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MIKE LEIGH OBE (born 20 February 1943) is an English writer and director of film and theatre. He studied at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) before honing his directing skills at East 15 Acting School and further at the Camberwell School of Art and the Central School of Art and Design
Central School of Art and Design
. He began as a theatre director and playwright in the mid-1960s. In the 1970s and 1980s his career moved between theatre work and making films for BBC Television
BBC Television
, many of which were characterised by a gritty "kitchen sink realism " style. His well-known films include the comedy-dramas Life is Sweet (1990) and Career Girls
Career Girls
(1997), the Gilbert and Sullivan biographical film Topsy-Turvy (1999), and the bleak working-class drama All or Nothing (2002). His most notable works are the black comedy-drama Naked (1993), for which he won the Best Director Award at Cannes , the Oscar -nominated, BAFTA
BAFTA
and Palme d\'Or -winning drama Secrets and he is a child of the 1960s, and of the explosion of interest in the European cinema and the possibilities of television."

CAREER

Between 1965 and 1970 Leigh's activity was varied. In 1965 he went to work at the Midlands Art Centre in Birmingham as a resident assistant director and had the opportunity to start experimenting with the idea that writing and rehearsing could potentially be part of the same process. The Box Play , a family scenario staged in a cage-like box, "absorbed all sorts of contemporary ideas in art such as the space frames of Roland Pichet..it was visually very exciting,", and two more 'improvised' pieces followed. After the Birmingham interlude he found a flat in Euston, where he lived for the next ten years. In 1966/67 he worked as an assistant director with the Royal Shakespeare Company , assisting Peter Hall on (a disastrous) Macbeth
Macbeth
, and on Coriolanus
Coriolanus
, and Trevor Nunn on a knockabout The Taming of the Shrew
The Taming of the Shrew
. He also worked on an improvised play with some professional actors on a play of his own called NENAA, (an acronym for the North East New Arts Assiociation), which explored the fantasies of a Tynesider working in a café, with ideas of founding an arts association in the northeast.

Leigh wrote, in 1970, "I saw that we must start off with a collection of totally unrelated characters (each one the specific creation of its actor) and then go through a process in which I must cause them to meet each other, and build a network of real relationships; the play would be drawn from the results." After Stratford-upon-Avon Leigh directed a couple of London drama school productions that included Thomas Dekker 's The Honest Whore at E15 Acting School in Loughton – where he met Alison Steadman for the first time. In 1968, wanting to return to Manchester, he sub-let his London flat and moved to Levenshulme . Taking up a part-time lectureship in a Catholic women teachers training college, Sedgley Park, he ran a drama course and devised and directed Epilogue, focusing on a priest with doubts, and for the Manchester Youth Theatre he devised and directed two big-cast projects, Big Basil and Glum Victoria and the Lad with Specs.

As the decade came to a close Leigh knew he wanted to make films, and that "The manner of working was at last fixed. There would be discussions and rehearsals. Plays or films would develop organically with actors fully liberated into the creative process. After an exploratory improvisation period, Leigh would write a structure, indicating the order in which scenes happened, usually with a single bare sentence: Johnny and Sophie meet; Betty does Joy's hair; . And it was rehearsed and rehearsed until it achieved the required quality of 'finish'."

In the 1970s, Leigh made nine television plays . Earlier plays such as Nuts in May and Abigail\'s Party tended more towards bleakly yet humorously satirising middle-class manners and attitudes. His plays are generally more caustic, stridently trying to show the banality of society. Goose-Pimples and Abigail's Party both focus on the vulgar middle class in a convivial party setting that spirals out of control. The television version of Abigail's Party was made at some speed, Steadman was pregnant at the time, and Leigh's objections to flaws in the production, particularly the lighting, led to his preference for theatrical films.

