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Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(born Mikhail Igor Peschkowsky; November 6, 1931 – November 19, 2014) was an American film and theatre director, producer, actor, and comedian. He was noted for his ability to work across a range of genres and an aptitude for getting the best out of actors regardless of their acting experience. Nichols began his career in the 1950s with the comedy improvisational troupe, The Compass Players, predecessor of The Second City, in Chicago. He then teamed up with his improv partner, Elaine May, to form the comedy duo Nichols and May. Their live improv acts were a hit on Broadway resulting in three albums, with their debut album winning a Grammy Award. After Nichols and May
Nichols and May
disbanded their act in 1961, Nichols began directing plays. He soon earned a reputation as a skilled Broadway director with a flair for creating innovative productions and the ability to elicit polished performances from actors. His debut Broadway play was Neil Simon's Barefoot in the Park in 1963, with Robert Redford
Robert Redford
and Elizabeth Ashley. He next directed Luv in 1964 and in 1965 directed another Neil Simon
Neil Simon
play, The Odd Couple. Nichols received a Tony Award
Tony Award
for each of those plays. Nearly five decades later, he won his sixth Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play with a revival of Death of a Salesman
Death of a Salesman
in 2012. During his career, he directed or produced over twenty-five Broadway plays. In 1966, Warner Brothers
Warner Brothers
invited Nichols to direct his first film, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, starring Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
and Richard Burton. The groundbreaking and acclaimed film led critics to declare Nichols the "new Orson Welles". The film garnered 13 Academy Award nominations, winning five. It was also a box office hit and became the number 1 film of 1966. His next film was The Graduate in 1967, starring then unknown actor Dustin Hoffman, alongside Anne Bancroft and Katharine Ross. The film was another critical and financial success, becoming the highest-grossing film of 1967 and receiving seven Academy Award
Academy Award
nominations, winning Nichols the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director. Among the other films he directed were Catch-22
Catch-22
(1970), Carnal Knowledge
Carnal Knowledge
(1971), Silkwood
Silkwood
(1983), Working Girl
Working Girl
(1988), Wolf (1994), The Birdcage
The Birdcage
(1996), Closer (2004), and Charlie Wilson's War (2007). Along with an Academy Award, Nichols won a Grammy Award
Grammy Award
(the first for a comedian born outside the United States), four Emmy Awards
Emmy Awards
and nine Tony Awards. He was also a three-time BAFTA Award
BAFTA Award
winner. His other honors included the Lincoln Center Gala Tribute in 1999, the National Medal of Arts in 2001,[1] the Kennedy Center Honors
Kennedy Center Honors
in 2003 and the AFI Life Achievement Award
AFI Life Achievement Award
in 2010. His films garnered a total of 42 Academy Award
Academy Award
nominations and seven wins.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Comedy career with "Nichols and May" 3 Career as a director

3.1 1960s

3.1.1 Pre-film stage career 3.1.2 Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? 3.1.3 The Graduate

3.2 1970s 3.3 1980s 3.4 1990s 3.5 2000s 3.6 2010s

4 Directing style 5 Personal life 6 Death 7 Work

7.1 Broadway stage productions 7.2 Filmography 7.3 Discography

8 Awards and honors 9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

Early life[edit] Nichols was born Mikhail Igor Peschkowsky[2] on November 6, 1931, in Berlin, Germany, the son of Brigitte (née Landauer) and Pavel Peschkowsky, a physician.[2] His father was born in Vienna, Austria, to a Russian Jewish immigrant family. Nichols' father's family had been wealthy and lived in Siberia, leaving after the Russian Revolution, and settling in Germany
Germany
around 1920.[2] Nichols' mother's family were German Jews.[2] His maternal grandparents were Gustav Landauer, a leading theorist on anarchism, and author Hedwig Lachmann. Nichols was a third cousin twice removed of scientist Albert Einstein, through Nichols' mother.[2] In April 1939, when the Nazis were arresting Jews in Berlin, seven-year-old Mikhail and his three-year-old brother Robert were sent alone to the United States to join their father, who had fled months earlier. His mother eventually joined the family, escaping through Italy in 1940.[3] The family moved to New York City
New York City
on April 28, 1939.[2][4] His father, whose original Russian name was Pavel Nikolaevich Peschkowsky, changed his name to Paul Nichols, Nichols derived from his Russian patronymic. He had a successful medical practice in Manhattan, enabling the family to live near Central Park.[5][6] Nichols' youth was difficult because by age 4, following an inoculation for whooping cough, he had lost his hair, and consequently wore wigs for the rest of his life.[7] He became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1944 and attended public elementary school in Manhattan
Manhattan
(PS 87).[8] After graduating from the Walden School, a private progressive school on Central Park
Central Park
West, Nichols briefly attended New York University
New York University
before dropping out. In 1950, he enrolled in the pre-med program at the University of Chicago.[6] He later described this college period as "paradise," recalling how "I never had a friend from the time I came to this country until I got to the University of Chicago."[7] While in Chicago
Chicago
in 1953, Nichols joined the staff of struggling classical music station WFMT, 98.7 FM, as an announcer. Co-owner Rita Jacobs asked Nichols to create a folk music program on Saturday nights, which he named "The Midnight Special." He hosted the program for two years before leaving for New York City. Nichols frequently invited musicians to perform live in the studio and eventually created a unique blend of "folk music and farce, showtunes and satire, odds and ends," along with his successor Norm Pellegrini. The program endures today in the same time slot.[9] Comedy career with "Nichols and May"[edit]

Nichols and May, c. 1960

Main article: Nichols and May Nichols first saw Elaine May
Elaine May
when she was sitting in the front row while he was playing the lead in a Chicago
Chicago
production of Miss Julie, and they made eye contact.[10]:39 Weeks later he ran into her in a train station where he started a conversation in an assumed accent, pretending to be a spy, and she played along, using another accent.[11]:325 They hit it off immediately, which led to a brief romance. Later in his career, he said "Elaine was very important to me from the moment I saw her."[11]:325 In 1953, Nichols left Chicago
Chicago
for New York City
New York City
to study method acting under Lee Strasberg, but was unable to find stage work there.[12] He was invited back to join Chicago's Compass Players
Compass Players
in 1955, the predecessor to Chicago's Second City, whose members included May, Shelley Berman, Del Close, and Nancy Ponder,[6][10] directed by Paul Sills. In Chicago, he started doing improvisational routines with May, which eventually led to the formation of the comedy duo Nichols and May in 1958, first performing in New York City.

