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Millard Evelyn Tydings (April 6, 1890 – February 9, 1961) was an American attorney, author, soldier, state legislator, and served as a Democratic Representative and Senator in the United States Congress from Maryland, serving in the House from 1923 to 1927 and in the Senate from 1927 to 1951.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 House and Senate career 3 Death and legacy 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links

Early life and education[edit] Tydings was born in Havre de Grace, located in Harford County. He attended the public schools of Harford County and graduated from Maryland
Maryland
Agricultural College (now the University of Maryland, College Park) in 1910. He engaged in civil engineering with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in West Virginia
West Virginia
in 1911. He studied law at the University of Maryland
Maryland
School of Law, in Baltimore, and was admitted to the bar; he started practice in Havre de Grace in 1913. In 1916 Tydings was elected to the Maryland
Maryland
House of Delegates; he was elected as Speaker of the House by his colleagues from 1920 to 1922. He served in the Maryland
Maryland
State Senate during 1922-1923. Tydings served in the U.S. Army during World War I
World War I
and was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and Division Machine-gun
Machine-gun
Officer in 1918. He served on the Western Front with the American Expeditionary Forces
American Expeditionary Forces
and received the Distinguished Service Cross and Army Distinguished Service Medal.[1] House and Senate career[edit] In 1922, Tydings was elected as a Democrat to the 68th session of the US Congress, and was re-elected to the 69th session, representing the second district of Maryland
Maryland
(March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1927) in the House of Representatives. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1926, having become a candidate for the United States Senate. He was elected to the Senate in 1926, 1932, 1938 and 1944, and served from March 4, 1927, to January 3, 1951. With Alabama Representative John McDuffie, he co-sponsored the Philippine Independence Act, commonly known as the Tydings–McDuffie Act, which established an autonomous 10-year Commonwealth status for the Philippines. It was planned to culminate in the withdrawal of American sovereignty and the recognition of Philippine Independence. In January 1934, Tydings introduced a resolution "condemning Nazi oppression of Jews
Jews
in Germany, and asking President Roosevelt to inform the Hitler
Hitler
government that this country was profoundly distressed about its antisemitic measures." His resolution was bottled up in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.[2] In 1936, Senator Tydings introduced a bill in Congress calling for independence for Puerto Rico, but it was opposed by Luis Muñoz Marín, an influential leader of the Liberal Party.[3] All the Puerto Rican parties supported the bill. Tydings did not gain passage of the bill.[3] (The US senator had co-sponsored the Tydings–McDuffie Act, which provided independence to the Philippines
Philippines
after a 10-year transition under a limited autonomy.) During his time in the Senate, Tydings was well known for taking principled, controversial, often unusual stands on various issues. He opposed the New Deal
New Deal
due to his fiscal conservatism, and proposed a constitutional amendment requiring the federal budget to be balanced at all times. He was a strong critic of Prohibition prior to its repeal in 1933.[4] Following the end of World War II, when the US dropped two atomic bombs on Japan, Tydings sponsored a bill calling for the U.S. to lead the world in nuclear disarmament.[4] In March 1950, Tydings was appointed to head a committee, generally known as the Tydings Committee, to investigate Joseph McCarthy's early claims of Communist
Communist
penetration of the federal government and military.[5] The hearings revolved around McCarthy's charge that the fall of the Kuomintang
Kuomintang
regime in China had been caused by the actions of alleged Soviet spies in the State Department, and his allegation that the Sinologist Owen Lattimore
Owen Lattimore
was a "top Russian agent." The hearings, held from March to July 1950, were stormy as charge was met with counter-charge. In McCarthy's first 250 minutes on the stand, Tydings interrupted him 85 times with questions and demands for substantiation,[6] enraging McCarthy who condemned Tydings as an "egg-sucking liberal" [7]. As such, the trial attracted much media attention, especially after Louis F. Budenz
Louis F. Budenz
entered the proceedings as a surprise witness supporting McCarthy's charges. In July, the committee published its report, concluding that McCarthy's accusations were spurious and condemning his charges as an intentionally nefarious hoax. When Tydings ran for re-election in 1950, McCarthy's staff distributed a composite picture of Tydings with Earl Browder, the former leader of the American Communist
Communist
Party. Tydings had never met him before Browder testified in July 1950. The composite photo merged a 1938 photo of Tydings listening to the radio and a 1940 photo of Browder delivering a speech; the text under the composite photo stated that when Browder had testified before Tydings's committee, Tydings had said, "Thank you, sir." Although the quote was technically accurate, it was generally held to be misleading, as it implied a degree of amity between Browder and Tydings that did not exist.[8] In the 1950 election, Tydings was defeated by John Marshall Butler. In 1956, he was nominated as the Democratic candidate for the United States Senate but withdrew before election due to ill health.[9] During his congressional service, Tydings was chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Territories and Insular Affairs (73rd through 79th Congresses), the Subcommittee on the Investigation of Loyalty of State Department
State Department
Employees ("Tydings Subcommittee") (81st Congress), and the U.S. Senate Committee on Armed Services
U.S. Senate Committee on Armed Services
(81st Congress). Death and legacy[edit] Millard E. Tydings died at his farm, "Oakington", near Havre de Grace, Maryland. He was buried in Angel Hill Cemetery. His gravestone incorrectly gives his Senate election year (1926) as the start of his Senate service, which began in 1927.

