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Mitcham is a district in south west London, located within the London Borough of Merton. It is centred 7.2 miles (11.6 km) south-west of Charing Cross. A suburban area, Mitcham is located on the border of Inner London
London
and Outer London, and is in the historic county of Surrey. It is both residentially and financially developed and served by train, bus and tram routes. Localities within Mitcham include Mitcham Town Centre and Mitcham Common. Amenities include Mitcham Library and Mitcham Cricket Green. Nearby districts include Wimbledon, Streatham, Croydon, Tooting, Morden
Morden
and Sutton. Mitcham itself had a population of 63,393 which includes the electoral wards of Cricket Green, Figges Marsh, Graveney, Lavender
Lavender
Fields, Longthornton and Pollards Hill
Pollards Hill
in 2011[2] but its urban area had a population of 103,298.

Contents

1 Location 2 History 3 Open Space 4 Notable buildings 5 Notable residents 6 Demography 7 Transport and locale

7.1 Bus 7.2 Coach

8 Footnotes 9 References 10 External links

Location[edit] Mitcham is in the east of the London Borough of Merton
London Borough of Merton
and is bounded by the London
London
Borough of Wandsworth, the London
London
Borough of Croydon, the London
London
Borough of Lambeth
Lambeth
and the London
London
Borough of Sutton. Mitcham is close to Wimbledon, Croydon, Streatham
Streatham
and Tooting. The River Wandle
River Wandle
bounds the town to the southwest. The original village lies in the west, although expansion has pushed the eastern boundary the furthest. Mitcham Common
Mitcham Common
takes up the greater part of the boundary and area to the south. History[edit]

Mitcham Parish Church, Church Road, Mitcham dates in part from the Saxon era.

The toponym "Mitcham" is Old English
Old English
in origin and means big settlement. Before the Romans and Saxons
Saxons
were present, there was a Celtic settlement in the area, with evidence of a hill fort in the Pollards Hill
Pollards Hill
area. The discovery of Roman-era graves and a well on the site of the Mitcham gas works evince Roman settlement. The Saxon graveyard, located on the North bank of the Wandle is the largest discovered to date, and many of the finds therein are on display in the British Museum. Scholars such as Myres have suggested that Mitcham and other Thames Valley settlements were some of the first populated by the Anglo-Saxons. The area is a possible location for the Battle of Merton, 871, in which King Ethelred of Wessex
Ethelred of Wessex
was either mortally wounded or killed outright. The Church of England
England
parish church of St Peter and St Paul dates from the Saxon era. Although it was mostly rebuilt in 1819–21, the current building retains the original Saxon tower. The Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of 1086 lists Mitcham as a small farming community, with 250 people living in two hamlets; Mitcham, an area known today as Upper Mitcham; and Whitford, today known as the Lower Green area. The area lay within the Anglo-Saxon administrative division of Wallington hundred. The Domesday Book
Domesday Book
records Mitcham as Michelham. It was held partly by the Canons of Bayeux; partly by William, son of Ansculf and partly by Osbert.[3] Its domesday assets were: 8 hides and 1 virgate. It had ½ mill worth £1, 3½ ploughs, 56 acres (23 ha) of meadow. It rendered £4 5s 4d. During her reign Queen Elizabeth I made at least five visits to the area. John Donne
John Donne
and Sir Walter Raleigh
Walter Raleigh
also had residences here in this era. It was at this time that Mitcham became gentrified, as due to the abundance of lavender fields Mitcham became renowned for its soothing air. The air also led people to settle in the area during times of plague. When industrialisation occurred, Mitcham quickly grew to become a town and most of the farms were swallowed up in the expansion. Remnants of this farming history today include: Mitcham Common
Mitcham Common
itself; Arthur's Pond, sited on the corner of Watney's Road and Commonside East, and named for a local farmer; Alfred Mizen School (Now named Garden Primary), named after a local nursery man who was very charitable towards the burgeoning town; and the road New Barnes Avenue, which was named after the farm that stood on that site.

