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Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
(Chairman) Osamu Masuko (President & CEO)[1] Trevor Mann
Trevor Mann
(Chief Operating Officer) [2] [3]

Products Passenger cars, economy cars, commercial vehicles

Production output

1,079,346 vehicles (FY2016)[4]

Revenue ¥1.907 trillion (FY2016)[5]

Operating income

¥-158.7 billion (FY2016)[5]

Net income

¥-198.5 billion (FY2016)[5]

Total assets ¥1.484 trillion (FY2016)[5]

Total equity ¥765.381 billion (FY2016)[5]

Owner Nissan
Nissan
Motor Co., Ltd. (34%)[6] Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
(20%)

Number of employees

29,555 (consolidated as of 31 March 2017)[7]

Subsidiaries

List

Transportation: Soueast Hunan Changfeng Motor Ralliart Engines: Harbin Dongan Automotive Engine Manufacturing Sports: Urawa Red Diamonds Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Mizushima International: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Australia Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Europe Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors North America Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Philippines
Philippines
(51%) Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors (Thailand)

Website www.mitsubishi-motors.com

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Corporation (Japanese: 三菱自動車工業株式会社, Hepburn: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Jidōsha Kōgyō KK, IPA: [mitsɯꜜbiɕi][8]) is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.[9] In 2011, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors was the sixth biggest Japanese automaker and the sixteenth biggest worldwide by production.[10] From October 2016 onwards, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
is one-third (34%) owned by Nissan, and thus a part of the Renault–Nissan– Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Alliance.[1] Besides being part of the Renault–Nissan– Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Alliance, it is also a part of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
keiretsu, formerly the biggest industrial group in Japan, through the corporation's majority 66% stake in Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors, and the company was originally formed in 1970 from the automotive division of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries.[11] Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation was formerly a part of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors, but is now separate from Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors, which builds commercial grade trucks, buses and heavy construction equipment, and is owned by the German automotive corporation Daimler AG (though Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
continues to own a small stake).

Contents

1 History

1.1 Post-war
Post-war
era

2 Chrysler
Chrysler
connection

2.1 1970s 2.2 1980s

2.2.1 Diamond-Star Motors 2.2.2 1988 IPO

2.3 1990s 2.4 Independence

3 Other alliances

3.1 Volvo 3.2 Groupe PSA 3.3 Volkswagen 3.4 Colt and Lonsdale 3.5 Proton 3.6 Hyundai 3.7 Hindustan 3.8 Samcor 3.9 Nissan 3.10 Chinese joint ventures 3.11 Japan
Japan
Sales Channels

4 Historical troubles

4.1 Asian economic downturn 4.2 Vehicle defect cover-up 4.3 0–0–0 4.4 End of Australian production 4.5 End of European production 4.6 End of North American production 4.7 Fuel mileage scandal

5 Revitalization plan 6 Management 7 Electric vehicles 8 Motorsport

8.1 Circuit racing 8.2 Off-road racing

9 Partnership with Jackie Chan 10 Locations

10.1 Research, design and administration 10.2 Production facilities

11 Leadership 12 Slogans 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

History[edit]

Workers at Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shipbuilding Co., Ltd alongside one of the prototype Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Model A automobiles.

Mitsubishi's automotive origins date back to 1917, when the Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. introduced the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Model A, Japan's first series-production automobile.[12] An entirely hand-built seven-seater sedan based on the Fiat Tipo 3, it proved expensive compared to its American and European mass-produced rivals, and was discontinued in 1921 after only 22 had been built.[13] In 1934, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shipbuilding was merged with the Mitsubishi Aircraft
Aircraft
Co., a company established in 1920 to manufacture aircraft engines and other parts. The unified company was known as Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI), and was the largest private company in Japan.[14] MHI concentrated on manufacturing aircraft, ships, railroad cars and machinery, but in 1937 developed the PX33, a prototype sedan for military use. It was the first Japanese-built passenger car with full-time four-wheel drive, a technology the company would return to almost fifty years later in its quest for motorsport and sales success.[15]

A 1937 Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
PX33 on display at the Mondial de l' Automobile
Automobile
in September 2006.

Post-war
Post-war
era[edit] Immediately following the end of the Second World War, the company returned to manufacturing vehicles. Fuso bus production resumed, while a small three-wheeled cargo vehicle called the Mizushima and a scooter called the Silver Pigeon were also developed. However, the zaibatsu (Japan's family-controlled industrial conglomerates) were ordered to be dismantled by the Allied powers in 1950, and Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries was split into three regional companies, each with an involvement in motor vehicle development: West Japan
Japan
Heavy-Industries, Central Japan
Japan
Heavy-Industries, and East Japan
Japan
Heavy-Industries. East Japan
Japan
Heavy-Industries began importing the Henry J, an inexpensive American sedan built by Kaiser Motors, in knockdown kit (CKD) form in 1951, and continued to bring them to Japan
Japan
for the remainder of the car's three-year production run. The same year, Central Japan
Japan
Heavy-Industries concluded a similar contract with Willys
Willys
(now owned by Kaiser) for CKD-assembled Jeep CJ-3Bs. This deal proved more durable, with licensed Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Jeeps in production until 1998, thirty years after Willys
Willys
themselves had replaced the model. By the beginning of the 1960s Japan's economy was gearing up; wages were rising and the idea of family motoring was taking off. Central Japan
Japan
Heavy-Industries, now known as Shin Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy-Industries, had already re-established an automotive department in its headquarters in 1953. Now it was ready to introduce the Mitsubishi 500, a mass market sedan, to meet the new demand from consumers. It followed this in 1962 with the Minica kei car and the Colt 1000, the first of its Colt line of family cars, in 1963. In 1964, Mitsubishi introduced its largest passenger sedan, the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Debonair as a luxury car primarily for the Japanese market, and was used by senior Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
executives as a company car. West Japan
Japan
Heavy-Industries (now renamed Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shipbuilding & Engineering) and East Japan
Japan
Heavy-Industries (now Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Nihon Heavy-Industries) had also expanded their automotive departments in the 1950s, and the three were re-integrated as Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries in 1964. Within three years its output was over 75,000 vehicles annually. Following the successful introduction of the first Galant in 1969 and similar growth with its commercial vehicle division, it was decided that the company should create a single operation to focus on the automotive industry. Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Corporation (MMC) was formed on April 22, 1970 as a wholly owned subsidiary of MHI under the leadership of Tomio Kubo, a successful engineer from the aircraft division.[citation needed] The logo of three red diamonds, shared with over forty other companies within the keiretsu, predates Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors itself by almost a century. It was chosen by Iwasaki Yatarō, the founder of Mitsubishi, as it was suggestive of the emblem of the Tosa Clan who first employed him, and because his own family crest was three rhombuses stacked atop each other. The name Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
(三菱) consists of two parts: "mitsu" meaning "three" and "hishi" (which becomes "bishi" under rendaku) meaning "water caltrop" (also called "water chestnut"), and hence "rhombus", which is reflected in the company's logo..[16] Chrysler
Chrysler
connection[edit] 1970s[edit] Part of Mr. Kubo's expansion strategy was to increase exports by forging alliances with well-established foreign companies. Therefore, in 1971 MHI sold U.S. automotive giant Chrysler
Chrysler
a 15 percent share in the new company. Thanks to this deal, Chrysler
Chrysler
began selling the Galant in the United States
United States
as the Dodge Colt
Dodge Colt
(which was the first rebadged Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
product sold by Chrysler), pushing MMC's annual production beyond 250,000 vehicles. In 1977, the Galant was sold as the Chrysler
Chrysler
Sigma in Australia.

