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The Armed Forces of Senegal
Senegal
(French: Forces armées du Sénégal) consists of about 17,000 personnel in the army, air force, navy, and gendarmerie. The Senegal
Senegal
military force receives most of its training, equipment, and support from France
France
and the United States. Germany also provides support but on a smaller scale. Military noninterference in political affairs has contributed to Senegal's stability since independence. Senegal
Senegal
has participated in many international and regional peacekeeping missions. Most recently, in 2000, Senegal
Senegal
sent a battalion to the Democratic Republic of Congo to participate in MONUC, the United Nations
United Nations
peacekeeping mission. Senegal
Senegal
also agreed to deploy a United States-trained battalion to Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
to participate in UNAMSIL, another UN peacekeeping mission. The training operation was designated Operation Focus Relief and involved U.S. Army Special Forces
U.S. Army Special Forces
from 3rd Special
Special
Forces Group training a number of West African battalions, including Nigerian ones.

Contents

1 Summary of past military actions 2 Army 3 National Gendarmerie 4 Navy 5 Air Force 6 Military zones 7 Equipment

7.1 Armored Cars 7.2 Armoured personnel carriers 7.3 Artillery 7.4 Aircraft

8 References 9 External links

Summary of past military actions[edit]

Paratroopers commando of Thiès.

In August 1981, the Senegalese
Senegalese
military was invited into the Gambia by President
President
Dawda Kairaba Jawara
Dawda Kairaba Jawara
to put down a coup attempt. In August 1989, Senegalese-Gambian military cooperation ceased with the dissolution of the Senegambian Confederation. In 1990, 500 Senegalese
Senegalese
troops were deployed to Saudi Arabia to take part in the Gulf War. 92 of them were killed after the end of the conflict in a plane crash on 21 March 1991. In 1992 1,500 men were sent to the ECOMOG
ECOMOG
peacekeeping group in Liberia. In 1994, a battalion-sized force was sent to Rwanda
Rwanda
to participate in the UN peacekeeping mission there. Senegal
Senegal
intervened in the Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau
civil war in 1998 at the request of former President
President
Vieira. A Senegalese
Senegalese
contingent deployed on a peacekeeping mission to the Central African Republic
Central African Republic
in 1997. In 2017, Senegal
Senegal
deployed troops into the Gambia to support newly elected President
President
Adama Barrow, an action legally justified by UN resolution 2337.

The Army (Armée de Terre) is the leading force within the Senegalese armed forces and provides the chief of staff and the Inspecteur général des forces armées. Only the army and gendarmerie are important enough to have general officers, although the navy has been commanded by a flag officer in the past. Army[edit]

Senegalese
Senegalese
soldiers enter a building during a training exercise.

Since independence the army has gone through a large number of reorganisations. The army's heritage includes the prestigious Tirailleurs sénégalais. In 1978, Senegal
Senegal
dispatched a battalion to the Inter-African Force in Zaire, in the aftermath of the Shaba II fighting. The Senegalese
Senegalese
contingent was under the command of Colonel Osmane Ndoye.[1] The Senegalese
Senegalese
force comprised a parachute battalion from Thiaroye. The Army currently consists of two divisions, the Operations Division and the Logistic Division. The IISS estimated in 2012 that the Army had a strength of 11,900 soldiers, three armoured battalions the 22nd, 24th, and 25th (at Bignona) and the 26th Bataillon de reconnaissance et d'Appui at Kolda; there are six infantry battalions 1st to 6th.[2] 3rd Battalion may have been at Kaolack
Kaolack
with 4th at Tambacounda
Tambacounda
at one point.[3] Also reported is the 12th Battalion of the 2nd Military Zone at Saint Louis (Dakhar Bango),[4] along with the Prytanée militaire de Saint-Louis, a military secondary school. Although the Senegalese
Senegalese
air force is geared towards supporting it, the army may have previously maintained its own very small aviation branch, called the "Aviation Légère de l'Armée de Terre" (like the French army's equivalent), which may have counted up to five light helicopters and two SA330 Puma
SA330 Puma
transport helicopters. The IISS Military Balance 2012 does not list any helicopters in army service. National Gendarmerie[edit]

Red Guard of Senegal.

