The Info List - Minya Governorate

--- Advertisement ---

Minya Governorate
Minya Governorate
(Arabic: محافظة المنيا‎ Muḥāfẓet El Minya) is one of the governorates of Upper Egypt. Its capital city, Minya, is located on the left bank of the Nile River.[2]


1 Etymology 2 Population 3 Cities 4 History

4.1 Ancient Egyptian period 4.2 Greco-Roman period 4.3 Byzantine
period 4.4 Arab period 4.5 Modern history

5 Projects 6 National holiday 7 Industrial zones 8 Agriculture and industry 9 Important sites 10 Monasteries in the Minya Governorate 11 Notable people 12 Statistics 13 See also 14 Sources 15 References 16 External links

Etymology[edit] The name originates from the chief city of the governorate, originally known in Sahidic Coptic as Tmoone and in Bohairic as Thmonē, meaning “the residence”, in reference to a monastery formerly in the area. The name may also originate from the city's name in Egyptian Men'at Khufu. Population[edit] According to population estimates from 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate live in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 18.9%. Out of an estimated 5,566,702 people residing in the governorate, 4,683,284 people live in rural areas as opposed to only 979,418 in urban areas. [3] Cities[edit] The capital of Minya governorate is the city of Minya. The governorate is one of the most highly populated governorates of Upper Egypt. It contains nine cities; 3,375 villages; and 10,875 hamlets, within the following nine boroughs, from north to south: The following cities are located in this governorate:

Abu Qurqas El Idwa Minya (Men'at Khufu) Beni Mazar Deir Mawas Maghagha Mallawi Matai Samalut

History[edit] Little is known today about Minya Governorate
Minya Governorate
compared to its great wealth of important archaeological sites. Its remarkable history, including Ancient Egyptian, Hellenistic, Roman and Arab periods, has not yet received the full attention of scholars. Ancient Egyptian period[edit] Dehnet, Fraser Tombs, Sharuna, and Zawyet el-Maiyitin
Zawyet el-Maiyitin
comprise monuments dating back to the Old Kingdom. The village of Bani Hasan al Shurruq houses 390 rock-cut decorated tombs and chapels from the Middle Kingdom (2000–1580 BC, especially the sixteenth dynasty). The Speos Artemidos
Speos Artemidos
is nearby, and hosts temples built by Queen Hatshepsut. Akhetaten
was built by Pharaoh
and dedicated to the god Aten. Akhenaten
lived there in isolation with his beautiful wife, Nefertiti, and daughters, devoting himself to the monotheistic religion that he preached. The glorious remains of the palaces, temples and tombs still exist today. Other significant archaeological sites in the governorate of Minya include Deir Abu Hinis, Deir el-Bersha, El-Sheikh Sa'id, and Tuna el-Gebel. Greco-Roman period[edit] El Ashmunein
El Ashmunein
( Hermopolis
Magna) was the capital of the region during this period. It was the main center of worship of the god Thoth. Today, the ruins of a Greek temple, similar to the Parthenon, can be still found. The tomb and chapel of Petosiris are found near the modern village of Tuna el-Gebel. Antinopolis
was built in 130 A.D. by the Roman emperor
Roman emperor
in memory of his favorite cup-bearer Antinous. Byzantine
period[edit] The Monastery
of the Virgin Mary at Gebel el-Teir is an important Christian
site near the city of Samalut. Its church was built by Empress Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, in 328, on one of the sites where the Holy Family
Holy Family
is believed to have stayed during its Flight into Egypt. Oxyrhynchus
was an important administrative center during the Hellenistic Period, and remains an important archaeological source for papyri from the Byzantine
Egypt. Arab period[edit] Maghagha
hosts the mosque of the famous Muslim
Zayid ibn al Mugharah. Modern history[edit] Today, Minya governorate has the highest concentration of Coptic Christians of 50% of the total population. There are also a number of active monasteries in the region. Projects[edit]

Ibrahimiya Canal, Minya

In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS) of USAID, had several water, and road projects, going on in several markazes in the Minya Governorate.[4] In 2013, The United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security helped farmers in Minya by doing consultation work with them and taking soil samples.[5] National holiday[edit] The national holiday of the Minya governorate is on 18 March. It commemorates those who were executed by the British at Deir Mawas
Deir Mawas
on 18 March 1919. Industrial zones[edit] According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[6]

Al Matahra, east of the Nile Heavy industrial zone - Wadi el Sararyah New Minya

Agriculture and industry[edit]

Man working in a limestone quarry.

Minya Governorate
Minya Governorate
is an important agricultural and industrial region. Among its principal crops are sugarcane, cotton, beans, soybeans, garlic, onions, vegetables of various sorts, tomatoes, potatoes, watermelons, and grapes. Among the leading local industries are food processing (especially sugar and the drying and grinding of onions), spinning and weaving of cotton, perfumes, oils and fats, cement-making, quarrying (especially limestone), and brick-making. Important sites[edit]

(Amarna) Dehenet
(Akoris or Tihna el-Gebel) Ansena
( Antinopolis
or Sheikh Ibada) Beni Hasan Deir el-Bersha el-Sheikh Sa'id Fraser Tombs Hatnub Hebenu
(Kom el-Ahmar) Herwer (Hur) Khmun ( Hermopolis
Magna or el-Ashmunein) Per Medjed
Per Medjed
( Oxyrhynchus
or el-Bahnasa) Sharuna
(el- Kom el-Ahmar
Kom el-Ahmar
Sawaris) Speos Artemidos
Speos Artemidos
(Istabl Antar) Tuna el-Gebel Zawyet el-Maiyitin

Monasteries in the Minya Governorate[edit]

of Saint Fana, near Mallawi

Notable people[edit]

Abdel Hakim Amer, military general Akhenaten, Pharaoh
of the Eighteenth dynasty Hakim, folkloric singer Hoda Shaarawi, female activist Khufu, second Pharaoh
of the Fourth dynasty Louis Awad, writer and intellectual Maria al-Qibtiyya, wife of Muhammad Sanaa Gamil, actress Suzanne Mubarak, the first lady of Egypt Taha Hussein, writer and intellectual Mervat Amin, artist Ahmed Hassan, leader of Egyptian Football Team


Total area: 32,279 km². Percentage to total area of Egypt: 3.2%. Population: around 5.56 million Population density: 115 people/km² Rural population: Percentage to the whole population of Egypt: 5.1% Population growth rate: Minya Governorate
Minya Governorate
administrative divisions: 9 localities, 57 local administrative units, 346 small villages, and 1.429 tiny villages.

See also[edit]

2016 Minya pogrom


The Egyptian Tourist Authority, - ETA.


^ "Egypt's new provincial governors: Who's who?". Ahram Online. December 26, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2016.  ^ Merriam Webster's Geographical Dictionary (Third ed.). Merriam Webster. p. 354.  ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Retrieved 23 October 2016.  ^ "Egypt: The Basic Village Services Program" (PDF). USAID. Retrieved 19 October 2016.  ^ "UN Beneficiary Stories by UNIDO" (PDF). United Nations (unocha). Retrieved 24 November 2016.  ^ "Investment Regimes, Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Minya Governorate.

The Official Minya Governorate
Minya Governorate
web page. Minya University web page.

v t e

Governorates of Egypt


Cairo Alexandria Port Said Suez

Lower Egypt

Ismailia Kafr El Sheikh Gharbia Dakahlia Sharqia Monufia Qalyubia Damietta Beheira

Upper Egypt

Giza Faiyum Beni Suef Minya Asyut Sohag Qena Aswan Luxor


Red Sea New Valley Matrouh North