The Info List - Missouri Botanical Garden

--- Advertisement ---

The Missouri Botanical Garden
Missouri Botanical Garden
is a botanical garden located at 4344 Shaw Boulevard in St. Louis, Missouri. It is also known informally as Shaw's Garden for founder and philanthropist Henry Shaw. Its herbarium, with more than 6.6 million specimens,[3] is the second largest in North America, behind only that of the New York Botanical Garden.


1 History 2 Cultural festivals 3 The Gardens

3.1 Popular culture

4 Butterfly House 5 Earthways Center 6 Shaw Nature Reserve 7 The Plant List 8 Sponsorship 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] Founded in 1859, the Missouri Botanical Garden
Missouri Botanical Garden
is one of the oldest botanical institutions in the United States and a National Historic Landmark, and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The Garden is a center for botanical research and science education of international repute, as well as an oasis in the city of St. Louis, with 79 acres (32 ha) of horticultural display. It includes a 14-acre (5.7 ha) Japanese strolling garden named Seiwa-en; the Climatron
geodesic dome conservatory; a children's garden, including a pioneer village; a playground; a fountain area and a water locking system, somewhat similar to the locking system at the Panama Canal; an Osage camp; and Henry Shaw’s original 1850 estate home. It is adjacent to Tower Grove Park, another of Shaw’s legacies.[4] In 1983, the Botanical Garden was added as the fourth subdistrict of the Metropolitan Zoological Park and Museum District. For part of 2006, the Missouri Botanical Garden
Missouri Botanical Garden
featured "Glass in the Garden", with glass sculptures by Dale Chihuly
Dale Chihuly
placed throughout the garden. Four pieces were purchased to remain at the gardens. In 2008 sculptures of the French artist Niki de Saint Phalle
Niki de Saint Phalle
were placed throughout the garden. In 2009, the 150th anniversary of the Garden was celebrated, including a floral clock display. After 40 years of service to the Garden, Dr. Peter Raven
Peter Raven
retired from his presidential post on September 1, 2010. Dr. Peter Wyse Jackson replaced him as President.[5] Cultural festivals[edit] The Garden is a place for many annual cultural festivals, including the Japanese Festival and the Chinese Culture Days by the St. Louis Chinese Culture Days Committee.[6] During this time, there are showcases of the culture's botanics as well as cultural arts, crafts, music and food. The Japanese Festival features sumo wrestling, taiko drumming, koma-mawashi top spinning, and kimono fashion shows. The Garden is known for its bonsai growing, which can be seen all year round, but is highlighted during the multiple Asian festivals. Major garden features include:

Tower Grove House seen here behind a hedge maze

The Gardens[edit]

Tower Grove House (1849) and Herb Garden - Shaw's Victorian country house designed by prominent local architect George I. Barnett
George I. Barnett
in the Italianate style. Victory of Science Over Ignorance - Marble statue by Carlo Nicoli; a copy of the original (1859) by Vincenzo Consani
Vincenzo Consani
in the Pitti Palace, Florence. Linnean House (1882) - Said to be the oldest continually operated greenhouse west of the Mississippi River. Originally Shaw's orangery, in the late 1930s it was converted to house mostly camellias. Gladney Rose Garden (1915) - Circular rose garden with arbors. Climatron
(1960) and Reflecting Pools - the world's first geodesic dome greenhouse designed by architect and engineer Thomas C. Howard of Synergetics, Inc; lowland rain forest with approximately 1500 plants. English Woodland Garden (1976) - aconite, azaleas, bluebells, dogwoods, hosta, trillium, and others beneath the tree canopy. Seiwa-en
Japanese Garden
Japanese Garden
(1977) - is a 14-acre (5.7 ha) chisen kaiyu-shiki (wet strolling garden) with lawns and path set around a 4-acre (1.6 ha) central lake. It was designed by Koichi Kawana and is the largest Japanese Garden
Japanese Garden
in North America. Grigg Nanjing
Friendship Chinese Garden (1995) - Designed by architect Yong Pan; major features were gifts from sister city Nanjing, and include a moon gate, lotus gate, pavilion, and Chinese scholar's rocks from Lake Tai. Blanke Boxwood Garden (1996) - walled parterre with a fine boxwood collection. Strassenfest German Garden (2000) - flora native to Germany and Central Europe; bust of botanist and Henry Shaw's scientific advisor George Engelmann
George Engelmann
(sculpted by Paul Granlund) Biblical garden
Biblical garden
featuring Date palm, pomegranate, fig and olive trees, caper, mint, citron and other plants mentioned in the Bible. Ottoman garden with water features and xeriscape.

