan
Japan
in the early to mid-1990s, and Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
saw its overall domestic share rise to 11.6 percent in 1995.

INDEPENDENCE

In 1991, Chrysler
Chrysler
sold its equity stake in Diamond-Star Motors to its partner, and from then on they continued to share components and manufacturing on a contractual basis only. Chrysler
Chrysler
decreased its interest in Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors to less than three percent in 1992, and announced its decision to divest itself of all its remaining shares on the open market in 1993. The two companies then terminated their close alliance with Chrysler. With DMS, and Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
no longer supplying parts for engines and transmissions for Chrysler.

OTHER ALLIANCES

VOLVO

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
participated in a joint venture with rival car-maker Volvo and the Dutch government at the former DAF plant in Born in 1991. The operation, branded NedCar
NedCar
, began producing the first generation Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Carisma alongside the Volvo
Volvo
S40/V40 in 1996. The factory later produced the latest Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Colt and the related Smart Forfour (partner Daimler Chrysler
Chrysler
cancelled its production in 2006). Production of European market-bound Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Outlanders , and badge engineered versions of this vehicle, were also manufactured in the Netherlands until 2012, when the company sold the plant to the Dutch coach manufacturer VDL Groep .

Upon selling its Volvo
Volvo
Cars division to Ford
Ford
in January 1999, Volvo Group purchased a 5% stake in Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors in November of that same year, but sold its stake to shareholder Daimler Chrysler
Chrysler
in March 2001.

PSA PEUGEOT CITROëN

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
has been allied with PSA Peugeot Citroën since 1999, after they agreed to co-operate on the development of diesel engines using the Japanese company's gasoline direct injection (GDI) technology. They united again in 2005 to develop the Peugeot 4007 and Citroën C-Crosser sport utility vehicles (SUVs), based on the Japanese company's Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Outlander .

Two further ties were established between the companies in 2008, first with the establishment of a jointly owned production facility in Kaluga which will manufacture up to 160,000 Outlander-based SUVs for the fast-growing Russian market. They are also collaborating in the research and development of electric powertrains for small urban vehicles. Japanese newspaper _Nikkei _ claims that Peugeot Citroën will sell the electric city car Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
i MiEV in Europe by 2011.

VOLKSWAGEN

In Europe, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors used diesel engines supplied by the German manufacturer Volkswagen
Volkswagen
for some of its mid-sized cars, such as the Lancer , Grandis , and Outlander . From 2010, they were superseded with Mitsubishi's own developed 4N1 diesel engine.

COLT AND LONSDALE

The Colt name appears frequently in Mitsubishi's history since its introduction as a rear-engined 600cc sedan in the early 1960s. Today, it most commonly refers to the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Colt subcompact in the company's line-up, but is also the name of MMC's import/distribution company in the United Kingdom, the Colt Car Company , established in 1974. For the first decade of its existence, before Far Eastern auto manufacturers had established their reputations, its cars carried the "Colt" badge in Britain instead of "Mitsubishi".

In 1982 and 1983, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
introduced the Australian-built Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Sigma to the UK as the Lonsdale Sigma in an attempt to circumvent British import quotas, but the new brand was unsuccessful. It then carried Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Sigma badges in 1983–84 before abandoning this operation entirely.

PROTON

Malaysian manufacturer Proton was initially very dependent on Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors, only assembling their 1985 Proton Saga using MMC components at a newly established facility in Shah Alam . Subsequent models like the Wira and Perdana were based on the Lancer /Colt and Galant/Eterna respectively, before the company finally produced entirely self-developed vehicles, the Waja in 2001, and the Proton Gen-2 in 2004. At its peak, the car maker controlled 75 percent of its domestic market, even after Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
ended their 22-year partnership in 2005, selling their 7.9 percent stake for RM 384 million to Khazanah Nasional Berhad
Khazanah Nasional Berhad
. However, in October 2008, Proton renewed its technology transfer agreements with MMC, and the Proton Inspira (the Proton Waja replacement) is to be based on the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Lancer platform and official launched on 10 November 2010.

