Coordinates: 30°0′52.4″N 32°53′0.4″E / 30.014556°N
32.883444°E / 30.014556; 32.883444
This article is about the mountain pass. For the novel by Leon Uris,
Mitla Pass (novel). For the archeological site in Mexico, see
Mitla. For the alleged animal, see
Mitla Pass (Arabic: ممر متلة, Hebrew: מיתלה) is
a 480 meter-high, 32 km-long snaky pass in the Sinai of Egypt,
wedged between mountain ranges to the north and south, located about
50 km east of Suez. It is the monotonous ride through here and
Nekhel, a wilderness that provides the shortest route between Nuweiba
and Cairo. Buses carrying tourist to Mount Sinai, St. Catherine's
Feiran Oasis travel through here.
Mitla Pass is a site of major battles between the militaries of Egypt
Israel during the wars of 1956, 1967, and 1973. During the last of
these, on October 14, 1973, the Egyptians tried to reach the pass with
elements of their Fourth Armored Division, but their offensive was
halted by IDF armor and air power. Figures of Egyptian tank losses
vary with the source consulted. The Two O'Clock War gives the Israeli
figure but the Egyptian one is lower.
Mitla incident during the
During the Israeli invasion of
Egypt in the
Suez War of 1956 the pass
was captured by the 202nd Brigade of the Israeli army, commanded by
Ariel Sharon, without the approval of the Israeli leadership. Sharon
faced elements of the Egyptian 2nd Brigade, which had prepared an
ambush within the pass. Egyptians pinned down such famous Israelis as
Mordechai Gur and Uri Dan under fire throughout the afternoon of
October 31, 1956.
Aharon Davidi and
Rafael Eitan sent in two companies
to clear Egyptians from both sides of the pass between 6:00pm and
9:00pm that evening. Israelis suffered 40 casualties and about 120
wounded, while Egyptians had 260 dead. Sharon was criticized for
this. See Ariel Sharon:
^ Richardson, Dan (2013). Sinai Rough Guides Snapshot
Sharm el-Sheikh, Na'ama Bay, Ras Mohammed, Dahab,
Mount Sinai and St
Catherine's Monastery). Penguin. ISBN 9781409336174. Retrieved 1
^ Richardson, Dan (2003). Egypt. Rough Guides.
ISBN 9781843530503. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
^ a b Bar-On, Mordechai (June 26, 2012). Moshe Dayan: Israel's
Controversial Hero. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300183252.
Retrieved 1 November 2016.
Walter J. Boyne
Walter J. Boyne (2002). The Two O'Clock War: The 1973 Yom Kippur
Conflict and the Airlift That Saved Israel. Thomas Dunne Books.