Popular culture[edit] Douglas Trumbull, director of the 1972 science fiction classic film Silent Running, stated that the geodesic domes on the spaceship Valley Forge were based on the Missouri Botanical Garden's Climatron

showcased at Missouri Botanical Garden

Site plan, as of 1974-1977

Henry Shaw's Mausoleum
is located in the gardens


Butterfly House[edit] Main article: Butterfly House, Missouri Botanical Garden Missouri Botanical Garden
Missouri Botanical Garden
also operates the Sophia M. Sachs Butterfly House in Chesterfield. The Butterfly House includes an 8,000-square-foot (740 m2) indoor butterfly conservatory as well as an outdoor butterfly garden. Earthways Center[edit] The EarthWays Center is a group at the Missouri Botanical Garden
Missouri Botanical Garden
that provides resources on and educates the public about green practices, renewable energy, energy efficiency, and other sustainability matters.[8] Shaw Nature Reserve[edit] Main article: Shaw Nature Reserve The Shaw Nature Reserve
Shaw Nature Reserve
was started by the Missouri Botanical Garden in 1925 as a place to store plants away from the pollution of the city. The air in St. Louis later cleared up, and the reserve has continued to be open to the public for enjoyment, research, and education ever since. The 2,400-acre (9.7 km2) reserve is located in Gray Summit, Missouri, 35 miles (56 km) away from the city.[9] The Plant List[edit] The Plant List
The Plant List
is an Internet encyclopedia project to compile a comprehensive list of botanical nomenclature,[10] created by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and the Missouri Botanical Garden.[11] The Plant List has 1,040,426 scientific plant names of species rank, of which 298,900 are accepted species names. In addition, the list has 620 plant families and 16,167 plant genera.[12] Sponsorship[edit] Monsanto
has donated $10 million to the Missouri Botanical Garden since the 1970s, which named its 1998 plant science facility the ' Monsanto
Center'.[13] See also[edit]

List of botanical gardens in the United States Peter F. Stevens, a biologist working in the Missouri Botanical Garden Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, journal St. Louis Chinese Culture Day List of National Historic Landmarks in Missouri National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
listings in St. Louis south and west of downtown


^ National Park Service
National Park Service
(2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.  ^ "Missouri Botanical Garden". National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark
summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2009-03-01. Retrieved 2008-06-28.  ^ "Herbarium". Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved October 16, 2017.  ^ " National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
- Nomination Form" (PDF). Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2008-05-30.  ^ "MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN BOARD OF TRUSTEES APPOINTS DR. PETER WYSE JACKSON AS SUCCESSOR TO GARDEN PRESIDENT DR. PETER H. RAVEN" (PDF). Mobot.org. Retrieved 7 December 2014.  ^ [1][dead link] ^ Commentary accompanying the DVD
release of the film Silent Running. ^ "Conservation in Action: the EarthWays Center". Missouribotanicalgarden.org. Retrieved 2013-04-23.  ^ "Shaw Nature Reserve". Shawnature.org. Retrieved 2013-04-23.  ^ Claire Bates (2011-01-05). "Botanical A-Z via Kew: British experts complete database of every plant name on the planet - all 1.25million of them". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2013-04-23.  ^ "Discovery News: World's Largest Plants Database Assembled". News.discovery.com. 2010-12-29. Retrieved 2013-04-23.  ^ CBC: US, British scientists draw up comprehensive list of world's known land plants[dead link] ^ Press release Missouri Botanical Garden
Missouri Botanical Garden
receives $3 million gift from Monsanto
Company toward development of a World Flora Online. Missouri Botanical Garden, 5 June 2012

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Missouri Botanical Garden.

Missouri Botanical Garden Climatron
history and architecture The Japanese Garden Building big: Databank: Climatron
(pbs.org) Tower Grove Park Botanicus, Digital library

v t e

U.S. National Register of Historic Places


Architectural style categories Contributing property Historic district History of the National Register of Historic Places Keeper of the Register National Park Service Property types

Lists by states

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

Lists by insular areas

American Samoa Guam Minor Outlying Islands Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico Virgin Islands

Lists by associated states

Federated States of Micronesia Marshall Islands Palau

Other areas

District of Columbia Morocco


v t e

Museums and cultural institutions in Greater St. Louis


Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis Laumeier Sculpture Park Lemp Neighborhood Arts Center Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum Pulitzer Arts Foundation Saint Louis Art Museum St. Louis Mercantile Library
St. Louis Mercantile Library
Art Museum Saint Louis University Museum of Art The Sheldon William and Florence
Schmidt Art Center


Gateway Arch Frank Lloyd Wright Kraus House


Jewel Box Missouri Botanical Garden


City Museum The Magic House


Alton Museum of History and Art Anheuser-Busch Brewery Basilica of St. Louis, King of France Campbell House Museum Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis Chatillon-DeMenil House Cupples House Daniel Boone Home Eugene Field House First Missouri State Capitol State Historic Site Jefferson Barracks Museums Scott Joplin House State Historic Site Lemp Mansion Lewis and Clark State Historic Site Missouri History Museum Museum of Westward Expansion Old Cahokia
Courthouse Old Courthouse Benjamin Stephenson House Soldiers' Memorial Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site Union Station

Science and natural history

Mounds Crow Observatory Mastodon State Historic Site McDonnell Planetarium Saint Louis Science Center


St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum St. Louis Soccer Hall of Fame World Chess Hall of Fame

Theatres and music venues

Fox Theatre The Muny National Blues Museum Peabody Opera House Powell Hall The Sheldon


Greater Saint Louis Air & Space Museum Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum Museum of Transportation


Butterfly House World Aquarium Saint Louis Zoo

v t e

Arboretums and botanical gardens in Missouri

Ewing and Muriel Kauffman Memorial Garden McAlester Arboretum Missouri Botanical Garden Missouri State Arboretum Mizzou Botanic Garden Powell Gardens Seiwa-en Shaw Nature Reserve Springfield-Greene County Botanical