Theater program from 1961

They performed live satirical comedy acts and eventually released three records of their routines, which became best-sellers. They also appeared in nightclubs and were on radio and television. Jack Rollins, who later became Woody Allen's manager and producer, invited them to audition and was most impressed: "Their work was so startling, so new, as fresh as could be. I was stunned by how really good they were, actually as impressed by their acting technique as by their comedy. . . I thought, My God, these are two people writing hilarious comedy on their feet![11]:340 In 1960, Nichols and May
Nichols and May
opened the Broadway show An Evening With Mike Nichols and Elaine May, directed by Arthur Penn. The LP album of the show won the 1962 Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Comedy Album. Personal idiosyncrasies and tensions eventually drove the duo apart to pursue other projects in 1961. About their sudden breakup, director Arthur Penn said, "They set the standard and then they had to move on,"[11]:351 while talk show host Dick Cavett
Dick Cavett
said "they were one of the comic meteors in the sky."[11]:348 Comedy historian Gerald Nachman describes the effect of their break-up on American comedy:

Nichols and May
Nichols and May
are perhaps the most ardently missed of all the satirical comedians of their era. When Nichols and May
Nichols and May
split up, they left no imitators, no descendants, no blueprints or footprints to follow. No one could touch them.[11]:319

They later reconciled and worked together many times, such as on the unsuccessful A Matter of Position, a play written by May and starring Nichols. They appeared together at President Jimmy Carter's inaugural gala, in 1977, and in a 1980 New Haven stage revival of Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? with Swoosie Kurtz
Swoosie Kurtz
and James Naughton.[13] May scripted Nichols' films The Birdcage
The Birdcage
(1996) and Primary Colors (1998). In 2010, at the AFIs "Life Achievement Award" ceremony, May gave a humor-filled tribute to Nichols.[14] Career as a director[edit] 1960s[edit] Pre-film stage career[edit] After the professional split with May, Nichols went to Vancouver, B.C. to work in the theater directing a production of Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest and acted in a revival of George Bernard Shaw's St. Joan.[6] In 1963, Nichols was chosen to direct Neil Simon's play Barefoot In The Park. He realized at once that he was meant to be a director, saying in a 2003 interview: "On the first day of rehearsal, I thought, 'Well, look at this. Here is what I was meant to do.' I knew instantly that I was home".[12] Barefoot in the Park was a big hit, running for 1530 performances and earning Nichols a Tony Award
Tony Award
for his direction.[6] This began a series of highly successful plays on Broadway (often from works by Simon) that would establish his reputation. After an off-Broadway production of Ann Jellicoe's The Knack, Nichols directed Murray Schisgal's play Luv in 1964. Again the show was a hit and Nichols won a Tony Award
Tony Award
(shared with The Odd Couple). In 1965 he directed another play by Neil Simon, The Odd Couple. The original production starred Art Carney
Art Carney
as Felix Ungar and Walter Matthau
Walter Matthau
as Oscar Madison. The play ran for 966 performances and won Tony Awards for Nichols, Simon and Matthau.[6] Overall, Nichols won nine Tony Awards:[15][16] including six for Best Director of either a play or a musical, one for Best Play, and one for Best Musical. Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?[edit] In 1966, Nichols was a star stage director and Time magazine called him "the most in-demand director in the American theatre."[6] Although he had no experience in filmmaking, Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
invited Nichols to direct a screen adaptation of Edward Albee's Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? starring Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, George Segal, and Sandy Dennis. The film was critically acclaimed, with critics calling Nichols "the new Orson Welles",[6] and a financial success,[17][18] the number 1 film of 1966.[19] The film was considered groundbreaking for having a level of profanity and sexual innuendo unheard of at that time.[20][21][22] It won five Academy Awards
Academy Awards
and garnered thirteen nominations (including Nichols' first nomination for Best Director), earning the distinctions of being one of only two films nominated in every eligible category at the Oscars (the other being Cimarron), and the first film to have its entire credited cast nominated for acting Oscars. It also won three BAFTA
BAFTA
Awards and was later ranked #67 in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition). The Graduate[edit] His next film was The Graduate (1967), starring Dustin Hoffman, Anne Bancroft and Katharine Ross. It became the highest-grossing film of 1967 and one of the biggest grossing films in history up to that date.[23] It was nominated for seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, with Nichols winning as Best Director. In 2007, it was ranked #17 in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition). However, getting the film made was difficult for Nichols, who, while noted for being a successful Broadway director, was still an unknown in Hollywood. Producer Lawrence Turman, who wanted only Nichols to direct it, was continually turned down for financing. He then contacted producer Joseph E. Levine, who said he would finance the film because he knew of Nichols' reputation as a Broadway director, and because he heard that Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
specifically wanted Nichols to direct her and Richard Burton
Richard Burton
in Virginia Woolf.[24] With financing assured, Nichols suggested Buck Henry
Buck Henry
for screenwriter, although Henry's experience had also been mostly in improvised comedy, and had no writing background. Nichols said to Henry, "I think you could do it; I think you should do it."[24] Nichols also took a chance on using Dustin Hoffman, who had no film experience, for the lead, when others had suggested using known star Robert Redford. Hoffman credits Nichols for having taken a great risk in giving him, a relative unknown, the starring role: "I don't know of another instance of a director at the height of his powers who would take a chance and cast someone like me in that part. It took tremendous courage."[24] The quality of the cinematography was also influenced by Nichols, who chose Oscar winner Robert Surtees to do the photography. Surtees, who had photographed major films since the 1920s, including Ben Hur, said later, "It took everything I had learned over 30 years to be able to do the job. I knew that Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
was a young director who went in for a lot of camera. We did more things in this picture than I ever did in one film."[24] Nichols also chose the music by Simon and Garfunkel. When Paul Simon was taking too long to write new songs for the film, he used existing songs, originally planning to replace them with newly written ones. In the end only one new song was available, and Nichols used the existing previously released songs. At one point, when Nichols heard Paul Simon's song, "Mrs. Roosevelt," he suggested to Simon that he change it to "Mrs. Robinson." The song won a Grammy after the film was released and became America's number 1 pop song. Nichols selected all the numerous songs for the film and chose which scenes they would be used in. The placement and selection of songs would affect the way audiences understood the film. Even actor William Daniels, who played Hoffman's father, remembers that after first hearing the songs, especially "The Sound of Silence," he thought, "Oh, wait a minute. That changed the whole idea of the picture for me," suddenly realizing the film would not be a typical comedy.[24] Nichols had previously returned to Broadway to direct The Apple Tree, starring Second City alumna, Barbara Harris. After doing The Graduate, he again returned to the Broadway stage with a revival of Lillian Hellman's The Little Foxes