HYUNDAI

South Korean manufacturer Hyundai , built the Hyundai Pony in 1975 using MMC's Saturn engine and transmissions. Korea's first car, it remained in production for thirteen years. Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
held up to a 10 percent stake in the company, until disposing of the last of its remaining shares in March 2003.

The 1985 Hyundai Excel was sold in the United States
United States
as the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Precis between 1987 and 1994, whereas several other Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
models were rebadged as Hyundai, namely the Mitsubishi Chariot (as the Hyundai Santamo ), the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Pajero (as the Hyundai Galloper ) or the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Delica (as the Hyundai Porter ).

HINDUSTAN

Indian manufacturer Hindustan had a joint venture with Mitsubishi that started 1998. The plant is located in Thiruvallur , Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
.

Models produced include: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Pajero Sport ((Third generation)) until 2016.

SAMCOR

The South African Motor Corporation ( Samcor ) was a joint venture created in 1985, which produced Ford
Ford
, Mazda
Mazda
and Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
vehicles for the local South African market, with the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Delica being rebadged as the Ford
Ford
Husky and the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Canter as the Ford Triton.

NISSAN

In May 2016, in the wake of the emissions scandal, Nissan
Nissan
set the acquisition of a 34% stake in Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors, with the aim of making Nissan
Nissan
the largest and controlling shareholder of Mitsubishi and turning Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
into a member of the Renault- Nissan
Nissan
Alliance . Nissan
Nissan
has said that they plan to share some car platforms and jointly develop future vehicles with Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors. The Nissan acquisition was completed in October 2016.

CHINESE JOINT VENTURES

As of 2006 Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
has four joint ventures with Chinese partners.

* South East (Fujian) Motor Co Ltd * Shenyang Aerospace Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Engine Manufacturing Co Ltd * Harbin Dongan Automotive Engine Manufacturing Co Ltd - A subsidiary of Harbin Hafei Automobile
Automobile
Industry Group Co Ltd * Hunan Changfeng Motor Co Ltd - A subsidiary of Chang Feng (Group) Co Ltd

JAPAN SALES CHANNELS

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
dealer in Akita

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors maintained two retail sales channels that sold specific models, called "Car Plaza" and "Galant Shop". Certain models were exclusive to either channel, while some models were available at both channels, as required by local Japanese market conditions. More recently, due to cancellation of larger sedans, the sales channels have been combined into one franchise that sell all models, including kei cars and commercial delivery vehicles.

HISTORICAL TROUBLES

ASIAN ECONOMIC DOWNTURN

The benefits Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
had seen because of its strong presence in south-east Asia
Asia
reversed themselves as a result of the economic crisis in the region which began in 1991 with the advent of the collapse of the Japanese asset price bubble , referred to in Japan
Japan
as the beginning of the Lost Decade and continued to 1997. The collapse was partly the result of the Plaza Accord agreement in 1985, which sought to equalize the United States
United States
dollar with the Japanese yen and the German mark . In September of that year the company closed its Thai factory in response to a crash in the country's currency and plummeting consumer demand. The large truck plant, which had produced 8,700 trucks in 1996, was shut down indefinitely. In addition, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
had little support from sales in Japan, which slowed considerably throughout 1997 and were affected by that country's own economic uncertainty into 1998. Other Japanese automakers, such as Toyota
Toyota
and Honda
Honda
, bolstered their own slipping domestic sales with success in the U.S. However, with a comparatively small percentage of the American market, the impact of the turmoil in the Asian economy had a greater effect on Mitsubishi, and the company's 1997 losses were the worst in its history. In addition, it lost both its rank as the third largest automaker in Japan
Japan
to Mazda
Mazda
, and market share overseas. Its stock price fell precipitously, prompting the company to cancel its year-end dividend payment.

In November 1997, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
hired Katsuhiko Kawasoe to replace Takemune Kimura as company president. Kawasoe unveiled an aggressive restructuring program that aimed to cut costs by ¥350 billion in three years, reduce personnel by 1,400, and return the company to profitability by 1998. But while the program had some initial success, the company's sales were still stagnant as the Asian economy continued to sputter. In 1999, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
was forced once again to skip dividend payments. Its interest-bearing debt totalled ¥1.7 trillion.

