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Milan Stojadinović (Serbian Cyrillic: Милан Стојадиновић; 4 August 1888 – 26 October 1961) was a Serbian and Yugoslav political figure and a noted economist. From 1935 until 1939 he served as Prime Minister of Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Economist 3 Political career 4 Emigration 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References

Early life[edit] Milan Stojadinović was born on 4 August 1888 in the Serbian town of Čačak. His father, Mihailo, was a municipal judge who relocated to Belgrade
Belgrade
in 1904. It was here that the young Stojadinović finished his secondary education and became a sympathizer of the Serbian Social Democratic Party (SSDP). He came to believe that the liberation of Serbian territory from the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian empires was more important than bridging the gap between the upper and lower classes and followed in his father's footsteps by joining the People's Radical Party (NRS) of Nikola Pašić.[1] In the summer of 1906, Stojadinović was sent to Austria to learn German as a reward for successfully completing secondary school. While there, he fell under the influence of South Slavic youth movements and became a supporter of Yugoslav unity. He later returned to Serbia and began a degree at the University of Belgrade
Belgrade
Faculty of Law, specializing in economics and finance. He spent three years studying abroad, staying in Munich
Munich
and Potsdam
Potsdam
during the 1910–11 school year, Paris
Paris
between 1911 and 1912, and London
London
between 1912 and 1913.[1] Stojadinović's stay in Germany had a profound effect on his economic views and led him to write a doctoral dissertation on the country's budget. He was greatly influenced by the German historical school of economics, which argued that economic policies should be developed according to the specific economic and cultural conditions prevalent in a society rather than being based on a universal model.[2] Economist[edit] Stojadinović's competence as an economist became evident during the Balkan Wars
Balkan Wars
of 1912 and 1913 and during World War I, when he began working in the Serbian Ministry of Finance. Following the Serbian Army's retreat through Albania during the winter of 1915, he withdrew with the Serbian government-in-exile to the Greek island of Corfu. He stayed there between 1916 and 1918 and distinguished himself as a financial expert by helping to stabilize the Serbian dinar.[2] Stojadinović met his future wife Augusta — a woman of mixed Greek-German heritage — during his stay in Corfu. The two settled in Belgrade
Belgrade
following the war. Stojadinović was appointed assistant manager of a local branch of the English Commercial Bank in 1919, but resigned as director-general of the State Accounts Board of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
because of disagreements with the government of Prime Minister Ljubomir Davidović and his Democratic Party. He lectured economics at the University of Belgrade from 1920 to 1921, but quickly gave up on academia.[2] Political career[edit] Stojadinović became the Minister of Finance in 1922, aged only 34. He began writing for the Belgrade
Belgrade
daily Politika
Politika
and the English-language weekly The Economist. Following the proclamation of a royal dictatorship by King Alexander I, he sided with a faction of the NRS which stood opposed to the monarch being given dictatorial powers.[2] Despite being a suspected anti-monarchist by Yugoslav authorities, he was once again appointed to the position of Finance Minister in the government of Bogoljub Jevtić, who became Prime Minister following Alexander's assassination in Marseille
Marseille
in October 1934. By this point, Stojadinović was the vice-president of the Belgrade
Belgrade
Stock Exchange, chairman of a river navigation company, the director of a British-owned broadcasting station and a British-owned shipbuilding company.[3] In 1935 he founded a new party, the Serbian Radical Party, which with some other parties formed coalition Jugoslovenska Radikalna Zajednica (Yugoslav Radical Union, JRZ) and won the elections. On 24 June 1935 he was elected Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs. He survived a failed assassination attempt by the Macedonian Damjan Arnautović in 1935.[4] Stojadinović recognized the military threats from Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy
Italy
and surrounding countries as imminent. He viewed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia's future only as sustainable if a neutral status akin to that of Switzerland
Switzerland
could be established. His foreign policies pushed consistently towards this goal. Examples are the non-aggression treaty with Italy
Italy
and Yugoslavia's extension of its treaty of friendship with France. The attempted Concordat
Concordat
with the Holy See caused severe protests from the Serbian Orthodox Church
Serbian Orthodox Church
in 1937 and was thus never ratified.[citation needed] In late 1938 he was re-elected, albeit with a smaller margin than expected, failed in pacifying the Croats, raised a military-like legion of his own followers ('Green Shirts'), and did not formulate any clear political programme, providing the regent Paul with a welcomed pretext upon which to replace Stojadinović, on 5 February 1939, with Dragiša Cvetković.[citation needed] Following his replacement, the Prince Regent went further by detaining Stojadinović without proper cause until he had managed, with the help of his strong personal ties to King George VI
King George VI
of the UK (who had been the Prince Regent's best man in 1923) to enlist the support of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
to have Stojadinović sent into exile to British controlled Mauritius, where he was kept during World War II. By this point Paul favored exile as he feared Stojadinović could be the focus of a pro-Axis coup directed from Berlin.[citation needed] Emigration[edit] In 1946 Stojadinović went to Rio de Janeiro, and then to Buenos Aires, where he was reunited with his wife and two daughters. Stojadinović spent the rest of his life as presidential advisor on economic and financial affairs to governments in Argentina
Argentina
and founded the financial newspaper El Economista. In 1954, Stojadinović met with Ante Pavelić, the former Poglavnik
Poglavnik
of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) who also lived in Buenos Aires, and agreed to cooperate with him on the creation of two independent and enlarged Croatian and Serbian states. He died in 1961.[5][6] Stojadinović's memoirs, titled Neither War, Nor Pact (Ni rat, ni pakt), were posthumously published in Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
in 1963 and were re-printed in Rijeka
Rijeka
in 1970.[7] See also[edit]

