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Jan Tomáš Forman (Czech: [ˈjan ˈtomaːʃ ˈforman]; born 18 February 1932), known as Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
([ˈmɪloʃ ˈforman]), is a Czech film director, screenwriter, actor, and professor, who until 1968 lived and worked primarily in Czechoslovakia. Forman was one of the most important directors of the Czechoslovak New Wave. His 1967 film The Fireman's Ball, on the surface a naturalistic representation of an ill-fated social event in a provincial town, was seen by both movie scholars and authorities in Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
as a biting satire on Eastern European Communism, resulting in it being banned for many years in Forman's home country. Since Forman left Czechoslovakia, two of his films, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and Amadeus, have acquired particular renown, each gaining him an Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest was the second film to win all five major Academy Awards (Best Picture, Actor in Leading Role, Actress in Leading Role, Director, and Screenplay) following It Happened One Night
It Happened One Night
in 1934, an accomplishment not repeated until 1991 by The Silence of the Lambs. Forman was also nominated for a Best Director Oscar for The People vs. Larry Flynt. He has also won Golden Globe, Cannes, Berlinale, BAFTA, Cesar, David di Donatello, European Film Academy, and Czech Lion awards.[1]

Contents

1 Personal life 2 Career

2.1 Films

2.1.1 Loves of a Blonde 2.1.2 The Fireman's Ball 2.1.3 Taking Off 2.1.4 One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest 2.1.5 Hair 2.1.6 Amadeus 2.1.7 Valmont 2.1.8 The People vs. Larry Flynt 2.1.9 Man on the Moon 2.1.10 Goya's Ghosts 2.1.11 Unfinished projects

2.2 Influence on the Czech language 2.3 Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
Cinema in Čáslav

3 Filmography 4 Awards, nominations and honours 5 References 6 External links

Personal life[edit]

Actress Hana Brejchová
Hana Brejchová
was Forman's 18-year-old former sister-in-law at the time she was given her first film role in his international success Loves of a Blonde, which earned her 3rd place in the Best Actress category at the Venice
Venice
Film Festival.[2]