The Millard E. Tydings Memorial Bridge, which carries Interstate 95 across the Susquehanna River, is named in his honor. Millard E. Tydings Hall at the University of Maryland, College Park, which houses the departments of Government & Politics and Economics, is also named for him.

His adopted son, Joe Tydings, was elected to a term as a U.S. Senator from Maryland
Maryland
in 1964, but was defeated for re-election in 1970, serving from 1965 to 1971. His wife was Eleanor Davies Tydings. Her father was Joseph E. Davies, who served as US Ambassador to the USSR, Belgium and Luxembourg.[10][11] His granddaughter Alexandra Tydings is a former actress. The law firm which Millard Tydings formed with Morris Rosenberg continues its' law practice today (as of 2017) in Baltimore, MD.[12] See also[edit]

United States Army
United States Army
portal World War I
World War I
portal

Notes[edit]

^ Lawrence, Joseph Douglas (1985). Fighting Soldier: The AEF in 1918. USA: Colorado Associated University Press. p. 148. ISBN 0-87081-158-4.  ^ "Legitimating Nazism: Harvard University and the Hitler
Hitler
Regime, 1933–1937", American Jewish History 92.2 (2004) 189-223 ^ a b Frank Otto Gatell, "Independence Rejected: Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
and the Tydings Bill of 1936", Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 38, No. 1 (Feb., 1958), pp. 25-44, accessed 15 December 2012 ^ a b "Papers of Millard E. Tydings". University of Maryland.  ^ Keith 2 ^ Evans 208 ^ Stone 1395 ^ Evans, M.Stanton (2007). Blacklisted by History. USA: Crown Forum. p. 429. ISBN 978-1-4000-8105-9.  ^ http://history.house.gov/People/Detail/23181?ret=True ^ "From Roosevelt to Truman: Potsdam, Hiroshima, and the Cold War," by Wilson D. Miscamble ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/972/000054810/ ^ Tydings. "Baltimore, Maryland
Maryland
Business and Litigation Law Firm". www.tydingslaw.com. Retrieved 2017-12-15. 

References[edit]

United States Congress. " Millard Tydings (id: T000446)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.  Retrieved on 2008-01-25 Millard E. Tydings Papers at the University of Maryland
Maryland
Libraries

Bibliography[edit]

Keith, Caroline H., For Hell and a Brown Mule: The Biography of Senator Millard E. Tydings, Madison Books, 1991. ISBN 0-8191-8063-7

External links[edit]

Works by or about Millard Tydings at Internet Archive

Political offices

Preceded by Herbert R. Wooden Speaker of the Maryland
Maryland
House of Delegates 1920 Succeeded by John L. G. Lee

Preceded by Chan Gurney Chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee 1949–1951 Succeeded by Richard B. Russell, Jr.

U.S. House of Representatives

Preceded by Albert Blakeney Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland's 2nd congressional district 1923–1927 Succeeded by William Purington Cole, Jr.

