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The Ministry of Equality ( es, Ministerio de Igualdad) is a department of the Government of Spain responsible for the proposal and execution of the government's policy on equality, with a focus on making the equality between men and women real and effective as well as prevention and eradication of different forms of
violence against women Violence against women (VAW), also known as gender-based violence and sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), are violent acts primarily or exclusively committed against women or girls. Such violence is often considered a form of hate cri ...
. The department's roles also include eradication of all kind of discrimination by sex, racial and
ethnic An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups such as a common set of traditions, ancestry, language, history, society, culture, nation ...
origin,
religion Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of designated religious behaviour, behaviors and practices, morality, morals, beliefs, worldviews, religious text, texts, shrine, sanctified places, prophecy, prophecies, ethics in religion, ...
or ideology,
sexual orientation Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of Romance (love), romantic or sexual attraction (or a combination of these) to persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender. These attractions ar ...
,
gender identity Gender identity is the personal sense of one's own gender.''Sexual Orientation and Gender Expression in Social Work Practice'', edited by Deana F. Morrow and Lori Messinger (2006, ), p. 8: "Gender identity refers to an individual's personal sense ...
, age,
disability A disability is a societal imposition on people who have impairments, making it more difficult for people to do certain activities or interact with the world around them. Due to cognitive, developmental, Intellectual disability, intellectua ...
or any other personal or social condition or circumstances. It existed from 2008 to 2010 when it merged with the Ministry of Health, and then from 2020.


History

The department was created in 2008 at the second term of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero's second term in order to promote equality policies set forth in the 2007 Equality Act and in the 2004 Comprehensive Act on Violence against Women, as well as promoting the programs of the Institute of Women and the Institute of Youth. The Ministry assumed the powers on equality that belonged at that time to the Ministry of Labour (Spain), Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, which was renamed Ministry of Labour and Immigration. The Prime Minister chose Bibiana Aído to head this new department. She became the first person to hold this position in Spain and the youngest person to hold a ministerial office in democracy. On 21 October 2010, a cabinet reshuffle merged the Ministry of Equality in the Ministry of Health (which was headed by Leire Pajín) and in exchange the Secretariat of State for Equality was created. Aído accepted the offer of the prime minister to continue at the forefront of the equality policies as Secretary of State. The department was reestablished on 13 January 2020.


Organization chart and key people


Current structure (2020–)

The current structure of the Department is: * The Secretary of State for Equality, Secretariat of State for Equality and against Gender Violence. ** The Government Delegation for Gender Violence, Government Delegation against Gender Violence. ** The Directorate-General for Equal Treatment and Racial-Ethnic Diversity. ** The Directorate-General for Sexual Diversity and LGTBI Rights. * The Undersecretariat of Equality. ** The General Technical Secretariat.


2008–2010 structure

The Department of Equality, in its first period, was integrated by two main bodies: * The ''Undersecretariat of Equality'', charged with running the department on a day-to-day basis. Headed by Concepción Toquero Plaza (April–October 2008) and Antonio José Hidalgo López (2008–2010). ** The General Technical Secretariat. ** The Deputy Directorate-General for Economic, Budgetary and Personnel Programming and Management. * The ''General Secretariat for Equality Policies'', which was the main body in charge of developing the Ministry's powers. Headed by Isabel María Martínez Lozano (2008–2010). ** The Government Delegation for Gender Violence. ** The Directorate-General for Equality in Employment. ** The Directorate-General against Discrimination. The department also managed the following agencies and bodies: * The Institute of Youth. * The Youth Council of Spain. * The Institute of Women. * The Women's Participation Council. * The Council for Equal Treatment and Non-Discrimination of Persons by Racial or Ethnic Origin


References


External links


Ministry of Equality
{{authority control Government ministries of Spain Gender equality ministries