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Millbank
Millbank
is an area of central London in the City of Westminster. Millbank
Millbank
is located by the River Thames, east of Pimlico
Pimlico
and south of Westminster. Millbank
Millbank
is known as the location of major government offices, Burberry
Burberry
headquarters, the Millbank Tower
Millbank Tower
and prominent art institutions such as Tate Britain
Tate Britain
and the Chelsea College of Art and Design.

Contents

1 History 2 Notable buildings 3 Public transport 4 See also 5 References

History[edit]

Tate Britain
Tate Britain
(Millbank)

The area derives its name from a watermill owned by Westminster
Westminster
Abbey that once stood at a site close to present day College Green.[1] Norden's survey, taken during the reign of Elizabeth I in 1573, records the existence of such a mill although much of the area that comprises Millbank
Millbank
today, was referred to by Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys
and others as Tothill Fields. Described as a place of plague pits and a "low, marshy locality" suitable for shooting snipe in the nearby "bogs and quagmires."[2] After Cromwell's victory at the Battle of Worcester
Battle of Worcester
in September 1651, some 4,000 defeated Royalists were imprisoned at Tothill Fields prior to being sold as slaves to merchants trading with Africa and the West Indies. Facilities at the prison camp on the marshy ground were so poor that 1,200 prisoners were recorded as having died in the primitive conditions.[3]

Chelsea College of Art and Design. 1907 building previously served as the Royal Army Medical College

Ordnance Survey maps of London extract for 1916 showing area around the Tate

Prior to the development of Millbank Prison
Millbank Prison
in 1816, the area was sparsely covered with residential houses, but did feature a distillery by the river owned by a Mr. Hodge and numerous small almshouses, bridewells and pest houses for the poor, criminally inclined and sick.[4] Baltic Wharf, a site just to the north of Vauxhall Bridge, was for much of the 19th century the location of a Henry Castle & Son, a ship breaking and timber merchant. Numerous wooden ships of the line of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
were dismantled at this location, their ornate figureheads often displayed on the gates and perimeter of the yard walls.[5] Millbank's general appearance today dates from the 1930s, when the area was extensively rebuilt to repair damage caused by the 1928 Thames flood disaster, following the collapse of a 25-metre-long section of the Thames Embankment. Millbank
Millbank
shares the name of the main road (A3212) along the north bank of the River Thames, extending northwards from Vauxhall Bridge
Vauxhall Bridge
to Abingdon Street, just south from Parliament Square. There are parliamentary offices situated across this road, notably No.7, built as the headquarters of British American Tobacco. The road was created as part of the Thames Embankment
Thames Embankment
in the mid 19th century and lies above a large interceptor sewer. The former Royal Army Medical College, situated at Millbank, is the site where the vaccine for typhoid was first developed, and in the late 19th century, was where the world's first modern prison (Millbank Prison) was established. The listed site has since been renovated as a purpose built arts college for the Chelsea College of Art and Design in 2005. The Tate Britain
Tate Britain
art gallery (former Tate Gallery) is directly opposite near the end of Vauxhall Bridge, providing a distinct arts presence in the area. The headquarters of the British chemicals giant ICI was originally located at Imperial Chemical House on Millbank
Millbank
(The Smith Square entrance of which was called Nobel House) before it relocated to Manchester Square, also situated in London. The headquarters for the Northern Ireland Office, MI5
MI5
and Thames House
Thames House
are also nearby. On 18 December 1973, the Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army
(IRA) exploded a bomb on Thorney Street at 8:50am. The bomb resulted in over 50 people injured, including two seriously.[6] Millbank
Millbank
Studios reside in the area as an independent broadcast company, owned by ITV. The studio is situated opposite the Houses of Parliament. The BBC Parliament
BBC Parliament
broadcasting channel is also situated nearby (intended to broadcast parliamentary and general political coverage on behalf of the BBC). No.4 is the location commonly used by broadcasters for producing coverage of the Westminster
Westminster
area, including the BBC,[7] Sky News[8][9] and ITV. RTÉ News and Current Affairs
RTÉ News and Current Affairs
also have their London bureau at the same location.[10] Neighbouring College Green is used as a setting for interviewing politicians outdoors. Notable buildings[edit]

Millbank Tower
Millbank Tower
from Vauxhall, with Thames House
Thames House
and the Palace of Westminster
Westminster
visible in the background.