There was something of a hiatus in Leigh's career following the death of his father at the end of February 1985. Leigh was in Australia at the time – having agreed to attend a screenwriters conference in Melbourne at the start of 1985, he had then accepted an invitation to teach at the Australian Film School in Sydney – and he then 'buried his solitude and sense of loss in a busy round of people, publicity and talks.' He gradually extended 'the long journey home' and went on to visit Bali
Bali
, Singapore, Hong Kong, China. He said later, " The whole thing was an amazing, unforgettable period in my life. But it was all to do with personal feelings, my father, where to go next, and my desire to make a feature film. I felt I was at the end of one stage of my career and at the start of another." His 1986 project codenamed 'Rhubarb', for which he had gathered actors in Blackburn
Blackburn
, including Jane Horrocks , Julie Walters and David Thewlis , was cancelled after seven weeks rehearsals and Leigh returned home. "The nature of what I do is totally creative, and you have to get in there and stick with it. The tension between the bourgeois suburban and the anarchist bohemian that is in my work is obviously in my life, too...I started to pull myself together. I didn't work, I simply stayed at home and looked after the boys." In 1987 Channel 4 put up some money for a short film and, with Portman Productions, agreed to co-produce Leigh's first feature film since Bleak Moments.

In 1988 Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
and producer Simon Channing Williams founded Thin Man Films , a film production company based in London, to produce Mike Leigh's films. They chose the company name because both founders were the opposite of it.

Later In 1988, he made High Hopes , about a disjointed working-class family whose members live in a run-down flat and a council house. Leigh's subsequent films such as Naked and Vera Drake are somewhat starker, more brutal, and concentrate more on the working-class; another of his recent films, however, is a modern-day comedy, Happy-Go-Lucky . A commitment to social realism and humanism is evident throughout. More specifically, several of his films and television plays examine the domestic relationships of ordinary people, which are brought to a head or transformed by some crisis towards the end of the film.

His stage plays include Smelling A Rat, It's A Great Big Shame, Greek Tragedy , Goose-Pimples, Ecstasy , and Abigail's Party.

The anger inherent in Leigh's material, in some ways typical of the Thatcher years, softened after her departure from the political scene. In 2005, Leigh returned to directing for the stage after many years absence with his new play, Two Thousand Years at the Royal National Theatre in London. The play deals with the divisions within a left-wing secular Jewish
Jewish
family when one of the younger members finds religion. It is the first time Leigh has drawn on his Jewish background for inspiration.

Leigh has won several prizes at major European film festivals. Most notably he won the Best Director award at Cannes for Naked in 1993 and the Palme d\'Or in 1996 for Secrets & Lies . He won the Leone d\'Oro for the best film at the International Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
in 2004 with Vera Drake . He has been nominated for the Academy Award seven times, twice each for Secrets "I'll set up an improvisation, ... I'll analyse and discuss it, ... we'll do another, and I'll ... refine and refine... until the actions and dialogue are totally integrated. Then we shoot it."

In an interview with Laura Miller, "Listening to the World: An Interview With Mike Leigh", published on salon.com, Leigh states, "I make very stylistic films indeed, but style doesn't become a substitute for truth and reality. It's an integral, organic part of the whole thing." Leigh's vision is to depict ordinary life, "real life", unfolding under extenuating circumstances. Speaking of his films, he says, "No, I'm not an intellectual filmmaker. These are emotional, subjective, intuitive, instinctive, vulnerable films. And there's a feeling of despair...I think there's a feeling of chaos and disorder." He makes courageous decisions to document reality. He speaks about the criticism Naked received: "The criticism comes from the kind of quarters where "political correctness" in its worst manifestation is rife. It's this kind of naive notion of how we should be in an unrealistic and altogether unhealthily over-wholesome way."

Leigh's characters often struggle, "to express inexpressible feelings. Words are important, but rarely enough. The art of evasion and failure in communication certainly comes from Pinter , whom Leigh acknowledges as an important influence. He especially admires Pinter's earliest work, and directed The Caretaker while still at RADA."