Potter & Moore aftershave, made with Mitcham lavender

There were many lavender fields in Mitcham, and peppermint and lavender oils were also distilled. In 1749 two local physic gardeners, John Potter and William Moore, founded a company to make and market toiletries made from locally-grown herbs and flowers.[4] Lavender features on Merton Council's coat of arms and the badge of the local football team, Tooting
Tooting
& Mitcham United F.C., as well as in the name of a local council ward, Lavender
Lavender
Field. Mitcham was industrialised first along the banks of the Wandle, where snuff, copper, flour, iron and dye were all worked. Mitcham, along with nearby Merton Abbey, became the calico cloth printing centres of England
England
by 1750. Asprey, suppliers of luxury goods made from various materials, was founded in Mitcham as a silk-printing business in 1781. William Morris
William Morris
opened a factory on the River Wandle
River Wandle
at Merton Abbey. Merton Abbey Mills
Merton Abbey Mills
were the Liberty silk-printing works. It is now a craft village and its waterwheel has been preserved. The activity along the Wandle led to the building of the Surrey
Surrey
Iron Railway, the World's first public railway, in 1803. The decline and failure of the railway in the 1840s also heralded a change in industry, as horticulture gradually gave way to manufacturing, with paint, varnish, linoleum and firework manufacturers moving into the area. The work provided and migratory patterns eventually resulted in a doubling of the population between the years 1900 and 1910. Mitcham became a borough on 19 September 1934 with the charter of incorporation being presented to the 84-year-old mayor, Mr. R.M. Chart, by the Lord Lieutenant
Lord Lieutenant
of Surrey, Lord Ashcombe.[5]

Mitcham's population

19th Century 20th Century

1801 3,466 1901 14,903

1811 4,175 1911 29,606

1821 4,453 1921 35,119

1831 4,387 1931 56,859

1841 4,532 1941¹ war

1851 4,641 1951 67,269

1861 5,078 1961 63,690

1871 6,498 1971 60,608

1881 8,960 1981 57,158

1891 12,127 1991² n/a

no census was held due to war census data no longer relates to parish boundaries

source: UK census

Social housing schemes in the 1930s included New Close, aimed at housing people made homeless by a factory explosion in 1933 and Sunshine Way, for housing the poor from inner London.[citation needed] This industry made Mitcham a target for German bombing during World War II. During this time Mitcham also returned to its agricultural roots, with Mitcham Common
Mitcham Common
being farmed to help with the war effort.[citation needed] From 1929 the electronics company Mullard
Mullard
had a factory on New Road.[citation needed] Post war, the areas of Eastfields, Phipps Bridge and Pollards Hill were rebuilt to provide cheaper more affordable housing.[citation needed] The largest council housing project in Mitcham is Phipps Bridge estate.[citation needed] Further expansion of the housing estates in Eastfields, Phipps Bridge and Pollards Hill
Pollards Hill
occurred after 1965. In Mitcham Cricket Green, the area lays reasonable, although not definitive, claim to having the world's oldest cricket ground in continual use, and the world's oldest club in Mitcham Cricket Club.[citation needed] The ground is also notable for having a road separate the pavilion from the pitch.[citation needed] Local folklore also claims Mitcham has the oldest fair in England, believing it to have been granted a charter by Queen Elizabeth I, although this claim has not been proven.[citation needed]

Literature

Mitcham is referred to in a rhyme dating back to the 18th century. The rhyme was revised in the Victorian era as:

“ Sutton for good mutton; Cheam
Cheam
for juicy beef; Croydon
Croydon
for a pretty girl And Mitcham for a thief.[6]

Open Space[edit] Main article: Mitcham Common

Pond on Mitcham Common.

Mitcham is home to a large area (460 acres) of South London's open green space in the form of Mitcham Common. There are several ponds and a few buildings on the Common. The Seven Islands pond is the largest of all the ponds, and was created as the result of gravel extraction during the 19th century.[citation needed] The most recent, Bidder's pond, was created in 1990 and named for George Parker Bidder. Notable buildings[edit]