A 1973 Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Galant, the basis for the company's first captive import deal with Chrysler.

By 1977, a network of "Colt"-branded distribution and sales dealerships had been established across Europe, as Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
sought to begin selling vehicles directly. Annual production had by now grown from 500,000 vehicles in 1973 to 965,000 in 1978, when Chrysler
Chrysler
began selling the Galant as the Dodge Challenger
Dodge Challenger
and the Plymouth Sapporo. However, this expansion was beginning to cause friction; Chrysler
Chrysler
saw their overseas markets for subcompacts as being directly encroached by their Japanese partners, while MMC felt the Americans were demanding too much say in their corporate decisions. 1980s[edit] Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
finally achieved annual production of one million cars in 1980, but by this time its ally was not so healthy; As part of its battle to avoid bankruptcy, Chrysler
Chrysler
was forced to sell its Australian manufacturing division to MMC that year. The new Japanese owners renamed it Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Australia Ltd (MMAL). In 1982, the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
brand was introduced to the American market for the first time. The Tredia sedan, and the Cordia and Starion coupés, were initially sold through seventy dealers in 22 states, with an allocation of 30,000 vehicles between them. This quota, restricted by mutual agreement between the two countries' governments, had to be included among the 120,000 cars earmarked for Chrysler. Toward the end of the 1980s, as MMC initiated a major push to increase its U.S. presence, it aired its first national television advertising campaign, and made plans to increase its dealer network to 340 dealers. In 1986 Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
reached an agreement with Liuzhou Automotive to assemble their Minicab kei van and truck there, making Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
the third Japanese manufacturer (after Daihatsu
Daihatsu
and Suzuki) to begin assembly in China. Before receiving government approval for this project, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
had to express contrition over "defective" Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
trucks imported to China in 1984 and 1985.[17] By 1989, Mitsubishi's worldwide production, including its overseas affiliates, had reached 1.5 million units. Diamond-Star Motors[edit] Main article: Diamond-Star Motors

A 1984 Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Pajero, the company's most successful SUV.

Despite the ongoing tensions between Chrysler
Chrysler
and Mitsubishi, they agreed to unite in a vehicle manufacturing operation in Normal, Illinois. The 50/50 venture provided a way to circumvent the voluntary import restrictions, while providing a new line of compact and subcompact cars for Chrysler. Diamond-Star Motors
Diamond-Star Motors
(DSM)—from the parent companies' logos: three diamonds (Mitsubishi) and a pentastar (Chrysler)—was incorporated in October 1985, and in April 1986 ground was broken on a 1.9 million square-foot (177,000 m²) production facility. In 1987, the company was selling 67,000 cars a year in the U.S., but when the plant was completed in March 1988 it offered an annual capacity of 240,000 vehicles. Initially, three platform-sharing compact 2+2 coupés were released, the Mitsubishi Eclipse, Eagle Talon
Eagle Talon
and Plymouth Laser, with other models being introduced in subsequent years. 1988 IPO[edit] Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors went public in 1988, ending its status as the only one of Japan's eleven auto manufacturers to be privately held. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
agreed to reduce its share to 25 percent, retaining its position as largest single stockholder. Chrysler, meanwhile, increased its holding to over 20 percent. The capital raised by this initial offering enabled Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
to pay off part of its debts, as well as to expand its investments throughout south-east Asia
Asia
where it was by now operating in the Philippines, Malaysia, and Thailand. 1990s[edit] Hirokazu Nakamura became president of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
in 1989 and steered the company in some promising directions, with the advent of the Japanese asset price bubble
Japanese asset price bubble
"market correction" that led to the Lost Decade as a result of the Plaza Accord
Plaza Accord
agreement signed in 1985. Sales of the company's new Pajero were bucking conventional wisdom by becoming popular even in the crowded streets of Japan. It was heavily rumored by Japanese media, in 1992 and 1993, that Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors intended a hostile acquisition of Honda. While Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
was riding high off of profitable vehicles such as the Diamante and Pajero, Honda
Honda
was caught off-guard with the SUV
SUV
and truck boom and was losing focus after the illness and later death of its founder. However, Honda
Honda
CEO Nobuhiko Kawamoto took drastic steps, such as exiting Formula 1 and discontinuing unprofitable vehicles to avert a Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
takeover, which proved effective.[18] Although sales of SUVs and light trucks were booming in the U.S., Japan's car manufacturers dismissed the idea that such a trend could occur in their own country. Nakamura, however, increased the budget for sport utility product development, and his gamble paid off; Mitsubishi's wide line of four-wheel drive vehicles, from the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Pajero Mini kei car to the Delica Space Gear passenger van, rode the wave of SUV-buying in Japan
Japan
in the early to mid-1990s, and Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
saw its overall domestic share rise to 11.6 percent in 1995. Independence[edit] In 1991, Chrysler
Chrysler
sold its equity stake in Diamond-Star Motors
Diamond-Star Motors
to its partner, and from then on they continued to share components and manufacturing on a contractual basis only. Chrysler
Chrysler
decreased its interest in Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors to less than three percent in 1992, and announced its decision to divest itself of all its remaining shares on the open market in 1993. The two companies then terminated their close alliance with Chrysler. With DSM, and Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
no longer supplying parts for engines and transmissions for Chrysler. Other alliances[edit] Volvo[edit] Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
participated in a joint venture with rival car-maker Volvo and the Dutch government at the former DAF plant in Born in 1991. The operation, branded NedCar, began producing the first generation Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Carisma alongside the Volvo
Volvo
S40/V40 in 1996. The factory later produced the latest Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Colt and the related Smart Forfour (partner Daimler Chrysler
Chrysler
cancelled its production in 2006). Production of European market-bound Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Outlanders, and badge engineered versions of this vehicle, were also manufactured in the Netherlands until 2012, when the company sold the plant to the Dutch coach manufacturer VDL Groep.[19][20][21] Upon selling its Volvo
Volvo
Cars division to Ford
Ford
in January 1999, Volvo Group purchased a 5% stake in Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors in November of that same year, but sold its stake to shareholder Daimler Chrysler
Chrysler
in March 2001.[22] Groupe PSA[edit] Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
has been allied with Groupe PSA
Groupe PSA
since 1999, after they agreed to co-operate on the development of diesel engines using the Japanese company's gasoline direct injection (GDI) technology.[23] They united again in 2005 to develop the Peugeot 4007
Peugeot 4007
and Citroën C-Crosser sport utility vehicles (SUVs), based on the Japanese company's Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Outlander.[24] Two further ties were established between the companies in 2008, first with the establishment of a jointly owned production facility in Kaluga
Kaluga
which will manufacture up to 160,000 Outlander-based SUVs for the fast-growing Russian market.[25] They are also collaborating in the research and development of electric powertrains for small urban vehicles.[26] Japanese newspaper Nikkei claims that PSA will sell the electric city car Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
i MiEV in Europe by 2011.[27] Volkswagen[edit] In Europe, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors used diesel engines supplied by the German manufacturer Volkswagen
Volkswagen
for some of its mid-sized cars,[28] such as the Lancer,[29] Grandis,[30] and Outlander.[31] From 2010, they were superseded with Mitsubishi's own developed 4N1 diesel engine. Colt and Lonsdale[edit] The Colt name appears frequently in Mitsubishi's history since its introduction as a rear-engined 600cc sedan in the early 1960s. Today, it most commonly refers to the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Colt subcompact in the company's line-up, but is also the name of MMC's import/distribution company in the United Kingdom, the Colt Car Company, established in 1974. For the first decade of its existence, before Far Eastern auto manufacturers had established their reputations, its cars carried the "Colt" badge in Britain instead of "Mitsubishi". In 1982 and 1983, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
introduced the Australian-built Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Sigma to the UK as the Lonsdale Sigma
Lonsdale Sigma
in an attempt to circumvent British import quotas, but the new brand was unsuccessful. It then carried Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Sigma badges in 1983–84 before abandoning this operation entirely. Proton[edit] Malaysian manufacturer Proton was initially very dependent on Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors, only assembling their 1985 Proton Saga
Proton Saga
using MMC components at a newly established facility in Shah Alam. Subsequent models like the Wira and Perdana were based on the Lancer/Colt and Galant/Eterna respectively, before the company finally produced entirely self-developed vehicles, the Waja in 2001, and the Proton Gen-2 in 2004. At its peak, the car maker controlled 75 percent of its domestic market, even after Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
ended their 22-year partnership in 2005, selling their 7.9 percent stake for RM384 million[32] to Khazanah Nasional Berhad. However, in October 2008, Proton renewed its technology transfer agreements with MMC, and the Proton Inspira
Proton Inspira
(the Proton Waja
Proton Waja
replacement) is to be based on the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Lancer platform and official launched on 10 November 2010.[needs update] Hyundai[edit] South Korean manufacturer Hyundai, built the Hyundai Pony
Hyundai Pony
in 1975 using MMC's Saturn engine and transmissions. Korea's first car, it remained in production for thirteen years. Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
held up to a 10 percent stake in the company, until disposing of the last of its remaining shares in March 2003. The 1985 Hyundai Excel
Hyundai Excel
was sold in the United States
United States
as the Mitsubishi Precis between 1987 and 1994, whereas several other Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
models were rebadged as Hyundai, namely the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Chariot (as the Hyundai Santamo), the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Pajero (as the Hyundai Galloper) or the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Delica (as the Hyundai Porter). Hindustan[edit] Indian manufacturer Hindustan had a joint venture with Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
that started 1998. The plant is located in Thiruvallur, Tamil Nadu. Models produced include: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Pajero Sport ((Third generation)) until 2016. Samcor[edit] The South African Motor Corporation (Samcor) was a joint venture created in 1985, which produced Ford, Mazda
Mazda
and Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
vehicles for the local South African market, with the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Delica being rebadged as the Ford
Ford
Husky and the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Canter as the Ford Triton.[33][34] Nissan[edit] In May 2016, in the wake of the emissions scandal, Nissan
Nissan
set the acquisition of a 34% stake in Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors, with the aim of making Nissan
Nissan
the largest and controlling shareholder of Mitsubishi and turning Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
into a member of the Renault- Nissan
Nissan
Alliance. Nissan
Nissan
has said that they plan to share some car platforms and jointly develop future vehicles with Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors.[35] The Nissan acquisition was completed in October 2016.[1] Chinese joint ventures[edit] As of 2006 Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
has four joint ventures with Chinese partners.[36]

