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A MINISTER WITHOUT PORTFOLIO is either a government minister with no specific responsibilities or a minister who does not head a particular ministry . The sinecure is particularly common in countries ruled by coalition governments and a cabinet with decision-making authority wherein a minister without portfolio, while he or she may not head any particular office or ministry, still receives a ministerial salary and has the right to cast a vote in cabinet decisions. In some countries where the executive branch is not composed of a coalition of parties and, more often, in countries with purely presidential systems of government, such as the United States, the position (or an equivalent position) of minister without portfolio is uncommon.

CONTENTS

* 1 Australia * 2 Bangladesh * 3 Bulgaria * 4 Canada

* 5 Croatia

* 5.1 Deputy Prime Ministers without portfolio

* 6 Denmark * 7 Germany * 8 Hungary * 9 India

* 10 Indonesia

* 10.1 Presidential Cabinet (19 August 1945-14 November 1945) * 10.2 First Sjahrir Cabinet (11 November 1945-28 February 1946) * 10.3 Second Sjahrir Cabinet (12 March 1946-2 October 1946) * 10.4 Third Sjahrir Cabinet (5 October 1946-27 July 1947)

* 11 Ireland * 12 Israel * 13 Italy * 14 Macedonia * 15 Malta * 16 Nepal * 17 Netherlands * 18 New Zealand * 19 Norway * 20 Philippines * 21 Portugal * 22 Serbia * 23 Taiwan * 24 Sweden * 25 Tanzania

* 26 United Kingdom

* 26.1 19th century * 26.2 Edwardian and wartime * 26.3 Post-war * 26.4 21st century

* 27 United States * 28 Uganda * 29 References * 30 External links

AUSTRALIA

Stanley Bruce was given the title of Minister without Portfolio when he took up his position in 1932 as the Commonwealth Minister in London. He was given the title by Lyon's Cabinet so that he could better represent the PM and his colleagues free from the limitations of a portfolio. In this case the title was a promotion and carried considerable responsibilities.

BANGLADESH

Bangladesh appoints ministers without portfolio during cabinet reshuffles or fresh appointments. Ministers are not usually appointed without portfolio as a coalition negotiation – all long run ministers end up with a portfolio. Suranjit Sengupta was a minister without portfolio in Sheikh Hasina's second government.

BULGARIA

* Bozhidar Dimitrov

CANADA

While minister without portfolio is seen by some as a mere sinecure appointment, it has been a role that numerous political notables have played over time, including former Prime Minister Jean Chrétien , who filled the role in a Pearson cabinet in the 1960s; John Turner also "kept a seat warm" in a Pearson cabinet. Notable Conservatives who filled the role include R. B. Bennett , and Arthur Meighen ; however, Meighen served this role after he had been prime minister.

The title of minister without portfolio has been used off and on; in recent times, though, the title has fallen out of favour, and the last minister without portfolio, Gilles Lamontagne , was promoted to postmaster general in 1978. The practice has continued under the guise of ministers of state without responsibilities in the ministers' titles.

The position has also been filled on the federal or provincial level by experienced politicians near the end of their careers as a way of allowing them to counsel the government and take on projects without the burdens associated with administering a government department.

CROATIA

* Dragutin Kalogjera (1990) * Zvonimir Medvedović (1990) * Gojko Šušak (1990–1991) * Zdravko Mršić (1990–1991) * Dražen Budiša (1991–1992) * Ivan Cesar (1991–1992) * Ivica Crnić (1992) * Darko Čargonja (1992) * Živko Juzbašić (1991–1992) * Mladen Vedriš (1992) * Vladimir Veselica (1991) * Muhamed Zulić (1991–1992) * Zvonimir Baletić (1991–1992) * Slavko Degoricija (1991) * Stjepan Zdunić (1991) * Čedomir Pavlović (1992–1993) * Smiljko Sokol (1992–1993) * Zlatko Mateša (1993–1995) – Prime Minister (1995–2000) * Juraj Njavro (1993–1997) * Ivan Majdak (1993–1995) * Marijan Petrović (1995) * Adalbert Rebić (1995) * Davor Štern (1995) * Branko Močibob (1995–1997) * Gordana Sobol (2002–2003) * Bianca Matković (2009–2011) * Goran Marić (2016)