Leigh has cited Jean Renoir and Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
among his favourite film makers. The critic David Thomson has written that, with the camera work in his films characterised by 'a detached, medical watchfulness', Leigh's aesthetic may justly be compared to the sensibility of the Japanese director Yasujirō Ozu
Yasujirō Ozu
. Michael Coveney: " The cramped domestic interiors of Ozu find many echoes in Leigh's scenes on stairways and in corridors, and on landings, especially in Grown-Ups, Meantime, and Naked. And two wonderful little episodes in Ozu's Tokyo Story , in a hairdressing salon and a bar, must have been in Leigh's subconscious memory when he made The Short and Curlies (1987), one of his most devastatingly funny pieces of work, and the pub scene in Life is Sweet ..."

Leigh's style has been influential over a number of film companies. The youth film company ACT 2 CAM uses his improvisation techniques to build characters and context for films with young people in the UK. His character work, improvisations and unplanned scenes are a technique followed by East 15 School of Acting, where these methods continue to be taught and used at the forefront of the acting and directing training industry.

PERSONAL LIFE

In September 1973, he married actress Alison Steadman ; they have two sons: Toby (born February 1978) and Leo (born August 1981). Steadman appeared in seven of his films and several of his plays, including Wholesome Glory and Abigail\'s Party . They divorced in 2001. He now lives in Camden . The actress Marion Bailey is his partner.

He is a Distinguished Supporter of the British Humanist Association. In 2014, Leigh publicly backed "Hacked Off" and its campaign for UK press self-regulation by "safeguarding the press from political interference while also giving vital protection to the vulnerable."

FILMOGRAPHY

FEATURE FILMS

* Bleak Moments (1971) * High Hopes (1988) * Life Is Sweet (1990) * Naked (1993) * Secrets BBC
BBC
radio * Ecstasy (1979) * Goose-Pimples (1981) * Smelling a Rat (1988) * Greek Tragedy (1989) * It's a Great Big Shame! (1993) * Two Thousand Years (2005) * Grief (2011)

RECURRING COLLABORATORS

ACTOR Bleak Moments (1971) Hard Labour (1973) Knock for Knock (1976) Nuts in May (1976) Abigail\'s Party (1977) Kiss of Death (1977) Who's Who (1978) Too Much of a Good Thing (1979) Grown-Ups (1980) Home Sweet Home (1982) Meantime (1983) Four Days in July (1985) The Short and Curlies (1987) High Hopes (1988) Life is Sweet (1990) Naked (1993) Secrets ">N

N

N

DOROTHY ATKINSON

N N

N

MICHELE AUSTIN

N

N

N

MARION BAILEY

N

N N

N

LINDA BECKETT N N

N

N

ELIZABETH BERRINGTON

N N

N

N

BRENDA BLETHYN

N

N

JIM BROADBENT

N

N

N

N

LORRAINE BRUNNING

N

N

KATRIN CARTLIDGE

N

N N

SIMON CHANDLER

N

N

RON COOK

N

N

ALLAN CORDUNER

N

N

HEATHER CRANEY

N N N

EILEEN DAVIES

N

N

N N

PHIL DAVIS

N N N

N

N

N

N

EDNA DORé

N

N

N

JANINE DUVITSKI

N

N

KARINA FERNANDEZ

N N N

SALLY HAWKINS

N N N

MARIANNE JEAN-BAPTISTE

N N(composer)

