Ministry of Economic Affairs (Taiwan)
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The Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA; ) is the ministry of the Republic of China (
Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and N ...

Taiwan
) responsible for formulating
policy Policy is a deliberate system of guideline A guideline is a statement by which to determine a course of action. A guideline aims to streamline particular processes according to a set routine or sound practice. Guidelines may be issued by a ...

policy
and
laws Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its environment, is described by its bounda ...

laws
for industry and trade,
foreign direct investment#REDIRECT Foreign direct investment A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a Controlling interest, controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country. It is thus distinguished fro ...
, energy, minerals, measurement standards,
intellectual property Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property Property is a system of rights that gives people legal control of valuable things, and also refers to the valuable things themselves. Depending on the nature of the property, an owner o ...
,
state-owned enterprise A state-owned enterprise (SOE) or government-owned enterprise (GOE) is a business enterprise where the government or state has significant control through full, majority, or significant minority ownership. Defining characteristics of SOEs are ...
s. The ministry is a cabinet level government agency of the
Executive Yuan The Executive Yuan is the executive branch The executive (short for executive branch or executive power) is the part of government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a st ...
. The executive agency promotes industrial and economic policies which allows economic activity and growth, increased employment and investments in sector which are critical to Taiwan's economy. Taiwan's main exports are
electronics The field of electronics is a branch of physics and electrical engineering that deals with the emission, behaviour and effects of electrons The electron is a subatomic particle In physical sciences, subatomic particles are smaller than ...
,
computers A computer is a machine that can be programmed to Execution (computing), carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. Modern computers can perform generic sets of operations known as Computer program, programs. These p ...

computers
,
telecommunications Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire, radio, Optical system, optical, or other Electromagnetism, electromagnetic systems. It has its origin in the desire of humans for communication ov ...
equipment,
industrial design Industrial design is a process of design A design is a plan or specification for the construction of an object or system or for the implementation of an activity or process, or the result of that plan or specification in the form of a prototyp ...

industrial design
services and
creative industries The creative industries refers to a range of economic activities which are concerned with the generation or exploitation of knowledge and information. They may variously also be referred to as the cultural industries (especially in Europe or the ...
/
culture Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior and Norm (social), norms found in human Society, societies, as well as the knowledge, beliefs, arts, laws, Social norm, customs, capabilities, and habits of the individuals i ...
.


History

MOEA was initially established in June 1931 as National Economic Council by the
Executive Yuan The Executive Yuan is the executive branch The executive (short for executive branch or executive power) is the part of government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a st ...
. In December 1931, the council was merged with other organizations to create the Ministry of Basic Industries. In December 1937, the ministry was reorganized as the Ministry of Economic Affairs. The MOEA continued to function in Taiwan since 1949 after the
Kuomintang The Kuomintang (KMT), also referred to as the Guomindang (GMD) or the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Taiwan, Republic of China, initially Republic of China (1912–1949), on the Mainland China, Chinese mainland and ...
was defeated on the
mainland Mainland is defined as "relating to or forming the main part of a country or continent, not including the islands around it egardless of status under territorial jurisdiction by an entity" The term is often human geography, politically, econo ...

mainland
during the
Chinese Civil War The Chinese Civil War was a civil war in China fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led Nationalist government, government of the Republic of China (1912–1949), Republic of China (ROC) and forces of the Communist Party of China (CPC) lastin ...
.


Structure

The Ministry of Economic Affairs is very important in the management of Taiwan's economy. It manages a number of statutory bodies and state owned enterprises.


Staff units

The internal structure of the MOEA: *Department of Mines *Department of Commerce *Department of International Cooperation *Department of Investment Services *Department of Industrial Technology *Department of Statistics *Central Region Office *Southern Taiwan Joint Services Center *Office of Trade Negotiations