DEPUTY PRIME MINISTERS WITHOUT PORTFOLIO

* Bernardo Jurlina (1990–1991) * Mate Babić (1990) * Milan Ramljak (1990–1992) * Franjo Gregurić (1990–1991) – Prime Minister (1991–1992) * Mate Granić (1991–1993) – Minister of Foreign Affairs (1993–2000) * Jurica Pavelić (1991–1992) * Zdravko Tomac (1991–1992) * Ivan Milas (1992–1993) * Vladimir Šeks (1992–1994) * Mladen Vedriš (1992–1993) * Ivica Kostović (1993–1995) * Bosiljko Mišetić (1995) * Borislav Škegro (1993–1997) * Ljerka Mintas Hodak (1995–1998) * Željka Antunović (2000–2002) * Slavko Linić (2000–2003) * Goran Granić (2000–2002) * Ante Simonić (2002–2003) * Damir Polančec (2005–2008) * Đurđa Adlešić (2008–2010) * Slobodan Uzelac (2008–2011) * Domagoj Ivan Milošević (2010–2011) * Tomislav Karamarko (2016) * Božo Petrov (2016) – Speaker of Parliament (2016–2017)

DENMARK

Three "control ministers" served as ministers without portfolio during World War I .

After the Liberation of Denmark in May 1945, the first Danish cabinet included four ministers without portfolio. Among these were Danish ambassador to the U.S. Henrik Kauffmann , who had conducted his own foreign policy throughout the war and refused to follow orders from Copenhagen as long as Denmark remained occupied by a foreign power. Kauffmann served in this capacity from 12 May to 7 November 1945. The three other holders of this title had joined the cabinet a few days before – Aksel Larsen ( Communist Party of Denmark ), Kr. Juul Christensen ( Danish Unity ) and Frode Jakobsen (Social Democrats ).

Lise Østergaard held a position as minister without portfolio with special attention to foreign policy issues in Anker Jørgensen 's cabinet from 26 February 1977 to 28 February 1980.

Anders Fogh Rasmussen appointed Bertel Haarder to Minister without Portfolio, but effectively Minister for European Affairs . Haarder served in this capacity from 27 November 2001 to 18 February 2005. The reason for appointing a minister without a ministry was the Danish European Union Presidency of 2002. Haarder was considered the most experienced Danish politician on European affairs.

GERMANY

* Hermann Göring (1933) * Rudolf Hess * Arthur Seyss-Inquart (1939–1945) * Hjalmar Schacht (1939–1943)

Since 1949, a Federal Minister for Special Affairs (_Bundesminister für besondere Aufgaben_) is a member of the Federal Government that does not have charge of a Federal Ministry, although some have simultaneously been Chief of the Federal Chancellor's Office.

HUNGARY

* Zsolt Semjén * Tamás Fellegi

INDIA

* Kunwar Natwar Singh

INDONESIA

Since the inception of the state, Indonesia had ministers without portfolio, usually given the title _Menteri Negara_ ('State Minister'). The number was not fixed, entirely depended on the behest of the President. Below is the list of Ministers without Portfolio in each Cabinet.

PRESIDENTIAL CABINET (19 AUGUST 1945-14 NOVEMBER 1945)

* Mohammad Amir * Abdul Wahid Hasyim * Sartono * Alexander Andries Maramis * Mohammad Amir * Oto Iskandar di Nata

FIRST SJAHRIR CABINET (11 NOVEMBER 1945-28 FEBRUARY 1946)

* Rasjidi

SECOND SJAHRIR CABINET (12 MARCH 1946-2 OCTOBER 1946)

* Wikana

THIRD SJAHRIR CABINET (5 OCTOBER 1946-27 JULY 1947)

* Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwana IX * Abdul Wahid Hasyim * Wikana * Dr. Soedarsono * Tan Po Gwan * Setiabudi

IRELAND

The Ministers and Secretaries (Amendment) Act, 1939 (Section 4) allows a member of the Government of Ireland not to have charge of a Department of State ; such a person is referred to as a "Minister without portfolio" (Irish : _Aire gan Cúram Roinne_ ). Such a minister may nevertheless be given a specific title. The only substantive minister without portfolio has been Frank Aiken , the Minister for the Co-ordination of Defensive Measures during World War II . By the Emergency Powers Act 1939 then in force, the Minister for Defence was able to delegate some competences to him. Such delegation is now done instead with Ministers of State : "junior ministers" who are not members of the government. Junior ministers can be given a right to sit at cabinet; they are often known colloquially as "super-juniors." This allows the Government to circumvent the Constitutional limit on the number of Senior Ministers.

