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The Mishnah Berurah
Mishnah Berurah
(Hebrew: משנה ברורה‎ "Clarified Teaching") is a work of halakha (Jewish law) by Rabbi
Rabbi
Yisrael Meir Kagan (Poland, 1838–1933), also colloquially known by the name of another of his books, Chofetz Chaim "Desirer of Life". It was first published in 1904. His Mishnah Berurah
Mishnah Berurah
is a commentary on Orach Chayim, the first section of the Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
which deals with laws of prayer, synagogue, Shabbat
Shabbat
and holidays, summarizing the opinions of the Acharonim (post-Medieval rabbinic authorities) on that work.[1] The title Mishnah Berurah
Mishnah Berurah
is a reference to the portion in Deuteronomy where Israel is commanded to inscribe God's commandments in large clear writing on a mountainside. The Mishnah Berurah
Mishnah Berurah
is traditionally printed in 6 volumes alongside selected other commentaries. The work provides simple and contemporary explanatory remarks and citations to daily aspects of halakha. It is widely used as a reference and has mostly supplanted the Chayei Adam and the Aruch HaShulchan
Aruch HaShulchan
as the primary authority on Jewish daily living among Ashkenazi Jews, particularly those closely associated with haredi yeshivas. The Mishnah Berurah
Mishnah Berurah
is accompanied by additional in-depth glosses called Be'ur Halakha, a reference section called Sha'ar Hatziyun (these two were also written by the Chofetz Chaim), and additional commentaries called Be'er Hagolah, Be'er Heitev, and Sha'arei Teshuvah. The Mishnah Berurah's "literary style can be described as follows: In relation to a given law of the Shulhan Aruch, he raises a particular case with certain peculiarities that may change the law; then, he enumerates the opinions of the Ahronim (the later authorities, of the 16th century and on) on that case, from the most lenient to the most stringent ; and finally, he decides between them.... Having displayed what we may call the "leniency-stringency spectrum", [he] actually offers the reader an array of conduct options from which he may pick the one that seems right for him. This choice is not altogether free, since [he] shows a clear inclination to one side of the spectrum - the stringent - and encourages the reader to follow it, but still, the soft language of the ruling suggests that if one follows the other side of the spectrum, the lenient, he will not sin, since there are trustworthy authorities that may back his choice."[2] " Mishnah Berurah
Mishnah Berurah
Yomit" is a daily study programme initiated by Vaad Daas Halacha and the Chofetz Chaim Heritage Foundation. The study program proceeds either on a 2½-year cycle ("Daf a Day") or a 5-year cycle ("Amud a Day") and includes a focus on each Yom Tov (festival) in the 30 preceding days. See also[edit]

Chayei Adam, a similar, earlier work Aruch HaShulchan
Aruch HaShulchan
by Yechiel Michel Epstein - a contemporaneous work tracing the development of each halakha from the Talmud
Talmud
through the Rishonim and arriving at a psak supported by the Acharonim Kaf Hachayim by Yaakov Chaim Sofer
Yaakov Chaim Sofer
- a contemporaneous Sephardi work discussing Orach Chayim and some of Yoreh De'ah in light of the Rishonim and Acharonim. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
by Shlomo Ganzfried

Other study cycles:

Shnayim mikra ve-echad targum ( Weekly Torah portion
Weekly Torah portion
with Rashi) - weekly or daily study (1 year cycle) Daf Yomi
Daf Yomi
(entire Talmud) - daily study (approx 7-year cycle); Amud Yomi (approx 14-year cycle) Mishneh Torah - daily study (2.5 or 5-year cycle) Kitzur Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
Yomi - daily study (1 year cycle) Halacha Yomit
Halacha Yomit
(Shulchan Aruch) - daily study (4 year cycle)

References[edit]

^ "The Chofetz Chaim - Rabbi
Rabbi
Yisroel Meir HaKohen". Retrieved 2008-10-10.  ^ Benjamin Brown, "'Soft Stringency' in the Mishnah Vrurah: Jurisprudential, Social, and ideological Aspects of a Halachic Formulation," Contemporary Jewry 27 (2007), 7.

External links[edit]

Mishna Berura at Hebrew Wikitext (Hebrew text) Mishna Berura with easy navigation (Hebrew text) Wikisource
Wikisource
translation (incomplete, in progress) Torah.org translation (incomplete, in progress) Mishnah Berurah
Mishnah Berurah
Yomi archives (incomplete, in progress). This website distributes daily MP3 lectures and PDF digests. The PDF digests translate Orach Chayim and summarize the applicable Mishnah Berurah commentary. The website opened in late 2010 and plans to complete the cycle in late 2015. Benjamin Brown, '"Soft Stringency" in the Mishnah Brurah: Jurisprudential, Social and Ideological Aspects of a Hal

.