South East (Fujian) Motor Co Ltd[36] Shenyang Aerospace Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Engine Manufacturing Co Ltd[36] Harbin Dongan Automotive Engine Manufacturing Co Ltd[36] - A subsidiary of Harbin Hafei
Hafei
Automobile
Automobile
Industry Group Co Ltd Hunan Changfeng Motor Co Ltd[36] - A subsidiary of Chang Feng (Group) Co Ltd

Japan
Japan
Sales Channels[edit]

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
dealer in Akita

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors maintained two retail sales channels that sold specific models, called "Car Plaza" and "Galant Shop". Certain models were exclusive to either channel, while some models were available at both channels, as required by local Japanese market conditions. More recently, due to cancellation of larger sedans, the sales channels have been combined into one franchise that sell all models, including kei cars and commercial delivery vehicles. Historical troubles[edit] Asian economic downturn[edit] The benefits Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
had seen because of its strong presence in south-east Asia
Asia
reversed themselves as a result of the economic crisis in the region which began in 1991 with the advent of the collapse of the Japanese asset price bubble, referred to in Japan
Japan
as the beginning of the Lost Decade and continued to 1997. The collapse was partly the result of the Plaza Accord
Plaza Accord
agreement in 1985, which sought to equalize the United States
United States
dollar with the Japanese yen
Japanese yen
and the German mark. In September of that year the company closed its Thai factory in response to a crash in the country's currency and plummeting consumer demand. The large truck plant, which had produced 8,700 trucks in 1996, was shut down indefinitely. In addition, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
had little support from sales in Japan, which slowed considerably throughout 1997 and were affected by that country's own economic uncertainty into 1998. Other Japanese automakers, such as Toyota
Toyota
and Honda, bolstered their own slipping domestic sales with success in the U.S. However, with a comparatively small percentage of the American market, the impact of the turmoil in the Asian economy had a greater effect on Mitsubishi, and the company's 1997 losses were the worst in its history. In addition, it lost both its rank as the third largest automaker in Japan
Japan
to Mazda, and market share overseas. Its stock price fell precipitously, prompting the company to cancel its year-end dividend payment.[37] In November 1997, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
hired Katsuhiko Kawasoe to replace Takemune Kimura as company president. Kawasoe unveiled an aggressive restructuring program that aimed to cut costs by ¥350 billion in three years, reduce personnel by 1,400, and return the company to profitability by 1998. But while the program had some initial success, the company's sales were still stagnant as the Asian economy continued to sputter. In 1999, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
was forced once again to skip dividend payments. Its interest-bearing debt totalled ¥1.7 trillion. Vehicle defect cover-up[edit] In what was referred to as "one of the largest corporate scandals in Japanese history",[38][39] Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
was twice forced to admit to systematically covering up defect problems in its vehicles. Four defects were first publicised in 2000, but in 2004 it confessed to 26 more going back as far as 1977, including failing brakes, fuel leaks and malfunctioning clutches. The effect on the company was catastrophic, forcing it to recall 163,707 cars (156,433 in Japan
Japan
and 7,274 overseas) for free repair.[40] Further recalls by Fuso truck & bus brought the total number of vehicles requiring repair to almost one million. The affair led to the resignation and subsequent arrest of president Kawasoe, along with 23 other employees who were also implicated.[41] Three of them have since been acquitted, with the judge stating that there was no official request from the Transport Ministry ordering them to submit a defect report.[42] 0–0–0[edit] In an effort to boost sales in the U.S. in the early 2000s, Mitsubishi began offering a "0–0–0" finance offer—0% down, 0% interest, and $0 monthly payments (all repayments deferred for 12 months). Initially, sales leapt, but at the end of the year's "grace period" numerous credit-risky buyers defaulted, leaving Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
with used vehicles for which they had received no money and which were now worth less than they cost to manufacture. The company's American credit operation, MMCA, was eventually forced to make a US$454 million provision against its 2003 accounts as a result of these losses.[43] As a result, sales plummeted to 243,000 in 2003, 139,000 in 2004, 124,000 in 2005, and 119,000 in 2006.[44] End of Australian production[edit] In October 2005, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Australia Limited introduced the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
380 to the Australian market as the replacement for its long-running Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Magna, and the sole vehicle being built at its Australian assembly plant at Clovelly Park. Despite an investment of A$600 million developing the car, initial sales projections proved optimistic; after only six months Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
scaled back production from 90/day, and reduced the working week from five days to four.[45] It remained an ongoing concern in the Australian auto industry as to whether this would be sufficient to restore the plant to profitability and ensure its long-term survival. The drop in local sales could not be mitigated by exports outside of the Australian and New Zealand market. On 5 February 2008, Mitsubishi Motors Australia announced it would be closing down its Adelaide assembly plant by the end of March. Between 700 and 1000 direct jobs would be lost and up to 2000 jobs will be lost in industries supporting Mitsubishi's local manufacturing operations.[46] End of European production[edit] With operating losses ¥22 billion ($287 million) in Europe for the fiscal year to March due to stagnant sales in a continent beset by uncertainty of a raging debt crisis, finally in February 2012 Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
have decided to withdraw production in Europe by the end of 2012. On 1 October, it was announced that the Dutch industrial conglomerate VDL Groep
VDL Groep
had taken over NedCar
NedCar
from Mitsubishi, retaining all 1,500 employees.[47] End of North American production[edit] Main article: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors North America In 1988, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
opened a production facility in the United States in Normal, Illinois. The facility was known as Diamond-Star Motors
Diamond-Star Motors
and was initially a joint venture with Chrysler, however Chrysler
Chrysler
sold its stake in the plant to Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
in 1993. After 1995 the facility was known as Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Manufacturing America (MMMA). At its peak in 2000, the facility produced over 222,000 vehicles per year, however following the decline of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
in North America, the plant operated well below capacity for years. Finally, in July 2015, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
announced that it would close the plant by November, but would continue to sell automobiles in North America. In 2014, the plant had produced just 69,000 vehicles, roughly one-quarter of its capacity.[48] Production at the plant ended on 30 November 2015, and most of the employees were laid off. The plant continued to operate with a minimal staff to produce replacement parts until May 2016, after which it closed permanently.[49] Fuel mileage scandal[edit] In early 2016, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
partner Nissan
Nissan
found discrepancies between Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
information and actual fuel consumption while working in new micro cars for both companies, the eK Wagon, eK Space, Nissan
Nissan
Dayz and Nissan
Nissan
Dayz Roox. Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
manufactures micro cars for Nissan, which no longer makes that class of vehicle itself. Mitsubishi admitted that they had been giving wrong information on fuel consumption from 2002 onwards, using inaccurate test methods.[50] Later, the company said it used fuel economy testing methods that did not comply with Japanese regulations for 25 years, much longer than previously known.[51] Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
management said they did not know about the issue and that the wrong information came from the micro car development department. They ordered an investigation led by investigators not affiliated with the company.[52] The resultant scandal culminated in Nissan
Nissan
acquiring a controlling interest in MMC in May 2016.[53] Nissan
Nissan
agreed to invest 237.4 billion yen ($2.2 billion US) in exchange for receiving a 34% ownership stake in Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors. Due to dilution of existing shares, other Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
group companies ( Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi Corp., and Bank of Tokyo- Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ) will see their combined holdings in Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors fall to about 20% from 34% currently.[54] Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors North America stated that vehicles sold from 2013 in the United States
United States
featured accurate fuel economy information and were thereby not affected by the scandal.[55] In May 2016, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors announced Tetsuro Aikawa to resign as the president of the company in effect on June. Both Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors and Aikawa denied any top management involvement in the mileage scandal. The company said much of the mileage-testing work was assigned to a subsidiary and there was a lack of scrutiny of such work.[56] Revitalization plan[edit]

The Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
i at the Tokyo Motor Show
Tokyo Motor Show
in 2005.

After a starvation of new investment caused by lack of cashflow, the company introduced the award-winning Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
i kei car in 2006, its first new model in 29 months, while a revised Outlander has been introduced worldwide to compete in the popular XUV market niche.[57] The next generation of its Lancer and Lancer Evolution
Lancer Evolution
was launched in 2007 and 2008.[58] Slow selling vehicles were eliminated from the U.S. market, purchase projections for the Global Engine Manufacturing Alliance
Global Engine Manufacturing Alliance
have been scaled back, and 10,000 jobs have been shed to cut costs with 3,400 workers at its Australian plant and other loss-making operations still under threat. Meanwhile, in an effort to increase production at its U.S. facility,[59] new export markets for the Eclipse and Galant are being explored in Ukraine, the Middle East, and Russia, where the company's bestselling dealership is located.[60] Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
has also been active in OEM production of cars for Nissan,[61] and announced a similar partnership with Groupe PSA
Groupe PSA
in July 2005 to manufacture an SUV on their behalf.[24] Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
reported its first profitable quarter in four years in the third quarter of 2006,[62] and returned to profitability by the end of the 2006 financial year, and sustained profitability and global sales of 1,524,000 through 2007 and later.[63][64] In January 2011, the company announced its next mid-term business plan to introduce eight hybrid and battery-powered models by 2015. It aimed to sell its first two plug-in hybrids by fiscal 2012.[65] In May 2016 Nissan
Nissan
announced a controlling purchase of Mitsubishi Motors for an estimated 2 billion U.S. dollars. Nissan
Nissan
stated that there are no major changes planned for Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors and sharing of technologies and platforms can be expected between the two automobile manufactures. Management[edit] In 2014 Tetsuro Aikawa was appointed as the president of the company, becoming the first in more than a decade to have spent an entire career at the company. The career of Aikawa had been mainly in product development although he was involved in manufacturing and Japan domestic sales lately. Osamu Masuko, the previous president, joined the company from Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corp. in 2004. MMC endured eight presidents between 1989 and 2004.[66] Electric vehicles[edit] Main page: Category: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors vehicles Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors started selling its i MiEV, the all-electric mini-car with a lithium-ion battery pack tucked under its floor, to retail customers in the summer 2009, a year ahead of schedule. The automaker had initially planned to start leasing the minicar-based vehicle to businesses and municipalities in the summer 2009 and to wait until 2010 for the retail launch.[67] It has also announced its plans to offer five other e-drive vehicles.[68] Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors aims to cut the price of its electric vehicles to 2 million yen ($21,890) by fiscal 2012—down 30 percent.[69] Motorsport[edit] Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
has almost half a century of international motorsport experience, predating even the incorporation of MMC. Beginning with street races in the early 1960s, the company found itself gravitating towards the challenge of off-road racing. It dominated endurance rallies in the 1970s, the Dakar Rally
Dakar Rally
from the '80s, and the Group A and Group N
Group N
classes of the World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
through the 1990s. Ralliart
Ralliart
(later Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Motor Sports), was Mitsubishi's racing subsidiary, although the company ceased competing formally in 2010.[70] Circuit racing[edit] Mitsubishi's motorsport debut was in touring car racing in 1962, when it entered its Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
500 Super DeLuxe in the Macau Grand Prix
Macau Grand Prix
in an effort to promote sales of its first post-war passenger car. In an auspicious debut, the diminutive rear-engined sedan swept the top four places in the "Under 750 cc" category, with Kazuo Togawa taking class honours.[71] The company returned the following year with their new Colt 600 and again swept the podium with a 1–2–3 in the "Under 600 cc" class.[72] In its final year of competition with touring cars in 1966, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
scored a podium clean sweep in the "750–1000 cc" class of the 1964 Japanese Grand Prix with the Colt 1000, their first front-engined competition vehicle.[73] The company began concentrating on the Japanese GP's emerging open-wheel "formula car" categories from 1966, winning the "Exhibition" class. They also scored class 1–2 in 1967 and 1968, and reached the podium in 1969 and 1970.[74] They finished on a high with an overall 1–2 in the 1971 Japan
Japan
GP, with the two litre DOHC
DOHC
F2000 driven by Kuniomi Nagamatsu.[75] Off-road racing[edit]

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Lancer 1600 GSR.

