Minya Governorate (Arabic: محافظة المنيا Muḥāfẓet
El Minya) is one of the governorates of Upper Egypt. Its capital city,
Minya, is located on the left bank of the Nile River.
4.1 Ancient Egyptian period
4.2 Greco-Roman period
4.4 Arab period
4.5 Modern history
6 National holiday
7 Industrial zones
8 Agriculture and industry
9 Important sites
10 Monasteries in the Minya Governorate
11 Notable people
13 See also
16 External links
The name originates from the chief city of the governorate, originally
known in Sahidic Coptic as Tmoone and in Bohairic as Thmonē, meaning
“the residence”, in reference to a monastery formerly in the area.
The name may also originate from the city's name in Egyptian Men'at
According to population estimates from 2015 the majority of residents
in the governorate live in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of
only 18.9%. Out of an estimated 5,566,702 people residing in the
governorate, 4,683,284 people live in rural areas as opposed to only
979,418 in urban areas. 
The capital of Minya governorate is the city of Minya. The governorate
is one of the most highly populated governorates of Upper Egypt. It
contains nine cities; 3,375 villages; and 10,875 hamlets, within the
following nine boroughs, from north to south:
The following cities are located in this governorate:
Minya (Men'at Khufu)
Little is known today about
Minya Governorate compared to its great
wealth of important archaeological sites. Its remarkable history,
including Ancient Egyptian, Hellenistic, Roman and Arab periods, has
not yet received the full attention of scholars.
Ancient Egyptian period
Dehnet, Fraser Tombs, Sharuna, and
Zawyet el-Maiyitin comprise
monuments dating back to the Old Kingdom.
The village of Bani Hasan al Shurruq houses 390 rock-cut decorated
tombs and chapels from the Middle Kingdom (2000–1580 BC, especially
the sixteenth dynasty). The
Speos Artemidos is nearby, and hosts
temples built by Queen Hatshepsut.
Akhetaten was built by
Akhenaten and dedicated to the god
Akhenaten lived there in isolation with his beautiful wife,
Nefertiti, and daughters, devoting himself to the monotheistic
religion that he preached. The glorious remains of the palaces,
temples and tombs still exist today.
Other significant archaeological sites in the governorate of Minya
include Deir Abu Hinis, Deir el-Bersha, El-Sheikh Sa'id, and Tuna
El Ashmunein (
Hermopolis Magna) was the capital of the region during
this period. It was the main center of worship of the god Thoth.
Today, the ruins of a Greek temple, similar to the Parthenon, can be
The tomb and chapel of Petosiris are found near the modern village of
Antinopolis was built in 130 A.D. by the
memory of his favorite cup-bearer Antinous.
Monastery of the Virgin Mary at Gebel el-Teir is an important
Christian site near the city of Samalut. Its church was built by
Empress Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, in 328, on one of the
sites where the
Holy Family is believed to have stayed during its
Flight into Egypt.
Oxyrhynchus was an important administrative center during the
Hellenistic Period, and remains an important archaeological source for
papyri from the
Maghagha hosts the mosque of the famous
Muslim Zayid ibn al Mugharah.
Today, Minya governorate has the highest concentration of Coptic
Christians of 50% of the total population. There are also a number of
active monasteries in the region.
Ibrahimiya Canal, Minya
In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS) of USAID, had several
water, and road projects, going on in several markazes in the Minya
Governorate. In 2013, The United Nations Trust Fund for Human
Security helped farmers in Minya by doing consultation work with them
and taking soil samples.
The national holiday of the Minya governorate is on 18 March. It
commemorates those who were executed by the British at
Deir Mawas on
18 March 1919.
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free
Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI),
the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:
Al Matahra, east of the Nile
Heavy industrial zone - Wadi el Sararyah
Agriculture and industry
Man working in a limestone quarry.
Minya Governorate is an important agricultural and industrial region.
Among its principal crops are sugarcane, cotton, beans, soybeans,
garlic, onions, vegetables of various sorts, tomatoes, potatoes,
watermelons, and grapes. Among the leading local industries are food
processing (especially sugar and the drying and grinding of onions),
spinning and weaving of cotton, perfumes, oils and fats,
cement-making, quarrying (especially limestone), and brick-making.
Dehenet (Akoris or Tihna el-Gebel)
Antinopolis or Sheikh Ibada)
Hebenu (Kom el-Ahmar)
Hermopolis Magna or el-Ashmunein)
Per Medjed (
Oxyrhynchus or el-Bahnasa)
Kom el-Ahmar Sawaris)
Speos Artemidos (Istabl Antar)
Monasteries in the Minya Governorate
Monastery of Saint Fana, near Mallawi
Abdel Hakim Amer, military general
Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty
Hakim, folkloric singer
Hoda Shaarawi, female activist
Pharaoh of the Fourth dynasty
Louis Awad, writer and intellectual
Maria al-Qibtiyya, wife of Muhammad
Sanaa Gamil, actress
Suzanne Mubarak, the first lady of Egypt
Taha Hussein, writer and intellectual
Mervat Amin, artist
Ahmed Hassan, leader of Egyptian Football Team
Total area: 32,279 km².
Percentage to total area of Egypt: 3.2%.
Population: around 5.56 million
Population density: 115 people/km²
Percentage to the whole population of Egypt: 5.1%
Population growth rate:
Minya Governorate administrative divisions: 9 localities, 57 local
administrative units, 346 small villages, and 1.429 tiny villages.
2016 Minya pogrom
The Egyptian Tourist Authority, - ETA.
^ "Egypt's new provincial governors: Who's who?". Ahram Online.
December 26, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2016.
^ Merriam Webster's Geographical Dictionary (Third ed.). Merriam
Webster. p. 354.
^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF).
CAPMAS. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
^ "Egypt: The Basic Village Services Program" (PDF). USAID. Retrieved
19 October 2016.
^ "UN Beneficiary Stories by UNIDO" (PDF). United Nations (unocha).
Retrieved 24 November 2016.
^ "Investment Regimes, Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of
Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016.
Retrieved 30 October 2016.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Minya Governorate.
Minya Governorate web page.
Minya University web page.
Governorates of Egypt
Kafr El Sheikh