On several occasions a minister has been appointed to an incoming government with the title of a new Department of State. Between the date of appointment and the date of creation of the department, such a minister was technically a minister without portfolio. Examples include:

TITLE GOVT MINISTER APPT TO GOVT DEPT CREATED DEPT

Minister of Economic Planning and Development 21st Dáil Martin O\'Donoghue 8 July 1977 13 December 1977 Department of Economic Planning and Development

Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform 31st Dáil Brendan Howlin 9 March 2011 6 July 2011 Department of Public Expenditure and Reform

ISRAEL

It is common practice in Israel to appoint ministers without portfolio as part of the coalition negotiations. All cabinets in recent years have had at least some such appointment. The Governance Law passed in 2013 forbade Ministers Without Portfolio effectively ending the practice, however in spite of some objections, after the 2015 elections this issue was revisited in the Knesset and it was allowed for the practice to resume. The full alphabetical list of Ministers without Portfolio since 1949 is:

* Ofir Akunis (2015) * Yosef Almogi (1961–62) * Shulamit Aloni (1974, 1993) * Yehuda Amital (1995–96) * Shaul Amor (1999) * Zalman Aran (1954–55) * Moshe Arens (1984–86, 1987–88) * Ruhama Avraham (2007–08) * Ami Ayalon (2007–08) * Yisrael Barzilai (1969–70) * Benny Begin (2009–13, 2015) * Menachem Begin (1967–70) * Mordechai Ben-Porat (1982–84) * Yosef Burg (1984) * Eitan Cabel (2006–07) * Ra\'anan Cohen (2001–02) * Yitzhak Cohen (2006–08) * Aryeh Deri (1993) * Aryeh Dolchin (1969–70) * Sarah Doron (1983–84)

* Abba Eban (1959–60) * Rafael Edri (1988–90) * Yaakov Edri (2006–07) * Effi Eitam (2002) * Yisrael Galili (1966–67, 1969–77) * Akiva Govrin (1963–64) * Mordechai Gur (1988–90) * Gideon Hausner (1974–77) * Yigal Hurvitz (1984–88) * Haim Landau (1978–79) * Pinhas Lavon (1952–54) * David Levy (2002) * Yitzhak Levy (2002) * Tzipi Livni (2001–02) * David Magen (1990) * Raleb Majadele (2007) * Dan Meridor (2001–03) * Yitzhak Moda\'i (1981–82, 1986–88) * Shaul Mofaz (2012)

* Peretz Naftali (1951–52, 1955–59) * Meshulam Nahari (since 2006) * Dan Naveh (2001–03) * Moshe Nissim (1978–80, 1988–90) * Ehud Olmert (1988–90) * Yossi Peled (2009) * Shimon Peres (1969) * Yitzhak Peretz (1984, 1987–88) * Haim Ramon (2005) * Pinchas Sapir (1968–69) * Yosef Sapir (1967–69) * Avner Shaki (1988–90) * Yosef Shapira (1984–88) * Ariel Sharon (1983–84) * Victor Shem-Tov (1969–70) * Salah Tarif (2001–02) * Ezer Weizman (1984–88) * Dov Yosef (1952–53) * Rehavam Ze\'evi (1991–92)

ITALY

In the Italian government, Ministers without Portfolio are nominated by the President of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister) and formally appointed by the President of the Republic to lead particular departments directly under the Presidency (or Presidium) of the Council of Ministers. Unlike the office of State Undersecretary to the Presidency, who fulfils duties in the Prime Minister's remit, Ministers without Portfolio enjoy the full status of ministers but do not lead an independent ministry. Departments on equalities, European affairs and relations with regions, for example, are usually led by ministers without portfolio.