The East African Safari Rally
East African Safari Rally
was by far the most gruelling event on the World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
calendar in the 1970s. MMC developed the Lancer 1600 GSR
Lancer 1600 GSR
specifically for the marathon race, and won at the first attempt in 1974. Their highpoint was a clean sweep of the podium places in 1976 in an event where only 20 percent of the starters typically reached the finish. They also achieved a 1–2–3–4 in the 1973 Southern Cross Rally, the first of four consecutive victories in this event with drivers Andrew Cowan
Andrew Cowan
and Kenjiro Shinozuka.[76]

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Lancer WRC05.

During the 1980s Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
continued to participate in the WRC, first with the Lancer EX2000 Turbo and the Starion. It then scored its first outright Group A
Group A
victories with a Galant VR-4 in the late '80s, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
homologated the Lancer Evolution, and in the hands of Finland's Tommi Mäkinen, winner of the drivers' title for four consecutive years (1996–1999), they won the manufacturers' championship in 1998. They have won 34 WRC events since 1973.[77] The Lancer Evo has also dominated the FIA championship for showroom-ready cars, winning seven consecutive Group N
Group N
titles with four different drivers from 1995–2001. Even in 2002 when it ostensibly lost the title, the class-winning manufacturer was Proton using a Lancer Evo-based Pert.[78] Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
is also the most successful manufacturer in the history of the Dakar Rally. MMC's maiden entry was in 1983 with their new Pajero, and it took only three attempts to find a winning formula. Since then, they have won in 1992, 1993, 1997, 1998, and between 2001 and 2007, an unprecedented seven consecutive victories and twelfth overall with nine different drivers.[79] They also won the 2003 FIA Cross-Country Rally World Cup, along with Carlos Sousa. Partnership with Jackie Chan[edit] Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
has had a 30-year-long association with actor Jackie Chan, who has used their vehicles almost exclusively in his movies throughout his career.[80][81][82] The Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
Cup, first held in 1984,[83] is an annual celebrity auto race involving international motor journalists and starlets from across Asia
Asia
in Mitsubishis with professional touring car drivers alongside for assistance, and was held before the Macau GP until 2004 when it moved to Shanghai.[84] In September 2005 Ralliart, Mitsubishi's motorsport arm, produced 50 Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
Special
Special
Edition versions of the Lancer Evo IX; Chan acts as the honorary director of Team Ralliart
Ralliart
China.[85][86] Locations[edit] The company has vehicle manufacturing facilities in Japan, Philippines, and Thailand, and twelve plants co-owned in partnership with others.[9][87] In Brazil, it has a production agreement with a local group with no direct investment from MMC.[88] It also has three further engine and transmission manufacturing plants, five R&D centres and 75 subsidiaries, affiliates and partners. Its vehicles are manufactured, assembled or sold in more than 160 countries worldwide.[9] Research, design and administration[edit]

Japan

Minato, Tokyo: Head Office and Tokyo Design Studio Okazaki, Aichi: Car Research & Development Center Uzumasa, Ukyō, Kyoto: Car Research and Development Center Hokkaidō: Car Research & Development Center, Tokachi Proving Ground Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Auto Gallery (三菱オートギャラリー), 1, Nakashinkiri, Okazaki[89]

Worldwide

Trebur, Hessen, Germany: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motor R&D of Europe GmbH (MRDE) Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors R&D of America, Inc. (MRDA) Head Office Cypress, California, United States: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors R&D of America, Inc. (MRDA) Research and Design Center

Production facilities[edit]

Japan[90]

Okazaki, Aichi: Nagoya Plant Kurashiki, Okayama: Mizushima Vehicle & Powertrain Plant Sakahogi, Gifu: Pajero Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Uzumasa, Ukyō, Kyoto: Powertrain plant Koka, Shiga: Powertrain plant

Worldwide

Santa Rosa, Laguna, Philippines: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Philippines
Philippines
Corp. (MMPC) Klong Luang, Pathum Thani, Thailand: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors (Thailand) Co., Ltd. (MMTh) Cikarang, West Java, Indonesia: PT. Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Krama Yudha Indonesia (MMKI) China: GAC Changfeng Motor
GAC Changfeng Motor
Co., Ltd. (GACCF) China: South East (Fujian) Motor Co., Ltd. (SEM) Kaluga, Russia: Peugeot Citroën Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Automotiv Rus (PCMA Rus), joint venture with PSA Peugeot Citroën Catalão, Brazil: MMC Automotores do Brasil Ltda[88][91][92]

Former production facilities

Tonsley Park, South Australia, Australia (1981-2008) Born, Netherlands: Netherlands Car B.V. (NedCar), shares sold in 2012. Normal, Illinois, United States: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors North America, Inc (MMNA). Opened in 1988, closed in 2015. Karawang, Indonesia: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Indonesia (MMI). Opened in 1988, closed in 2015. Barcelona, Anzoátegui, Venezuela: (MMC Automotriz S.A.)[93] Opened in 1990, sold to Venezuela Government 2015. [94]

Leadership[edit]

Yuji Sato (1970–73) Tomio Kubo (1973–79) Yoshitoshi Sone (1979–81) Masao Suzuki
Suzuki
(1981–83) Toyoo Tate (1983–89) Hirokazu Nakamura (1989–95) Nobuhisa Tsukamura (1995–96) Takemune Kimura (1996–97) Katsuhiko Kawasoe (1997–2000) Takashi Sonobe (2000–02) Rolf Eckrodt (2002–04) Yoichiro Okazaki (2004) Hideyasu Tagaya (2004–05) Osamu Masuko (2005–present)

Slogans[edit]

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選ぶのはあなたです (1973-1974, Roma-ji:Erabu no wa anatadesu, English: The choice is yours.) 技術と信頼の三菱 (1974-1975, Roma-ji:Gijutsu to Shinrai no Mitsubishi, English: Mitsubishi: Technology and Trust) 安全は人と車でつくるもの (1975-1978, Roma-ji:Anzen wa hito to kuruma de tsukuru mono, English: Safety comes from man and car together) 安全に走れ。それが一番早いのだ。 (1978-1980, Roma-ji:Anzen ni Hashire, sore ga ichiban hayai noda, English: Drive safely, it's the fastest way.) 燃費の差は技術の差 (1980-1981, Roma-ji:Nenpi no sa Gijutsu no sa, English: The Difference in Fuel Economy is the difference in Technology.) 燃費は技術 (1981-1982, Roma-ji:Nenpi wa giujutsu, English:Fuel Efficiency Technology) 未来をひらく技術と信頼 (1982-1984, Roma-ji:Mirai o hiraku gijutsu to shinrai, English: Technology and Trust Open up the future) Be Best for good Days いつもベストを (1985-1987, Roma-ji:Itsumo besuto o)

Sparkling Now (1985-1987)

新技術を、ときめきに。 New Motoring Wave (1987-1993, Roma-ji:Shingijutsu o, Tokimeki ni, English: From new Technology, to the Thrill) あなたと創る Creating Together (1993-1996, Roma-ji:Anata to Tsukuru) その差が、三菱。 (1996-1998, Roma-ji:Sono sa ga, Mitsubishi, English: The Different is, Mitsubishi) いいもの ながく (1998-2000, Roma-ji:Ī mono nagaku, English: Good Thing Forever) Heart-Beat Motors (2000-2005) クルマづくりの原点へ。 (2005-2008, Roma-ji:Kuruma dzukuri no genten e, English: The original spirit of Car Manufacturing) Drive @ earth (2008–present) Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors, Japanese Motorcar and Automobile
Automobile
Service (1992-1998) This is The Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Way (1994-1998) Experience The Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Way (1998-2001) Turn On Your Emotions (2002-2008) Driving With Style Courageus (2008-2015) Wake Up And Drive (2002-2004) Driven to Thrill (2005-2009) Quality in Motion (2013-2017) Brand New Day (2016-2017) Drive your Ambition (2018-present)

See also[edit]

Companies portal

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation Urawa Red Diamonds Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Mizushima F.C. Automotive industry
Automotive industry
in Japan

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External links[edit]

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Mitsubishi
Motors and Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
vehicles.

