MITCHAM is a district in south west
London , located within the
London Borough of Merton . It is centred 7.2 miles (11.6 km)
Charing Cross . A suburban area, Mitcham is located on
the border of Inner
London and Outer
London , and was historically in
the county of
Surrey . It is both residentially and financially
developed and served by train, bus and tram routes. Localities within
Mitcham include Mitcham Town Centre and
Mitcham Common . Amenities
Mitcham Library and
Mitcham Cricket Green . Nearby districts
include Wimbledon ,
Morden and Sutton
. Mitcham itself had a population of 63,393 which includes the
electrol wards of Cricket Green, Figges Marsh, Graveney, Lavender
Fields, Longthornton and
Pollards Hill in 2011 but its urban area
had a population of 103,298.
* 1 Location
* 2 History
* 3 Open Space
* 4 Notable buildings
* 5 Notable residents
* 6 Demography
* 7 Transport and locale
* 7.1 Bus
* 7.2 Coach
* 8 Footnotes
* 9 References
* 10 External links
Mitcham is in the east of the
London Borough of Merton and is bounded
London Borough of
Wandsworth , the
London Borough of
London Borough of
Lambeth and the
London Borough of Sutton .
Mitcham is close to Wimbledon ,
Tooting . The
River Wandle bounds the town to the southwest. The original village
lies in the west, although expansion has pushed the eastern boundary
Mitcham Common takes up the greater part of the boundary
and area to the south.
Mitcham Parish Church, Church Road, Mitcham dates in part from
the Saxon era.
The toponym "Mitcham" is
Old English in origin and means big
settlement. Before the Romans and
Saxons were present, there was a
Celtic settlement in the area, with evidence of a hill fort in the
Pollards Hill area. The discovery of Roman-era graves and a well on
the site of the Mitcham gas works evince Roman settlement. The Saxon
graveyard, located on the North bank of the Wandle is the largest
discovered to date, and many of the finds therein are on display in
British Museum . Scholars such as Myres have suggested that
Mitcham and other Thames Valley settlements were some of the first
populated by the Anglo-
Saxons . The area is a possible location for
Battle of Merton , 871, in which King
Ethelred of Wessex was
either mortally wounded or killed outright. The Church of England
parish church of St Peter and St Paul dates from the Saxon era.
Although it was mostly rebuilt in 1819–21, the current building
retains the original Saxon tower. The
Domesday Book of 1086 lists
Mitcham as a small farming community, with 250 people living in two
hamlets ; Mitcham, an area known today as Upper Mitcham; and Whitford,
today known as the Lower Green area.
The area lay within the Anglo-Saxon administrative division of
Wallington hundred .
Domesday Book records Mitcham as Michelham. It was held partly by
the Canons of
Bayeux ; partly by William, son of Ansculf and partly by
Osbert. Its domesday assets were: 8 hides and 1 virgate . It had ½
mill worth £1, 3½ ploughs , 56 acres (23 ha) of meadow . It rendered
£4 5s 4d.
During her reign Queen Elizabeth I made at least five visits to the
John Donne and Sir
Walter Raleigh also had residences here in
this era. It was at this time that Mitcham became gentrified, as due
to the abundance of lavender fields Mitcham became renowned for its
soothing air. The air also led people to settle in the area during
times of plague .
When industrialisation occurred, Mitcham quickly grew to become a
town and most of the farms were swallowed up in the expansion.
Remnants of this farming history today include:
Mitcham Common itself;
Arthur's Pond, sited on the corner of Watney's Road and Commonside
East, and named for a local farmer; Alfred Mizen School (Now named
Garden Primary), named after a local nursery man who was very
charitable towards the burgeoning town; and the road New Barnes
Avenue, which was named after the farm that stood on that site.
Potter & Moore aftershave, made with Mitcham lavender
There were many lavender fields in Mitcham, and peppermint and
lavender oils were also distilled . In 1749 two local physic gardeners
, John Potter and William Moore, founded a company to make and market
toiletries made from locally-grown herbs and flowers. Lavender
features on Merton Council's coat of arms and the badge of the local
Tooting "> This industry made Mitcham a target for
German bombing during
World War II
World War II . During this time Mitcham also
returned to its agricultural roots, with
Mitcham Common being farmed
to help with the war effort.