Old Mitcham Station

Mitcham Library, London
London
Rd

Mitcham Methodist Church

St Barnabas Church

The White House, Mitcham

The Burn Bullock

The Canons. House originally built in 1680; it was the home of the family Cranmer until it was sold to the local council in 1939. The name originates from an Augustinian priory that was given this site in the 12th Century. The pond next to which it is located and the dovecote both predate the house.[7] Eagle House, built in 1705. Eagle House is a Queen Anne house built in the Dutch style on land formerly owned by Sir Walter Raleigh. It is on London
London
Road, Mitcham, the grounds forming a triangle bounded by London Road, Bond Road and Western Road. The building was commissioned by the marrano doctor Fernando Mendes (1647–1724), former physician to King Charles II. Mitcham Common
Mitcham Common
Windmill, a post mill dating from 1806. Old Mitcham Station, on the Surrey
Surrey
Iron
Iron
Railway route. Now called Station Court, the building was a former merchant's home and is possibly the oldest station in the world. The Tate Almshouses, built in 1829 to provide for the poor by Mary Tate. The Watermead Fishing Cottages. Vestry Hall, the annex of which now houses the Wandle Industrial Museum. Mitcham Public Library, built in 1933. Elm Lodge, 1808. This listed Regency house was occupied by Dr. Parrott, a village doctor, in the early 19th century, and for a short time by the artist, Sir William Nicholson. The curved canopy over the entrance door is a typical feature of this period.[citation needed] Mitcham Court. The centre portion, first known as Elm Court, was built in 1840, the wings later. Caesar Czarnikow, a sugar merchant, lived here circa 1865–86 and presented the village with a new horse-drawn fire engine. Sir Harry Mallaby-Deeley, M.P., conveyed the house to the borough in the mid-1930s. The Ionic columned porch and the ironwork on the ground floor windows are notable features. Renshaw's factory, a marzipan factory, founded in 1898 in the City and thus one of the earliest in the country, which came to Mitcham in 1924.[citation needed] It was on Locks Lane until 1991, when the company moved its operations to Liverpool. The factory was featured in three 1950s British Pathe News
Pathe News
shorts. The building has lent its name to the area where it stood, Renshaw Corner. Poulters Park, Home to Mitcham Rugby Union Football Club Imperial Fields, Tooting
Tooting
& Mitcham United F.C.'s home ground. Mitcham Methodist Church was designed by the architect Edward Mills (1915–1998), and built in 1958-9. Regarded as the best surviving work by the most successful Nonconformist architect of the period. A radical and inspiring building that was forwarded by the 20th Century Society for listing as it was under threat. Grade II listed on 5 March 2010.[8] St Barnabas church, Gorringe Park Avenue, Mitcham. Built in the gothic style, on 17 May 1913 the foundation stone of the church building was laid, and on 14 November 1914 the church was consecrated - by the bishop of Southwark. The architect was HP Burke-Downing. The building is still in use as an Anglican church. Both the church itself and the adjacent parish hall are Grade II listed. The White House, Mitcham on which the wall plaque says: "This 18th Century house was renovated in the Regency style in 1826 by Dr.A.C.Bartley, a village doctor, whose daughter wrote reminiscences of old Mitcham. The house remained in his family until 1919. Fluted Greek Doric columns support a slightly altered porch with a bowed front." Grade II listed. The Burn Bullock
Burn Bullock
Public House, London
London
Road, Mitcham is a three-storey Grade II listed building originally called the King's Head Hotel. The front of the building dates from the 18th century whilst its wing dates from the 16th and 17th centuries.[9] It is named after a well known, former cricket player from the locality.[10]

Notable residents[edit]

Jo Brand
Jo Brand
in 1994

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Jo Brand
Jo Brand
– comedian Steve Brookstein – winner of The X Factor Roy Budd – jazz musician John Donne
John Donne
– Jacobean poet M.I.A. – singer, songwriter and rapper Master Shortie – MC Michael Fielding The Mighty Boosh
The Mighty Boosh
comedian Noel Fielding
Noel Fielding
The Mighty Boosh
The Mighty Boosh
comedian Mike Fillery – footballer David Gibson – cricketer Florence Harmer - historian Neil Howlett – opera singer Maxwell Knight – spymaster Chris Powell
Chris Powell
– manager of League One football club Southend United and former footballer Annie Ross – jazz singer Shane Smeltz
Shane Smeltz
New Zealand
New Zealand
footballer Alex Stepney
Alex Stepney
– former Manchester United footballer and 1968 European Cup winner Herbert Strudwick
Herbert Strudwick
– cricket wicket-keeper John Mosely Turner – supercentenarian Slick Rick
Slick Rick
- East coast Rapper who was born in Surrey
Surrey
then moved to the U.S at the age of 11 William Allison White
William Allison White
– recipient of the Victoria Cross Faryadi Sarwar Zardad – Afghan warlord; later tried for war crimes, convicted and imprisoned Jill Gascoine – actress - married to actor Alfred Molina
Alfred Molina
and starred in The Gentle Touch. Lived in Caithness Road, Mitcham

Demography[edit]

Mitcham and Morden
Morden
( Westminster
Westminster
Parliamentary Constituency)

Population - 103,298[1]

Ethnic Group[11]

White

British - 40,608, Irish - 1,840, Gypsy or Irish Traveller - 161, Other White - 12,899

Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups

White and Black Caribbean - 1,862, White and Black African - 856, White and Asian - 1,163, Other Mixed - 1,444

Asian

Indian - 4,536, Pakistani - 5,054, Bangladeshi - 1,484, Chinese - 1,169, Other Asian - 10,194

Black/African/Caribbean

African - 9,036, Caribbean - 7,029, Other Black - 1,912

Other Ethnic Group

Arab - 670, Other ethnic group - 1,381

Religion[12]

