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The MITLA PASS (Arabic : ممر متلة‎, Hebrew : מיתלה‎‎) is a 480 meter-high, 32 km-long snaky pass in the Sinai of Egypt
Egypt
, wedged between mountain ranges to the north and south, located about 50 km east of Suez
Suez
. It is the monotonous ride through here and Nekhel
Nekhel
, a wilderness that provides the shortest route between Nuweiba
Nuweiba
and Cairo
Cairo
. Buses carrying tourist to Mount Sinai , St. Catherine\'s Monastery , and Feiran Oasis
Feiran Oasis
travel through here.

Mitla
Mitla
Pass is a site of major battles between the militaries of Egypt and Israel
Israel
during the wars of 1956 , 1967 , and 1973 . During the last of these, on October 14, 1973, the Egyptians tried to reach the pass with elements of their Fourth Armored Division, but their offensive was halted by IDF armor and air power. Figures of Egyptian tank losses vary with the source consulted. The Two O'Clock War gives the Israeli figure but the Egyptian one is lower.

MITLA INCIDENT DURING THE SUEZ WAR

During the Israeli invasion of Egypt
Egypt
in the Suez
Suez
War of 1956 the pass was captured by the 202nd Brigade of the Israeli army, commanded by Ariel Sharon
Ariel Sharon
, without the approval of the Israeli leadership. Sharon faced elements of the Egyptian 2nd Brigade, which had prepared an ambush within the pass. Egyptians pinned down such famous Israelis as Mordechai Gur and Uri Dan under fire throughout the afternoon of October 31, 1956. Aharon Davidi and Rafael Eitan
Rafael Eitan
sent in two companies to clear Egyptians from both sides of the pass between 6:00pm and 9:00pm that evening. Israelis suffered 40 casualties and about 120 wounded, while Egyptians had 260 dead. Sharon was criticized for this. See Ariel Sharon: