MILTON SNAVELY HERSHEY (September 13, 1857 – October 13, 1945) was
an American confectioner and philanthropist. He founded the Hershey
Chocolate Company and the "company town " of
* 1 Early life
Lancaster Caramel Company
* 3 The Hershey Chocolate Company
* 5 Close call of the Titanic
World War II
Milton Hershey was born on September 13, 1857 to Henry and Veronica
"Fanny" Snavely Hershey. Born the son of a Christian father, his
family were members of Pennsylvania's
In 1871, Milton Hershey left school for good and was apprenticed to a
local printer, Sam Ernst, who published a German-English newspaper. He
did not like that kind of work and he thought it was very boring. One
day at work there, he accidentally dropped his hat in one of the
machines. Because his boss was hot-tempered, he was fired shortly
after. He was worried to see how his parents would react. His father
asked Ernst to take him back, and he did decide to give him a second
chance, but Mattie Snavely, his aunt, and his mother had a different
idea. They wanted him to learn the trade of candy making instead. So,
his mother arranged for the 14-year-old Hershey to be apprenticed to a
confectioner named Joseph Royer in Lancaster,
Milton then traveled to Denver and, finding work at a local
confectioners, learned how to make caramels using fresh milk. He then
LANCASTER CARAMEL COMPANY
Hershey returned to Lancaster in 1883. He borrowed money from the bank to start the Lancaster Caramel Company , which quickly became an outstanding success. He used the caramel recipe he had obtained during his previous travels to make candies. Also, from his previous travels, he learned that caramels sell better in bulk, so that is what he did. This company soon became a success when a man from England visited Lancaster. He loved Hershey's candies once he tasted them and placed a big order to be delivered to Britain. Hershey was able to pay off the debt from the bank and had some money left over to buy more ingredients and equipment.
By the early 1890s
Lancaster Caramel Company had gotten big,
employing over 1,300 workers in two factories. After a travel to
THE HERSHEY CHOCOLATE COMPANY
Using the proceeds from the 1900 sale of the Lancaster Caramel
Company, Hershey initially acquired farm land roughly 30 miles
northwest of Lancaster, near his birthplace of Derry Township, PA.
There, he could obtain the large supplies of fresh milk needed to
perfect and produce fine milk chocolate. Excited by the potential of
milk chocolate, which at that time was a luxury product, Hershey was
determined to develop a formula for milk chocolate and market and sell
it to the American public. Through trial and error, he created his own
formula for milk chocolate. The first
On March 2, 1903, he began construction on what was to become the world’s largest chocolate manufacturing company. The facility, completed in 1905, was designed to manufacture chocolate using the latest mass production techniques. Hershey’s milk chocolate quickly became the first nationally marketed product of its kind.
The factory was in the center of a dairy farmland, but with Hershey’s support, houses, businesses, churches and a transportation infrastructure accreted around the plant. Because the land was surrounded by dairy farms, Hershey was able to use fresh milk to mass-produce quality milk chocolate. Hershey continued to experiment and perfect the process of making milk chocolate using the techniques he had first learned for adding milk to make caramels when he had moved to Drexel Hill.
On May 25, 1898, Hershey married Catherine "Kitty" Sweeney, an Irish-American Catholic girl from Jamestown, New York. Hershey met Catherine at a candy shop in New York, delivering one of his caramel orders. She brought gaiety, wit and warmth into his life. By all reports, their life together was very happy. Since the couple could not have children, they decided to help others, establishing the Hershey Industrial School with a Deed of Trust in 1909. Catherine died of an unknown disease in 1915 and Hershey never remarried.
In 1918, Hershey transferred the majority of his assets, including control of the company, to the Milton Hershey School Trust fund, to benefit the Industrial School. The trust fund has a majority of voting shares in the Hershey Company, allowing it to keep control of the company. In 1951, the school was renamed the Milton Hershey School. The Milton Hershey School Trust also has 100% control of Hershey Entertainment and Resorts Company , which owns the Hotel Hershey and Hersheypark , among other properties. He took great pride in the growth of the school, the town, and his business. He placed the quality of his product and the well-being of his workers ahead of profits. He was part of a forward-looking group of entrepreneurs in this country and abroad who believed that providing better living conditions for their workers resulted in better workers…Milton Hershey conceived of building a community that would support and nurture his workers. Developing the community became a lifelong passion for him.
In 1935, Hershey established the M.S. Hershey Foundation, a private charitable foundation that provides educational and cultural opportunities for Hershey residents. The foundation supplies funding for three entities: the Hershey Museum and Hershey Gardens , the Hershey Theatre and the Hershey Community Archives.
The founding of the Penn State
Milton S. Hershey
CLOSE CALL OF THE TITANIC
In 1912, the Hersheys, Milton and Kitty were booked to travel on the ill-fated maiden voyage of the British luxury liner RMS Titanic . They canceled their reservations at the last minute due to business matters requiring Hershey's attention. The cancellation is often incorrectly attributed to Kitty Hershey falling ill, but by this time, she had been ill for several years. Instead, they booked passage to New York on the German luxury liner SS Amerika . The former Hershey Museum displayed a copy of the check Milton Hershey wrote to the White Star Line as a deposit for a first-class stateroom on the Titanic. This copy is now located in the archives of the Hershey Story Museum, which replaced the original Hershey Museum in 2009.
WORLD WAR II
Hershey Chocolate supplied the U.S. armed forces with chocolate bars
World War II
A year after he had retired from the Board, Milton Hershey died of pneumonia in Hershey Hospital on October 13, 1945 at the age of 88. Today at the Hershey School there is a bronze statue of Milton Hershey with an orphan boy wrapped in his arms. Below the statue are these words: "His deeds are his monument. His life is our inspiration."
* ^ D'Antonio, Michael. "Hershey: Milton S. Hershey's Extraordinary Life of Wealth, Empire, and Utopian Dreams". New York:Simon & Schuster (2006), p.239 * ^ "32-Cent Milton S. Hershey, Philanthropist" Smithsonian National Postal Museum, Washington, D.C. * ^ "Milton S. Hershey", Milton Hershey School. Mhs-pa.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-23. * ^ Burford, Betty (1994). Chocolate by Hershey. Minneapolis: Carolrhoda Books. p. 15. ISBN 9780876148303 . * ^ A B Hershey, Milton Snavely; 1857-1945, Hershey Archives.org Retrieved on 2014-08-15. * ^ Buckley Jr., James (2013). Who Was Milton Hershey?. New York: Grosset & Dunlap. pp. 23–40. ISBN 9780448479361 . * ^ Buckley Jr., James (2013). Who Was Milton Hershey?. New York: Grosset & Dunlap. p. 41. ISBN 9780448479361 . * ^ "