The Monti Cabinet had 6 ministers without portfolio:

* Dino Piero Giarda (Relations with Parliament) * Fabrizio Barca (Territorial cohesion) * Piero Gnudi (Regional affairs, Tourism and Sport) * Enzo Moavero Milanesi (European affairs) * Andrea Riccardi (Integration and International cooperation) * Filippo Patroni Griffi (Public Administration and Law simplification)

The Letta Cabinet had 8 ministers without portfolio:

* Josefa Idem (Equal opportunities, Sport and Youth policy; resigned in June) * Cécile Kyenge (Integration and Youth Policy) * Giampiero D\'Alia (Public Administration) * Dario Franceschini (Relations with Parliament) * Enzo Moavero Milanesi (European affairs) * Graziano Delrio (Regional affairs and Sport) * Carlo Triglia (Territorial cohesion) * Gaetano Quagliariello (Constitutional reforms)

The Renzi Cabinet had 3 ministers without portfolio:

* Maria Elena Boschi (Constitutional Reforms and Parliamentary Relations) * Marianna Madia (Simplification of Public Administration) * Maria Carmela Lanzetta (2014–2015) (Regional Affairs)

MACEDONIA

As of 2017, ministers without portfolio (министер без ресор) are:

* Ramiz Merko * Edmond Ademi * Robert Popovski * Zoran Sapurik * Zorica Apostolovska * Adnan Kahil * Samka Ibraimovski

MALTA

* Joe Mizzi (1996–1998) * Konrad Mizzi (2016-2017) On April 28, 2016, following the appearance of his name in the Panama Papers leaks, Prime Minister Joseph Muscat announced in a press conference at the Auberge de Castille that Konrad Mizzi was to be removed from the position of Health and Energy Minister. Mizzi would however retain the title of Minister without portfolio, working within the Office of the Prime Minister.

NEPAL

Dr. Ram Sharan Mahat .

NETHERLANDS

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A minister without portfolio in the Netherlands is a minister that does not head a specific ministry , but assumes the same power and responsibilities as a minister that does. The minister is responsible for a specific part of another minister's policy field. In that sense, a minister without portfolio is comparable to a _staatssecretaris _ (state secretary or junior minister) in Dutch politics, who also falls under another ministry and is responsible for a specific part of that minister's policy field. However, one distinct difference is that a minister without portfolio is a member of the council of ministers and can vote in it, whereas a state secretary is not. The minister for development cooperation has always been a minister without portfolio.

In the second Balkenende cabinet there were three ministers without portfolio: Agnes van Ardenne (Development Cooperation), Rita Verdonk (Integration and Immigration) and Alexander Pechtold (Government Reform and Kingdom Relations).

In the fourth Balkenende cabinet there were three ministers without portfolio: Eberhard van der Laan (Housing, Neighbourhoods and Integration), Bert Koenders (Development Cooperation) and André Rouvoet , Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Youth and Family.

The second Rutte cabinet has two ministers without portfolio: Stef Blok (Housing and the Central Government Sector) and Lilianne Ploumen (Development Cooperation).

NEW ZEALAND

In the First Labour Government from 1935 the Hon. Mark Fagan was a "Minister without Portfolio" from 1935 to 1939, as was the Hon. David Wilson from 1939 to 1949. They were appointed to the upper house and made a "minister without portfolio" to add them to the cabinet although neither were elected to a seat in Parliament.

In the Third National Government , Keith Holyoake was made a Minister of State 1975–77 after he had retired as party leader, and in the Fourth National Government Robin Gray was made a Minister of State 1993–96 after he had retired as Speaker (though he was also Associate Minister of Foreign Affairs). Both appointments were considered sinecures to avoid their return as 'backbenchers '.

NORWAY

From 2009 to 2013 Karl Eirik Schjøtt-Pedersen (Labour) was a Minister without Portfolio and Chief of Staff in the Prime Ministers Office, where his job was to co-ordinate within government.

PHILIPPINES

During the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines , then-Senate President Manuel Roxas was appointed Minister without Portfolio by the Japanese Government.

PORTUGAL

Following the Carnation revolution , several politicians were made ministers without portfolio:

* Álvaro Cunhal (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th provisional government) * Ernesto Melo Antunes (2nd, 3rd provisional government) * Francisco Pereira de Moura (1st, 4th provisional government) * Francisco Sá Carneiro (1st provisional government) * Joaquim Magalhães Mota (2nd, 3rd, 4th provisional government) * Jorge Campinos (1st constitutional government) * Mário Soares (4th provisional government) * Vítor Alves (2nd, 3rd provisional government)

SERBIA

Main article: Minister without portfolio (Serbia)

From 2007 to 2008, Dragan Đilas was a "minister without portfolio" in charge of the National Investment Plan .

