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MINCHA (Hebrew : מִנחַה‎, pronounced as /mɪnxə/ ; sometimes spelled Minchah or Minha) is the afternoon prayer service in Judaism
Judaism
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 Origin * 3 Time frame for recitation * 4 Prayers * 5 See also * 6 References

ETYMOLOGY

The name "Mincha", meaning "present", is derived from the meal offering that accompanied each sacrifice offered in the Temple (Beit Hamikdash) .

ORIGIN

The Hebrew noun minħah (מִנְחָה) is used 211 times in the Masoretic Text
Masoretic Text
of the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
with the first instances being the minkhah offered by both Cain
Cain
and Abel
Abel
in Genesis 4.

The Talmud
Talmud
states that Mincha
Mincha
was originated by Isaac
Isaac
, and described in Genesis 24:63 by the words " Isaac
Isaac
went out to converse in the field." where the verb "converse" (שוח suwach) refers to with God
God
.

TIME FRAME FOR RECITATION

Mincha
Mincha
is different from Shacharit
Shacharit
and Maariv
Maariv
in that it is recited in the middle of the secular day. Unlike Shacharit, which is recited upon arising, and Maariv, which can be recited before going to sleep, Mincha
Mincha
is the afternoon prayer and as a result of this, many Mincha groups have formed in workplaces and other places where many Jews are present during the day.

Mincha
Mincha
may be recited from half an hour after halachic noontime. This earliest time is referred to as mincha gedola (the "large mincha"). It is, however, preferably recited after mincha ketana (2.5 halachic hours before nightfall ). Ideally, one should complete the prayers before sunset, although many authorities permit reciting Mincha
Mincha
until nightfall.

While it is permissible to recite mincha after shkiah (sunset ), the Mishnah Berurah
Mishnah Berurah
states that is preferable to recite mincha without a minyan before shkiah than to recite it with a minyan after shkia.

However one may repeat the Shabbos Maariv
Maariv
and have in mind that the missed mincha is being compensated for through the second Amidah.

PRAYERS

Mincha
Mincha
on a weekday exclusive includes prayers found at Shacharit
Shacharit
.

Prayers of Mincha
Mincha
include the following:

* Ashrei * Uva Letzion (on Shabbat
Shabbat
and Yom Tov only) * Torah reading
Torah reading
(on Shabbat
Shabbat
and public fast days only) * Amidah * Tachanun (omitted on Shabbat, Yom Tov, and certain other festive days) * Tzidkatcha Tzedek (on Shabbat
Shabbat
only; omitted on days when Tachanun would be omitted if it were a weekday) * Aleinu

Sephardim and Italian Jews
Italian Jews
start the Mincha
Mincha
prayers with Psalm
Psalm
84 and Korbanot (Numbers 28:1-8), and usually continue with the Pittum hakketoret. The opening section is concluded with Malachi 3:4. Ashkenaz (German Jews) and Polin (non-Hasidic Polish Jews) begin with a Ribon HaOlamim, then a Ribon HaOlam, then Korban
Korban
HaTamid, and then Ashrei.

From Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
to Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
and on public fast days, except on Shabbat, erev Shabbat, and Tisha B\'Av , Avinu Malkeinu is added following Amidah.

On Yom Kippur, Uva Letzion (and Ashrei according to Ashkenazim) are omitted from Mincha, and it begins with the Torah reading. Ashrei and Uva Letzion are a part of the Ne\'ila service.

SEE ALSO

* Shacharit
Shacharit
* Maariv
Maariv
* Mussaf * Ne\'ila

REFERENCES

* ^ A B Living Jewish: values, practices and traditions By Berel Wein, page 87 * ^ On another view, before sunset * ^ Halakhic positions of Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik, Volume 4 By Aharon Ziegler, pae 21 * ^ Halakhic positions of Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik, Volume 4 By Aharon Ziegler, page 22

* v * t * e

Jewish prayer
Jewish prayer

List of Jewish prayers and blessings
List of Jewish prayers and blessings

SHACHARIT

PREPARATION

* Birkot hashachar * Akeida * Offerings

PESUKEI DEZIMRA

* Mizmor Shir ( Psalm
Psalm
30) * Barukh she\'amar * Songs of thanksgiving * ( Psalm
Psalm
100 ) * Yehi kevod * Hallel ( Ashrei * Psalms 146 * 147 * 148 * 149 * 150 ) * Baruch Adonai L\'Olam * Vayivarech David * Atah Hu Adonai L\'Vadecha * Az Yashir * Yishtabach

CORE PRAYERS

* Barechu * Yotzer ohr * Ahava rabbah * Shema * Emet Vayatziv * Amidah * Kedushah

CONCLUSION

* Tachanun * Torah reading
Torah reading
1, 2, 3 * Ashrei * Psalm
Psalm
20 * Uva letzion * Aleinu * Shir shel yom * Kaddish * Ein Keloheinu 4

MINCHA

* Ashrei * Torah reading
Torah reading
1, 5 * Amidah * Kedushah * Tachanun * Aleinu * Kaddish

MAARIV

* Barechu * Maariv
Maariv
Aravim * Ahavat Olam * Shema * Emet V\'Emunah * Hashkiveinu * Baruch Adonai L\'Olam * Half Kaddish * Amidah * Full Kaddish * Aleinu * Mourner\'s Kaddish

SHABBAT / HOLIDAY ADDITIONS

* Extended Pesukei dezimra (Psalms 19 * 34 * 90 * 91 * 135 * 136 * 33 * Lekhah Dodi * 92 * 93 ) * Nishmat * Shochen Ad * Hallel * Torah reading
Torah reading
* Yom Tov Torah readings * Haftarah * Yekum Purkan * Av HaRachamim * Mussaf * Birkat Cohanim 6 * Anim Zemirot * Tzidkatcha * Al HaNissim * Adon Olam

SEASONAL ADDITIONS

* Psalm
Psalm
27 * Avinu Malkeinu * Selichot
Selichot

OTHER PRAYERS

* Amen
Amen
* Modeh Ani * Ma Tovu * Adon Olam * Yigdal
Yigdal
* Al Netilat Yadayim * Asher Yatzar * Birkat HaMazon * El Malei Rachamim * Havdalah
Havdalah
* Kiddush Levana * Tefilat HaDerech * Birkat Hachama

* 1 On Shabbat
Shabbat
* 2 On holidays * 3 On Mondays and Thursdays * 4 Only on Shabbat
Shabbat
and holidays, according to Nusach Ashkenaz in the diaspora * 5 On fast days * 6 Daily

.