The Little Foxes
in 1967, which ran for 100 performances.[25] He then directed Neil Simon's Plaza Suite
Plaza Suite
in 1968, earning him another Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Director. He also directed the short film Teach Me! (1968), which starred actress Sandy Dennis. 1970s[edit] Nichols' next film was a big-budget adaptation of Joseph Heller's novel Catch-22
Catch-22
(1970), followed by Carnal Knowledge
Carnal Knowledge
(1971) starring Jack Nicholson, Ann-Margret, Art Garfunkel
Art Garfunkel
and Candice Bergen. The latter film was highly controversial upon release because of the casual and blunt depiction of sexual intercourse.[26] In Georgia, a theatre manager was convicted in 1972 of violating the state's obscenity statutes by showing the film, a conviction later overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court in Jenkins v. Georgia.[27] Nichols returned to Broadway to direct Neil Simon's The Prisoner of Second Avenue in 1971. The play won Nichols another Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Director. In 1973, Nichols directed a revival of Anton Chekhov's Uncle Vanya
Uncle Vanya
on Broadway starring George C. Scott
George C. Scott
and with a new translation by himself and Albert Todd.[6] In 1973 Nichols directed the film The Day of the Dolphin
The Day of the Dolphin
starring George C. Scott, based on the French novel Un animal doué de raison (lit. A Sentient Animal) by Robert Merle
Robert Merle
and adapted by Buck Henry. The film was not successful financially and received mixed reviews from critics.[6] Nichols next directed The Fortune
The Fortune
(1975), starring Warren Beatty, Jack Nicholson and Stockard Channing. Again, the film was a financial failure and received mostly negative reviews. It was Nichols' last feature narrative film for eight years.[6] Nichols returned to the stage with two moderately successful productions in 1976; David Rabe's Streamers opened in April and ran for 478 performances.[28] Trevor Griffiths's Comedians ran for 145 performances.[29] In 1976 Nichols also worked as Executive Producer to create the television drama Family for ABC. The series ran until 1980. In 1977, Nichols produced the original Broadway production of the hugely successful musical Annie, which ran for 2,377 performances until 1983. Nichols won the Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Musical.[30] Later in 1977, Nichols directed D.L. Coburn's The Gin Game. The play ran for 517 performances and won a Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Actress for Jessica Tandy.[31] 1980s[edit] In 1980, Nichols directed the documentary Gilda Live, a filmed performance of comedian Gilda Radner's one-woman show Gilda Radner Live on Broadway. It was released at the same time as the album of the show, both of which were successful. Nichols then directed two unsuccessful shows: Billy Bishop Goes to War, which opened in 1980 and closed after only twelve performances,[32] and Neil Simon's Fools, in 1981, which closed after forty performances.[33] Returning to Hollywood, Nichols' career rebounded in 1983 with the film Silkwood, starring Meryl Streep, Cher
Cher
and Kurt Russell, based on the life of whistleblower Karen Silkwood. The film was a financial and critical success, with film critic Vincent Canby
Vincent Canby
calling it "the most serious work Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
has yet done."[6] The film received five Academy Award
Academy Award
nominations, including a Best Director nomination for Nichols. That same year, Nichols and Peter Stone helped to fix up and rewrite the musical My One and Only just days before its Boston premiere.[34] The show eventually went to Broadway and ran for 767 performances, winning Tony Awards
Tony Awards
for Best Actor, Best Choreography (both for Tommy Tune) and best Supporting Actor (Charles "Honi" Coles). In 1984, Nichols directed the Broadway premiere of Tom Stoppard's The Real Thing. The New York Times
The New York Times
critic Frank Rich
Frank Rich
wrote that "The Broadway version of The Real Thing - a substantial revision of the original London production - is not only Mr. Stoppard's most moving play, but also the most bracing play that anyone has written about love and marriage in years."[35] The play was nominated for seven Tony Awards and won five, including a Best Director Tony for Nichols. Nichols followed the success with the Broadway premiere of David Rabe's Hurlyburly, also in 1984. It was performed just two blocks away from the theater showing The Real Thing. It was nominated for three Tony Awards
Tony Awards
and won Best Actress for Judith Ivey.[6] In 1983, Nichols had seen comedian Whoopi Goldberg's one woman show, The Spook Show and wanted to help her expand it. Goldberg's self-titled Broadway show opened in October 1984 and ran for 156 performances. Rosie O'Donnell
Rosie O'Donnell
said that Nichols had discovered Goldberg while she was struggling as a downtown street artist: "He gave her the entire beginning of her career and recognized her brilliance before anyone else."[36] In 1986 Nichols directed the Broadway premiere of Andrew Bergman's Social Security and in 1988 directed Waiting for Godot, starring Robin Williams
Robin Williams
and Steve Martin.[37] Williams cited Nichols and May
Nichols and May
as among his early influences for performing intelligent comedy.[38] In 1986, Nichols directed the film Heartburn, which received mixed reviews, and starred Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
and Jack Nicholson. In 1988, Nichols completed two feature films. The first was an adaptation of Neil Simon's autobiographical stage play Biloxi Blues starring Matthew Broderick, also receiving mixed critical reviews. Nichols directed one of his most successful films, Working Girl, which starred Melanie Griffith, Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
and Sigourney Weaver. The film was a huge hit upon its release. It also received mostly positive reviews from critics with an 84% rating at Rotten Tomatoes
Rotten Tomatoes
and a 73 metascore at Metacritic. It was nominated for six Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(including Best Director for Nichols) and won the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Song for Carly Simon's "Let the River Run". At one point in the 1980s, Nichols—who was prone to bouts of depression—reported that he had considered suicide, a feeling apparently brought on by a psychotic episode he experienced after taking the drug Halcion.[7] 1990s[edit] In the 1990s, Nichols directed several more successful, well-received films including Postcards from the Edge (1990) starring Meryl Streep and Shirley MacLaine; Primary Colors (1998) starring John Travolta
John Travolta
and Emma Thompson; and The Birdcage
The Birdcage
(1996), an American remake of the 1978 French film La Cage aux Folles starring Robin Williams, Nathan Lane, Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
and Dianne Wiest. Both The Birdcage
The Birdcage
and Primary Colors were written by Elaine May, Nichols' comedy partner earlier in his career. Other films directed by Nichols include Regarding Henry
Regarding Henry
(1991) starring Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
and Wolf (1994) starring Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
and Michelle Pfeiffer. When he was honored by Lincoln Center in 1999 for his life's work, Elaine May—speaking once again as his friend—served up the essence of Nichols with the following:

"So he's witty, he's brilliant, he's articulate, he's on time, he's prepared and he writes. But is he perfect? He knows you can't really be liked or loved if you're perfect. You have to have just enough flaws. And he does. Just the right, perfect flaws to be absolutely endearing."[39]

2000s[edit] In the 2000s, Nichols directed the films What Planet Are You From? (2000), Closer (2004) and Charlie Wilson's War (2007), a political drama that was ultimately his final feature film. What Planet Are Your From? received mixed reviews from critics,[40] while Closer and Charlie Wilson's War received generally positive reviews[41][42] and were both nominated for Academy Awards, BAFTA
BAFTA
and Golden Globe awards.[43][44] Nichols also directed widely acclaimed adaptations of Wit (2001) and Angels in America (2003) for television, winning Emmy Awards for both of them.[45] 2010s[edit] In 2012, Nichols won the Best Direction of a Play Tony Award
Tony Award
for Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman. In April 2013, it was announced that he would direct Daniel Craig
Daniel Craig
and Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
in a Broadway revival of Harold Pinter's Betrayal. The play began its limited run on October 1 at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre, opening on November 3 through January 5, 2014.[46] Nichols was also in talks to direct a film adaptation of Jonathan Tropper's novel One Last Thing Before I Go. The film was to be produced by J.J. Abrams, who previously wrote the Nichols-directed film Regarding Henry
Regarding Henry
(1991).[47] Nichols was a contributing blogger at The Huffington Post. He was also a co-founder of The New Actors Workshop in New York City, where he occasionally taught.[48] In addition, he remained active in the Directors Guild of America, interviewing fellow film director Bennett Miller on stage in October 2011 after the Guild's screening of Miller's Moneyball. In January 2016, PBS
PBS
aired Mike Nichols: American Masters, an American Masters documentary about Nichols directed by his former improv partner, Elaine May.[49][50][51] On February 22, 2016, HBO aired the documentary Becoming Mike Nichols.[52] Directing style[edit] After his early successes as a stage and film director, Nichols had developed a reputation as an auteur who likes to work intimately with his actors and writers, often using them repeatedly in different films. Writer Peter Applebome noted that "few directors have such a gift for getting performances out of actors."[53] During a half-year period in 1967 he had four hit plays running simultaneously on Broadway, during which time his first Hollywood feature, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, had also become a popular and critical success. Combined with his second film, The Graduate, in 1967, the two films had already earned a total of 20 Oscar nominations, including two for Best Director, and winning it for The Graduate. Nichols was able to get the best out of actors regardless of their acting experience, whether an unknown such as Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
or a major star like Richard Burton. For his first film, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, each of the four actors was nominated for an Oscar, with Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
and Sandy Dennis winning. Burton later said, "I didn't think I could learn anything about comedy - I'd done all of Shakespeare's. But from him I learned," adding, "He conspires with you to get your best."[39] However, it was Taylor who chose Nichols to be their director, because, writes biographer David Bret, "she particularly admired him because he had done a number of ad-hoc jobs to pay for his education after arriving in America as a seven-year-old Jewish refugee."[54] Producer Ernest Lehman agreed with her choice: "He was the only one who could handle them," he said. "The Burtons were quite intimidating, and we needed a genius like Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
to combat them."[55] Biographer Kitty Kelley
Kitty Kelley
says that neither Taylor nor Burton would ever again reach the heights of acting performance they did in that film.[55] The same style of directing was used for The Graduate, where, notes film historian Peter Biskind, Nichols took Dustin Hoffman, with no movie acting experience, along with Anne Bancroft, Katharine Ross
Katharine Ross
and others, and managed to get some of their finest acting on screen. This ability to work closely with actors would remain consistent throughout his career. Hoffman credits Nichols for permitting the realistic acting needed for the satirical roles in that film:

It's Nichols's style—he walks that edge of really going as far as he can without falling over the cliff, into disbelief. It's not caricature. That's the highest compliment for satire.[53]

In a similar way, Jeremy Irons, who acted in the play The Real Thing, said that Nichols creates a very "protective environment: he makes you feel he's only there for you,"[12] while Ann-Margret, for her role in Carnal Knowledge, felt the same: "What's wonderful about Mike is that he makes you feel like you're the one that's come up with the idea, when it's actually his."[56] Personal life[edit] Nichols was married four times. The first three ended in divorce; the last ended upon his death.[57] He also had a discreet decade-long affair with photographer Richard Avedon, according to Avedon's studio director and business manager.[58][59] Nichol's first marriage was to Patricia Scott; they were married from 1957 to 1960. His second was to Margot Callas,[60] a former "muse"[61] of the poet Robert Graves, from 1963 to 1974; the couple have a daughter together, Daisy Nichols. His third marriage, to Annabel Davis-Goff, produced two children, Max Nichols and Jenny Nichols; they were divorced in 1986. His fourth was to former ABC World News
ABC World News
anchor Diane Sawyer, whom he married on April 29, 1988.[62] Although none of his wives were Jewish and his children were not raised in any faith, they identify as Jewish.[63] His son Max married ESPN
ESPN
journalist Rachel Nichols. Among Nichols' personal pursuits was a lifelong interest in Arabian horses. From 1968 to 2004, he owned a farm in Connecticut and was a noted horse breeder. Over the years, he also imported quality Arabian horses from Poland, some of which later resold for record-setting prices.[64] Death[edit] Nichols died of a heart attack on November 19, 2014, at his apartment in Manhattan.[57][65][66][67] During the 87th annual Academy Awards ceremony of February 22, 2015, Nichols was featured in the anchor or "hammer" position of the In Memoriam feature.[68] Work[edit] Broadway stage productions[edit]

Year Stage Role Notes

1963 Barefoot in the Park Director Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Play

1964 Luv Director Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Play

1965 The Odd Couple Director Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Play

1966 The Apple Tree Director Nominated– Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Musical

1967 The Little Foxes Director

1968 Plaza Suite Director Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Play

1971 The Prisoner of Second Avenue Director Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Play

1973 Uncle Vanya Director Nominated– Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Play

1976 Streamers Director Nominated– Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play

1976 Comedians Director Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play Nominated– Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Play

1977 Annie Producer Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Musical Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Musical

1977 The Gin Game Director and producer Nominated– Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play Nominated– Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Play Nominated– Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Play Nominated– Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Play

1980 Billy Bishop Goes to War Producer

1981 Fools Director

1981 Grown Ups Producer Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Play

1984 The Real Thing Director Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Play Nominated– Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play

1984 Hurlyburly Director

1984 Whoopi Goldberg Director

1986 Social Security Director

1992 Death and the Maiden Director

2001 The Seagull Director

2003 The Play What I Wrote Producer Nominated– Drama Desk Award for Unique Theatrical Experience Nominated– Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Special
Special
Theatrical Event

2004 Whoopi Producer Nominated– Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Special
Special
Theatrical Event

2005 Spamalot Director Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Musical Nominated– Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Musical

2008 The Country Girl Director

2012 Death of a Salesman Director Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Play

2013 Betrayal Director

Filmography[edit] See also: Category:Films directed by Mike Nichols

Year Film Academy Award Nominations Academy Awards Golden Globe Nominations Golden Globe Awards

1966 Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? 13 5 7 0

1967 The Graduate 7 1 7 4

1968 Teach Me!

1970 Catch-22

1971 Carnal Knowledge 1 0 3 1

1973 The Day of the Dolphin 2 0 1 0

1975 The Fortune

1 0

1980 Gilda Live

1983 Silkwood 5 0 5 1

1986 Heartburn

1988 Biloxi Blues

Working Girl 6 1 6 4

1990 Postcards from the Edge 2 0 3 0

1991 Regarding Henry

1994 Wolf

1996 The Birdcage 1 0 2 0

1998 Primary Colors 2 0 2 0

2000 What Planet Are You From?

2001 Wit (TV) n/a n/a 2 0

2003 Angels in America (TV) n/a n/a 7 5

2004 Closer 2 0 5 2

2007 Charlie Wilson's War 1 0 5 0

Discography[edit]