U.S. Senate

Preceded by Ovington Weller U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Maryland 1927–1951 Served alongside: William Cabell Bruce, Phillips Lee Goldsborough, George L. P. Radcliffe, Herbert O'Conor Succeeded by John Marshall Butler

v t e

United States Senators from Maryland

Class 1

Carroll Potts Howard S. Smith Harper Hanson Pinkney S. Smith Kent Merrick Johnson Stewart Pratt Kennedy Johnson Whyte Hamilton Whyte Gorman McComas Rayner Jackson Lee France Bruce P. Goldsborough Radcliffe O'Conor Beall Sr. J. Tydings Beall Jr. Sarbanes Cardin

Class 3

Henry J. Lloyd Hindman Wright Reed R. Goldsborough E. Lloyd Chambers R. Goldsborough Spence Kerr Pearce Hicks Creswell Vickers Dennis Groome Wilson Gibson Wellington Gorman Whyte J. Smith Weller M. Tydings Butler Brewster Mathias Mikulski Van Hollen

v t e

Chairmen of the United States Senate
United States Senate
Committee on Armed Services

Military Affairs Committee (1816–1947)

J. Williams Troup J. Williams Jackson Harrison Benton Preston Crittenden Benton Cass Benton Davis Shields Weller Davis Johnson Wilson Logan Spencer Randolph Logan Sewell Hawley Walthall Hawley Proctor Warren du Pont Johnston Chamberlain Wadsworth Reed Sheppard Reynolds Thomas

Naval Affairs Committee (1816–1947)

Tait Sanford Pleasants Lloyd Hayne Dallas Southard Rives R. Williams Mangum Bayard Fairfield Yulee Gwin Mallory J. Hale Grimes Cragin Sargent McPherson Cameron McPherson Cameron E. Hale Perkins Tillman Swanson Page F. Hale Trammell Walsh

Armed Services Committee (1947–present)

Gurney Tydings Russell Saltonstall Russell Stennis Tower Goldwater Nunn Thurmond Warner Levin Warner Levin Warner Levin McCain

v t e

Maryland's delegation(s) to the 68th–81st United States Congresses (ordered by seniority)

68th Senate: Weller • Bruce House: Linthicum • Mudd • Zihlman • Goldsborough • Hill • Tydings

69th Senate: Weller • Bruce House: Linthicum • Zihlman • Goldsborough • Hill • Tydings • Gambrill

70th Senate: Bruce • Tydings House: Linthicum • Zihlman • Goldsborough • Gambrill • Cole • Palmisano

71st Senate: Tydings • Goldsborough House: Linthicum • Zihlman • Goldsborough • Gambrill • Palmisano • Clark

72nd Senate: Tydings • Goldsborough House: Linthicum • Goldsborough • Gambrill • Palmisano • Lewis • Cole

73rd Senate: Tydings • Goldsborough House: Goldsborough • Gambrill • Palmisano • Lewis • Cole • Kennedy

74th Senate: Tydings • Radcliffe House: Goldsborough • Gambrill • Palmisano • Lewis • Cole • Kennedy

75th Senate: Tydings • Radcliffe House: Goldsborough • Gambrill • Palmisano • Lewis • Cole • Kennedy

76th Senate: Tydings • Radcliffe House: Cole • Kennedy • Byron • D'Alesandro • Sasscer • Ward

77th Senate: Tydings • Radcliffe House: Cole • W. Byron • D'Alesandro • Sasscer • Ward • Meyer • K. Byron

78th Senate: Tydings • Radcliffe House: D'Alesandro • Sasscer • Ward • Baldwin • Beall • Ellison

79th Senate: Tydings • Radcliffe House: D'Alesandro • Sasscer • Baldwin • Beall • Fallon • Roe

80th Senate: Tydings • O'Conor House: D'Alesandro • Sasscer • Beall • Fallon • Meade • Miller

81st Senate: Tydings • O'Conor House: Sasscer • Beall • Fallon • Miller • Garmatz • Bolton

v t e

(1936 ←) United States presidential election, 1940
United States presidential election, 1940
(→ 1944)

Democratic Party Convention

Nominee

Franklin D. Roosevelt

VP nominee

Henry A. Wallace

Candidates

James Farley John Nance Garner Cordell Hull Millard Tydings

Republican Party Convention

Nominee

Wendell Willkie

VP nominee

Charles L. McNary

Candidates

Styles Bridges Thomas Dewey Frank Gannett Arthur James Robert Taft Arthur H. Vandenberg

Third party and independent candidates

Prohibition Party

Nominee

Roger Babson

Socialist Party

Nominee

Norman Thomas

VP nominee

Maynard C. Krueger

Socialist Labor Party

Nominee

John W. Aiken

VP nominee

Aaron M. Orange

Independents and other candidates

Gracie Allen

Other 1940 elections: House Senate

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 59885549 LCCN: n89125911 GND: 119042517 US Congress: T000

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