VEHICLE DEFECT COVER-UP

In what was referred to as "one of the largest corporate scandals in Japanese history", Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
was twice forced to admit to systematically covering up defect problems in its vehicles. Four defects were first publicised in 2000, but in 2004 it confessed to 26 more going back as far as 1977, including failing brakes, fuel leaks and malfunctioning clutches. The effect on the company was catastrophic, forcing it to recall 163,707 cars (156,433 in Japan
Japan
and 7,274 overseas) for free repair. Further recalls by Fuso truck after only six months Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
scaled back production from 90/day, and reduced the working week from five days to four. It remained an ongoing concern in the Australian auto industry as to whether this would be sufficient to restore the plant to profitability and ensure its long-term survival.

The drop in local sales could not be mitigated by exports outside of the Australian and New Zealand market. On February 5, 2008 Mitsubishi Motors Australia announced it would be closing down its Adelaide assembly plant by the end of March. Between 700 and 1000 direct jobs would be lost and up to 2000 jobs will be lost in industries supporting Mitsubishi's local manufacturing operations.

END OF EUROPEAN PRODUCTION

With operating losses ¥22 billion ($287 million) in Europe for the fiscal year to March due to stagnant sales in a continent beset by uncertainty of a raging debt crisis, finally in February 2012 Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
have decided to withdraw production in Europe by the end of 2012. On October 1 it was announced that the Dutch industrial conglomerate VDL Groep had taken over NedCar
NedCar
from Mitsubishi, retaining all 1,500 employees.

END OF NORTH AMERICAN PRODUCTION

Main article: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors North America

In 1988, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
opened a production facility in the United States in Normal, Illinois . The facility was known as Diamond-Star Motors and was initially a joint venture with Chrysler
Chrysler
, however Chrysler sold its stake in the plant to Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
in 1993. After 1995 the facility was known as Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Manufacturing America (MMMA). At its peak in 2000, the facility produced over 222,000 vehicles per year, however following the decline of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
in North America, the plant operated well below capacity for years.

Finally, in July 2015, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
announced that it would close the plant by November, but would continue to sell automobiles in North America. In 2014, the plant had produced just 69,000 vehicles, roughly one-quarter of its capacity. Production at the plant ended on 30 November 2015, and most of the employees were laid off. The plant continued to operate with a minimal staff to produce replacement parts until May 2016, after which it closed permanently.

FUEL MILEAGE SCANDAL

In early 2016, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
partner Nissan
Nissan
found discrepancies between Mistubishi information and actual fuel consumption while working in new micro cars for both companies, the eK Wagon, eK Space, Nissan
Nissan
Dayz and Nissan
Nissan
Dayz Roox. Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
manufactures micro cars for Nissan, which no longer makes that class of vehicle itself. Mitsubishi admitted that they had been giving wrong information on fuel consumption from 2002 onwards, using inaccurate test methods. Later, the company said it used fuel economy testing methods that did not comply with Japanese regulations for 25 years, much longer than previously known. Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
management said they did not know about the issue and that the wrong information came from the micro car development department. They ordered an investigation led by investigators not affiliated with the company. The resultant scandal culminated in Nissan
Nissan
acquiring a controlling interest in MMC in May 2016. Nissan
Nissan
agreed to invest 237.4 billion yen ($2.2 billion US) in exchange for receiving a 34% ownership stake in Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors. Due to dilution of existing shares, other Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
group companies ( Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corp., and Bank of Tokyo- Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ) will see their combined holdings in Mitsubishi Motors fall to about 20% from 34% currently.

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors North America stated that vehicles sold from 2013 in the United States
United States
featured accurate fuel economy information and were thereby not affected by the scandal.

In May 2016, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors announced Tetsuro Aikawa to resign as the president of the company in effect on June. Both Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors and Aikawa denied any top management involvement in the mileage scandal. The company said much of the mileage-testing work was assigned to a subsidiary and there was a lack of scrutiny of such work.

REVITALIZATION PLAN

The Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
i at the Tokyo Motor Show in 2005.