Christian - 57,665 No Religion - 17,677, Religion Not Stated - 6,887 Muslim - 11,046 Hindu - 8,400

Buddhist - 862, Sikh - 252, Jewish - 147, Other Religion - 362

Gender[13]

Female: 52,237 Male: 51,061

Transport and locale[edit]

Mitcham is on the Croydon
Croydon
Tramlink
Tramlink
providing easy access to Wimbledon as well as Croydon

Mitcham is served by two train stations, Mitcham Junction and Mitcham Eastfields. Mitcham Eastfields is the first suburban station to be built in 50 years in the area.[citation needed] Both stations are served by Southern and Thameslink with direct trains to London Victoria, London
London
Bridge (peaks only), Blackfriars, City Thameslink, St Pancras railway station for the Central London
London
stations, as well as direct links by train to St Albans, Bedford
Bedford
and Luton airport
Luton airport
north of London
London
and Epsom, Horsham
Horsham
and Dorking
Dorking
south of London.[clarification needed] Trains on the Thameslink route from Central London
London
continue on the loop via Sutton and Wimbledon back towards Central London. London Tramlink
Tramlink
also serves Mitcham with 4 stops in the area; Mitcham Junction, Mitcham, Belgrave Walk & Phipps Bridge. Trams provide a direct service to Wimbledon, Croydon
Croydon
and New Addinton from Mitcham and also Beckenham
Beckenham
Junction and Elmers End
Elmers End
with a change at Croydon. Bus[edit] Bus services operated by London
London
Buses are available from Mitcham. These include night buses to Aldwych
Aldwych
and Liverpool
Liverpool
Street in central London. Coach[edit] National Express services 024 London
London
Victoria to Eastbourne, 025 London
London
Victoria to Brighton and Worthing via Gatwick Airport, 026 London
London
Victoria to Bognor Regis and A3 London
London
Victoria to Gatwick Airport hourly shuttle all stop at Mitcham (Downe Road/Mitcham Library bus stop)[citation needed]

Neighbouring areas

Colliers Wood
Colliers Wood
& Wimbledon Tooting Streatham

Morden

Mitcham

Pollards Hill, Norbury
Norbury
& Thornton Heath

Sutton & Rose Hill Hackbridge Beddington
Beddington
& Croydon

Footnotes[edit]

"Merry Making at Mitcham". Wayback Machine. The University of Sheffield's National Fairground Archive. Archived from the original on 21 December 2004.  "Making Merton". Merton Council. Archived from the original on 26 April 2009.  "A Brief History of Merton by John Precedo: Part 1 - Romans to the Norman Conquest". Wayback Machine. Tooting
Tooting
Community Website. Archived from the original on 13 April 2005.  Eric Norman Montague (1976). The 'Canons' Mitcham. Merton Historical Society. ISBN 0-9501488-3-0.  Eric Norman Montague (2001). North Mitcham. Merton Historical Society. ISBN 1-903899-07-9.  Eric Norman Montague (1996). The Historic River Wandle: Phipps Bridge to Morden
Morden
Hall. Merton Historical Society. ISBN 0-905174-25-9. 

References[edit]

^ a b "Population Density, 2011". Area: Mitcham and Morden ( Westminster
Westminster
Parliamentary Constituency). Office for National Statistics.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-09.  ^ "Surrey". The Domesday Book
Domesday Book
online - Surrey.  ^ "Potter and Moore - An Introduction". Potter & Moore.  ^ Daily Mirror
Daily Mirror
page 13, 19 September 1934 ^ "Chapter XIV: Local Allusions to Women". sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 5 December 2013.  ^ "The Canons, Mitcham: Dovecote - Merton Memories Photographic Archive". photoarchive.merton.gov.uk. Retrieved 2016-01-26.  ^ "Mitcham Methodist Church, exterior (E. Mills)". Flickr.  ^ "British Listed Buildings: Burn Bullock
Burn Bullock
Public House, Merton". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk.  ^ "Burn Bullock, Mitcham, Surrey". ukpubfinder.com.  ^ "Ethnic Group, 2011". Area: Mitcham and Morden
Morden
(Westminster Parliamentary Constituency). Office for National Statistics.  ^ "Religion, 2011". Area: Mitcham and Morden
Morden
(Westminster Parliamentary Constituency). Office for National Statistics.  ^ "Se, 2011". Area: Mitcham and Morden
Morden
( Westminster
Westminster
Parliamentary Constituency). Office for National Statistics. 