Official website

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Motors vehicles

Current vehicles

Cars

eK eK Space Grand Lancer i-MiEV Mirage Mirage G4 / Attrage Space Star Town Box

Pickup trucks

L200 / Hunter / Sportero / Strada / Triton Minicab

SUVs/Crossovers

Adventure ASX / RVR / Outlander Sport Eclipse Cross Montero / Pajero / Shogun Montero Sport / Nativa / Pajero Sport Outlander Outlander PHEV Type 73

Vans

Delica D:2 Delica D:3 Delica D:5 Lancer Cargo Minicab Minicab MiEV Xpander Zinger

Historic and discontinued vehicles

360 380 3000GT Airtrek Aspire (Galant) Aspire (Lancer) Bravo Carisma Cedia Celeste Challenger Champ Chariot Chariot Grandis Colt Colt Galant Colt Solar Cordia Cyclone Debonair Delica / Delica Cargo Diamante Dignity Dingo Dion Eclipse Emeraude Endeavor Eterna Eterna Λ (Lambda) Expo Expo LRV Express Forte Freeca FTO Fuzion G-Cab G-Wagon Galant Fortis Galant FTO Galant GTO Galant Λ (Lambda) Galant Galloper Grandis Grunder GTO i Jeep Jetstar Jolie Kuda L100 L300 L400 Lancer Celeste Lancer Fiore Lancer / Lancer Fortis Legnum Lettuce Libero Magna Magnum Maven Mighty Max Minica Mirage Dingo Montero iO Nativa Nimbus Pajero Evolution Pajero iO/TR4 Pajero Mini Pajero Junior Pajero Pinin Pinin Pistachio Precis Proudia Raider Rodeo RVR Sapporo Savrin Scorpion Shogun Sport Sigma Signo Space Runner Space Gear Space Wagon Space Star Starion Starwagon Storm Town Box Town Bee Toppo Tredia V3000 Van Verada Versa Virage VRG/VRM Wagon

Pre-MMC vehicles

500 Colt 600 Colt 800/1000F/1100F/11-F Colt 1000/1100/1200/1500 Go Henry J Jeep Leo Mizushima Model A Silver Pigeon

Concepts & prototypes

ASX Concept-CT MIEV Concept-cX Concept D-5 Concept-EZ MIEV Concept PX-MiEV Concept-Sportback Concept-X CZ2/CZ2 Cabriolet CZ3 Tarmac Eclipse Concept-E ESR Evolander FCV Field Guard Gaus Goku Shin Ka HSR HSX "i" Concept Lynx MAIA Maus MP-90X mR. 1000 mS. 1000 MUM500 Nessie Pajero Evo 2+2 Prototype-S PX33 Concept-RA RPM 7000 Se-Ro Space Liner Sport Truck Concept Concept-Sportback SSS SST SSU SSW SUP SUW Tarmac/Tarmac Spyder Technas TETRA Concept-X Concept-ZT

Motorsport

Galant VR-4 Lancer 1600 GSR Lancer Evolution Lancer WRC Pajero Evolution Racing Lancer Starion 4WD MiEV Evolution

A shareholding of Nissan

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Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors subsidiaries, affiliates & factories

Active

Plants

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Philippines
Philippines
(MMPC) Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors (Thailand) (MMTh)

Distributors

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Australia (MMAL) Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Europe (MME) Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors North America (MMNA)

Alliances

Global Engine Manufacturing Alliance
Global Engine Manufacturing Alliance
(GEMA) China Motor Corporation
China Motor Corporation
(CMC) Soueast Renault–Nissan– Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Alliance

Others

Ralliart

Defunct

Colt Car Company Diamond-Star Motors
Diamond-Star Motors
(DSM) Lonsdale Proton NedCar

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Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors technologies

Engines

List of engines — 2G1 2G2 3B2 3G8 3A9 4A3 4A9 4B1 4J1 4D5 4D6 4G1 4G3 4G4 4G5 4G6 4G8 4G9 4M4 4N1 6A1 6B3 6G3 6G7 8A8 KE Astron Cyclone V6 GEMA Neptune Orion Saturn Saturn 6 Sirius Vulcan

Platforms

GS platform MR platform PS platform Z platform

Technologies

ACD Active-Trac AWC AYC GDI INVECS M-ASTC MATT MIEV MIVEC Modulated Displacement RISE S-AWC Silent Shaft Smart Idling Super Select Twin Clutch SST Vertical Vortex (MVV)

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Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors automobile timeline, 1960–1979 — next »

Type 1960s 1970s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Kei sedan

Minica Minica 70-73 Minica F4 Minica 5 Minica Ami 55

Minica Skipper

Kei truck/Microvan

360 Van/Pickup Minica Van Minica 5 Van Minica 55 Van

Minicab Minicab EL Minicab W Minicab 5 Minicab Wide 55

Subcompact

500 Colt 600 Colt 800

Colt 1000F Colt 1100F/11-F

Compact

Colt 1000 Colt 1100 Colt 1200

Lancer Lancer EX

Colt 1500 (Colt) Galant Galant Galant Σ

Sports coupé

Galant FTO Lancer Celeste

Galant GTO Galant Λ

Executive

Debonair

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« previous — Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors automobile timeline, 1980s–present

Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Kei car
Kei car
/ City car Minica / Towny Minica / Towny Minica / Towny Minica / Towny Minica / Towny

i

i-MiEV

Pistachio eK eK eK

Minica Toppo Minica Toppo Toppo BJ

Toppo eK Space

Town Box

Town Box

Subcompact

Precis Precis

Colt A150

Mirage / Colt A150 Champ C10/C30

Mirage / Colt C10/C30 Mirage / Colt / Lancer (CA/CB) C50/C80/C60/C70 Mirage / Colt / Lancer Coupe (CC) CA/CC/CB/CD Mirage / Colt / Lancer Coupe (CE) CJ/CL/CK/CM

Mirage CJ/CL/CK/CM

Colt Mirage / Space Star

Lancer Fiore A150 Lancer Fiore C10/C30 Lancer Liftback (CA/CB/CC) C60/C70

Mirage G4 / Attrage

Lancer C60/C70 Lancer / Lancer (CC) CB/CD

Lancer CK/CM

Lancer / Lancer (CE) CK/CM Signo CK/CM

Lancer EX A170 Lancer CK/CM

Tredia

Compact Galant Σ Galant Σ E19A Lancer / Virage / Lancer Fortis / Cedia

Galant Σ / Eterna Σ / Sigma Galant Σ / Eterna Σ E17A

Lancer Cedia CS Lancer CS2A

Galant Σ / Eterna Σ E10 Galant E30

Lancer CS

Galant / Eterna / Eterna Sava E30 Galant E50/E70

Galant Fortis / Lancer

Galant / Eterna E50/E70

Galant Σ Hardtop / Eterna Σ Hardtop / Sapporo / Sigma E13A-E18A

Emeraude E50/E70

Carisma

Mid-size

Galant EA/EC

Galant EA/EC Galant

Grunder

380

Aspire

Diamante / Sigma Diamante

Magna / V3000 Magna / Verada / V3000 Magna / Verada

Full-size

Proudia

Proudia

Debonair Debonair Debonair Dignity

Dignity

Coupé

Mirage Asti CA Mirage Asti CJ

Celeste Cordia

Galant Λ / Sapporo

Eterna Λ / Scorpion

Sport compact

Evo I EvoII Evo III Evo IV EvoV Evo VI Evo VII Evo VIII Evo IX Lancer Evolution
Lancer Evolution
X