Administrative agencies

The Ministry of Economic Affairs is responsible for the entire Taiwanese economy. It has a number of statutory administrative agencies reporting under it. They are: *
Industrial Development Bureau The Industrial Development Bureau, MOEA (IDB; ) is the administrative agency of the Ministry of Economic Affairs (Taiwan), Ministry of Economic Affairs of Taiwan. Organizational structure * Industrial Policy Division * Metal and Mechanical Indust ...
** Central Region Branch ** Southern Region Branch * Bureau of Foreign Trade * Intellectual Property Office *
Bureau of Standards, Metrology and Inspection The Bureau of Standards, Metrology and Inspection (BSMI; ) is the administrative agency of the Ministry of Economic Affairs (Taiwan), Ministry of Economic Affairs of the Taiwan, Taiwan (ROC) responsible for standardization, metrology and product ...
** Keelung Branch ** Hsinchu Branch ** Taichung Branch ** Tainan Branch ** Kaohsiung Branch ** Hualien Branch * Bureau of Energy *
Water Resources Agency The Water Resources Agency (WRA; ) is the administrative agency of the Ministry of Economic Affairs (Taiwan), Ministry of Economic Affairs of the Taiwan, Taiwan (ROC) responsible for water-related affairs.http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/nationa ...
* Small and Medium Enterprise Administration * Export Processing Zone Administration ** Kaohsiung Export Processing Zone ** Taichung Export Processing Zone ** Chungkang Export Processing Zone ** Pingtung Export Processing Zone * Central Geological Survey * State-owned Enterprises Commission * Investment Commission *
International Trade Commission The United States International Trade Commission (USITC or I.T.C.) is a federal agency of the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United S ...
* Bureau of Mines


National corporations

The Ministry of Economic Affairs have a number of state owned enterprises reporting to it. They are: *
Taiwan Sugar Corporation Taiwan Sugar Corporation (TSC; ) or Taisugar () is a state-run enterprise of Taiwan, with headquarters in Tainan City. History The corporation was established on 1 May 1946 by the Nationalist government after the Retrocession Day, handover of Ta ...
*
Taiwan Power Company The Taiwan Power Company (Taipower; ) is a state-owned electric power industry The electric power industry covers the generation A generation is "all of the people born and living Living or The Living may refer to: Common meanings *Life ...
*
CPC Corporation CPC Corporation () is a state-owned petroleum Petroleum, also known as crude oil and oil, is a naturally occurring, yellowish-black liquid A liquid is a nearly incompressible In fluid mechanics or more generally continuum m ...
*
Taiwan Water Corporation The Taiwan Water Corporation (TWC; ) is a state-owned water utility The water industry provides drinking water and wastewater services (including sewage treatment) to residential, commercial, and industrial sectors of the economy. Typically pu ...


Overseas offices


List of ministers


Pre-1947 Constitution

*1928:
H. H. Kung Kung Hsiang-hsi (; 11 September 1881 – 16 August 1967), often known as Dr. H. H. Kung, was a Chinese banker and politician in the early 20th century. He married Soong Ai-ling, the eldest of the three Soong sisters; the other two married Preside ...
*1931: Chen Kung-po (陳公博) hen Gongbo*1935: Wu T’ing-chang (吳鼎昌) u Dingchang*1937: Ch’eng T’ien-ku (程天固) heng Tiangu*1938: Wang Wen-ho (翁文灝) eng Wenhao*1946:
Wang Yun-wu Wang Yun-wu (; ; July 9, 1888 – August 14, 1979)http://m.blog.sina.com.tw/87951/article.php?pbgid=87951&entryid=644078 was an influential Chinese publisher, politician scholar of history and political science; He also invented the ''Shih Chia ...


Post-1947 Constitution

Political Party: † Died in office.


Access

The MOEA building is accessible by walking distance West of
Guting Station Guting () is a metro station in Taipei, Taiwan served by Taipei Metro. The defunct Xindian railway line also had a station of the same name. However, its location is not the same as the current station. Station overview The station is a three-lev ...
of the Taipei Metro on the Orange Line (Taipei Metro), Orange Line.


See also

*
Executive Yuan The Executive Yuan is the executive branch The executive (short for executive branch or executive power) is the part of government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a st ...
* Economic history of China (1912–49) * Economy of Taiwan


References


External links

*
Industrial Professional Assessment System
{{authority control Government ministries of the Republic of China, Economic Affairs Economy ministries, Taiwan 1931 establishments in China Ministries established in 1931, Republic of China, Economic Affairs Finance in Taiwan