Forman was born in Čáslav, Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
(present-day Czech Republic), the son of Anna (née Švábová), who ran a summer hotel. When young, he believed his biological father to be Rudolf Forman, a professor.[3] Both his parents, a Jewish
Jewish
professor and a Protestant housewife, died in Nazi concentration camps and he was reared by two uncles and family friends.[4] During the Nazi occupation, as a member of the anti-Nazi Underground, Rudolf Forman died while being interrogated by the Gestapo.[5] Rudolf was arrested for distributing banned books and died in the Mittelbau-Dora
Mittelbau-Dora
concentration camp in 1944.[6] Forman's mother died in Auschwitz
Auschwitz
in 1943.[7] Forman has stated that he did not fully understand what had happened to them until he saw footage of the concentration camps when he was 16.[5] Forman lived with relatives during World War II[7] and later discovered that his biological father was in fact a Jewish
Jewish
architect, Otto Kohn, a survivor of the Holocaust.[8] He has a brother, Pavel Forman, 12 years older, a Czech painter who, after the 1968 invasion, emigrated to Australia. In his youth, he wanted to become a theatrical producer, bypassing theater. Through his biological father, he is a half-brother of mathematician Joseph J. Kohn. After the war, Forman attended the elite King George boarding school in the spa town Poděbrady, where his fellow students included Václav Havel, the Mašín brothers and future film-makers Ivan Passer
Ivan Passer
and Jerzy Skolimowski.[9] He later studied screenwriting at the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague. He was assistant of Alfred Radok, creator of Laterna Magika. During the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in summer 1968, he left Europe for the United States. Forman's first wife was Czech movie star Jana Brejchová. They met during the making of the movie Štěňata (1957). They divorced in 1962. Forman has twin sons with his second wife, Czech actress Věra Křesadlová-Formanová. They separated in 1969. Both sons, Petr Forman and Matěj Forman, born 1964, are involved in the theatre. Then Forman married Martina Zbořilová on November 28, 1999. They also have twin sons, Jim and Andy (born 1999, named for comics Jim Carrey and Andy Kaufman), and reside in Connecticut, USA. In 2006, he received the Hanno R. Ellenbogen Citizenship Award presented by the Prague Society for International Cooperation. He is professor emeritus of film at Columbia University.[10] The asteroid 11333 Forman was named after Forman. In 2009 a documentary film about Forman directed by Miloš Šmídmajer was produced – Miloš Forman: Co te nezabije.... Forman has written poems and published an autobiography called Turnaround. Career[edit] Along with future favorite cinematographer Miroslav Ondříček
Miroslav Ondříček
and longtime schoolfriend Ivan Passer, Forman filmed the silent documentary Semafor
Semafor
about Semafor
Semafor
theater. Forman's first important production was the documentary Audition whose subject was competing singers. He directed several Czech comedies in Czechoslovakia. However, during the Prague Spring
Prague Spring
and the ensuing 1968 invasion, he was in Paris negotiating the production of his first American film. His employer, a Czech studio, fired him, claiming that he had been out of the country illegally. He moved to New York, where he later became a professor of film at Columbia University
Columbia University
and co-chair (with his former teacher František Daniel) of Columbia's film department. One of his protégés was future director James Mangold, whom Forman had advised about scriptwriting. In 1977, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States. In 1985 he headed the Cannes
Cannes
film festival and in 2000 did the same for the Venice
Venice
festival. He presided over a ceremony of Caesar in 1988. In 1997, he received the Crystal Globe
Crystal Globe
award for outstanding artistic contribution to world cinema at the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival. Forman performed alongside actor Edward Norton
Edward Norton
in Norton's directorial debut, Keeping the Faith
Keeping the Faith
(2000), as the wise friend to Norton's conflicted priest. In April 2007 the jazz opera Dobře placená procházka premiered at the Prague National Theatre, directed by Forman's son, Petr Forman. Forman received an honorary degree in 2009 from Emerson College
Emerson College
in Boston, USA.[11] He regularly collaborated with cinematographer Miroslav Ondříček. Films[edit] Loves of a Blonde[edit] Loves of a Blonde
Loves of a Blonde
is one of the best–known movies of Czechoslovak New Wave and has won awards at the Venice
Venice
and Locarno film festivals. It was also nominated for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film in 1967.[12] The Fireman's Ball[edit] A 1967 Czechoslovak-Italian co-production, this was Forman's first color film. It is one of the best–known movies of Czechoslovak New Wave. On the face of it a naturalistic representation of an ill-fated social event in a provincial town, the film has been seen by both movie scholars and the then-authorities in Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
as a biting satire on East European Communism, which resulted in it being banned for many years in Forman's home country. It was nominated for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Film.[13] Taking Off[edit] The first movie Forman made in the United States, Taking Off won the Grand Prix at the 1971 Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival. The film starred Lynn Carlin and Buck Henry, and also featured Linnea Heacock as Jeannie. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest[edit] In spite of initial difficulties, he started directing in the United States, and achieved success in 1975 with the adaptation of Ken Kesey's novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest starring Jack Nicholson and Louise Fletcher. The film won Oscars in the five most important categories: Best Director, Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Picture and Best Adapted Screenplay, one of only three films in history to do so, along with It Happened One Night
It Happened One Night
and The Silence of the Lambs, and firmly established Forman's reputation. Hair[edit] The success of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest allowed Forman to direct the long-planned film Hair (a rock musical) in 1979, based on the Broadway musical
Broadway musical
by James Rado, Gerome Ragni, and Galt MacDermot. The film starred Treat Williams, John Savage and Beverly D'Angelo. Amadeus[edit] Forman's next important achievement was the adaption of Peter Shaffer's Amadeus in 1984—retelling the story of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Antonio Salieri. The internationally acclaimed film starred Tom Hulce, Elizabeth Berridge and F. Murray Abraham. The movie won eight Oscars, including Best Picture, Best Director and Best Actor (Abraham). Valmont[edit] His adaptation of Pierre Choderlos de Laclos's novel Les Liaisons dangereuses, it had its premiere on November 17, 1989. Another film adaptation by Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
had been released the previous year and received much acclaim. The film starred Colin Firth, Meg Tilly
Meg Tilly
and Annette Bening. The People vs. Larry Flynt[edit] The 1996 biographical film of pornographic publisher Larry Flynt brought Forman another Oscar nomination.[1] The film starred Woody Harrelson, Courtney Love
Courtney Love
and Edward Norton. Man on the Moon[edit] Main article: Man on the Moon (film) The biography of famous actor and avant-garde comic Andy Kaufman
Andy Kaufman
(Jim Carrey, who won a Golden Globe
Golden Globe
for his performance) premiered on December 22, 1999. The film also starred Danny DeVito, Courtney Love and Paul Giamatti. Several actors from One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest were in this movie as well including DeVito. Goya's Ghosts[edit] This free biography of Spanish painter Francisco Goya (American-Spanish co-production) premiered on November 8, 2006. The film starred Natalie Portman, Javier Bardem, Stellan Skarsgård
Stellan Skarsgård
and Randy Quaid. Unfinished projects[edit] In the late 1950s Forman and Josef Škvorecký
Josef Škvorecký
started adapting Škvorecký’s short story Eine kleine Jazzmusik for the screen. The script named Kapela to vyhrála (The Band Won It) tells the story of a student jazz band during the Nazi Occupation of Czechoslovakia. The script was submitted to Barrandov Film Studios. The studio required changes and both artist continued to rewrite the script. Right before the film started shooting, the whole project was completely scrapped, most probably some intervention from people at the top of the political scene, as Škvorecký just published its novel The Cowards, that was strongly criticized by communist politicians.[14] The story Eine kleine Jazzmusik was dramatized as a TV film in the 1990s.[15] In the spring and summer of 1968 Škvorecký and Forman cooperated again by jointly write a script synopsis to make a film version of The Cowards. After Škvorecký fled the Warsaw Pact invasion the synopsis was translated into English, but no film was made. In the early 1990s Forman co-wrote a screenplay with Adam Davidson. The screenplay, titled Hell Camp, was about an American-Japanese love affair in the world of sumo wrestlers. The picture was funded by TriStar Pictures
TriStar Pictures
and cancelled just four days before shooting because of the disapproval of the Japan Sumo
Sumo
Association, while Forman refused to make the changes requested by the association.[14] In the early 2000s Forman developed a film project to be titled Ember, adapted by Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
from Hungarian novelist Sándor Márai’s novel. The film was about two men in the former Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
Empire from different social backgrounds that become friends in military school and meet again 41 years later. Forman cast Sean Connery
Sean Connery
and Klaus Maria Brandauer
Klaus Maria Brandauer
as well as Winona Ryder. Several months before shooting Sean Connery
Sean Connery
and the Italian producer had a disagreement and Connery withdrew from the project. Forman was so convinced that Sean Connery
Sean Connery
fit the role that he didn’t want to shoot the film without him and cancelled the project a few days before the shooting was due to start.[14] In the late 2000s the screenplay for Ghost of Munich was written by Forman, Jean - Claude Carrier, and Vaclav Havel (the former Czech president and writer), inspired by the novel by the French novelist Georges-Marc Benamou (fr). The story takes a closer look at the events that surrounded the Munich Agreement. The role of the French Prime Minister was supposed to have been played by the French actor Mathieu Amalric
Mathieu Amalric
with his older self played by Gérard Depardieu. However, the production company Pathé, was not able to fund the project.[14] Influence on the Czech language[edit] Forman's early films are popular among Czechs. Many situations and phrases from his movies have passed into common use.[citation needed] For example, the Czech term zhasnout (to switch lights off) from The Fireman's Ball, associated with petty theft in the film, has been used to describe the large-scale asset stripping that occurred in the country during the 1990s.[citation needed] Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
Cinema in Čáslav[edit] In the hometown of Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
there is a cinema bearing his name - Kino Miloše Formana (Cinema of Miloš Forman). It is not directly connected with him, but as a prominent native he has left his mark on this specific site. The cinema belongs to type of small town cinemas, it has seventeen rows and a total of 199 seats, including 8 double seats for couples. The doubles are still not quite common in such small cinemas. Between 2011 and 2013 the cinema was gradually renovated. In particular, there was a change of seats, floors and new modern air-conditioning was introduced. There was also a new possibility of screening in 3D. The investment was around three million Czech crowns (120.000 USD) to that date. Filmography[edit]