* Milan Krkobabić (2016) * Slavica Đukić Dejanović (2017) * Nenad Popović (2017)

TAIWAN

In the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China , there are several such ministers, at one time. Currently, the ministers without portfolio are:

* Audrey Tang * Chang Ching-sen , also serving as Governor of Fujian Province * Chen Tain-jy , also serving as Minister of National Development Council * Hsu Jan-yau , also serving as Governor of Taiwan Province and Minister of Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission * John Deng * Lin Wan-i * Wu Hong-mo , also serving as Minister of Public Construction Commission * Wu Tsung-tsong

SWEDEN

* Dag Hammarskjöld (1951–1953). * Olof Palme (1963–1965).

TANZANIA

President Jakaya Kikwete appointed Professor Mark Mwandosya as a minister without portfolio in 2012.

UNITED KINGDOM

In the United Kingdom , it is often a cabinet position, and is sometimes used to get people such as the Chairman of the Conservative Party or the Labour Party Chairman into cabinet meetings (if so, they hold the title of "Party Chairman "). The sinecure positions of Lord Privy Seal and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster which have few responsibilities and have a higher rank in the Order of Precedence than Minister without Portfolio can also be used for similar effect. The position has been referred to humorously as The Minister for Ministerial Affairs.

19TH CENTURY

NAME PORTRAIT CONCURRENT OFFICE(S) TENURE POLITICAL PARTY PRIME MINISTER

William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland

January 1805 – February 1806 Whig

William Pitt the Younger

William Fitzwilliam, 4th Earl Fitzwilliam

October 1806 – March 1807

William Grenville ( Ministry of All the Talents )

William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland

4 – 30 October 1809 Tory

Spencer Perceval

Dudley Ryder, 1st Earl of Harrowby

November 1809 – June 1812 Tory (Pittite)

John Pratt, 2nd Earl Camden (created 1st Marquess Camden, August 1812)

8 April – December 1812 Tory

Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool

Henry Phipps, 1st Earl of Mulgrave

January 1819 – May 1820

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

April – July 1827 Whig

George Canning

William Bentinck, 4th Duke of Portland

July – September 1827 Tory (Canningite)

George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle

22 November 1830 – 5 June 1834 Whig

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

3 September 1841 – July 1846 Conservative

Robert Peel

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

28 December 1852 – 21 February 1858 Whig

George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen (until February 1855)

Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston

Lord John Russell

February 1853 – June 1854

George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen

Spencer Horatio Walpole

May 1867 – February 1868 Conservative

Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby

Michael Hicks Beach

7 March 1887 – 20 February 1888

Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury

EDWARDIAN AND WARTIME

NAME PORTRAIT CONCURRENT OFFICE(S) TENURE POLITICAL PARTY PRIME MINISTER

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne

25 May 1915 – December 1916 Liberal Unionist

H. H. Asquith ( Coalition )

Arthur Henderson

Member of the War Cabinet 10 December 1916 – 12 August 1917 Labour

David Lloyd George ( Coalition )

Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner

10 December 1916 – 18 April 1918 Conservative

Jan Smuts

22 June 1917 – 10 January 1919 South African Party

Edward Carson

17 July 1917 – 21 January 1918 Ulster Unionist Party (Irish Unionist)

George Barnes

Member of the War Cabinet (until October 1919) 13 August 1917 – 27 January 1920 Labour

Austen Chamberlain

Member of the War Cabinet 18 April 1918 – 10 January 1919 Conservative

Eric Campbell Geddes

10 January – 31 October 1919

Laming Worthington-Evans

Member of the War Cabinet (until October 1919) 10 January 1919 – 13 February 1921

Christopher Addison

1 April – 14 July 1921 Liberal

Anthony Eden

Minister for League of Nations affairs 7 June – 22 December 1935 Conservative

Stanley Baldwin ( Coalition )

Eustace Percy

7 June 1935 – 31 March 1936

Leslie Burgin

Minister of Supply -designate 21 April – 14 July 1939 National Liberal Party

Neville Chamberlain ( Coalition )

Maurice Hankey _ Member of the War Cabinet September 1939 – 10 May 1940 no party_

Neville Chamberlain ( Coalition )

Arthur Greenwood

11 May 1940 – 22 February 1942 Labour

Winston Churchill ( Coalition )

