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Mincha
Mincha
(Hebrew: מִנחַה‬, pronounced as /mɪnxə/; sometimes spelled Minchah or Minha) is the afternoon prayer service in Judaism.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Origin 3 Time frame for recitation 4 Prayers 5 See also 6 References

Etymology[edit] The name Mincha, meaning 'present', is derived from the meal offering that accompanied each sacrifice offered in the Temple (Beit HaMikdash) . Origin[edit] The Hebrew noun minħah (מִנְחָה‬) is used 211 times in the Masoretic Text
Masoretic Text
of the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
with the first instances being the minkhah offered by both Cain
Cain
and Abel
Abel
in Genesis 4. The Talmud
Talmud
states that Mincha
Mincha
was originated by Isaac, and described in Genesis 24:63 by the words " Isaac
Isaac
went out to converse in the field." where the verb "converse" (שוח suwach) refers to with God.[1] Time frame for recitation[edit] Mincha
Mincha
is different from Shacharit
Shacharit
and Maariv
Maariv
in that it is recited in the middle of the secular day. Unlike Shacharit, which is recited upon arising, and Maariv, which can be recited before going to sleep, Mincha
Mincha
is the afternoon prayer and as a result of this, many Mincha groups have formed in workplaces and other places where many Jews are present during the day.[1] Mincha
Mincha
may be recited from half an hour after halachic noontime. This earliest time is referred to as mincha gedola (the "large mincha"). It is, however, preferably recited after mincha ketana (2.5 halachic hours before nightfall[2]). Ideally, one should complete the prayers before sunset, although many authorities permit reciting Mincha
Mincha
until nightfall. While it is permissible to recite mincha after shkiah (sunset), the Mishnah Berurah
Mishnah Berurah
states that is preferable to recite mincha without a minyan before shkiah than to recite it with a minyan after shkia.[3] [4] However one may repeat the Shabbos Maariv
Maariv
and have in mind that the missed mincha is being compensated for through the second Amidah.[citation needed] Prayers[edit] Mincha
Mincha
on a weekday exclusive includes prayers found at Shacharit. Prayers of Mincha
Mincha
include the following:

Ashrei Uva Letzion (on Shabbat
Shabbat
and Yom Tov only) Torah reading
Torah reading
(on Shabbat
Shabbat
and public fast days only) Amidah Tachanun (omitted on Shabbat, Yom Tov, and certain other festive days) Tzidkatcha Tzedek (on Shabbat
Shabbat
only; omitted on days when Tachanun would be omitted if it were a weekday) Aleinu

Sephardim and Italian Jews
Italian Jews
start the Mincha
Mincha
prayers with Psalm
Psalm
84 and Korbanot (Numbers 28:1-8), and usually continue with the Pittum hakketoret. The opening section is concluded with Malachi 3:4. Ashkenaz (German Jews) and Polin (non-Hasidic Polish Jews) begin with a Ribon HaOlamim, then a Ribon HaOlam, then Korban
Korban
HaTamid, and then Ashrei. From Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
to Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
and on public fast days, except on Shabbat, erev Shabbat, and Tisha B'Av, Avinu Malkeinu is added following Amidah. On Yom Kippur, Uva Letzion (and Ashrei according to Ashkenazim) are omitted from Mincha, and it begins with the Torah reading. Ashrei and Uva Letzion are a part of the Ne'ila service. See also[edit]

Shacharit Maariv Mussaf Ne'ila

References[edit]

^ a b Living Jewish: values, practices and traditions By Berel Wein, page 87 ^ On another view, before sunset ^ Halakhic positions of Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik, Volume 4 By Aharon Ziegler, pae 21 ^ Halakhic positions of Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik, Volume 4 By Aharon Ziegler, page 22

v t e

Jewish prayer

List of Jewish prayers and blessings

Shacharit

Preparation

Birkot hashachar Akeida Offerings

Pesukei dezimra

Mizmor Shir ( Psalm
Psalm
30) Barukh she'amar Songs of thanksgiving ( Psalm
Psalm
100) Yehi kevod Hallel (Ashrei Psalms 146 147 148 149 150) Baruch Adonai L'Olam Vayivarech David Atah Hu Adonai L'Vadecha Az Yashir Yishtabach

Core prayers

Barechu Yotzer ohr Ahava rabbah Shema Emet Vayatziv Amidah Kedushah

Conclusion

Tachanun Torah reading1, 2, 3 Ashrei Psalm
Psalm
20 Uva letzion Aleinu Shir shel yom Kaddish Ein Keloheinu4

Mincha

Ashrei Torah reading1, 5 Amidah Kedushah Tachanun Aleinu Kaddish

Maariv

Barechu Maariv
Maariv
Aravim Ahavat Olam Shema Emet V'Emunah Hashkiveinu Baruch Adonai L'Olam Half Kaddish Amidah Full Kaddish Aleinu Mourner's Kaddish

Shabbat
Shabbat
/ Holiday additions

Extended Pesukei dezimra (Psalms 19 34 90 91 135 136 33 Lekhah Dodi 92 93) Nishmat Shochen Ad Hallel Torah reading Yom Tov Torah readings Haftarah Yekum Purkan Av HaRachamim Mussaf Birkat Cohanim6 Anim Zemirot Tzidkatcha Al HaNissim Adon Olam

Seasonal additions

Psalm
Psalm
27 Avinu Malkeinu Selichot

Other prayers

Amen Modeh Ani Ma Tovu Adon Olam Yigdal Al Netilat Yadayim Asher Yatzar Birkat HaMazon El Malei Rachamim Havdalah Kiddush Levana Tefilat HaDerech Birkat Hachama

1 On Shabbat 2 On holidays 3 On Mondays and Thursdays 4 Only on Shabbat
Shabbat
and holidays, according to Nusach Ashkenaz in the diaspora 5 On fast days 6

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