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Year Film Oscar nominations Oscar wins Director Writer Actor Role

1954 Stříbrný vítr (Silver wind)

Yes

1955 Nechte to na mně (Leave it to me)

Yes

1958 Štěňata (Puppies)

Yes

1960 Laterna magika II

Yes

1963 Kdyby ty muziky nebyly

Yes

Konkurs (Audition)

Yes

1964 Black Peter (Černý Petr)

Yes Yes

Loves of a Blonde
Loves of a Blonde
(Lásky jedné plavovlásky) 1

Yes Yes

1966 Dobře placená procházka (A well paid walk)

Yes

1967 The Firemen's Ball
The Firemen's Ball
(Hoří, má panenko) 1

Yes Yes

1971 Taking Off

Yes Yes

I Miss Sonia Henie (Short Film)

Yes

1973 Visions of Eight

Yes

1975 One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest 9 5 Yes

1979 Hair

Yes

1981 Ragtime 8

Yes

1984 Amadeus 11 8 Yes

1986 Heartburn

Yes Dmitri

1989 Valmont 1

Yes Yes

New Year's Day

Yes Lazlo

1996 The People vs. Larry Flynt 2

Yes

1999 Man on the Moon

Yes

2000 Keeping the Faith

Yes Father Havel

2006 Goya's Ghosts

Yes Yes

2008 Chelsea on the Rocks

Yes

2009 Peklo s princeznou (Hell with a Princess)

Yes

2011 The Beloved (Les Bien-aimés)

Yes Jaromil

Awards, nominations and honours[edit] Academy Awards

1975: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (won) 1984: Amadeus (won) 1996: The People vs. Larry Flynt
The People vs. Larry Flynt
(nomination)

Golden Globe

1975: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (won) 1984: Amadeus (won) 1981: Ragtime (nomination) 1996: The People vs. Larry Flynt
The People vs. Larry Flynt
(won)

Cannes

1971: Taking Off (won Grand Prize of the Jury) 1968: The Fireman's Ball
The Fireman's Ball
(nomination)

Berlinale

1999: Man on the Moon (won) 1997: The People vs. Larry Flynt
The People vs. Larry Flynt
(won)[16]

BAFTA

1975: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (won) 1984: Amadeus (nomination) 1971: Taking Off (nomination – Best Film) 1971: Taking Off (nomination – Best Screenplay)

César Award

1984: Amadeus (won) 1975: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (nomination) 1979: Hair (nomination) 1989: Valmont (nomination)

David di Donatello

1975: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (won) 1984: Amadeus (won – Best Film) 1984: Amadeus (won – Best Screenplay) 1979: Hair (won)

European Film Academy

1996: The People vs. Larry Flynt
The People vs. Larry Flynt
– Award for European contribution to world cinema – screen Prix International (won)

The state prize of Klement Gottwald

1965: Loves of a Blonde
Loves of a Blonde
(won)

Czech Lion

1997: Contribution to Czech cinema (won)

List of Greatest Czechs

Největší Čech: # 30 place 1995: Medal of Merit

Doctor of Humane Letters

2015: Columbia University[17]

References[edit]

^ a b List of Milos Forman nominations Archived January 11, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Awardsdatabase.oscars.org (January 29, 2010). Retrieved on June 23, 2011. ^ "Hana Brejchová". Česko-Slovenská filmová databáze. POMO Media Group. Retrieved 1 November 2014.  ^ Milos Forman Biography (1932–). Filmreference.com. Retrieved on June 23, 2011. ^ Milos Forman Biography (1932–). Britannica.com, Updated February 14, 2018 Retrieved on February 25, 2018. ^ a b Wakeman, John. World Film Directors, Volume 2. H. W. Wilson Company. 1988. 349–356. ^ See entry Rudolf Forman in the memorial book of the Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp ^ a b Tugend, Tom. (July 19, 2007) Milos Forman directs Natalie Portman in ‘Goya’s Ghosts’—film melds art tour and history Arts. Jewish
Jewish
Journal. Retrieved on June 23, 2011. ^ Turnaround Review – Milos Forman – Salem on Literature. Enotes.com. Retrieved on June 23, 2011. ^ I Had a Wild Life. The Guardian. Retrieved on June 23, 2011. ^ Milos Forman page at Columbia University. Directory.columbia.edu. Retrieved on June 23, 2011. ^ "News Articles in 2009". Emerson College.  ^ "The 39th Academy Awards (1967) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved November 9, 2011.  ^ "The 41st Academy Awards (1969) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved November 15, 2011.  ^ a b c d Miloš Forman: Unrealized Projects ^ ČSFD: Eine kleine Jazzmusik (TV film) ^ "Berlinale: 1997 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved January 12, 2012.  ^ "University Commencement, Morningside Campus". columbia.edu. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Miloš Forman.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Miloš Forman

Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
on IMDb Bibliography of books and articles about Forman via UC Berkeley Media Resources Center Milos Forman, BBC News of March 2001 Interview with Milos Forman: Defender of the Artist and the Common Man Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
profile Milos Forman Official Website Academic article on Forman

v t e

Films directed by Miloš Forman

Black Peter (1964) Loves of a Blonde
Loves of a Blonde
(1965) The Firemen's Ball
The Firemen's Ball
(1967) Taking Off (1971) Visions of Eight
Visions of Eight
(1973) One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975) Hair (1979) Ragtime (1981) Amadeus (1984) Valmont (1989) The People vs. Larry Flynt
The People vs. Larry Flynt
(1996) Man on the Moon (1999) Goya's Ghosts
Goya's Ghosts
(2006)

Awards for Miloš Forman

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director

1927–1950

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Direction

Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) George Roy Hill (1970) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1975) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1980) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Bill Forsyth
Bill Forsyth
(1983) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1984) no award (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1987) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1988) Kenneth Branagh
Kenneth Branagh
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Mike Newell (1994) Michael Radford
Michael Radford
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
(1997) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(2003) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

European Film Academy
European Film Academy
Achievement in World Cinema Award

Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1997) Stellan Skarsgård
Stellan Skarsgård
(1998) Antonio Banderas
Antonio Banderas
(1999) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1999) Jean Reno
Jean Reno
(2000) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(2000) Ewan McGregor
Ewan McGregor
(2001) Victoria Abril
Victoria Abril
(2002) Carlo Di Palma (2003) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(2004) Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(2005) Jeremy Thomas
Jeremy Thomas
(2006) Michael Ballhaus
Michael Ballhaus
(2007) Søren Kragh-Jacobsen (2008) Kristian Levring (2008) Lars von Trier
Lars von Trier
(2008) Thomas Vinterberg
Thomas Vinterberg
(2008) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2009) Gabriel Yared (2010) Mads Mikkelsen
Mads Mikkelsen
(2011) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2012) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2013) Steve McQueen (2014) Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
(2015) Pierce Brosnan
Pierce Brosnan
(2016) Julie Delpy
Julie Delpy
(2017)

v t e

Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film

1948–1975

Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Anthony Harvey (1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Rob Marshall
Rob Marshall
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Award for Best Director

Henry King (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) László Benedek (1951) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Joshua Logan (1955) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
(1960) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) David Lean
David Lean
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1968) Charles Jarrott (1969) Arthur Hiller
Arthur Hiller
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) John Huston
John Huston
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2001) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Director

Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(1985) David Lynch
David Lynch
(1986) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1987) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1988) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(1994) Mike Figgis
Mike Figgis
(1995) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Olivier Assayas
Olivier Assayas
/ David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(2011) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) George Miller (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
/ Luca Guadagnino
Luca Guadagnino
(2017)

v t e

Silver Bear for Best Director

1956-1979

Robert Aldrich (1956) Mario Monicelli
Mario Monicelli
(1957) Tadashi Imai (1958) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1959) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1960) Bernhard Wicki (1961) Francesco Rosi
Francesco Rosi
(1962) Nikos Koundouros (1963) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1964) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1965) Carlos Saura
Carlos Saura
(1966) Živojin Pavlović (1967) Carlos Saura
Carlos Saura
(1968) Jean-Pierre Blanc
Jean-Pierre Blanc
(1972) Sergei Solovyov
Sergei Solovyov
(1975) Mario Monicelli
Mario Monicelli
(1976) Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón
Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón
(1977) Georgi Djulgerov (1978) Astrid Henning-Jensen (1979)

1980-1989

István Szabó
István Szabó
(1980) Mario Monicelli
Mario Monicelli
(1982) Éric Rohmer
Éric Rohmer
(1983) Costas Ferris / Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1984) Robert Benton (1985) Georgiy Shengelaya (1986) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1987) Norman Jewison
Norman Jewison
(1988) Dušan Hanák (1989)

1990-1999

Michael Verhoeven
Michael Verhoeven
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
/ Ricky Tognazzi
Ricky Tognazzi
(1991) Jan Troell
Jan Troell
(1992) Andrew Birkin (1993) Krzysztof Kieślowski
Krzysztof Kieślowski
(1994) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(1995) Yim Ho / Richard Loncraine (1996) Eric Heumann (1997) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1998) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(1999)