After a starvation of new investment caused by lack of cashflow, the company introduced the award-winning Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
i kei car in 2006, its first new model in 29 months, while a revised Outlander has been introduced worldwide to compete in the popular XUV market niche. The next generation of its Lancer and Lancer Evolution
Lancer Evolution
was launched in 2007 and 2008.

Slow selling vehicles were eliminated from the U.S. market, purchase projections for the Global Engine Manufacturing Alliance have been scaled back, and 10,000 jobs have been shed to cut costs with 3,400 workers at its Australian plant and other loss-making operations still under threat. Meanwhile, in an effort to increase production at its U.S. facility, new export markets for the Eclipse and Galant are being explored in Ukraine
Ukraine
, the Middle East
Middle East
, and Russia
Russia
, where the company's bestselling dealership is located. Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
has also been active in OEM production of cars for Nissan
Nissan
, and announced a similar partnership with PSA Peugeot Citroën in July 2005 to manufacture an SUV on their behalf.

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
reported its first profitable quarter in four years in the third quarter of 2006, and returned to profitability by the end of the 2006 financial year, and sustained profitability and global sales of 1,524,000 through 2007 and later.

In January 2011, the company announced its next mid-term business plan to introduce eight hybrid and battery-powered models by 2015. It aimed to sell its first two plug-in hybrids by fiscal 2012.

In May 2016 Nissan
Nissan
announced a controlling purchase of Mitsubishi Motors for an estimated 2 billion U.S. dollars. Nissan
Nissan
stated that there are no major changes planned for Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors and sharing of technologies and platforms can be expected between the two automobile manufactures.

MANAGEMENT

In 2014 Tetsuro Aikawa was appointed as the president of the company, becoming the first in more than a decade to have spent an entire career at the company. The career of Aikawa had been mainly in product development although he was involved in manufacturing and Japan domestic sales lately. Osamu Masuko, the previous president, joined the company from Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corp. in 2004. MMC endured eight presidents between 1989 and 2004.

ELECTRIC VEHICLES

Main page: Category: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors vehicles

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors started selling its i MiEV , the all-electric mini-car with a lithium-ion battery pack tucked under its floor, to retail customers in the summer 2009, a year ahead of schedule. The automaker had initially planned to start leasing the minicar-based vehicle to businesses and municipalities in the summer 2009 and to wait until 2010 for the retail launch. It has also announced its plans to offer five other e-drive vehicles.

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors aims to cut the price of its electric vehicles to 2 million yen ($21,890) by fiscal 2012—down 30 percent.

MOTORSPORT

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
has almost half a century of international motorsport experience, predating even the incorporation of MMC. Beginning with street races in the early 1960s, the company found itself gravitating towards the challenge of off-road racing. It dominated endurance rallies in the 1970s, the Dakar Rally from the '80s, and the Group A and Group N classes of the World Rally Championship through the 1990s. Ralliart (later Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Motor Sports ), was Mitsubishi's racing subsidiary, although the company ceased competing formally in 2010.

CIRCUIT RACING

Mitsubishi's motorsport debut was in touring car racing in 1962, when it entered its Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
500 Super DeLuxe in the Macau Grand Prix in an effort to promote sales of its first post-war passenger car. In an auspicious debut, the diminutive rear-engined sedan swept the top four places in the "Under 750 cc" category, with Kazuo Togawa taking class honours. The company returned the following year with their new Colt 600 and again swept the podium with a 1–2–3 in the "Under 600 cc" class. In its final year of competition with touring cars in 1966, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
scored a podium clean sweep in the "750–1000 cc" class of the 1964 Japanese Grand Prix with the Colt 1000 , their first front-engined competition vehicle.

The company began concentrating on the Japanese GP's emerging open-wheel "formula car" categories from 1966, winning the "Exhibition" class. They also scored class 1–2 in 1967 and 1968, and reached the podium in 1969 and 1970. They finished on a high with an overall 1–2 in the 1971 Japan
Japan
GP, with the two litre DOHC F2000 driven by Kuniomi Nagamatsu.

OFF-ROAD RACING

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Lancer 1600 GSR.