From 1929 the electronics company
Mullard had a factory on New Road.
Post war, the areas of
Eastfields , Phipps Bridge and Pollards Hill
were rebuilt to provide cheaper more affordable housing. The largest
council housing project in Mitcham is Phipps Bridge estate. Further
expansion of the housing estates in Eastfields, Phipps Bridge and
Pollards Hill occurred after 1965. In Mitcham Cricket Green, the area
lays reasonable, although not definitive, claim to having the world's
oldest cricket ground in continual use, and the world's oldest club in
Mitcham Cricket Club . The ground is also notable for having a road
separate the pavilion from the pitch. Local folklore also claims
Mitcham has the oldest fair in England, believing it to have been
granted a charter by Queen Elizabeth I, although this claim has not
been proven. Literature
Mitcham is referred to in a rhyme dating back to the 18th century.
The rhyme was revised in the Victorian era as:
Sutton for good mutton;
Cheam for juicy beef;
Croydon for a pretty girl
And Mitcham for a thief. ”
Mitcham Common Pond on Mitcham Common.
Mitcham is home to a large area (460 acres) of South London's open
green space in the form of
Mitcham Common . There are several ponds
and a few buildings on the Common.
The Seven Islands pond is the largest of all the ponds, and was
created as the result of gravel extraction during the 19th century.
The most recent, Bidder's pond, was created in 1990 and named for
George Parker Bidder .
Old Mitcham Station Mitcham Library,
Mitcham Methodist Church St Barnabas Church The White
House, Mitcham The
* The Canons. House originally built in 1680; it was the home of the
family Cranmer until it was sold to the local council in 1939. The
name originates from an Augustinian priory that was given this site in
the 12th Century. The pond next to which it is located and the
dovecote both predate the house.
* Eagle House , built in 1705. Eagle House is a Queen Anne house
built in the Dutch style on land formerly owned by Sir Walter Raleigh.
It is on
London Road, Mitcham, the grounds forming a triangle bounded
London Road, Bond Road and Western Road. The building was
commissioned by the marrano doctor Fernando Mendes (1647–1724),
former physician to King Charles II.
Mitcham Common Windmill, a post mill dating from 1806.
* Old Mitcham Station, on the
Iron Railway route. Now called
Station Court, the building was a former merchant's home and is
possibly the oldest station in the world.
* The Tate Almshouses , built in 1829 to provide for the poor by
* The Watermead Fishing Cottages.
* Vestry Hall, the annex of which now houses the Wandle Industrial
* Mitcham Public Library , built in 1933.
* Elm Lodge, 1808. This listed Regency house was occupied by Dr.
Parrott, a village doctor, in the early 19th century, and for a short
time by the artist,
Sir William Nicholson . The curved canopy over the
entrance door is a typical feature of this period.
* Mitcham Court. The centre portion, first known as Elm Court, was
built in 1840, the wings later. Caesar Czarnikow, a sugar merchant,
lived here circa 1865–86 and presented the village with a new
horse-drawn fire engine. Sir
Harry Mallaby-Deeley , M.P., conveyed the
house to the borough in the mid-1930s. The Ionic columned porch and
the ironwork on the ground floor windows are notable features.
* Renshaw's factory, a marzipan factory, founded in 1898 in the City
and thus one of the earliest in the country, which came to Mitcham in
1924. It was on Locks Lane until 1991, when the company moved its
Liverpool . The factory was featured in three 1950s
Pathe News shorts. The building has lent its name to the area
where it stood, Renshaw Corner.