Nichols and May
Nichols and May
– Improvisations to Music (1959) Mercury Nichols and May
Nichols and May
– An Evening with Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
and Elaine May
Elaine May
(1960) Mercury Nichols and May
Nichols and May
Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
& Elaine May
Elaine May
Examine Doctors (1962) Mercury MG 20680/SR 60680 Nichols and May
Nichols and May
– In Retrospect (1982) Polygram, re-released as compact disc in 1996

Awards and honors[edit]

Awards

1961 Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Comedy Album 1964 Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Director of a Play – Barefoot in the Park 1965 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play – Luv and The Odd Couple 1967 BAFTA Award
BAFTA Award
for Best Film – Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? 1968 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play – Plaza Suite 1968 BAFTA Award
BAFTA Award
for Best Film – The Graduate 1968 BAFTA Award
BAFTA Award
for Best Director – The Graduate 1968 Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director – The Graduate 1968 Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Director – The Graduate 1972 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play – The Prisoner of Second Avenue 1977 Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Musical – Annie 1977 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play – Comedians 1977 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Musical – Annie 1984 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play – The Real Thing 1984 Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Play – The Real Thing 1984 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding New Play – The Real Thing 1999 Film Society of Lincoln Center
Film Society of Lincoln Center
Gala tribute 2001 Emmy
Emmy
Award for Outstanding Directing for a Miniseries, Movie or a Dramatic Special
Special
– Wit 2001 Emmy
Emmy
Award for Outstanding Made for Television Movie – Wit 2001 Peabody Award
Peabody Award
– Wit 2003 Kennedy Center Honors 2004 Emmy
Emmy
Award for Outstanding Directing for a Miniseries, Movie or a Dramatic Special
Special
– Angels in America 2004 Emmy
Emmy
Award for Outstanding Miniseries – Angels in America 2005 Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Musical – Spamalot 2009 Vilcek Prize in Filmmaking 2010 American Film Institute
American Film Institute
Lifetime Achievement Award 2012 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play – Death of a Salesman

Nominations

1967 Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Musical – The Apple Tree 1967 Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director – Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? 1967 Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Director – Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? 1974 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play – Uncle Vanya 1976 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play – Streamers 1977 Emmy
Emmy
Award for Outstanding Drama Series – Family 1977 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play – Comedians 1978 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play – The Gin Game 1978 Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Play – The Gin Game 1978 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play – The Gin Game 1978 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding New Play – The Gin Game 1982 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding New Play – Grown Ups 1984 Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director – Silkwood 1984 Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Director – Silkwood 1984 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play – The Real Thing 1985 Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Play – Hurlyburly 1989 Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director – Working Girl 1989 Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Director – Working Girl 1994 Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Picture – The Remains of the Day 2001 Emmy
Emmy
Award for Outstanding Writing for a Miniseries or a Movie – Wit 2003 Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Special
Special
Theatrical Event – The Play What I Wrote 2003 Drama Desk Award for Unique Theatrical Experience – The Play What I Wrote 2005 Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Special
Special
Theatrical Event – Whoopi 2005 Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Musical - Spamalot[65] 2005 Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Director – Closer 2005 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Musical – Spamalot

See also[edit]

List of people who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards

References[edit]