External links[edit]

Merton Borough Council

v t e

London
London
Borough of Merton

Districts

Bushey Mead Cannon Hill Colliers Wood Copse Hill Cottenham Park Crooked Billet Lower Morden Merton Merton Abbey Merton Park Mitcham Morden Morden
Morden
Park Motspur Park New Malden Norbury Pollards Hill Raynes Park St Helier South Wimbledon Streatham
Streatham
Vale Summerstown West Barnes Wimbledon Wimbledon Park

Attractions

All England
England
Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club Merton Abbey Mills Merton Priory Museum of Wimbledon New Wimbledon Theatre Southside House Wandle Industrial Museum Wandle Trail Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Museum Wimbledon Stadium Wimbledon Theatre Wimbledon Windmill

Parks and open spaces

Cannizaro Park Cannon Hill Common Lavender
Lavender
Park Mitcham Common Morden
Morden
Hall Park Ravensbury Park Wimbledon Common Wimbledon Park

Constituencies

Mitcham and Morden Wimbledon

Tube, rail stations and tram stops

Belgrave Walk Colliers Wood Dundonald Road Haydons Road Merton Park Mitcham Mitcham Eastfields Mitcham Junction Morden Morden
Morden
South Morden
Morden
Road Motspur Park Phipps Bridge Raynes Park St Helier South Merton South Wimbledon Tooting Wimbledon Wimbledon Chase Wimbledon Park

Other topics

Council Grade I and II* listed buildings Parks and open spaces People Public art Schools

v t e

Areas of London

Central activities zone

Bloomsbury City of London
London
wards Holborn Marylebone Mayfair Paddington Pimlico Soho Southwark Vauxhall Waterloo Westminster

Town centre network

International

Belgravia Knightsbridge West End

Metropolitan

Bromley Croydon Ealing Harrow Hounslow Ilford Kingston Romford Shepherd's Bush Stratford Sutton Uxbridge Wood Green

Major

Angel Barking Bexleyheath Brixton Camden Town Canary Wharf Catford Chiswick Clapham
Clapham
Junction Dalston East Ham Edgware Eltham Enfield Town Fulham Hammersmith Holloway Nags Head Kensington High Street Kilburn King's Road
King's Road
East Lewisham Orpington Peckham Putney Queensway/Westbourne Grove Richmond Southall Streatham Tooting Walthamstow Wandsworth Wembley Whitechapel Wimbledon Woolwich

Districts (principal)

Acton Beckenham Bethnal Green Brentford Camberwell Canada Water Carshalton Chadwell Heath Chingford Clapham Crystal Palace Coulsdon Cricklewood Dagenham Deptford Dulwich Edmonton Elephant and Castle Erith Feltham Finchley Forest Gate Forest Hill Golders Green Greenwich Harlesden Hampstead Harringay Hayes (Hillingdon) Hendon Hornchurch Kentish Town Leyton Mill Hill Mitcham Morden Muswell Hill New Cross New Malden Northwood Notting Hill Penge Pinner Purley Ruislip Sidcup Southgate South Norwood Stanmore Stoke Newington Surbiton Sydenham Teddington Thamesmead Tolworth Tulse Hill Twickenham Upminster Upper Norwood Wanstead Wealdstone Welling West Ham West Hampstead West Norwood Willesden
Willesden
Green Woodford

Neighbourhoods (principal)

Abbey Wood Alperton Anerley Barnes Barnsbury Battersea Beckton Bedford
Bedford
Park Bermondsey Bow Brent Cross Brockley Canonbury Charlton Chelsea Chessington Chipping Barnet Chislehurst Clerkenwell Elmers End Gidea Park Greenford Gunnersbury Hackbridge Hackney Ham Hampton Hanwell Hanworth Harold Wood Highams Park Highbury Highgate Hillingdon Hook Holloway Hoxton Ickenham Isle of Dogs Isleworth Islington Kensal Green Kew Lambeth Manor Park Mortlake Neasden Northolt Nunhead Plaistow (Newham) Poplar Roehampton Rotherhithe Seven Kings Seven Sisters Shoreditch Stamford Hill Stepney St Helier Surrey
Surrey
Quays Tottenham Upper Clapton Walworth Wapping West Drayton Worcester Park Yiewsley

Lists of areas by borough

Barking
Barking
and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Fictional

Canley (borough) (The Bill: TV soap) Charnham (suburb) (Family Affairs: TV soap) Gasforth (town) (The Thin Blue Line: TV series) London
London
Below (magical realm) (Neverwhere: TV series, novel) Walford
Walford
(borough) (EastEnders: TV soap)

The London
London
Plan 2011, Annex Two: London's Town Centre Network – Greater London
Greater London
Authority

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 125567

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