The Gendarmerie is a military force which provides policing and security. It includes a Territorial Gendarmerie with general policing duties, and a Mobile Gendarmerie for special tasks and serious public disorder. The Senegalese
Senegalese
gendarmerie evolved out of a French colonial Spahi detachment sent to Senegal
Senegal
in 1845. This detachment (which became today's Red Guard of Senegal) was the cadre around which the "Colonial Gendarmerie" was formed. On independence this became the National Gendarmerie. The commander is General Abdoulaye Fall (a different person from the current Armed Forces Chief of Staff of the same name), whose rank is Divisional General, and whose full job title is "High Commander of the Gendarmerie and Director of Military Justice". Navy[edit]

The Senegalese
Senegalese
Patrol boat
Patrol boat
Fouladou (OPV 190).

The navy (marine), also known as the Armée de mer, is of small size and is commanded by a Ship-of-the-Line Captain. It is responsible for securing Senegal's Atlantic coastline which is strategically located on the extreme west of the African continent. The navy was created in 1961. The Navy is divided into three branches known as "groupings":[5] 1.) The Operational Naval Grouping (Groupement Naval Opérationnel), which is divided into three flotillas and one group:

The High Seas Patrol Boats (Patrouilleurs de Haute Mer), The Coastal Surveillance Vessels (Bâtiments de Surveillance Côtière), The Fast Coastal Boats (Vedettes Côtières Rapides) and The Transport Group (groupe de transport).

2.) The Naval Support Grouping (Groupement de Soutien de la Marine) responsible for ports, repairs, training, and logistics. 3.) The Fluvial-Maritime Surveillance Grouping. Air Force[edit]

Air Force Roundel.

Main article: Senegalese
Senegalese
Air Force The air force (Armée de l'Air) is orientated towards providing support for ground forces and resembles an army aviation corps. It has no air-to-air combat aircraft, but possesses Mil Mi-24
Mil Mi-24
gunship helicopters, transport helicopters and aeroplanes, and reconnaissance helicopters and aeroplanes. This small force is commanded by a colonel. Military zones[edit]

Senegal's Military zones.

At the present time, there are seven military zones:[6]

Zone n°1 - Dakar Zone n°2 - Saint-Louis Zone n°3 - Kaolack Zone n°4 - Ziguinchor Zone n°5 - Tambacounda Zone n°6 - Kolda Zone n°7 - Thiès

Each zone comprises a garrison office which caters to military issues and a social service office. The IISS Military Balance listed four zones in 2007. Equipment[edit]

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Armored Cars[edit] Armored Cars: (127)

30 Panhard AML-60mm 4x4 74 Panhard AML-90mm 4x4 13 WMA301/PTL02 105 mm tank hunter 50 RAM MK3
RAM MK3
light armoured vehicles 10 M8 Greyhound
M8 Greyhound
37mm 6x6 4 M20 Greyhound 6x6

Armoured personnel carriers[edit] Armoured personnel carriers: (89)

8 Casspir
Casspir
4x4 24 Panhard M3
Panhard M3
4x4 12 M3 Half-track 6 Dozor-B 39 Puma M26

Other 'soft-skin' military vehicles not listed by the IISS:

Ford M-151 Jeep 4x4 Reo M-35 6x6 trucks Reo M-44 6x6 trucks ACMAT
ACMAT
trucks M-809 6x6 trucks

Artillery[edit]

Senegalese
Senegalese
marines (training mission in 2011).

Artillery: (18)

6 M-50 155mm Howitzer 6 M-101 105mm howitzers 6 KrAZ-6322PA Bastion-01 122 mm multiple rocket launcher

Mortars: 16. 8 Brandt 81mm medium mortar, 8 Brandt 120mm heavy mortar. Anti-tank weapons: 4 MBDA MILAN
MILAN
ATGM Launchers, 31 Larc-89 Strim
Strim
89mm Light ATRLs RL. Air defence weapons: towed guns: 33. 21 53-T-2/M-693 20mm AAGs, 12 Bofors L-60 40mm AAGs Source: IISS Military Balance 2012, 450. Aircraft[edit] Main article: Senegalese
Senegalese
Air Force References[edit]

^ Le Potential ^ IISS Military Balance 2012, 449. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-29. Retrieved 2012-06-30.  ^ http://www.lequotidien.sn/index.php/societe/item/11420-saint-louis-en-visite-au-12e-bataillon--macky-sall-promet-de-meilleures-conditions-de-travail ^ Bryden & N'Diaye (eds), 'Security Sector Governance in Francophone West Africa, DCAF, 2011, 207. ^ État Major des Armees, Zones militaires Archived July 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., accessed August 2009

Part of this article is derived from the equivalent article at French Wikipedia External links[edit]

Website of the Armed Forces of Senegal.

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