The Ministry of Commerce of the
People's Republic of China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.4 billion. Covering approximately 9.6& ...
(MOFCOM), is a Cabinet-level executive agency of the State Council of China. It is responsible for formulating policy on foreign trade, export and import regulations, foreign direct investments, consumer protection, market competition ( Competition regulator) and negotiating bilateral and multilateral trade agreements of the Mainland China. It is in charge of the administration of Mainland China's foreign trade pursuant to the Foreign Trade Law. The current Commerce minister is Wang Wentao.


Before October 1949, the Ministry of Economic Affairs was the governing agency of the Republic of China on the mainland responsible for economic trade issues. The agency was created in 1931 and reorganized in 1937. In November 1949, a month after the People's Republic of China was established, the
Communist Party of China The Communist Party of China (CPC), commonly known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and One-party state, sole Ruling party, governing political party of the China, People's Republic of China (PRC). The CCP leads List of pol ...
formed the Ministry of Trade (贸易部) while the MOEA continued to operate in Taiwan and several other islands In August 1952, the Ministry was renamed to Ministry of Foreign Trade (对外贸易部). Ye Jizhuang was the first Minister and died in the post in 1967. In March 1982, the Ministry of Foreign Trade was merged with the Ministry of Foreign Economic liaison (对外经济联络部), the State Import and Export Regulation Commission (国家进出口管理委员会), and the State Foreign Investment Regulation Commission (国家外国投资管理委员会), and became the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade (对外经济贸易部). In March 1993, the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade was renamed to the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation. In the spring of 2003, the former Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation (MOFTEC) went through a reorganization and was renamed Ministry of Commerce. The ministry also incorporates the former State Economic and Trade Commission (SETC) and the State Development Planning Commission (SDPC).

List of ministers

Departmental structure

The Ministry of Commerce is structured into the following departments:


MOFCOM's responsibility includes fostering closer partnership between the economies of the Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau, respectively, with the Economy of China, economy of the rest of the People's Republic of China. To that end the Vice Minister An Min, and the previous Financial Secretary of Hong Kong, Antony Leung, concluded the Mainland and Hong Kong Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement, Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (CEPA). New agreements are continually negotiated between An and the current Financial Secretary John Tsang under the auspices of the CEPA. Similar agreements were also concluded between the MOFCOM and Secretariat for Economy and Finance of Macau.


External links

Ministry of Commerce of PRC Official website

See also

* China International Electronic Commerce Center (CIECC) * China Investment Promotion Agency (CIPA) * Ministries of the People's Republic of China * Ministry of Economic Affairs (Taiwan), Ministry of Economic Affairs of the Republic of China {{DEFAULTSORT:Ministry Of Commerce Of The People's Republic Of China Government ministries of the People's Republic of China, Commerce Trade ministries, China Consumer organizations in China Anti-dumping authorities Ministries established in 2003 2003 establishments in China Regulation in China