William Jowitt

30 December 1942 – 8 October 1944

POST-WAR

NAME PORTRAIT CONCURRENT OFFICE(S) TENURE POLITICAL PARTY PRIME MINISTER

A. V. Alexander _

4 October – 20 December 1946 Labour Co-operative

Clement Attlee

Arthur Greenwood

17 April – 29 September 1947 Labour

Geoffrey FitzClarence, 5th Earl of Munster

18 October 1954 – 1957 Conservative

Winston Churchill

Anthony Eden

Stormont Mancroft, 2nd Baron Mancroft

11 June 1957 – 1958

Harold Macmillan

Henry Scrymgeour-Wedderburn, 11th Earl of Dundee

23 October 1958 – 1961 Unionist

Percy Mills, 1st Baron Mills

Deputy Leader of the House of Lords 9 October 1961 – 14 July 1962 Conservative

Bill Deedes

13 July 1962 – 16 October 1964

Alec Douglas-Home

Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington

Leader of the House of Lords 20 October 1963 – 16 October 1964

Eric Fletcher

19 October 1964 – 6 April 1966 Labour

Harold Wilson

Arthur Champion, Baron Champion

Deputy Leader of the House of Lords 21 October 1964 – 7 January 1967

Douglas Houghton

6 April 1966 – 7 January 1967

Edward Shackleton, Baron Shackleton

Deputy Leader of the House of Lords 7 January 1967 – 16 January 1968

Patrick Gordon Walker

7 January – 21 August 1967

George Thomson

17 October 1968 – 6 October 1969

Peter Shore

6 October 1969 – 19 June 1970

Niall Macpherson, 1st Baron Drumalbyn

15 October 1970 – 1974 Unionist

Edward Heath

Morys Bruce, 4th Baron Aberdare

8 January – March 1974 Conservative

David Young, Baron Young of Graffham

advising on unemployment_ 11 September 1984 – 3 September 1985

Margaret Thatcher

Jeremy Hanley

Chairman of the Conservative Party 20 July 1994 – 5 July 1995 John Major

Brian Mawhinney

5 July 1995 – 2 May 1997

Peter Mandelson _ called the "Dome Secretary"_ 2 May 1997 – 27 July 1998 Labour

Tony Blair

21ST CENTURY

NAME PORTRAIT CONCURRENT OFFICE(S) TENURE POLITICAL PARTY PRIME MINISTER

Charles Clarke _ Labour Party Chair 9 June 2001 – October 2002 Labour

Tony Blair

John Reid

24 October 2002 – April 2003

Ian McCartney

4 April 2003 – May 2006

Hazel Blears

5 May 2006 – June 2007

no appointment_ 28 June 2007 – May 2010

Gordon Brown

Sayeeda Warsi, Baroness Warsi

Co- Chairman of the Conservative Party 12 May 2010 – September 2012 Conservative

David Cameron ( Coalition )

Grant Shapps

4 September 2012 – May 2015

Ken Clarke

trade envoy 4 September 2012 – July 2014

John Hayes

Senior Parliamentary Adviser to the Prime Minister (Cabinet Office) 28 March 2013 – July 2014

Robert Halfon

Deputy Chairman of the Conservative Party 11 May 2015 – 17 July 2016

David Cameron

There is at present no appointed _minister without portfolio_ in the British government, under the Premiership of Theresa May .

UNITED STATES

In the United States, an individual who has great influence on government affairs without holding formal office might be described as a "minister without portfolio". Such an appellation is completely unofficial (possibly intended jokingly or disparagingly) and merely serves to underscore the extent of the individual's already-existing influence; it does not grant any new influence or power. Examples include Bernard Baruch and Arthur Burns .

As the Vice President of the United States has little formal power but can influence policy insofar as the president allows, the role of vice president is similar to that of a minister without portfolio.