^ "National Medal of Arts". National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  ^ a b c d e f Gates Jr, Henry Louis, (2010). Faces of America: How 12 Extraordinary People Discovered Their Pasts. New York: New York University Press. pp. 14–33. ISBN 9780814732649.  ^ "Faces of America: Mike Nichols". Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  ^ Kenny, Glenn (16 December 2007). "Mike Nichols' life in the trenches". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  ^ Mike Nichols: 'Salesman' By Day, Artist Always, National Public Radio, 9 March 2012, retrieved 24 September 2012  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Wakeman, John (1988). World Film Directors 2 : 1945-1985. New York: H.W. Wilson. pp. 704–710. ISBN 0824207637.  ^ a b c Weber, Bruce (20 November 2014). "Mike Nichols, Urbane Director Loved by Crowds and Critics, Dies at 83". The New York Times Company. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  ^ Stated on an episode of Faces of America, in 2010 ^ Cohen, Ronald D. (2002). Rainbow Quest: The Folk Music Revival and American Society, 1940-1970. Amherst: University of Massachusetts press. p. 115. ISBN 9781558493483.  ^ a b Coleman, Janet (1991). The Compass: The Improvisational Theatre That Revolutionized American Comedy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226113450.  ^ a b c d e f Nachman, Gerald (2003). Seriously Funny The Rebel Comedians of the 1950s and 1960s. New York, NY: Pantheon Books. p. 659. ISBN 9780375410307. OCLC 50339527.  ^ a b c McLellan, Dennis (20 November 2014). "Mike Nichols, acclaimed director of 'The Graduate,' dies at 83". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved 20 November 2014.  ^ Hill, Lee (June 2003). "Great Directors Critical Database: Mike Nichols". Senses of Cinema. Retrieved 12 October 2008.  ^ video clip: " Elaine May
Elaine May
Salutes Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
at the AFI Life Achievement Award", American Film Institute ^ Thomas, Mike (21 November 2014). "The best of Mike Nichols". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  ^ " Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
- obituary". The Telegraph. 20 November 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  ^ "Big Rental Pictures of 1966", Variety, 4 January 1967 p 8 ^ Clooney, Nick (November 2002). The Movies That Changed Us: Reflections on the Screen. New York: Atria Books, a trademark of Simon & Schuster. p. 71. ISBN 0-7434-1043-2. Nichols's golden touch was intact. He pulled it off. Virginia Woolf was a critical success and, more important to the studio, a financial success.  ^ Clooney, p. 90 ^ Jack Valenti. "How It All Began". Motion Picture Association of America. Archived from the original on 2008-05-21. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  ^ "'Virginia Woolf' Not For Kids". St. Petersburg Times. May 27, 1966. Retrieved February 20, 2013.  ^ Clooney, p. 82-84, 90 ^ The Graduate, Box Office Mojo ^ a b c d e Kashner, Sam (March 2008). "Here's to You, Mr. Nichols: The Making of The Graduate". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  ^ "The Little Foxes". Playbill Vault. Retrieved 24 April 2014.  ^ "Censored Films and Television II". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 27 November 2014.  ^ " Jenkins v. Georgia
Jenkins v. Georgia
418 U.S. 153 (1974)". JUSTIA US Supreme Court. Retrieved 27 November 2014.  ^ "Streamers". The Broadway League. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  ^ "Comedians". The Broadway League. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  ^ Morrison, William (1999). Broadway Theatres: History and Architecture. Mineola, N.Y.: Dover Publications. pp. 154–155. ISBN 9780486402444.  ^ "The Gin Game". The Broadway League. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  ^ Billy Bishop Goes to War. The Broadway League. Retrieved March 12, 2010 ^ Rich, Frank (April 7, 1981). "Theater Review. 'Fools' by Simon' " The New York Times ^ Shewey, Don (1 May 1983). "How 'My One and Only' came to Broadway". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  ^ Rich, Frank (January 6, 1984). "Tom Stoppard's Real Thing". The New York Times. Retrieved March 15, 2011.  ^ Rivera, Zayda (20 November 2014). " Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
dead at 83: Whoopi Goldberg breaks down on 'The View' when talking about her 'mentor'". New York Daily News. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  ^ Kornbluth, Jesse. "Robin Williams's Change of Life", New York Magazine, Nov. 22, 1993 ^ Herbert, Emily. Robin Williams: When the Laughter Stops 1951–2014, John Blak Publishing (2014) e-bk ^ a b Weber, Bruce (November 20, 2014). "Mike Nichols, 83, Acclaimed Director on Broadway and in Hollywood, Dies". The New York Times Company. Retrieved November 20, 2014.  ^ "What Planet Are You From?: Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ "Closer (2004): Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ "Charlie Wilson's War (2007): Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ "Closer - Awards". IMDb.  ^ "Charlie Wilson's War - Awards". IMDb.  ^ "Awards Search: Mike Nichols". Academy Of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  ^ Fung, Lisa (April 4, 2013). "Daniel Craig, Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
heading to Broadway in 'Betrayal'". The Wrap. MSN News. Retrieved April 5, 2013.  ^ Siegel, Tatiana; Borys Kit (April 23, 2013). " Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
in Talks to Direct 'One Last Thing Before I Go'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 24, 2013.  ^ "The Founders". The New Actors Workshop. 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2009.  ^ " Elaine May
Elaine May
to Direct Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
Documentary for PBS", New York Times, Nov. 1, 2015 ^ Interview: "Revisiting The Craft And Vision 'Graduate' Director Mike Nichols", NPR, Jan. 29, 2016 ^ Lowry, Brian (January 26, 2016). "TV Review: 'American Masters: Mike Nichols'". Variety. Retrieved January 10, 2016.  ^ "Becoming Mike Nichols, an HBO Master Class in Theater, Film and TV", Huffington Post, Feb. 11, 2016 ^ a b Whitehead, J.W. (2014). Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
and the Cinema of Transformation. McFarland & Company. pp. 5, 90. ISBN 9780786471454.  ^ Bret, David (2011). Elizabeth Taylor : the lady, the lover, the legend : 1932-2011 : a new biography. Vancouver: Greystone Books. p. 176. ISBN 1553654404.  ^ a b Kelley, Kitty (2011). Elizabeth Taylor : the last star. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 222. ISBN 1451656769.  ^ Crane, Robert; Fryer, Christopher (2012). Jack Nicholson : the early years. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. p. 101. ISBN 0813136156.  ^ a b " Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
- obituary". The Daily Telegraph. 20 November 2014.  ^ Stevens, Norma and Aronson, Steven - Avedon: Something Personal. ISBN 0812994434 ^ Parul Sehgal (December 12, 2017). "Turning the Lens Around on Richard Avedon". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-12-14.  ^ Daisy and Jenny Nichols: Director Mike Nichols' Daughters "Daily Entertainment News" online webzine, Nov. 20th 2014 ^ New Yorker essayist Alastair Reid obituary The Guardian newspaper, publish date 24 Sept 2014 ^ Krishnadev, Calamur (20 November 2014). "Award-Winning Director Mike Nichols Dies At 83". National Public Radio. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  ^ Tampa Jewish Federation: "Jews in the News: Mike Nichols, Yael Grobglas and Dominic Fumusa" retrieved March 18, 2017 "Nichols told Pogrebin that his parents were not religious observant at all. He said he was connected to his Jewish heritage, but did not practice Judaism or any other religion. His three children, he told her, were not raised in any faith. Despite their secular upbringing, Nichols said, all three of his children ultimately came to identify as Jewish. Nichols told Pogrebin that his daughter, Jenny, once said to him, "In the end you pick Jewish because it is harder." ^ Cochran, Marsha (7 June 1976). "They Sell Horses, Don't They? Not the Spectacular Way Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
Does It". People. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  ^ a b Staff (November 20, 2014). "Mike Nichols, Graduate director, dies at 83". BBC News. Retrieved November 20, 2014.  ^ Dennis McLellan (November 20, 2014). "Mike Nichols, groundbreaking director of 'The Graduate,' dies at 83". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved November 20, 2014.  ^ "A tearful Whoopi Goldberg, Natalie Portman and Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
among the stars to pay their respects at the home of the late Oscar-winning director Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
who died aged 83". Daily Mail. 22 November 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2014.  ^ "Oscars In Memoriam: Joan Rivers Left Out Of Tribute". HollywoodLife. 22 February 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

Schuth, H. Wayne. Mike Nichols, Twayne Publishers, 1978. ISBN 0-8057-9255-4. Stevens, Kyle. Mike Nichols: Sex, Language and the Reinvention of Psychological Realism. Oxford University Press, 2015. ISBN 9780199375813

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mike Nichols.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: films by Mike Nichols

Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
Accepts the AFI Life Achievement Award
AFI Life Achievement Award
in 2010 on YouTube - American Film Institute The Evolution of Mike Nichols, New York article Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
on IMDb Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
at Find a Grave

v t e

Mike Nichols

Films

Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
(1966) The Graduate (1967) Catch-22
Catch-22
(1970) Carnal Knowledge
Carnal Knowledge
(1971) The Day of the Dolphin
The Day of the Dolphin
(1973) The Fortune
The Fortune
(1975) Gilda Live
Gilda Live
(1980) Silkwood
Silkwood
(1983) Heartburn (1986) Biloxi Blues (1988) Working Girl
Working Girl
(1988) Postcards from the Edge (1990) Regarding Henry
Regarding Henry
(1991) Wolf (1994) The Birdcage
The Birdcage
(1996) Primary Colors (1998) What Planet Are You From?
What Planet Are You From?
(2000) Wit (2001) Angels in America (2003) Closer (2004) Charlie Wilson's War (2007)

Related

Nichols and May Mike Nichols: American Masters
American Masters
(2016 documentary)

Awards for Mike Nichols

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director

1927–1950

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

AFI Life Achievement Award

John Ford
John Ford
(1973) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1974) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1975) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1976) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1977) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1978) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1979) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1980) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1981) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1982) John Huston
John Huston
(1983) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
(1984) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1985) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1986) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1987) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1988) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1989) David Lean
David Lean
(1990) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1991) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1992) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1993) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1994) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1995) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1996) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1997) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1998) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1999) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2000) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2001) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2002) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2004) George Lucas
George Lucas
(2005) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(2006) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2007) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2008) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2009) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(2010) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2011) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(2012) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2013) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(2014) Steve Martin
Steve Martin
(2015) John Williams
John Williams
(2016) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(2017) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2018)

v t e

BAFTA Award
BAFTA Award
for Best Direction

Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) George Roy Hill (1970) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1975) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1980) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Bill Forsyth
Bill Forsyth
(1983) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1984) no award (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1987) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1988) Kenneth Branagh
Kenneth Branagh
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Mike Newell (1994) Michael Radford
Michael Radford
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
(1997) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(2003) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Directors Guild of America
Directors Guild of America
Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film