Galant VR-4 Galant VR-4 Galant VR-4

Eterna ZR-4

Sports car

Eclipse Eclipse Eclipse Eclipse

FTO

Starion GTO/3000GT GTO/3000GT GTO/3000GT

Station wagon
Station wagon
/ Estate

Mirage Wagon / Lancer Wagon C10/C30 Libero / Lancer Libero CB/CD

Lancer Cedia Wagon Lancer Wagon

Galant Wagon EA/EC

Galant Wagon EA/EC

Legnum / Galant Wagon EA/EC

Diamante Wagon / Sigma Wagon / Magna/V3000 Wagon Diamante Wagon / Sigma Wagon / Magna/V3000 Wagon

Mini MPV

Space Star

Dingo

Colt Plus

Delica D:2

Compact MPV

RVR RVR

Chariot / Nimbus / Space Wagon Chariot / Expo / Nimbus / Space Wagon

Dion

Delica D:3

Large MPV

Chariot Grandis / Nimbus / Savrin / Space Wagon Grandis / Space Wagon

Van Delica / Colt Solar / L300 Delica Star Wagon / L300 / Starwagon / Wagon Delica Space Gear / L400 / Space Gear / Starwagon Delica D:5

Compact crossover SUV

RVR / ASX

Mid-size crossover SUV

Airtrek/Outlander Outlander Outlander

Mini SUV

Pajero Mini Pajero Mini

Pajero Junior Pajero iO/ Pajero Pinin / Pajero TR4/Pinin

Mid-size SUV

Pajero / Montero / Pajero SFX Pajero / National Montero / Pajero Field Master / Pajero SFX

Full-size SUV

Pajero / Montero / Pajero SFX Pajero / Montero / Pajero Super Exceed

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Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
automobile timeline, North American market, 1980s–present

Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Subcompact

Precis

i-MiEV

i-MiEV

Mirage Mirage Mirage

Mirage

Mirage

Tredia

G4

Compact

Mirage Lancer Lancer

Galant Galant Galant

Sigma

Diamante

Mid-size

Galant Galant

Diamante

Sport compact

Cordia

Eclipse Eclipse Eclipse Eclipse

Lancer Evolution Lancer Evolution

Sports car

Starion 3000GT

Compact MPV

Expo LRV

Large MPV

Space Wagon Expo

Minivan

Vanwagon

Compact crossover

Outlander Sport / RVR

Eclipse Cross

Mid-size crossover

Outlander Outlander Outlander

Endeavor

Mid-size SUV

Montero Sport Montero Sport

Montero Sport

Full-size SUV

Montero Montero Montero Montero

Pickup

Mighty Max Mighty Max

Raider L200 L200

Vehicle is not available in the United States
United States
or Canada

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Automotive industry
Automotive industry
in Japan

Automotive industry
Automotive industry
in Japan Economy of Japan Transport in Japan

Companies

Vehicle producers

ASL Duesen Bayern Subaru
Subaru
Corporation

Blitzen Subaru

Honda

Acura

Isuzu Kawasaki

Kawasaki Motorcycle & Engine

Mazda

Amati Autozam Ẽfini Eunos M2 Xedos

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Group

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors (66%) Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Fuso (10.71%)

Mitsuoka Nissan

Cony Datsun Infiniti Kurogane Ohta Otomo Prince Shatai Tama

Suzuki

Hope

Toyota

Daihatsu Scion Lexus Hino WiLL

UD Trucks Yamaha

Shin Meiwa

Active Factories

Toyota
Toyota
Factories

Defunct Factories

-

Components

Aisin Seiki Akebono Brake Bridgestone Calsonic Kansei Clarion Denso Fujitsu
Fujitsu
Ten GS Yuasa Hitachi HKS IHI Corporation Jatco JECS JTEKT Kawasaki Kayaba Industry Mabuchi Motor Mikuni Mitsuba Corporation NGK NHK Spring Nidec Nisshinbo Nissin Kogyo NSK NTN Corporation Sumitomo Riko Sumitomo Rubber Industries Takata Corporation Tokico Topy Industries Toyo Tire & Rubber Company Toyota
Toyota
Boshoku Tsubakimoto Chain Yanmar Yazaki Corporation Yokohama Rubber Company Zexel

Motorsport and tuners

5Zigen A'PEXi Autech Blitz Car Make T&E Dome Enkei GReddy HKS Impul JUN Auto Kojima Mazdaspeed Mine's Mugen Motorsports Nismo Rauh-Welt Begriff Rays Engineering RE Amemiya RS Watanabe SARD Spoon Sports Subaru
Subaru
Tecnica International Tanabe

Speed Star Racing

Tein Toda Racing Tomei Tommykaira Top Secret TOM'S Toyota
Toyota
Racing Development Veilside WALD International WedsSport Yashio Factory

Services

Autobacs Seven Yanase Imported Cars

Related topics

Japan
Japan
Automobile
Automobile
Manufacturers Association Tokyo Motor Show Tokyo Auto Salon Used vehicle exporting J-NCAP National Highway Expressways

Category Portal Note: defunct companies and marques above are shown in italics

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Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Group

Members of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Kinyokai are bolded.

Foods and beverages

Kirin Holdings

Pulp, papers and fibers

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Paper Mills Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Rayon

Construction

P.S. Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Construction

Chemicals

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Chemical Holdings Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Chemical Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Gas Chemical Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Plastics Dai Nippon Toryo

Glass and ceramics

Asahi Glass

Petroleum and nuclear power

Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
Group Nippon Oil Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Nuclear Fuel

Steel

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Steel Mfg

Non-ferrous metals

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Materials Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Aluminum Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Cable Industries

Machinery

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Kakoki Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries Toyo Engineering Works

Automobiles

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Fuso Truck and Bus

Electrical equipment

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Electric

Precision equipment

Nikon Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Precision

Trading

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation Astomos Energy Ryoshoku

Finance

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Financial Group The Bank of Tokyo- Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Securities Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Trust and Banking Corporation MUFG Union Bank Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Auto Leasing Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ NICOS Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Lease & Finance

Insurance

Tokio Marine
Tokio Marine
Holdings Tokio Marine
Tokio Marine
Nichido Meiji Yasuda Life

Real estate

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Estate

Transport and warehousing

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Logistics Nippon Yusen Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Ore Transport

Information and communication

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Research Institute Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Space Software IT Frontier

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Zaibatsu Iwasaki Yataro Iwasaki family Kyu-Iwasaki-tei Gardens

v t e

Nissan
Nissan
Motor Company

Marques

Current Datsun Infiniti Nissan Venucia1 Defunct/Integrated Prince Kurogane Aichi Shatai Sold Nissan
Nissan
Diesel

Divisions and subsidiaries

Autech Infiniti Nismo Nissan
Nissan
Motor India Private Limited Nissan
Nissan
Motor Manufacturing UK

Joint ventures

Dongfeng Motor Co., Ltd.
Dongfeng Motor Co., Ltd.
(50%) Ghandhara Nissan Nissan
Nissan
Motor Indonesia Nissan
Nissan
Philippines Renault–Nissan– Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Alliance Tan Chong Motor

Shareholdings

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors (34%)