* Poulters Park, Home to Mitcham Rugby Union Football Club
Imperial Fields ,
Jo Brand in 1994
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Jo Brand – comedian
Steve Brookstein – winner of The X Factor
Roy Budd – jazz musician
John Donne – Jacobean poet
* M.I.A. – singer, songwriter and rapper
Master Shortie – MC
Michael Fielding –
The Mighty Boosh comedian
Noel Fielding –
The Mighty Boosh comedian
Mike Fillery – footballer
* David Gibson – cricketer
Florence Harmer - historian
Neil Howlett – opera singer
Maxwell Knight – spymaster
Chris Powell – former manager of
The Championship football club
Charlton Athletic and former footballer
Annie Ross – jazz singer
Shane Smeltz –
New Zealand footballer
Alex Stepney – former Manchester United footballer and 1968
European Cup winner
Herbert Strudwick – cricket wicket-keeper
John Mosely Turner – supercentenarian
Slick Rick - East coast Rapper who was born in
Surrey then moved
to the U.S at the age of 11
William Allison White
William Allison White – recipient of the
Faryadi Sarwar Zardad – Afghan warlord; later tried for war
crimes, convicted and imprisoned
Westminster Parliamentary Constituency)
* Population - 103,298
British - 40,608, Irish - 1,840, Gypsy or Irish Traveller - 161,
Other White - 12,899
* Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups
White and Black Caribbean - 1,862, White and Black African - 856,
White and Asian - 1,163, Other Mixed - 1,444
* Asian/Asian British
Indian - 4,536, Pakistani - 5,054, Bangladeshi - 1,484, Chinese -
1,169, Other Asian - 10,194
African - 9,036, Caribbean - 7,029, Other Black - 1,912
* Other Ethnic Group
Arab - 670, Other ethnic group - 1,381 Religion
* Christian - 57,665
* No Religion - 17,677, Religion Not Stated - 6,887
* Muslim - 11,046
* Hindu - 8,400
Buddhist - 862, Sikh - 252, Jewish - 147, Other Religion - 362
* Female: 52,237
* Male: 51,061
TRANSPORT AND LOCALE
Mitcham is on the
Tramlink providing easy access to
Wimbledon as well as
Mitcham is served by two train stations, Mitcham Junction and Mitcham
Eastfields is the first suburban station to be
built in 50 years in the area. Both stations are served by Southern
and Thameslink with direct trains to
London Victoria ,
(peaks only), Blackfriars , City Thameslink , St Pancras railway
station for the Central
London stations , as well as direct links by
St Albans ,
Luton airport north of
Dorking south of London. Trains on the Thameslink
route from Central
London continue on the loop via Sutton and
Wimbledon back towards Central London.
Tramlink also serves
Mitcham with 4 stops in the area; Mitcham Junction , Mitcham ,
Belgrave Walk "> ‹ The template below (Geographic location ) is
being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help
reach a consensus. ›
Colliers Wood & Wimbledon
Pollards Hill ,
Sutton & Rose Hill
* "Merry Making at Mitcham".
Wayback Machine . The University of
Sheffield 's National Fairground Archive. Archived from the original
on 21 December 2004.
* "Making Merton". Merton Council .
* "A Brief History of Merton by John Precedo: Part 1 - Romans to the
Wayback Machine .
Tooting Community Website.
Archived from the original on 13 April 2005.
* Eric Norman Montague (1976). The \'Canons\' Mitcham. Merton
Historical Society. ISBN 0-9501488-3-0 .
* Eric Norman Montague (2001). North Mitcham. Merton Historical
Society. ISBN 1-903899-07-9 .
* Eric Norman Montague (1996). The Historic River Wandle: Phipps
Morden Hall. Merton Historical Society. ISBN 0-905174-25-9 .
* ^ A B "Population Density, 2011". Area: Mitcham and Morden
Westminster Parliamentary Constituency). Office for National
* ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 February
2014. Retrieved 2014-06-09.
* ^ "Surrey". The
Domesday Book online - Surrey.
* ^ "Potter and Moore - An Introduction". Potter & Moore.
Daily Mirror page 13, 19 September 1934
* ^ "Chapter XIV: Local Allusions to Women". sacred-texts.com.
Retrieved 5 December 2013.
* ^ "The Canons, Mitcham: Dovecote - Merton Memories Photographic
Archive". photoarchive.merton.gov.uk. Retrieved 2016-01-26.
* ^ "Mitcham Methodist Church, exterior (E. Mills)".
* ^ "British Listed Buildings:
Burn Bullock Public House, Merton".
* ^ "Burn Bullock, Mitcham, Surrey". ukpubfinder.com.
* ^ "Ethnic Group, 2011". Area: Mitcham and
Office for National Statistics .
* ^ "Religion, 2011". Area: Mitcham and
Office for National Statistics .
* ^ "Se, 2011". Area: Mitcham and
Office for National Statistics .
* Merton Borough Council