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The Miljacka (Cyrillic script: Миљацка) is a river in Bosnia and Herzegovina that passes through Sarajevo.

Contents

1 Characteristics

1.1 Mokranjska Miljacka cave

2 Environment 3 Image gallery 4 Bridges 5 References

Characteristics[edit]

Miljacka river in Sarajevo, 1914.

The Miljacka river originates from the confluence of the Paljanska Miljacka and Mokranjska Miljacka rivers. The Paljanska Miljacka, 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) in length, begins around 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) eastward in the town of Pale, under the slopes of Jahorina (near Begovina) at an elevation of 1,025 metres (3,363 ft). The Mokranjska Miljacka, 21 kilometres (13 mi) in length, springs from a large cave, yet to be fully explored, near the village of Kadino Selo at an elevation of 1,135 metres (3,724 ft) near the base of Romanija mountain. The Miljacka is a rather small river, only 38 kilometres (24 mi) long, with an average discharge of 5.7 m³/s into the Bosna river in Sarajevo. The Miljacka river flows from east to west. Mokranjska Miljacka cave[edit] The cave at the spring of Mokranjska Miljacka, located about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from the village of Mokro, near Pale, is officially the longest cave in Bosnia and Herzegovina. New species of spiders, Nemanela Lade, other animals (bats) and paleontological finds, traces of humans, and Stalactites have been found there, as well as Pisolite rocks.[1] A skeleton head of a cave bear has also been found at this location.PDF source[2] Researchers believe to have discovered bubbles of air, a possible sign of tectonic activity.[3] The length of the cave so far explored is 7.2 kilometres (4.5 mi) as of Aug. 2015.[4] The exact location of the cave is not yet mapped out for the public, but local authorities have released a map which can be used to find its location as well as a gallery of discoveries within the cave.[5] Environment[edit] Because of its poor discharge, the Miljacka is known for its peculiar smell and brown waters. Miljacka river cascades, which regulate the waterbed and enrich the water with oxygen, trap plastic scraps, stranded balls, car tires, and various other waste. The main collector that drains fecal matter is parallel to the flow of the river up to its mouth at the river Bosna. The sewer system is not connected to the main collector, causing leakage of fecal matter directly into the waters of the Miljacka in several places. During the Bosnian War, water treatment was stopped and plant equipment was looted, preventing the local government from dealing with the issue. Estimations of the cost to repair the wastewater plant range from 50 to 60 million euros. In April 2015, a project called Čista rijeka Miljacka (Clean river Miljacka) was presented. The aim of the project is to bring the river status to category A, which would make the water clean enough for swimming.source In August 2015, Sarajevo Grad signed a contract with ER Project d.o.o. company to clean up 48 river cascades from Šeher-Ćehaja bridge to Dolac Malta suburb bridge.source Image gallery[edit]

Paljanska Miljacka source

The Latin Bridge was the site of the assassination of Franz Ferdinand

Bentbaša dam

Fishing near Miljacka Bentbaša dam

Fishing on Dariva (Miljacka Canyon)

Fishing near Šeher-Ćehaja Bridge

Bridges[edit] There are over a dozen bridges over the river Miljacka. Some of the better known ones are:

Goat's Bridge Šeher-Ćehaja Bridge Careva ćuprija Latin Bridge (Principov most). It was close to this bridge that the murder of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, was carried out by Gavrilo Princip. Another member of the Bosnia-Herzegovinian Mlada Bosna movement, Nedeljko Čabrinović, leapt into the river here just after throwing a grenade against the archduke's car. However, due to the shallowness of the river (only 10 centimetres (3.9 in) deep) and the ineffectiveness of the cyanide pill he swallowed in his suicide attempt, he was dragged out alive and arrested. Ćumurija Bridge Drvenija Bridge Čobanija Bridge Festina lente bridge Skenderija Bridge (also known as Ajfelov most) Suada and Olga bridge (also known as Vrbanja most) Bosmal Bridge (Malaysian-Bosnian Friendship Bridge), also known as Malezijski most and Bosmalov most.[6]

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Miljacka in Sarajevo.

^ "Pećina na izvoru Mokranjske Miljacke najduža u BiH". klix.ba. 15 August 2011.  ^ "PALE-SARAJEVO: MILJACKA - OD IZVORA DO UVORA". Govore ljudi - Youtube. 10 September 2014.  ^ "Izvor Miljacke je mamac za avanturiste". sarajevo.co.ba. 24 May 2009.  ^ "Izvor Mokranjske Miljacke: Najduža dokumentovana pećina u cijeloj BiH". bosanskiportal.com. 22 August 2015. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015.  ^ "Pećina(Cave) izvora Mokranjske Miljacke". palelive.com. 10 September 2015.  ^ Destination Sarajevo,The Malaysian-Bosnian and Herzegovinian Friendship Bridge, accessed 24 August 2017

Karl Baedeker (Firm) (1905). Austria-Hungary, Including Dalmatia and Bosnia. Original from the University of Michigan: K. Baedeker. p.