1948–1975

Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Anthony Harvey (1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Rob Marshall
Rob Marshall
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Directors Guild of America
Directors Guild of America
Award for Outstanding Directing – Miniseries or TV Film

1971-2000

Buzz Kulik for Brian's Song
Brian's Song
(1971) Lamont Johnson for That Certain Summer
That Certain Summer
(1972) Joseph Sargent
Joseph Sargent
for The Marcus-Nelson Murders (1973) John Korty for The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman (1974) Sam O'Steen
Sam O'Steen
for Queen of the Stardust Ballroom
Queen of the Stardust Ballroom
(1975) Marvin J. Chomsky for Inside the Third Reich (1982) Edward Zwick
Edward Zwick
for Special
Special
Bulletin (1983) Daniel Petrie
Daniel Petrie
for The Dollmaker (1984) John Erman for An Early Frost (1985) Lee Grant
Lee Grant
for Nobody's Child (1986) Jud Taylor for Foxfire (1987) Lamont Johnson for Lincoln (1988) Dan Curtis for War and Remembrance: "Parts VIII-XII: The Final Chapter" (1989) Roger Young for Murder in Mississippi
Murder in Mississippi
(1990) Stephen Gyllenhaal
Stephen Gyllenhaal
for Paris Trout (1991) Ron Lagomarsino for Picket Fences: "Pilot" (1992) Michael Ritchie for The Positively True Adventures of the Alleged Texas Cheerleader-Murdering Mom (1993) Rod Holcomb for ER: "Pilot" (1994) Mick Jackson for Indictment: The McMartin Trial (1995) Betty Thomas
Betty Thomas
for The Late Shift (1996) John Herzfeld for Don King: Only in America (1997) Michael Cristofer
Michael Cristofer
for Gia
Gia
(1998) Mick Jackson for Tuesdays with Morrie (1999) Jeff Bleckner for The Beach Boys: An American Family (2000)

2001-present

Frank Pierson
Frank Pierson
for Conspiracy (2001) Mick Jackson for Live from Baghdad (2002) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
for Angels in America (2003) Joseph Sargent
Joseph Sargent
for Something the Lord Made (2004) George C. Wolfe
George C. Wolfe
for Lackawanna Blues (2005) Walter Hill for Broken Trail
Broken Trail
(2006) Yves Simoneau for Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee (2007) Jay Roach
Jay Roach
for Recount (2008) Ross Katz
Ross Katz
for Taking Chance
Taking Chance
(2009) Mick Jackson for Temple Grandin (2010) Jon Cassar
Jon Cassar
for The Kennedys (2011) Jay Roach
Jay Roach
for Game Change (2012) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
for Behind the Candelabra
Behind the Candelabra
(2013) Lisa Cholodenko for Olive Kitteridge (2014) Dee Rees
Dee Rees
for Bessie (2015) Steven Zaillian for The Night Of: "The Beach" (2016) Jean-Marc Vallée
Jean-Marc Vallée
for Big Little Lies (2017)

v t e

Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play

John Dexter (1975) Ellis Rabb (1976) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
/ Alan Schneider (1977) Melvin Bernhardt (1978) Jack Hofsiss (1979) Vivian Matalon (1980) Peter Hall (1981) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1982) Trevor Nunn (1983) Michael Blakemore (1984) John Malkovich
John Malkovich
(1985) Jerry Zaks
Jerry Zaks
(1986) Howard Davies (1987) John Dexter (1988) Jerry Zaks
Jerry Zaks
(1989) Frank Galati (1990) Jerry Zaks
Jerry Zaks
(1991) Patrick Mason (1992) George C. Wolfe
George C. Wolfe
(1993) Stephen Daldry
Stephen Daldry
(1994) Gerald Gutierrez (1995) Gerald Gutierrez (1996) Trevor Nunn (1999) Michael Blakemore (2000) Jack O'Brien (2001) Mary Zimmerman
Mary Zimmerman
(2002) Robert Falls (2003) Jack O'Brien (2004) Doug Hughes (2005) Nicholas Hytner (2006) Jack O'Brien (2007) Anna D. Shapiro (2008) Matthew Warchus
Matthew Warchus
(2009) Michael Grandage (2010) Joel Grey
Joel Grey
and George C. Wolfe
George C. Wolfe
(2011) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(2012) Pam MacKinnon (2013) Tim Carroll (2014) Marianne Elliott (2015) Ivo van Hove
Ivo van Hove
(2016) Ruben Santiago-Hudson
Ruben Santiago-Hudson
(2017)

v t e

Primetime Emmy
Emmy
Award for Outstanding Directing for a Limited Series, Movie, or Dramatic Special

Fielder Cook (1971) Tom Gries (1972) Joseph Sargent
Joseph Sargent
(1973) John Korty (1974) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1975) Daniel Petrie
Daniel Petrie
(1976) Daniel Petrie
Daniel Petrie
(1977) David Lowell Rich (1978) David Greene (1979) Marvin J. Chomsky (1980) James Goldstone (1981) Marvin J. Chomsky (1982) John Erman (1983) Jeff Bleckner (1984) Lamont Johnson (1985) Joseph Sargent
Joseph Sargent
(1986) Glenn A. Jordan (1987) Lamont Johnson (1988) Simon Wincer (1989) Joseph Sargent
Joseph Sargent
(1990) Brian Gibson (1991) Joseph Sargent
Joseph Sargent
(1992) James Steven Sadwith (1993) John Frankenheimer
John Frankenheimer
(1994) John Frankenheimer
John Frankenheimer
(1995) John Frankenheimer
John Frankenheimer
(1996) Andrei Konchalovsky
Andrei Konchalovsky
(1997) John Frankenheimer
John Frankenheimer
(1998) Allan Arkush (1999) Charles S. Dutton
Charles S. Dutton
(2000) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(2001) David Frankel, Tom Hanks, David Leland, Richard Loncraine, David Nutter, Phil Alden Robinson, Mikael Salomon and Tony To
Tony To
(2002) Steven Schachter (2003) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(2004) Stephen Hopkins (2005) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2006) Philip Martin (2007) Jay Roach
Jay Roach
(2008) Dearbhla Walsh (2009) Mick Jackson (2010) Brian Percival
Brian Percival
(2011) Jay Roach
Jay Roach
(2012) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2013) Colin Bucksey (2014) Lisa Cholodenko (2015) Susanne Bier
Susanne Bier
(2016) Jean-Marc Vallée
Jean-Marc Vallée
(2017)

v t e

Film Society of Lincoln Center
Film Society of Lincoln Center
Gala Tribute Honorees

Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1972) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1973) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1974) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
and Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1975) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1978) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1979) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1982) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1983) Claudette Colbert
Claudette Colbert
(1984) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1985) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1986) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1987) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1988) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1989) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1990) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1991) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1992) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1993) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1994) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1995) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1996) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1997) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1998) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1999) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2000) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(2001) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(2002) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(2003) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2004) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(2005) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2006) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(2007) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2008) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2009) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2010) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2011) Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(2012) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2013) Rob Reiner
Rob Reiner
(2014) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2015) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2016) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2017) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2018)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Director

Henry King (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) László Benedek (1951) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Joshua Logan (1955) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
(1960) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) David Lean
David Lean
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1968) Charles Jarrott (1969) Arthur Hiller
Arthur Hiller
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) John Huston
John Huston
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2001) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Kennedy Center Honorees (2000s)

2000

Mikhail Baryshnikov Chuck Berry Plácido Domingo Clint Eastwood Angela Lansbury

2001

Julie Andrews Van Cliburn Quincy Jones Jack Nicholson Luciano Pavarotti

2002

James Earl Jones James Levine Chita Rivera Paul Simon Elizabeth Taylor

2003

James Brown Carol Burnett Loretta Lynn Mike Nichols Itzhak Perlman

2004

Warren Beatty Ossie Davis
Ossie Davis
& Ruby Dee Elton John Joan Sutherland John Williams

2005

Tony Bennett Suzanne Farrell Julie Harris Robert Redford Tina Turner

2006

Zubin Mehta Dolly Parton Smokey Robinson Steven Spielberg Andrew Lloyd Webber

2007

Leon Fleisher Steve Martin Diana Ross Martin Scorsese Brian Wilson

2008

Morgan Freeman George Jones Barbra Streisand Twyla Tharp Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend
& Roger Daltrey

2009

Mel Brooks Dave Brubeck Grace Bumbry Robert De Niro Bruce Springsteen

Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Play

1940s

Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) Joshua Logan (1948) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1949)

1950s

José Ferrer
José Ferrer
(1952) Joshua Logan (1953) Alfred Lunt
Alfred Lunt
(1954) Robert Montgomery (1955) Tyrone Guthrie (1956) Vincent J. Donehue (1958) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1959)

1960s

Arthur Penn
Arthur Penn
(1960) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1961) Noel Willman
Noel Willman
(1962) Alan Schneider (1963) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1964) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1965) Peter Brook
Peter Brook
(1966) Peter Hall (1967) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1968) Peter Dews (1969)

1970s

Joseph Hardy (1970) Peter Brook
Peter Brook
(1971) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1972) A. J. Antoon (1973) José Quintero
José Quintero
(1974) John Dexter (1975) Ellis Rabb (1976) Gordon Davidson (1977) Melvin Bernhardt (1978) Jack Hofsiss (1979)

1980s

Vivian Matalon (1980) Peter Hall (1981) Trevor Nunn and John Caird (1982) Gene Saks (1983) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1984) Gene Saks (1985) Jerry Zaks
Jerry Zaks
(1986) Lloyd Richards (1987) John Dexter (1988) Jerry Zaks
Jerry Zaks
(1989)

1990s

Frank Galati (1990) Jerry Zaks
Jerry Zaks
(1991) Patrick Mason (1992) George C. Wolfe
George C. Wolfe
(1993) Stephen Daldry
Stephen Daldry
(1994) Gerald Gutierrez (1995) Gerald Gutierrez (1996) Anthony Page (1997) Garry Hynes (1998) Robert Falls (1999)

2000s

Michael Blakemore (2000) Daniel J. Sullivan (2001) Mary Zimmerman
Mary Zimmerman
(2002) Joe Mantello
Joe Mantello
(2003) Jack O'Brien (2004) Doug Hughes (2005) Nicholas Hytner (2006) Jack O'Brien (2007) Anna D. Shapiro (2008) Matthew Warchus
Matthew Warchus
(2009)

2010s

Michael Grandage (2010) Marianne Elliott and Tom Morris (2011) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(2012) Pam MacKinnon (2013) Kenny Leon
Kenny Leon
(2014) Marianne Elliott (2015) Ivo van Hove
Ivo van Hove
(2016) Rebecca Taichman (2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Musical

1950s

Joshua Logan (1950) George S. Kaufman
George S. Kaufman
(1951) Moss Hart
Moss Hart
(1957)

1960s

George Abbott
George Abbott
(1960) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1961) Abe Burrows
Abe Burrows
(1962) George Abbott
George Abbott
(1963) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1964) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1965) Albert Marre (1966) Harold Prince (1967) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1968) Peter H. Hunt (1969)

1970s

Ron Field (1970) Harold Prince (1971) Harold Prince and Michael Bennett (1972) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1973) Harold Prince (1974) Geoffrey Holder
Geoffrey Holder
(1975) Michael Bennett (1976) Gene Saks (1977) Richard Maltby Jr. (1978) Harold Prince (1979)

1980s

Harold Prince (1980) Wilford Leach (1981) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1982) Trevor Nunn (1983) Arthur Laurents
Arthur Laurents
(1984) Des McAnuff (1985) Wilford Leach (1986) Trevor Nunn and John Caird (1987) Harold Prince (1988) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1989)

1990s

Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1990) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1991) Jerry Zaks
Jerry Zaks
(1992) Des McAnuff (1993) Nicholas Hytner (1994) Harold Prince (1995) George C. Wolfe
George C. Wolfe
(1996) Walter Bobbie (1997) Julie Taymor
Julie Taymor
(1998) Matthew Bourne
Matthew Bourne
(1999)

2000s

Michael Blakemore (2000) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(2001) John Rando (2002) Jack O'Brien (2003) Joe Mantello
Joe Mantello
(2004) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(2005) John Doyle (2006) Michael Mayer (2007) Bartlett Sher (2008) Stephen Daldry
Stephen Daldry
(2009)

2010s

Terry Johnson (2010) Casey Nicholaw and Trey Parker
Trey Parker
(2011) John Tiffany (2012) Diane Paulus (2013) Darko Tresnjak (2014) Sam Gold (2015) Thomas Kail (2016) Christopher Ashley (2017)

v t e

People who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards

listed by duration and year of completion

Competitive EGOTs

Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
(1945–1962) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1932–1976) Rita Moreno
Rita Moreno
(1961–1977) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1961–1991) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1953–1994) Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1973–1995) Jonathan Tunick (1977–1997) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1967–2001) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1964–2001) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1985–2002) Scott Rudin (1984–2012) Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
(2004–2014)

Honorary recipients

Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1963–1970) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1965–1990) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
(1969–2011) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989–2012) Harry Belafonte
Harry Belafonte
(1953–2014) Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
(1964–2016)

Book:EGOT winners

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 85449187 LCCN: n82221104 ISNI: 0000 0001 2102 822X GND: 118967088 SUDOC: 058922237 BNF: cb139397465 (data) BIBSYS: 90347591 MusicBrainz: 99ba51f2-928e-46ce-845f-16f5d725c6ce BNE: XX1093817 SN

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