List of Finance Ministers of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Notes[edit]

^ a b Djokić 2011, p. 157. ^ a b c d Djokić 2011, p. 158. ^ Djokić 2011, pp. 158–159. ^ Ćano nudi Skadar, novosti.rs, 5 April 2010; accessed 17 December 2015.(in Serbian) ^ Djokić 2011, pp. 166. ^ Goñi 2003, pp. 125–127. ^ Singleton 1985, p. 292.

References[edit]

Djokić, Dejan (2011). "'Leader' or 'Devil'? Milan Stojadinović, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia, and his Ideology". In Haynes, Rebecca; Rady, Martyn. In the Shadow of Hitler: Personalities of the Right in Central and Eastern Europe. London: I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-84511-697-2.  Goñi, Uki (2003). The Real Odessa: How Perón Brought the Nazi War Criminals to Argentina
Argentina
(2 ed.). London: Granta Books. ISBN 978-1-86207-552-8.  Singleton, Frederick Bernard (1985). A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-27485-2. 

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Political offices

Preceded by Bogoljub Jevtić Prime Minister of Yugoslavia 1935–1939 Succeeded by Dragiša Cvetković

v t e

Prime Ministers of Yugoslavia

Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Nikola Pašić
Nikola Pašić
(acting) Stojan Protić
Stojan Protić
(1st term) Ljubomir Davidović (1st term) Stojan Protić
Stojan Protić
(2nd term) Milenko Vesnić Nikola Pašić
Nikola Pašić
(1st term) Ljubomir Davidović (2nd term) Nikola Pašić
Nikola Pašić
(2nd term) Nikola Uzunović Velimir Vukićević Anton Korošec Petar Živković Vojislav Marinković Milan Srškić Nikola Uzunović Bogoljub Jevtić Milan Stojadinović Dragiša Cvetković

Royal Government-in-Exile

Dušan Simović Slobodan Jovanović Miloš Trifunović Božidar Purić Ivan Šubašić

Democratic Federal Yugoslavia

Josip Broz Tito

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Josip Broz Tito Petar Stambolić Mika Špiljak Mitja Ribičič Džemal Bijedić Veselin Đuranović Milka Planinc Branko Mikulić Ante Marković Aleksandar Mitrović (acting)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 35376712 LCCN: n87949301 ISNI: 0000 0001 0887 4464 GND: 123935822 SUDOC: 072644745 BNF: cb12640675v (data) NKC: jx20060531010 SN

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