SAM KELLY

N

N

N

N N

N

CLIFFORD KERSHAW

N

N

LESLEY MANVILLE

N N

N

N

N N N

N N

OLIVER MALTMAN

N N N

EDDIE MARSAN

N N

SINEAD MATTHEWS

N N

N

DANIEL MAYS

N N

GARY MCDONALD

N

N

WENDY NOTTINGHAM

N

N

N

N

STEPHEN REA

N

N

MARTIN SAVAGE

N N N

N N

ANDY SERKIS

N N

LESLEY SHARP

N

N

RUTH SHEEN

N

N

N N

N N

CLAIRE SKINNER

N N

LIZ SMITH N N

N

TIMOTHY SPALL

N

N

N

N N

N

IMELDA STAUNTON

N

N

ALISON STEADMAN

N

N N

N

N

N

N

DAVID THEWLIS

N

N N

SYLVESTRA LE TOUZEL

N

N

N

JOE TUCKER

N N

N

PETER WIGHT

N

N N

N

N N

REFERENCES

* ^ Michael Coveney, The World According to Mike Leigh, p. 36 * ^ "Mike Leigh". The Film Programme . 30 August 2007. BBC
BBC
Radio 4. Retrieved 18 January 2014. * ^ Coveney, p. 66 * ^ "Festival de Cannes: Naked". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 22 August 2009. * ^ A B Gordon, Bette."Mike Leigh", " BOMB Magazine ", Winter, 1994. Retrieved 25 July 2011. * ^ The world according to Mike Leigh, p. 8, Michael Coveney, Harper Collins 1996 * ^ Coveney, World according to Mike Leigh, p. 9 * ^ Buruma, quoted in Coveney, the world according to Mike leigh, p. 14 * ^ " Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
Biography (1943-)". filmreference.com. Retrieved 20 January 2015. * ^ The Brocket Babies * ^ "Movie Reviews, Ratings, and Best New Movies". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 20 January 2015. * ^ "Habonim spirit influences work of director Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
in \'Happy-Go-Lucky\' – Film". Jewish
Jewish
Journal. Retrieved 20 January 2015. * ^ " Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
cancels Israel visit over \'conscience\'". thejc.com. Retrieved 20 January 2015. * ^ Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
comes out on his Jewishness by Linda Grant * ^ Coveney, p. 41 * ^ Coveney, p. 7, 45 * ^ Michael Coveney, The World According to Mike Leigh, p. 17 * ^ Ryan Gilbey. "Q: What\'s the secret of happiness? A: You\'re just trying to end the interview". the Guardian. Retrieved 20 January 2015. * ^ Marlow meets Mike Leigh, Sky Arts * ^ Coveney, p. 7 * ^ Mike Leigh\'s DVD Picks * ^ Coveney, p. 72 * ^ Coveney, p. 80 * ^ Coveney, pp. 183–184 * ^ Duedil: Thin Man Films Limited Linked 2013-05-27 * ^ Thin Man Film: Thin Man Films: a history Linked 2013-05-27 * ^ " Royal Society of Literature All Fellows". Royal Society of Literature. Archived from the original on 5 March 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2010. * ^ "UK director Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
to head Berlin film jury". Yahoo. Retrieved 11 December 2011. * ^ https://www.theguardian.com/film/2015/apr/17/mike-leigh-to-make-movie-of-peterloo-massacre * ^ Coveney, p. 16 * ^ Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
on Mike Leigh, p. 30 Faber 2008 * ^ Salon: Mike Leigh, page 2 * ^ Coveney, p. 6 * ^ Coveney p. 12 * ^ Coveney, p. 18 * ^ "Alison Steadman: Enter Alison the director". The Independent. London. 31 December 2003. * ^ " Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
on not wanting Johnny Depp to play turner". spectator.co.uk. Retrieved 18 October 2014. * ^ "Mike Leigh". British Humanist Association. Retrieved 20 January 2015. * ^ Georg Szalai. "Benedict Cumberbatch, Alfonso Cuaron, Maggie Smith Back U.K. Press Regulation". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 20 January 2015. * ^ "Campaign group Hacked Off urge newspaper industry to back the Royal Charter on press freedom". The Independent. Retrieved 20 January 2015. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 March 2015. Retrieved 2014-03-19.

FURTHER READING

* Carney, Ray ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh

TELEVISION

* Hard Labour (1973) * The Permissive Society (1975) * Knock for Knock (1976) * Nuts in May (1976) * Abigail\'s Party (1977) * Kiss of Death (1977) * Who's Who (1978) * Grown-Ups (1980) * Home Sweet Home (1982) * Meantime (1983) * Four Days in July (1985)

CINEMA

* Bleak Moments (1971) * High Hopes (1988) * Life Is Sweet (1990) * Naked (1993) * Secrets border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Ecstasy (1979) * Too Much of a Good Thing (1979, broadcast 1992)

