Min River (Sichuan)
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The Min River or Min Jiang () is a in central
Sichuan Sichuan (; , ; alternatively romanized as Szechuan or Szechwan) is a landlocked province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, admini ...

Sichuan
province, China. It is a
tributary A tributary, or affluent, is a stream A stream is a body of water (Lysefjord) in Norway Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway,Names in the official and recognised languages: Bokmål Bokmål (, ; literally "book tongue") ...
of the upper
Yangtze River The Yangtze or Yangzi ( or ) is the longest river in Asia, the third-longest in the world and the longest in the world to flow entirely within one country. It rises at Jari Hill in the Tanggula Mountains The Tanggula ( Chinese:  ...
which it joins at
Yibin Yibin (; Sichuanese Pinyin Sichuanese Pinyin (Si4cuan1hua4 Pin1yin1; ), is a romanization Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics, is the conversion of writing from a different writing system to the Latin script, Roman (Latin) script, or ...

Yibin
. Within China, it was traditionally taken as the main course of the upper Yangtze prior to extensive exploration of its sources.


Geography

The Min River flows in the general southern direction. It starts in north-central Sichuan, where its basin is limited by the
Qionglai Mountains Qionglai Mountains () is a mountain range in the Sichuan Sichuan (; , ; alternatively romanized as Szechuan or Szechwan) is a landlocked province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, ad ...
in the west and the
Min Mountains Min Mountains or Minshan () are a mountain range in central China. It runs in the general north-south direction through northern Sichuan (the eastern part of the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture and adjacent areas of Mianyang Prefect ...
in the east. The river passes through the
Longmen Mountains The Longmen Mountains (), also tautologically referred to in English-language publications as the Longmenshan Mountains, are a mountain range in Sichuan province in southwestern China. Geography The range runs in a roughly northeast to southwest ...
and enters the plains of the
Sichuan Basin The Sichuan Basin (), formerly transliterated as the Szechwan Basin, sometimes called the Red Basin, is a lowland region in southwestern China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia Eas ...
near
Dujiangyan The Dujiangyan () is an ancient irrigation Irrigation is the agricultural Agriculture is the practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary Image:Family watching television ...
. In that area, the ancient
Irrigation System Irrigation is the artificial process of applying controlled amounts of water to land to assist in production of crops. Irrigation helps to grow agricultural crops, maintain landscape A landscape is the visible features of an area of lan ...

Irrigation System
and the modern
Zipingpu Zipingpu Dam (紫坪铺水利枢纽) is an embankment dam on the Min River (Sichuan), Min River near the city of Dujiangyan City, Dujiangyan, Sichuan Province in southwest China. It consists of four Electrical generator, generators with a total gen ...
dam are located. The of
Leshan Leshan, formerly known as Jiading or Jiazhou, is a prefecture-level city A prefectural-level municipality (), prefectural-level city or prefectural city is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China China (), offi ...

Leshan
is built into the stone banks of the Min river.


Names

Some 19th-century Western authors used the name Blue River as the "colloquial name" for the Minjiang, after the former local Chinese name ''Qingshui'' (, lit. "Clear water"), and the belief that the Min constituted the main course of the
Yangtze The Yangtze or Yangzi ( or ) is the longest river in Asia, the third-longest in the world and the longest in the world to flow entirely within one country. It rises at Jari Hill in the Tanggula Mountains The Tanggula ( Chinese:  ...
, which was itself known to Europeans as the "Blue River".E.g., Moll, Herman.
The Empire of China and island of Japan, agreeable to modern history.
Bowles & Bowles (London), 1736. Accessed 13 August 2013.


Wildlife

A survey by biologist Deng Qixiang found that only 16 of the 40
fish Fish are aquatic Aquatic means relating to water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an inorganic, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent of Earth's hydrosphere and the ...

fish
species recorded in the 1950s can be found today. The Sichuan Taimen, a protected species, has not been seen in one stretch of river, the
Wenchuan Wenchuan County is a County (People's Republic of China), county in Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan, China, People's Republic of China. The county has an area of and a population of 106,119 as of 2005. Wolong National Natu ...
, for an entire decade.


History

Located along the Min River is the oldest surviving water management scheme built by hydraulic engineer
Li Bing Li Bing (; ) was a Chinese hydraulic engineer and official of the Warring States period The Warring States period () was an era in ancient Chinese history characterized by warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolida ...
, helping to greatly expand the power of the Qin state, and triggering a population boom in the Chengdu plain. It was built about 2,300 years ago. The first western academic to research its history was
Joseph Needham Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham (; 9 December 1900 – 24 March 1995) was a British biochemist, historian and sinologist Sinology or Chinese studies, is an academic discipline that focuses on the study of China China, officially ...
. The scheme became known as the
Dujiangyan Irrigation System The Dujiangyan () is an ancient irrigation system in Dujiangyan City, Sichuan, China. Originally constructed around 256 BC by the State of Qin (state), Qin as an irrigation and flood control project, it is still in use today. The system's infrast ...

Dujiangyan Irrigation System
.


Dams

The Min is being heavily developed, primarily for
hydroelectric Hydroelectricity, or hydroelectric power, is electricity produced from hydropower Hydropower (from el, ὕδωρ, "water"), also known as water power, is the use of falling or fast-running water Water (chemical formula H2O) is a ...
power. A total of 27 dams are completed, under construction or planned for the river, as of March 2014. Those dams are listed below from downstream to upstream. * Pianchuangzi Dam – Planned, 740 MW * Longxikou Dam – Planned, 360 MW * Jianwei Dam – Planned, 360 MW * Shazui Dam – Planned, 250 MW * Banqiaoxi Dam – Planned, 30 MW * Yangliuhu Dam – Planned, 76.5 MW *
Zipingpu Dam Zipingpu Dam (紫坪铺水利枢纽) is an embankment dam on the Min River (Sichuan), Min River near the city of Dujiangyan City, Dujiangyan, Sichuan Province in southwest China. It consists of four Electrical generator, generators with a total ge ...

Zipingpu Dam
– Completed, 760 MW * Yingxiuwan Dam – Completed, 135 MW * Taipingyi Dam – Completed, 260 MW * Futangba Dam – Completed, 360 MW *
Shaba Dam Shaba may refer to: Places * Shaba, Kenya Shaba is a town in Kenya ) , national_anthem = "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu" (, ) is the national anthem of Kenya. History "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu"'s lyrics were originally ...
– Under construction, 720 MW * Jiangsheba Dam – Completed, 96 MW * Yangmaoping Dam – Planned, 3.4 MW * Tongzhong Dam – Completed, 49.5 MW * Nanxin Dam – Completed, 9.6 MW * Shigu Dam – Completed, 2.7 MW * Zongqu Dam – Planned, 2 MW * Yaneryan Dam – Planned, 66 MW * Feihongqiao Dam – Planned, 120 MW * Jinlongtan Dam – Completed, 180 MW * Tianlonghu Dam – Completed, 180 MW * Xiaohaizi Dam – Completed, 48 MW * Lianhuayan Dam – Planned, 111 MW * Wulibao Dam – Planned, 157 MW * Longpan Dam – Planned, 72.6 MW * Xiningguan Dam – Planned, 37.2 MW *Hongqiaoguan Dam – Planned, 68.5 MW


See also

*List of rivers in China


References

{{Authority control Rivers of Sichuan Tributaries of the Yangtze River