Millbank
Millbank
Estate is a large but highly regarded Grade II-listed red-brick housing estate that gives the area behind Tate Britain
Tate Britain
a distinct character. The estate was built between 1897 and 1902, the bricks being recycled from Millbank
Millbank
Prison, which had closed in 1890. The 17 buildings, comprising one of London's earliest social housing schemes, are named after distinguished painters such as Turner, Gainsborough, Millais, etc. The estate has 562 flats, all managed on behalf of Westminster
Westminster
City Council by MEMO, the largest tenant management organisation in Westminster. The estate's management board is elected annually from the resident population. Half of the estate's flats are private leaseholds, the other half are rented from Westminster
Westminster
City Council. The estate's buildings are maintained by a regular works program. Hide Tower is a 20-storey building of 162 flats with an extensive garden, a mini-golf facility and a community hall. Approximately a quarter of the accommodation is privately rented; half is rented from Westminster
Westminster
City Council and the remainder is owner-occupied. The name was derived from the "hide", an old English land measure (used in the Domesday Survey
Domesday Survey
of 1086). Millbank Tower
Millbank Tower
is a large, modernistic office complex between the River Thames, Millbank
Millbank
Estate and Tate Britain
Tate Britain
Gallery. It has several restaurants and a public garden. Before the 1997 General Election, the Labour Party acquired two floors of the building as its headquarters. The £1 million annual rent, however, forced the party to vacate the tower in 2001 for 16 Old Queen Street, Westminster. In British politics, the term ' Millbank
Millbank
Machine' or ' Millbank
Millbank
tendency' (a play on 'Militant tendency') has been linked with the activities of spin doctors. The Conservative Party also formally had its headquarters, CCHQ based in the tower. Public transport[edit] Millbank Millennium Pier
Millbank Millennium Pier
is a modern River Thames
River Thames
pier structure. A regular service by a Damien Hirst-designed riverboat connects Tate Britain with Tate Modern. The nearest London Underground stations are Westminster, Pimlico
Pimlico
and Victoria. London Victoria station
London Victoria station
is also a National Rail
National Rail
mainline terminus with an adjacent national coach station. Waterloo and Charing Cross stations are also nearby. Millbank
Millbank
is well connected with the rest of Central London
Central London
and districts south of the river by bus services such as number 87, 88, C10, 507, 2, 36, 365 and 185. See also[edit]

Millbank
Millbank
Conservation Area – Westminster
Westminster
City Council, January 2005, accessed 6 August 2012 Damage to the area, including the Tate, from the 1928 Thames flood

References[edit]

^ Griffiths, Arthur (1875). Memorials of Millbank, and Chapters in Prison History, Volume 1. London: Henry S. King & Co. p. 29.  ^ Griffiths, Arthur (1875). Memorials of Millbank, and Chapters in Prison History, Volume 1. London: Henry S. King & Co. p. 29.  ^ Shepherd, Robert (2012). Westminster: A Biography: From the Earliest Times to the Present. London: Bloomsbury. p. 169. ISBN 978-1-4411-2386-2.  ^ Griffiths, Arthur (1875). Memorials of Millbank, and Chapters in Prison History, Volume 1. London: Henry S. King & Co. p. 29.  ^ Girling, Brian (2013). Pimlico
Pimlico
through Time. Stroud: Amberley Publishing. ISBN 9781445630304.  ^ http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1973/dec/18/bomb-incidents-london ^ "Guide to Media Contacts and Addresses". Press for Change. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010.  ^ "Day at Millbank". TV Newsroom. Archived from the original on 16 October 2009. Retrieved 11 May 2010.  ^ " Sky News
Sky News
Radio Sole National News Supplier to UK Commercial Stations". Sky News
Sky News
Press Office. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 11 May 2010.  ^ "RTÉ Studios". RTÉ.ie. Archived from the original on 24 July 2009. Retrieved 11 May 2010. 

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including Little Venice

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Green

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Local government

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Rail and tube stations

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Art and architecture

Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings

1–9 A–Z

Public art

Hyde Park Paddington St Marylebone architectural sculpture

Other topics

Blue plaques People Schools

Category Commons

v t e

University of the Arts London

Colleges and subdivisions

Camberwell
Camberwell
College of Arts Central Saint Martins Chelsea College of Art and Design Drama Centre London London College of Communication London College of Fashion Stanley Kubrick Archive Wimbledon College of Art

University

Campus

Camberwell Elephant and Castle Kings Cross Hackney High Holborn Merton Park Millbank Oxford Street Wimbledon

People

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Other

History

Affiliates

London Centre for Arts and Cultural Exchange Universities UK

 

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