AWARDS FOR MIKE LEIGH

* v * t * e

BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Direction

* Mike Nichols (1968) * John Schlesinger (1969) * George Roy Hill (1970) * John Schlesinger (1971) * Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) * François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1973) * Roman Polanski (1974) * Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1975) * Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1976) * Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) * Alan Parker (1978) * Francis Ford Coppola (1979) * Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1980) * Louis Malle (1981) * Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) * Bill Forsyth (1983) * Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1984) * no award (1985) * Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) * Oliver Stone (1987) * Louis Malle (1988) * Kenneth Branagh (1989) * Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) * Alan Parker (1991) * Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) * Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) * Mike Newell (1994) * Michael Radford
Michael Radford
(1995) * Joel Coen (1996) * Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
(1997) * Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(1998) * Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) * Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) * Peter Jackson (2001) * Roman Polanski (2002) * Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(2003) * Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2004) * Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) * Paul Greengrass (2006) * Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) * Danny Boyle (2008) * Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) * David Fincher (2010) * Michel Hazanavicius (2011) * Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) * Alfonso Cuarón (2013) * Richard Linklater (2014) * Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) * Damien Chazelle (2016)

* v * t * e

BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Original Screenplay

* Paul D. Zimmerman (1983) * Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1984) * Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1985) * Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) * David Leland (1987) * Shawn Slovo (1988) * Nora Ephron
Nora Ephron
(1989) * Giuseppe Tornatore
Giuseppe Tornatore
(1990) * Anthony Minghella (1991) * Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1992) * Harold Ramis and Danny Rubin (1993) * Quentin Tarantino and Roger Avary (1994) * Christopher McQuarrie (1995) * Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1996) * Gary Oldman (1997) * Andrew Niccol (1998) * Charlie Kaufman (1999) * Cameron Crowe
Cameron Crowe
(2000) * Jean-Pierre Jeunet and Guillaume Laurant (2001) * Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) * Tom McCarthy (2003) * Charlie Kaufman (2004) * Paul Haggis and Bobby Moresco (2005) * Michael Arndt (2006) * Diablo Cody (2007) * Martin McDonagh
Martin McDonagh
(2008) * Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2009) * David Seidler (2010) * Michel Hazanavicius (2011) * Quentin Tarantino (2012) * Eric Warren Singer and David O. Russell (2013) * Wes Anderson
Wes Anderson
and Hugo Guinness (2014) * Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) * Kenneth Lonergan (2016)

* v * t * e

BAFTA
BAFTA
Fellowship recipients

1971–2000

* Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1971) * Freddie Young (1972) * Grace Wyndham Goldie (1973) * David Lean
David Lean
(1974) * Jacques Cousteau (1975) * Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1976) * Laurence Olivier (1976) * Denis Forman (1977) * Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1978) * Lew Grade
Lew Grade
(1979) * Huw Wheldon
Huw Wheldon
(1979) * David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(1980) * John Huston
John Huston
(1980) * Abel Gance (1981) * Michael Powell & Emeric Pressburger (1981) * Andrzej Wajda (1982) * Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1983) * Hugh Greene (1984) * Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1984) * Jeremy Isaacs (1985) * Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) * Federico Fellini (1987) * Ingmar Bergman (1988) * Alec Guinness (1989) * Paul Fox (1990) * Louis Malle (1991) * John Gielgud (1992) * David Plowright (1992) * Sydney Samuelson (1993) * Colin Young (1993) * Michael Grade (1994) * Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1995) * Jeanne Moreau (1996) * Ronald Neame (1996) * John Schlesinger (1996) * Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1996) * Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1997) * Steven Bochco (1997) * Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1997) * Oswald Morris (1997) * Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1997) * David Rose (1997) * Sean Connery (1998) * Bill Cotton (1998) * Eric Morecambe border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Albert Finney (2001) * John Thaw (2001) * Judi Dench (2001) * Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2002) * Merchant Ivory Productions (2002) * Andrew Davies (2002) * John Mills (2002) * Saul Zaentz (2003) * David Jason (2003) * John Boorman (2004) * Roger Graef (2004) * John Barry (2005) * David Frost
David Frost
(2005) * David Puttnam
David Puttnam
(2006) * Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2006) * Anne V. Coates (2007) * Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) * Will Wright (2007) * Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2008) * Bruce Forsyth (2008) * Dawn French
Dawn French
& Jennifer Saunders
Jennifer Saunders
(2009) * Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(2009) * Nolan Bushnell
Nolan Bushnell
(2009) * Vanessa Redgrave (2010) * Shigeru Miyamoto (2010) * Melvyn Bragg
Melvyn Bragg
(2010) * Christopher Lee (2011) * Peter Molyneux
Peter Molyneux
(2011) * Trevor McDonald (2011) * Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2012) * Rolf Harris
Rolf Harris
(2012) * Alan Parker (2013) * Gabe Newell (2013) * Michael Palin
Michael Palin
(2013) * Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) * Rockstar Games (2014) * Julie Walters (2014) * Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2015) * David Braben (2015) * Jon Snow (2015) * Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2016) * John Carmack (2016) * Ray Galton background: #BDB76B;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