2000-2009

Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(2000) Lin Cheng-sheng (2001) Otar Iosseliani
Otar Iosseliani
(2002) Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
(2003) Kim Ki-duk
Kim Ki-duk
(2004) Marc Rothemund
Marc Rothemund
(2005) Michael Winterbottom
Michael Winterbottom
/ Mat Whitecross (2006) Joseph Cedar (2007) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2008) Asghar Farhadi
Asghar Farhadi
(2009)

2010-2019

Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2010) Ulrich Köhler (2011) Christian Petzold (2012) David Gordon Green
David Gordon Green
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Radu Jude / Malgorzata Szumowska (2015) Mia Hansen-Løve
Mia Hansen-Løve
(2016) Aki Kaurismäki
Aki Kaurismäki
(2017) Wes Anderson
Wes Anderson
(2018)

v t e

Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival jury presidents

1946–1975

Georges Huisman (1946) Georges Huisman (1947) Georges Huisman (1949) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1951) Maurice Genevoix
Maurice Genevoix
(1952) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1953) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1954) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1955) Maurice Lehmann
Maurice Lehmann
(1956) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1957) Marcel Achard (1958) Marcel Achard (1959) Georges Simenon
Georges Simenon
(1960) Jean Giono (1961) Tetsurō Furukaki (1962) Armand Salacrou (1963) Fritz Lang
Fritz Lang
(1964) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1965) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1966) Alessandro Blasetti (1967) André Chamson
André Chamson
(1968) Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(1969) Miguel Ángel Asturias
Miguel Ángel Asturias
(1970) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1971) Joseph Losey
Joseph Losey
(1972) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1973) René Clair
René Clair
(1974) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1975)

1975–2000

Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
(1976) Roberto Rossellini
Roberto Rossellini
(1977) Alan J. Pakula
Alan J. Pakula
(1978) Françoise Sagan
Françoise Sagan
(1979) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Jacques Deray (1981) Giorgio Strehler (1982) William Styron
William Styron
(1983) Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
(1984) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1985) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1986) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1987) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1988) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1989) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1990) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1991) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(1992) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1993) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1996) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(1997) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1998) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1999) Luc Besson
Luc Besson
(2000)

2001–present

Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(2001) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2002) Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
(2003) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2004) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(2005) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(2006) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2009) Tim Burton
Tim Burton
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(2012) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2013) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(2014) Joel and Ethan Coen (2015) George Miller (2016) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2017) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2018)

v t e

Presidents of the César Awards ceremonies

Jean Gabin
Jean Gabin
(1976) Lino Ventura
Lino Ventura
(1977) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1978) Charles Vanel
Charles Vanel
(1979) Jean Marais
Jean Marais
(1980) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1981) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1982) Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(1983) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1984) Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
(1985) Madeleine Renaud
Madeleine Renaud
and Jean-Louis Barrault
Jean-Louis Barrault
(1986) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1987) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1988) Peter Ustinov
Peter Ustinov
(1989) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1990) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1991) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1992) Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1993) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(1994) Alain Delon
Alain Delon
(1995) Philippe Noiret
Philippe Noiret
(1996) Annie Girardot
Annie Girardot
(1997) Juliette Binoche
Juliette Binoche
(1998) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(1999) Alain Delon
Alain Delon
(2000) Daniel Auteuil
Daniel Auteuil
(2001) Nathalie Baye
Nathalie Baye
(2002) — (2003) Fanny Ardant
Fanny Ardant
(2004) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(2005) Carole Bouquet
Carole Bouquet
(2006) Claude Brasseur
Claude Brasseur
(2007) Jean Rochefort
Jean Rochefort
(2008) Charlotte Gainsbourg
Charlotte Gainsbourg
(2009) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2010) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2011) Guillaume Canet
Guillaume Canet
(2012) Jamel Debbouze
Jamel Debbouze
(2013) François Cluzet
François Cluzet
(2014) Dany Boon
Dany Boon
(2015) Claude Lelouch
Claude Lelouch
(2016) – (2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 112401195 LCCN: n50024970 ISNI: 0000 0001 2148 0769 GND: 118945440 SELIBR: 345634 SUDOC: 033625190 BNF: cb12447421q (data) NLA: 35322007 NKC: jk01031

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