UGANDA

Since 2015, the cabinet list has included a minister without portfolio:

* Abraham Byandala – 2015 until 2016 * Abdul Nadduli – 2016 to present

REFERENCES

* ^ "Mr Bruce to be Minister without Portfolio". Retrieved 24 January 2017. * ^ "Bangladesh\'s PM Sheikh Hasina keeps Home, Foreign Affairs, Defence portfolios". _economictimes.indiatimes.com_. PTI. Retrieved 2 February 2016. * ^ "Minister without Portfolio". _Focal _. Foras na Gaeilge. Retrieved 8 May 2012. * ^ Chubb, Basil (1982). _Government & Politics of Ireland_ (2nd ed.). Stanford University Press . p. 170. ISBN 0-8047-1115-1 . * ^ "Emergency Powers Act, 1939; §6 Delegation of statutory powers and duties". Irishstatutebook.ie. Retrieved 2016-07-27. * ^ "S.I. No. 157/1944 — Air-Raid Precautions (Approval of Expenditure by Essential Undertakers) (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations, 1944". Irishstatutebook.ie. Retrieved 2016-07-27. * ^ "Ministers and Secretaries (Amendment) Bill, 1977: Fifth Stage.". _Dáil debates_. Oireachtas. 10 November 1977. Retrieved 8 May 2012. The Minister for Economic Planning and Development is a member of the Government not having charge of a Department of State, who is therefore, under section 4 (2) of the Ministers and Secretaries (Amendment) Act 1939 a Minister without portfolio. His title is not derived from the title of a Department of which he is head, because it does not exist, but it is a title that has been assigned to him by the Government pursuant to section 4 (3) of the 1939 Act. * ^ "Appointment of Taoiseach and Nomination of Members of Government.". _Dáil debates_. Oireachtas. 5 July 1977. Retrieved 8 May 2012. * ^ "Mr. Martin O\'Donoghue". _Dáil Éireann Members Database_. Oireachtas. Retrieved 8 May 2012. * ^ "Ministers and Secretaries (Amendment) Act, 1977 Section 2". _ Irish Statute Book _. Attorney General. 6 December 1977. Retrieved 8 May 2012. * ^ "S.I. No. 377/1977 — Ministers and Secretaries (Amendment) Act, 1977 (Appointed Day) Order, 1977.". _Irish Statute Book_. Attorney General. 9 December 1977. Retrieved 8 May 2012. * ^ "Appointment of Ministers and Ministers of State". _Dáil debates_. 15 March 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2012. * ^ "Ministers and Secretaries (Amendment) Act 2011, Section 7". _Irish Statute Book_. Dublin: Attorney General. 4 July 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2012. * ^ "S.I. No. 401/2011 — Ministers and Secretaries (Amendment) Act 2011 (Appointed Day) Order 2011.". _Irish Statute Book_. Dublin: Attorney General. Retrieved 8 May 2012. * ^ "Decreto del Presidente della Repubblica 30 gennaio 2015 – Accettazione delle dimissioni della dott.ssa Maria Carmela LANZETTA dalla carica di Ministro senza portafoglio. (15A00810) (GU Serie Generale n.27 del 3-2-2015)". The official website of the Gazzetta Ufficiale . * ^ "Updated (3): Konrad Mizzi, Keith Schembri to remain at Castille; Mallia returns to Cabinet - The Malta Independent". _www.independent.com.mt_. Retrieved 2017-04-27. * ^ "Parlament Ta\' Malta". _parlament.mt_. Archived from the original on 2017-03-26. Retrieved 2017-04-27. * ^ "Congress leader Mahat to join cabinet". Setopati.net. 2014-02-11. Retrieved 2016-07-27. * ^ "Premier-designate finalizes his Cabinet lineup". Focustaiwan.tw. 2016-04-28. Retrieved 2016-07-27. * ^ http://focustaiwan.tw/news/aipl/201608090034.aspx * ^ "Olof Palme". _Government Offices of Sweden_. 27 February 2016. he was a minister without portfolio from 1963 to 1965 * ^ Bauman, Michael (1984-06-27). "Mysterious Baruch". _Milwaukee Journal_. p. 18. Retrieved 31 March 2012. * ^ "The Administration: Minister Without Portfolio". _Time_. 1969-02-07. Retrieved 31 March 2012. * ^ Baumgartner, Jody C. (1 Jan 2006). _The American Vice Presidency Reconsidered_. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 127. ISBN 9780275988906 .

EXTERNAL LINKS

* List of Canadian Ministers Without Portfolio and Ministers of State (Parliament of Canada Website) * Taiwanese Ministers Without Portfolio

* v * t * e

Common types of government ministers and ministries

LEADERSHIP

* Prime Minister * Deputy Prime Minister * Cabinet department

EXTERNAL AFFAIRS

* Defence (list ) * Foreign / External Affairs (list ) * Immigration *

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