MILFORD ON SEA, often hyphenated as MILFORD-ON-SEA, is a large
village and civil parish located on the south coast of
* 1 Overview
* 2 History
* 2.1 Newlands * 2.2 Modern times
* 3 All Saints\' Church * 4 Governance * 5 Events and festivals * 6 Parish Vision 2020 * 7 Notable residents * 8 Notes * 9 External links
Milford on Sea
Slightly further east is
Milford began as a Saxon settlement, and the name simply means "mill
ford". At the time of the
The manor of Milford Montagu, which was held of the lords of Christchurch , seems to have originated in an estate held by William Spileman at his death in 1291. In the late 14th century it was part of the lands of William Montagu, 2nd Earl of Salisbury . In 1428 Thomas, the 4th Earl , died possessed of the manor, and was succeeded by his daughter Alice . By 1580 the manor had passed out of the hands of the Montagu family, and it was acquired in 1610 by Sir Thomas Gorges , who was succeeded by his son Sir Edward, Baron Gorges of Dundalk . In 1638 he sold it to Edward Hopgood. At the end of the 18th century the manor was purchased by Admiral William Cornwallis .
The manor of Milford Barnes originally belonged to Christchurch Priory . After the Dissolution a twenty-one years' lease of "the site of the manor with the appurtenances and all land and fisheries belonging, together with 20 acres in Shorefield," was in 1557 granted to John Wavell, and in 1574 a similar lease was granted to John Rowe. Sir Thomas Gorges owned the estate in 1611, and from that time its descent was the same as that of the manor of Milford Montagu.
The manor of Milford Baddesley originated in an estate held in Milford by the Knights Templar . In the time of King John , Hugh de Whitwell and his son William granted land at Milford to William Mackerel which he granted to the Templars, for their preceptory of Baddesley . It was held of Christchurch manor. On the suppression of the order of Knights Templar this estate was granted, about 1312 to the Knights Hospitaller , to whom it continued to belong until the Dissolution of 1540. It was acquired by Robert Rickman around 1609, in whose family it remained into the 18th century. In 1829 Mary Anna Theresa Whitby, who had inherited Admiral Cornwallis' estates purchased Milford Baddesley, thus uniting all three estates.
Around 1800 Admiral William Cornwallis leased and later purchased the small Newlands estate in Milford. His purchases included the manors of Milford Montague and Milford Barnes. He was joined at Newlands by his close friend and fellow naval officer Captain John Whitby and John's wife Mary Anna Theresa Whitby . John Whitby died in 1806, but Mary and her infant daughter Theresa stayed on looking after Cornwallis into his old age. On William Cornwallis' death in 1819, Mary Whitby and her daughter inherited his fortune.
In 1829 Mary Whitby purchased Milford Baddesley, thus uniting all the estates in the area. Her daughter Theresa, who inherited the estates, married Frederick Richard West , and they used Newlands as one of their residences. Their son, born in 1835, bore the name of William Cornwallis-West . He inherited Newlands in 1886, and attempted to convert Milford into a premier seaside resort, changing the name of the village to Milford-on-Sea. His plans included the construction of a pier, railway station, public baths, health spa, and golf course. The scheme failed primarily due to a lack of funds and market interest, but it gave Milford a layout and ordered development that lasted well into the 20th century. William's son George Cornwallis-West inherited Newlands in 1917 and sold it three years later.
As recently as 1800 the parish of Milford was entirely inland, being separated from the sea by a narrow strip of coast-line which was an extension eastwards of Hordle parish. Coastal erosion, as well as the growth of the village to the south and west, meant that by 1900 Milford bordered the sea. Milford was part of a combined Milford and Pennington Parish Council after 1894, and then became a separate Milford Parish Council when Pennington was separated from it in 1911. However, in 1932 Milford was absorbed into an enlarged Lymington Borough, only re-emerging as a separate parish in 1974.
With the advent of increasing car ownership, especially after the Second World War , the village expanded rapidly as a resort and as a place in which to retire. Blocks of flats were constructed along the clifftop in the 1960s and '70s, and additional housing was built inland.
ALL SAINTS\' CHURCH
All Saints' Church
The oldest building in Milford is All Saints\' Church which is 12th/13th century in date. The earliest parts of the structure are probably Norman (early 12th century) work from a preceding church. A south aisle was added around 1170. In the 13th century the church was more than trebled in size and brought to its present plan. This work, which occurred in stages, included the north facade and tower, the chancel, and north and south chapels. The tower has a later, short recessed spire.
An electoral ward in the name of Milford exists. At the 2011 Census the population of this ward was 4,838.
EVENTS AND FESTIVALS
Every year, Milford has the May Day festival on the village green
with the traditional
* ^ "QS102EW Population density for Milford on Sea". www.ons.gov.uk. Retrieved 21 March 2015. * ^ "Milford, Old Hampshire Gazetteer". * ^ "Domesday Map – Milford". * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Victoria County History of Hampshire: Milford * ^ A B C D E F G H I J "Historical faces from Milford on Sea". * ^ A B " Hampshire Treasures, Volume 5 (New Forest), Page 229 – Milford on Sea". * ^ A B C Milford-on-Sea Village Design Statement, (2002), page 3 * ^ " Hampshire Treasures, Volume 5 (New Forest), Page 167 – Lymington and Pennington". * ^ A B C D " Hampshire Treasures, Volume 5 (New Forest), Page 234 – Milford on Sea". * ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 20 October 2015. * ^ http://www.parishvision2020.com/ACTIONPLAN09.071.pdf Milford-on-Sea Action Plan. Pa