Current Datsun
Datsun
vehicles

redi-Go Go Go+ on-Do mi-Do

Current Nissan
Nissan
vehicles

Cars

370Z/Fairlady Z Altima/Teana Cima Dayz Fuga GT-R Lannia Latio/Versa Sedan/Almera/Sunny Leaf Livina/Grand Livina March/Micra Maxima Note/Versa Note Pulsar C12/Tiida Sentra/Sylphy/Pulsar B17 Skyline

Pickup Trucks

Clipper Truck D22 Frontier/Navara NP200 Patrol Cab Chassis Titan

SUVs/Crossovers

Armada Juke Kicks Murano Pathfinder Patrol Patrol Y61 Qashqai/Rogue Sport Rogue Terra Terrano X-Trail Xterra

Vans/Minivans

Caravan Cube Elgrand NV100 NV150 AD NV200/Evalia NV300 NV350 NV400 NV1500 NV2500 HD NV3500 HD Serena

Commercial trucks

NT100 Clipper NT400 Cabstar NT450 Atlas NT500

Buses

Civilian

Discontinued vehicles

DC-3 100NX 180SX 200SX B-210 240SX 240Z 280ZX 300C 300ZX 310 350Z 510 810 1200 Almera Tino Altra (EV) Aprio Auster Avenir Bassara Be-1 Bluebird Caball Cablight Cedric Cefiro Cherry Crew Datsun
Datsun
Truck Dualis Echo Expert Fairlady Figaro Gazelle Gloria Hardbody Truck Homy Hypermini Interstar Junior Kubistar Lafesta Largo Laurel Leopard Liberty Mistral Moco Multi Murano CrossCabriolet NX Paladin Pao Pino Pintara Platina Prairie Presage Presea Primastar Primera Prince Royal President Pulsar EXA Pulsar GTI-R Quest R390 GT1 R'nessa Rasheen Roadster-Road Star S-Cargo Saurus Saurus Jr Sileighty Silvia Skyline Crossover Skyline GT-R Stagea Stanza Terrano Terrano II Trade Vanette Violet Wingroad

Concept vehicles

126X 216X 240Z Concept 270X 300 Bambu 300 Seta 300XM 315-a AA-X Actic AD-1 AD-2 AL-X Alpha T Amenio AP-X AQ-X ARC-X AXY AZEAL Bevel BladeGlider Boga C-Note Chapeau Chappo Cocoon Compact Sport CONCEPT 2020 Vision Gran Turismo CQ-X Crossbow CUE-X Cypact Denki Cube Duad Dunehawk Effis Ellure Esflow ESV EV Guide II EV Truck Evalia Extrem FEV FEV-II Foria Forum Friend-ME Fusion Gobi GR-1 GR-2 Gripz Hi-Cross ideo IDS IDx IMx Intima Invitation Jikoo Judo Jura Kicks Kino KYXX Land Glider LEAF LUC-2 MID4 Mixim mm.e Moco Nails NCS NEO-X NRV-II Nuvu NV2500 NX-018 NX-21 Pivo Pivo 2 Pivo 3 Qazana Redigo Resonance Round Box Saurus Serenity Sport Concept Sport Sedan Stylish VI SUT Sway TeRRA Terranaut Tone Townpod Trailrunner TRI-X URGE UV-X Xmotion XIX XVL Yanya Z Concept Zaroot

Engines

Straight-3

HR UD

Straight-4

A BD C CA CD CG CR D E FJ G GA GB H HR J KA L LD MA MR NA QD QG QR SD SR TD UD YD Z ZD

Straight-6

FD H L LD P RB RD S20 SD TB TD UD

V

V6 VE VG VQ VR V8 UD VEJ30 VH VK VRH35 W64 Y V12 GRX-3 UD VRT35

Places

Nissan
Nissan
Engine Museum Nissan
Nissan
Proving Grounds Nissan
Nissan
Stadium (Nashville) Nissan
Nissan
Stadium (Yokohama)

Other

ATTESA CarWings dCi HICAS NAPS VVEL VVL Yokohama F. Marinos

1A brand of Dongfeng Motor Co., Ltd.

Category Commons

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Nikkei 225
Nikkei 225
companies of Japan

7&i Advantest ÆON AGC Ajinomoto Alps ANA Amada Aozora Bank Asahi Breweries Asahi Kasei Astellas Bridgestone Canon Casio Chiba Bank Chiyoda Chuden Chugai Citizen Comsys Concordia Financial Credit Saison Dai-ichi Life Daiichi Sankyo Daikin Dainippon Screen Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Daiwa House Daiwa Securities Denka Denso Dentsu DNP Dowa Ebara Eisai Fanuc Fast Retailing Fuji Electric Fuji Heavy Industries Fujifilm Fujikura Fujitsu Fukuoka Financial Furukawa Co., Ltd. Furukawa Electric GS Yuasa Heiwa Real Estate Hino Hitachi Hitachi
Hitachi
Construction Machinery Hitz Hokuetsu Paper Honda IHI INPEX Isetan-Mitsukoshi Isuzu Itochu JFE J. Front Retailing JGC JR Central JR East JR West JSW JT JTEKT JXTG Kajima KEPCO Kao Kawasaki KDDI Keio Keisei Kikkoman Kirin K Line Kobelco Komatsu Konami Konica Minolta Kubota Kuraray Kyocera Kyowa Hakko Kirin Marubeni Maruha Nichiro Marui Matsui Securities Mazda Meidensha Meiji Holdings MES Minebea Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Chemical Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Electric Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Estate Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Logistics Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Materials Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Mitsui
Mitsui
& Co. Mitsui
Mitsui
Chemicals Mitsui
Mitsui
Fudosan Mitsui
Mitsui
Kinzoku Mitsumi Electric Mizuho MOL MS&AD MUFG NEC NEG NGK Nichirei Nikon Nippon Express Nippon Kayaku Nippon Light Metal Nippon Ham Nippon Paper Industries Nippon Soda Nippon Suisan Nissan Nissan
Nissan
Chemical Nisshin Seifun Nisshin Steel Nisshinbo Nittobo Nitto Denko Sompo Japan
Japan
Nipponkoa Holdings Nomura NSG NSK NSSMC NTN NTT NTT Data NTT DoCoMo NYK Obayashi Odakyu Oji Holdings Corporation OKI Okuma Olympus Osaka Gas Pacific Metals Panasonic Pioneer Resona Ricoh Sapporo Holdings Secom Sekisui House Sharp Shimz Shin-Etsu Shinsei Bank Shionogi Shiseido Shizuoka Bank Showa Denko Showa Shell SKY Perfect JSAT SoftBank Sojitz Sony Sony
Sony
Financial SUMCO Sumitomo Chemical Sumitomo Corporation Sumitomo Electric Sumitomo Heavy Industries Sumitomo Metal Mining Sumitomo Mitsui
Mitsui
Financial Sumitomo Mitsui
Mitsui
Trust Sumitomo Osaka Cement Sumitomo Realty Suzuki T&D Taiheiyo Cement Taisei Taiyo Yuden Takara Takashimaya Takeda TDK Teijin TEPCO Terumo Tobu Toho Toho
Toho
Zinc Tokai Carbon Tokuyama Corporation Toyo Seikan Tokio Marine Tokyo Dome Tokyo Electron Tokyo Gas Tokyo Tatemono Tokyu Tokyu Land Toppan Toray Toshiba Tosoh Toto Toyobo Toyota Toyota
Toyota
Tsusho Trend Micro Ube Unitika Uny Yahoo! Japan Yamaha Yamato Transport Yasakawa Yokogawa Electr

.