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Mindoro
Mindoro
is the seventh largest island in the Philippines
Philippines
by land area with a total of 10,571 km2 ( 4,082 sq.mi ) and with a total population of 1,331,473 as of 2015. It is located off the southwestern coast of Luzon
Luzon
and northeast of Palawan. Mindoro
Mindoro
is divided into two provinces Occidental Mindoro
Occidental Mindoro
and Oriental Mindoro. San Jose is the largest settlement on the island with a total population of 143,430 inhabitants as of 2015. The southern coast of Mindoro
Mindoro
forms the northeastern extremum of the Sulu Sea.[3] Mount Halcon
Mount Halcon
is the highest point on the island, standing at 8,484 feet (2,586 m) above sea level located in Oriental Mindoro. Mount Baco is the island's second highest mountain with an elevation of 8,163 feet (2,488 m), located in the province of Occidental Mindoro.

Contents

1 History 2 Economy 3 Culture 4 Fauna 5 Bibliography 6 References 7 External links

History[edit]

1900 map of Mindoro
Mindoro
Island

In past times, it has been called Ma-i
Ma-i
or Mait by Han Chinese
Han Chinese
traders and by Spaniards, as Mina de Oro (meaning "gold mine") from where the island got its current name. According to the late historian William Henry Scott, an entry in the official history of the Sung Dynasty
Sung Dynasty
for the year 972 mentions Ma-i
Ma-i
as a state which traded with China. Other Chinese records referring to Ma-i
Ma-i
or Mindoro
Mindoro
appear in the years that follow.[4] The products that Mindoro
Mindoro
traders exchanged with the Chinese included "beeswax, cotton, true pearls, tortoise shell, medicinal betelnuts and yu-ta [jute?] cloth" for Chinese porcelain, trade gold, iron pots, lead, copper, colored glass beads and iron needles.[4] The island was briefly invaded by the Sultanate of Brunei
Sultanate of Brunei
and housed Moro settlements[5] before the Spanish invaded and Christianized the population. Afterwards, the area was depopulated due to wars between the Spaniards and the Moros from Mindanao
Mindanao
who sought to enslave the hispanized people and to re-islamize the island.[6][7] Consequently, most of the population fled to nearby Batangas
Batangas
and the once rich towns of Mindoro
Mindoro
fell to ruin.[6] In the seventeenth century, Giovanni Francesco Gemelli Careri visited the island.[8] In 1898, Mindoro joined in the Philippine Revolution
Philippine Revolution
against Spain due to the influx of rebels settling into the island from Cavite
Cavite
and Bataan. Local patriotism died down however during the American occupation of the Philippines
Philippines
and the Japanese era. The island was the location of the Battle of Mindoro
Battle of Mindoro
in World War II. Nevertheless, upon Philippine independence, the area recovered and from 1920 to 1950, the island was a single province with Calapan City as the provincial capital. In 1950, it was partitioned into its two present-day provinces, Occidental Mindoro
Occidental Mindoro
and Oriental Mindoro,[9] following a referendum that was pushed through by then acting governor Romeo Venturanza. Economy[edit]

Beach in Northern Mindoro

The economy of Mindoro
Mindoro
is largely based on agriculture. Products consist of a wide variety of fruits, such as citrus, bananas, lanzones, rambutan and coconuts, grains (rice and corn), sugarcane, peanuts, fish (catfish, milkfish and tilapia), livestock and poultry. Logging
Logging
and the mining of marble and copper also thrive. Tourism is a lucrative business as well, with locations such as Apo Reef National Park, Lubang Island, Puerto Galera, Sabang Beach and Mount Halcon. Puerto Galera's beaches are the island's most known tourist attraction and are widely visited. Culture[edit] The principal language in Mindoro
Mindoro
is Tagalog, although in some parts it has been greatly influenced by the native Mangyan
Mangyan
and Visayan languages. Mainstream Standard Filipino and Taglish are, indeed, present in and around such areas as Calapan City, Pinamalayan, Puerto Galera and San Jose. Visayan and Mangyan
Mangyan
languages, too, are spoken on the island, as are Ilocano, Bicolano and some foreign languages — e.g., English, Hokkien and to a lesser extent, Spanish. The following indigenous languages are spoken in Mindoro. is

Northern Mindoro languages - 16,000 speakers

Iraya - 10,000 speakers Alangan - 2,150 speakers Tadyawan - 4,200 speakers

Southern Mindoro languages - 30,000 speakers

Buhid - 8,000 speakers Tawbuid - 8,000 speakers Hanuno'o - 14,000 speakers

Visayan languages

Ratagnon language - 2 speakers

The common religions on the island fall under Christianity. The religion of the indigenous Mangyan
Mangyan
population is animism. Though they are into animism as a principal religion, the Roman Catholic Church in some of Mindoro's parts is also active, so are a few independent subdivisions, like Iglesia Ni Cristo
Iglesia Ni Cristo
and Philippine Independent Church, as well as the Baptist Church. Fauna[edit] Mindoro
Mindoro
is also home to the tamaraw or Mindoro
Mindoro
dwarf buffalo (Bubalus mindorensis), which is endemic to the island. The tamaraw is a bovine related to the water buffalo (carabao) and is an endangered species. Bibliography[edit]

C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Sulu Sea. Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. P.Saundry & C.J.Cleveland. Washington DC

References[edit]

^ "Islands of Philippines". Island Directory. United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved 22 May 2015.  ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 22 May 2015.  ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Sulu Sea ^ a b Scott, William Henry. (1984). "Societies in Prehispanic Philippines". Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History. Quezon City: New Day Publishers. p. 70. ISBN 971-10-0226-4.  ^ Prof. Cesar A. Majul attests to the existence of Bornean settlements in Manila and construes that some of the rulers found by the Spaniards were themselves Borneans. He in fact cites that as late as 1574, the Borneans and their allies, the Sulus, continued to extract tribute from the natives of Mindoro, thus this practice must have been going on for quite some time. Cf. Muslims in the Philippines, (Quezon City: University of the Philippines
Philippines
Press, 1973), pp. 72.,78; · ^ a b Lopez, Violeta B. (April 1974). "Culture Contact and Ethnogenesis in Mindoro
Mindoro
up to the End of the Spanish Rule" (PDF). Asian Studies, Volume XII, Number 1. Retrieved 3 February 2017.  ^ Majul, op. cit., p. 108. ^ Mirabeau, Honoré (1867). Erotika Biblion. Chevalier de Pierrugues. Chez tous les Libraries.  ^ "Republic Act No. 505 - An Act to Create the Provinces of Oriental Mindoro
Mindoro
and Occidental Mindoro". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 13 June 1950. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Mindoro
Mindoro
at Wikimedia Commons

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of The New Student's Reference Work article Mindoro.

Geographic data related to Mindoro
Mindoro
at OpenStreetMap "Map of Mindoro" showing towns and major mountain tops

v t e

Major islands of the Philippines

Alabat Balabac Bantayan Basilan Biliran Bohol Bucas Grande Bugsuk Burias Busuanga Camiguin Cebu Catanduanes Culion Dinagat Dumaran Guimaras Jolo Leyte Lubang Luzon Masbate Marinduque Mindanao Mindoro Negros Olutanga Palawan Panaon Panay Polillo Samal Samar Siargao Sibutu Sibuyan Siquijor Tablas Tawitawi Ticao

See also Geography of the Philippines Island groups of the Philippines List of islands

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 247734

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