The East African Safari Rally was by far the most gruelling event on the World Rally Championship calendar in the 1970s. MMC developed the Lancer 1600 GSR
Lancer 1600 GSR
specifically for the marathon race, and won at the first attempt in 1974. Their highpoint was a clean sweep of the podium places in 1976 in an event where only 20 percent of the starters typically reached the finish. They also achieved a 1–2–3–4 in the 1973 Southern Cross Rally , the first of four consecutive victories in this event with drivers Andrew Cowan and Kenjiro Shinozuka . Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Lancer WRC05.

During the 1980s Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
continued to participate in the WRC, first with the Lancer EX2000 Turbo and the Starion . It then scored its first outright Group A victories with a Galant VR-4 in the late '80s, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
homologated the Lancer Evolution
Lancer Evolution
, and in the hands of Finland
Finland
's Tommi Mäkinen , winner of the drivers\' title for four consecutive years (1996–1999), they won the manufacturers\' championship in 1998 . They have won 34 WRC events since 1973. The Lancer Evo has also dominated the FIA championship for showroom-ready cars, winning seven consecutive Group N titles with four different drivers from 1995–2001. Even in 2002 when it ostensibly lost the title, the class-winning manufacturer was Proton using a Lancer Evo-based Pert.

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
is also the most successful manufacturer in the history of the Dakar Rally , one of the most challenging and dangerous motorsport events in the world. MMC's maiden entry was in 1983 with their new Pajero , and it took only three attempts to find a winning formula. Since then, they have won in 1992, 1993, 1997, 1998, and between 2001 and 2007, an unprecedented seven consecutive victories and twelfth overall with nine different drivers. They also won the 2003 FIA Cross-Country Rally World Cup , along with Carlos Sousa .

PARTNERSHIP WITH JACKIE CHAN

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
has had a 30-year-long association with actor Jackie Chan , who has used their vehicles almost exclusively in his movies throughout his career. The Jackie Chan Cup, first held in 1984, is an annual celebrity auto race involving international motor journalists and starlets from across Asia
Asia
in Mitsubishis with professional touring car drivers alongside for assistance, and was held before the Macau GP until 2004 when it moved to Shanghai. In September 2005 Ralliart , Mitsubishi's motorsport arm, produced 50 Jackie Chan Special
Special
Edition versions of the Lancer Evo IX ; Chan acts as the honorary director of Team Ralliart China.

LOCATIONS

The company has vehicle manufacturing facilities in Japan, Philippines, and Thailand, and twelve plants co-owned in partnership with others. In Brazil, it has a production agreement with a local group with no direct investment from MMC. It also has three further engine and transmission manufacturing plants, five R vertical-align: top;">

_JAPAN_

* Minato, Tokyo : Head Office and Tokyo Design Studio * Okazaki, Aichi : Car Research & Development Center * Uzumasa, Ukyō , Kyoto
Kyoto
: Car Research and Development Center * Hokkaidō : Car Research vertical-align: top;">

_WORLDWIDE_

* Trebur , Hessen , Germany: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motor R&D of Europe GmbH (MRDE) * Ann Arbor, Michigan , United States: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors R&D of America, Inc. (MRDA) Head Office * Cypress, California , United States: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors R vertical-align: top;">

_JAPAN_

* Okazaki, Aichi : Nagoya Plant * Kurashiki, Okayama : Mizushima Vehicle vertical-align: top;">

_WORLDWIDE_

* Santa Rosa, Laguna , Philippines: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Philippines Corp. (MMPC) * Klong Luang , Pathum Thani , Thailand: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors (Thailand) Co., Ltd. (MMTh) * China: GAC Changfeng Motor Co., Ltd. (GACCF) * China: South East (Fujian) Motor Co., Ltd. (SEM) * Kaluga , Russia: Peugeot Citroën Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Automotiv Rus (PCMA Rus), joint venture with PSA Peugeot Citroën * Barcelona, Anzoátegui , Venezuela: (MMC Automotriz S.A.) * Catalão , Brazil: MMC Automotores do Brasil Ltda

_FORMER PRODUCTION FACILITIES_

* Tonsley Park, South Australia , Australia (1981-2008) * Born, Netherlands : Netherlands Car B.V. ( NedCar
NedCar
), shares sold in 2012. * Normal, Illinois , United States: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors North America, Inc (MMNA). Opened in 1988, closed in 2015.