BAFTA
BAFTA
Los Angeles Britannia Awards

EXCELLENCE IN FILM

* Albert R. Broccoli (1989) * Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(1990) * Peter Ustinov
Peter Ustinov
(1992) * Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1993) * Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1995) * Bob Weinstein and Harvey Weinstein
Harvey Weinstein
(1996) * Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) * John Travolta (1998) * Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1999) * Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2000) * George Lucas
George Lucas
(2002) * Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(2003) * Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2004) * Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(2005) * Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2006) * Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2007) * Sean Penn (2008) * Robert De Niro (2009) * Jeff Bridges
Jeff Bridges
(2010) * Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2011) * Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) * George Clooney
George Clooney
(2013) * Robert Downey Jr. (2014) * Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2015) * Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2016)

EXCELLENCE IN DIRECTING

* Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(2003) * Jim Sheridan (2004) * Mike Newell (2005) * Anthony Minghella (2006) * Martin Campbell
Martin Campbell
(2007) * Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2008) * Danny Boyle (2009) * Christopher Nolan (2010) * David Yates
David Yates
(2011) * Quentin Tarantino (2012) * Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2013) * Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2014) * Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(2015) * Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2016)

Worldwide Contribution to Entertainment

* Howard Stringer (2003) * Kirk Douglas (2009) * Ridley Scott border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
(2006) * Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2007) * Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
(2008) * Emily Blunt (2009) * Michael Sheen (2010) * Helena Bonham Carter
Helena Bonham Carter
(2011) * Daniel Craig
Daniel Craig
(2012) * Benedict Cumberbatch (2013) * Emma Watson (2014) * James Corden
James Corden
(2015) * Felicity Jones (2016)

EXCELLENCE IN COMEDY

* Betty White (2010) * Ben Stiller (2011) * Trey Parker and Matt Stone (2012) * Sacha Baron Cohen (2013) * Julia Louis-Dreyfus
Julia Louis-Dreyfus
(2014) * Amy Schumer (2015) * Ricky Gervais
Ricky Gervais
(2016)

EXCELLENCE IN TELEVISION

* Aaron Spelling (1999) * HBO
HBO
Original Programming (2002) * Dick Van Dyke (2017)

HUMANITARIAN AWARD

* Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) * Don Cheadle
Don Cheadle
(2008) * Colin Firth (2009) * Idris Elba
Idris Elba
(2013) * Mark Ruffalo (2014) * Orlando Bloom (2015) * Ewan McGregor
Ewan McGregor
(2016)

RETIRED AWARDS

* BBC
BBC
(1999) * Tarsem Singh (1999) * Angela Lansbury (2003) * Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2004) * Elizabeth Taylor (2005) * Ronald Neame (2005) * Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2006) * Bob Shaye and Michael Lynne (2007)

