thumb|Bristol Head, el. 12,713 feet (3,875 meters). Mineral County is one of the 64 counties in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 712, making it the second-least populous county in Colorado, behind San Juan County. The county seat and only incorporated municipality in the county is Creede. The county was named for the many valuable minerals found in the mountains and streams of the area.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of , of which is land and (0.2%) is water.

Adjacent counties

*Saguache County - northeast *Rio Grande County - east *Archuleta County - south *Hinsdale County - west

Major Highways

* U.S. Highway 160 * State Highway 149

National protected areas

*Rio Grande National Forest *San Juan National Forest *La Garita Wilderness *Weminuche Wilderness

Trails and byways

*Colorado Trail *Continental Divide National Scenic Trail *Lake Fork National Recreation Trail *Silver Thread Scenic Byway


At the 2000 census, there were 831 people in 377 households, including 251 families, in the county. The population density was 1 people per square mile (0/km2). There were 1,119 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.87% White, 0.84% Native American, 0.12% from other races, and 2.17% from two or more races. 2.05% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 377 households 22.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 5.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 28.10% of households were one person and 9.80% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.70. The age distribution was 20.50% under the age of 18, 4.70% from 18 to 24, 24.80% from 25 to 44, 32.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.30% 65 or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 104.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.10 males. The median household income was $34,844 and the median family income was $40,833. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,475. About 9.30% of families and 10.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.70% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over. Mineral County has an extremely high proportion of land under federal ownership, with 96% of the county under the management of the federal government (It houses an office of, and is surrounded by, the Rio Grande National Forest).


As of 2015 the largest self-reported ancestry groups in Mineral County, Colorado are:





Unincorporated Communities

*Spar City *Wagon Wheel Gap

Ghost Towns

*Bachelor City *Weaver

See also

*Outline of Colorado *Index of Colorado-related articles *National Register of Historic Places listings in Mineral County, Colorado


Further reading

*Foley, N.K. et al. (1993). ''Mineralogy, mineral chemistry, and paragenesis of gold, silver, and base-metal ores of the North Amethyst vein system, San Juan Mountains, Mineral County, Colorado'' .S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1537 Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.

External links

Official Website of Mineral County, ColoradoCreede and Mineral County informationColorado Historical Society
{{authority control Category:Colorado counties Category:1893 establishments in Colorado Category:Populated places established in 1893