LEADERSHIP

* Yuji Sato (1970–73) * Tomio Kubo (1973–79) * Yoshitoshi Sone (1979–81) * Masao Suzuki
Suzuki
(1981–83) * Toyoo Tate (1983–89) * Hirokazu Nakamura (1989–95) * Nobuhisa Tsukamura (1995–96) * Takemune Kimura (1996–97) * Katsuhiko Kawasoe (1997–2000) * Takashi Sonobe (2000–02) * Rolf Eckrodt (2002–04) * Yoichiro Okazaki (2004) * Hideyasu Tagaya (2004–05) * Osamu Masuko (2005–present)

SLOGANS

_ This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (July 2017)_ _(Learn how and when to remove this template message )_

* '選ぶのはあなたです\' (1973-1974, Roma-ji:'"Erabu no wa anatadesu_, English: The choice is yours.)_ * '技術と信頼の三菱\' (1974-1975, Roma-ji:_Gijutsu to Shinrai no Mitsubishi_, English: Mitsubishi: Technology and Trust) * '安全は人と車でつくるもの\' (1975-1978, Roma-ji:_Anzen wa hito to kuruma de tsukuru mono_, English: Safety comes from man and car together) * '安全に走れ。それが一番早いのだ。\' (1978-1980, Roma-ji:_Anzen ni Hashiru, sore ga ichiban hayai noda_, English: Drive safely, it's the fastest way.) * '燃費の差は技術の差\' (1980-1981, Roma-ji:_Nenpi no sa Gijutsu no sa_, English: The Difference in Fuel Economy is the difference in Technology.) * '燃費は技術\' (1981-1982, Roma-ji:_Nenpi wa giujutsu_, English:Fuel Efficiency Technology) * '未来をひらく技術と信頼 (1982-1984, Roma-ji:_Mirai o hiraku gijutsu to shinrai_, English: Technology and Trust Open up the future)

* 'BE BEST FOR GOOD DAYS いつもベストを\' (1985-1987, Roma-ji:_Itsumo besuto o_)

* 'SPARKLING NOW\' (1985-1987)

* '新技術を、ときめきに。 NEW MOTORING WAVE\' (1987-1993, Roma-ji:_Shingijutsu o, Tokimeki ni_, English: From new Technology, to the Thrill) * 'あなたと創る CREATING TOGETHER\' (1993-1996, Roma-ji:_Anata to Tsukuru_) * 'その差が、三菱。\' (1996-1998, Roma-ji:_Sono sa ga, Mitsubishi_, English: The Different is, Mitsubishi) * 'いいもの ながく\' (1998-2000, Roma-ji:_Ī mono nagaku_, English: Good Thing Forever) * 'HEART-BEAT MOTORS\' (2000-2005) * 'クルマづくりの原点へ。\' (2005-2008, Roma-ji:_Kuruma dzukuri no genten e_, English: The original spirit of Car Manufacturing) * 'DRIVE @ EARTH\' (2008–present) * 'MITSUBISHI MOTORS, JAPANESE MOTORCAR AND AUTOMOBILE SERVICE (1992-1998) * 'THIS IS THE MITSUBISHI MOTORS WAY\' (1994-1998) * 'EXPERIENCE THE MITSUBISHI MOTORS WAY\' (1998-2001) * 'TURN ON YOUR EMOTIONS\' (2002-2008) * 'DRIVING WITH STYLE COURAGEUS\' (2008-2015) * 'WAKE UP AND DRIVE\' (2002-2004) * 'DRIVEN TO THRILL\' (2005-2009) * 'QUALITY IN MOTION\' (2013-Present)

SEE ALSO

* Companies portal

* Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation * Urawa Red Diamonds * Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Mizushima F.C. * Automotive industry in Japan
Japan

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Mitsubishi
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