* v * t * e

Cannes Film Festival Best Director Award

* René Clément
René Clément
(1946) * René Clément
René Clément
(1949) * Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(1951) * Christian-Jaque (1952) * Jules Dassin
Jules Dassin
/ Sergei Vasilyev (1955) * Sergei Yutkevich (1956) * Robert Bresson (1957) * Ingmar Bergman (1958) * François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1959) * Yuliya Solntseva
Yuliya Solntseva
(1961) * Liviu Ciulei (1965) * Sergei Yutkevich (1966) * Ferenc Kósa (1967) * Glauber Rocha / Vojtěch Jasný (1969) * John Boorman (1970) * Miklós Jancsó
Miklós Jancsó
(1972) * Michel Brault / Costa-Gavras (1975) * Ettore Scola (1976) * Nagisa Oshima
Nagisa Oshima
(1978) * Terrence Malick (1979) * Werner Herzog (1982) * Robert Bresson / Andrei Tarkovsky (1983) * Bertrand Tavernier (1984) * André Téchiné (1985) * Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1986) * Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1987) * Fernando Solanas (1988) * Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(1989) * Pavel Lungin (1990) * Joel Coen (1991) * Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) * Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1993) * Nanni Moretti (1994) * Mathieu Kassovitz (1995) * Joel Coen (1996) * Wong Kar-wai (1997) * John Boorman (1998) * Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) * Edward Yang (2000) * Joel Coen / David Lynch
David Lynch
(2001) * Im Kwon-taek / Paul Thomas Anderson (2002) * Gus Van Sant (2003) * Tony Gatlif (2004) * Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2005) * Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu
(2006) * Julian Schnabel (2007) * Nuri Bilge Ceylan
Nuri Bilge Ceylan
(2008) * Brillante Mendoza (2009) * Mathieu Amalric (2010) * Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
(2011) * Carlos Reygadas (2012) * Amat Escalante
Amat Escalante
(2013) * Bennett Miller (2014) * Hou Hsiao-hsien (2015) * Olivier Assayas / Cristian Mungiu (2016) * Sofia Coppola (2017)

* v * t * e

National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Screenplay

1967–2000

* David Newman and Robert Benton (1967) * John Cassavetes (1968) * Paul Mazursky and Larry Tucker (1969) * Éric Rohmer (1970) * Penelope Gilliatt (1971) * Ingmar Bergman (1972) * George Lucas
George Lucas
, Gloria Katz and Willard Huyck (1973) * Ingmar Bergman (1974) * Robert Towne and Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1975) * Alain Tanner
Alain Tanner
and John Berger
John Berger
(1976) * Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) * Paul Mazursky (1978) * Steve Tesich (1979) * Bo Goldman (1980) * John Guare (1981) * Murray Schisgal and Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
(1982) * Bill Forsyth (1983) * Lowell Ganz , Babaloo Mandel and Bruce Jay Friedman (1984) * Albert Brooks and Monica Johnson (1985) * Hanif Kureishi (1986) * John Boorman (1987) * Ron Shelton (1988) * Gus Van Sant and Daniel Yost (1989) * Charles Burnett (1990) * David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1991) * David Webb Peoples (1992) * Jane Campion (1993) * Quentin Tarantino and Roger Avary (1994) * Amy Heckerling (1995) * Albert Brooks and Monica Johnson (1996) * Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) * Scott Frank (1998) * Charlie Kaufman (1999) * Kenneth Lonergan (2000)

2001–PRESENT

* Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) * Ronald Harwood (2002) * Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini (2003) * Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) * Noah Baumbach
Noah Baumbach
(2005) * Peter Morgan (2006) * Tamara Jenkins (2007) * Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2008) * Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2009) * Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) * Asghar Farhadi (2011) * Tony Kushner (2012) * Richard Linklater , Ethan Hawke , and Julie Delpy (2013) * Wes Anderson
Wes Anderson
(2014) * Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) * Kenneth Lonergan (2016)

AWARDS AND ACHIEVEMENTS

CANNES FILM FESTIVAL

Preceded by Robert Altman
Robert Altman
for The Player Best Director Mike Leigh 1993 FOR NAKED Succeeded by Nanni Moretti for Caro diario

CANNES FILM FESTIVAL

Preceded by Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
for Underground Palme d\'Or Mike Leigh 1996 FOR SECRETS text-align: center;" rowspan="1">Succeeded by Abbas Kiarostami for Taste of Cherry and Shohei Imamura for The Eel

VENICE INTERNATIONAL FILM FESTIVAL

Preceded by Andrey Zvyagintsev for The Return Golden Lion Mike Leigh 2004 FOR VERA DRAKE Succeeded by