Military supply-chain management is a cross-functional approach to procuring
and delivering product
s and service
s for military materiel
applications. The broad management
scope includes sub-suppliers, suppliers, internal information and funds flow
A supply is the procurement, distribution
while in storage
and salvage of supplies, including the determination of kind and quantity
of supplies. The producer phase of a military supply extends from determination of procurement schedules to acceptance of finished supplies by the military service
s. The consumer phase of a military supply extends from receipt of finished supplies by the military services, through issue for use or consumption
The supply chain
is the linked activities associated with providing material from a raw material
stage to an end user as a finished good
. Supply control
is the process by which an item of supply is controlled within the supply system, including requisitioning, receipt, storage, stock control
, disposition, identification
, and accounting
. The supply point is a location where supplies, services and materials are located and issued. These locations are temporary and mobile, normally being occupied for up to 72 hours.
is the science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of armed forces
. In its most comprehensive sense, those aspects of military operation
s that deal with: a. design
, and disposition
of materiel; b. movement, evacuation, and hospital
ization of personnel; c. acquisition or construction
, maintenance, operation and disposition of facilities; and d. acquisition or furnishing of services.DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms – Logistics
Logistics versus supply-chain management
The major difference between the concept of logistic management and supply-chain management is the level of information gathered, processes, analysed and used for decision making. An SCM-based organization not only having concerns with its immediate clients but also handles and forecasts the factors affecting directly or indirectly their supplier or suppliers or on their client or clients. If we exclude this information part out of supply chain model then we can see the logistic management part of the business.
thumb| The up / down stream flow of information, showing the flow of information in supply-chain management vs. logistics management systems.
Limitations of military supply chain
Unlike standard supply-chain management practices world-wide, some major concepts are not supported in the military domain. For example, the "just-in-time" (JIT) model emphasizes holding less (or no) inventory, whereas in military supply chains, due to the high costs of a stock-out (potentially placing lives in danger), keeping huge inventory is a more acceptable practice. Some examples of these are the ammunition dump and oil depot.
Likewise, the military procurement process has much different criteria than the normal business procurement process. Military needs call for reliability of supply during peace and war, as compared to price and technology factors.
*Loss of Strength Gradient
*Principles of sustainment
Department of Defense - Supply Chain Management Regulation