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MIDNIGHT MEMORIES is the third studio album by British-Irish boy band One Direction
One Direction
, released on 25 November 2013 by Columbia Records
Columbia Records
, Syco Music
Syco Music
and Sony Music . The album was described as having a "slightly rockier tone" than their previous efforts. It has become the fastest-selling album in Amazon UK 's history, breaking the record set by One Direction's previous release, Take Me Home (2012). The album debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200
Billboard 200
, making One Direction the first group in history to debut at number one in the US with their first three albums. The album was preceded by the release of the singles "Best Song Ever " and "Story of My Life ".

Upon the album's release, Midnight Memories
Midnight Memories
received mixed reviews from music critics . Many critics praised the lyrical depth and musical composition on the album, as well as the group's level of involvement in the production process. However, others argued that the material was less memorable than their previous work and felt the themes were not as mature as expected. Despite being released five weeks before the year's end, Midnight Memories
Midnight Memories
nevertheless became the best-selling album of 2013 as listed by the IFPI , with sales of four million copies.

CONTENTS

* 1 Background and development

* 2 Singles

* 2.1 Promotional singles * 2.2 Other songs

* 3 Critical reception * 4 Commercial performance * 5 Track listing * 6 Personnel

* 7 Charts

* 7.1 Weekly charts * 7.2 Monthly charts * 7.3 Year-end charts

* 8 Certifications and sales * 9 Release history * 10 References

BACKGROUND AND DEVELOPMENT

One Direction
One Direction
began working on their third studio album whilst embarking on their second international tour, the Take Me Home Tour . The album was announced simultaneously with the news of the band's third world tour, the Where We Are Tour , which subsequently led fans to wrongly assume that the album title would be named Where We Are. Member Louis Tomlinson
Louis Tomlinson
proclaimed that the album would have a "rockier" sound to it than the band's previous releases. The official title of the album was announced on 6 September 2013, starting with Zayn Malik
Zayn Malik
tweeting a teaser video of Harry Styles
Harry Styles
spelling out the word "Mid" out of a pile of alphabet cards on the floor, followed by a full video posted on the band's Instagram
Instagram
account later on, revealing the title, Midnight Memories.

The album artwork was released early exclusively by The Sun via a tweet which was then confirmed to be the official artwork through the band's official Twitter account, though the early access was only available for those who held a membership of the newspaper's online version. On 11 October, the band presented the album's final track list through the "#MidnightMemoriesTrackQuiz" hashtag on Twitter by giving out a mixture of hints and blank spaces to be filled alongside the final result. The full track list for the deluxe edition was later shown on iTunes .

SINGLES

One Direction
One Direction
during Where We Are Tour at Stadium of Light
Stadium of Light
.

"Best Song Ever " was released on 22 July 2013 as the official lead single from the album. The track peaked at number two on the UK Singles Chart . Its music video beat the Vevo
Vevo
record for most viewers within 24 hours on YouTube, clocking in at 12.3 million views, beating the previous record set by Miley Cyrus
Miley Cyrus
for "We Can\'t Stop ", which held 10.7 million views in 24 hours.

"Story of My Life " was released on 28 October 2013 as the second single from the album. The track premiered on 25 October 2013, playing at 16:00 GST on radio stations across the world and debuted at number four on the UK Singles Chart, despite holding the number one position on the midweek chart and continuing to lead until Saturday of that week. The song eventually peaked at number 2. The video was released on 3 November 2013.

" Midnight Memories
Midnight Memories
", was announced as the third single from the album on 24 January 2014.

"You & I " was serviced to US radio on 15 April 2014 as the album's fourth and final single.

PROMOTIONAL SINGLES

* "Diana " was the first promotional single. It charted in the Irish top 10 on 21 November 2013, and at number two on the New Zealand Singles Chart on 22 November 2013. * "Strong " debuted at number one on the New Zealand Singles Chart on 29 November 2013, four days after the album's release.

OTHER SONGS

* "One Way or Another " was released on 17 February 2013 as the official 2013 Comic Relief
Comic Relief
single, peaking at number one on the UK Singles Chart and achieving success around the world.

All songs from except "Something Great" have charted on the UK Singles Chart .

CRITICAL RECEPTION

PROFESSIONAL RATINGS

AGGREGATE SCORES

SOURCE RATING

Metacritic
Metacritic
59/100

REVIEW SCORES

SOURCE RATING

AllMusic

The A.V. Club B–

Entertainment Weekly
Entertainment Weekly
B–

The Independent
The Independent

Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times

The Observer

Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone

Slant Magazine

Spin 6/10

Sputnikmusic
Sputnikmusic
2/5

USA Today
USA Today

Upon its release, Midnight Memories
Midnight Memories
received mixed reviews from music critics and publications. Brian Mansfield from USA Today
USA Today
awarded it three stars out of four, saying "Midnight uses classic rock as a color the way last year's Take Me Home used electronic dance music." Kitty Empire from The Observer believe that, with the material, "This album does the job, in more ways than one." Tim Sendra from AllMusic gave the album 4 stars out of 5, saying that "anyone expecting there to be any kind of drop in quality, or early warnings that the group had begun their inevitable decline, will be happily surprised that not only does the album satisfy the established quota of thrilling modern pop tracks and uplifting ballads, but also introduces some interesting new directions". He praised the bold decision to evolve the band's sound, and its results, concluding that the record "ends up as another satisfying album that does everything a One D album should do and then some."

However, some were less enthusiastic. Many critics argued the absence of their previous work, deeming it "not special" and "forgettable" and some felt it was too mature for their core audience and didn't come off as mature as expected through their themes. Jim Farber from Daily News gave it three stars out of five, arguing that most of the songs "sounds much like any goo from the guys." Speaking of the musical style of the album, he stated that although "there probably are just enough newbies to extend the band's brand for this small window before the next thing comes along," he believed the group presented an image too mature for their core audience, saying " One Direction
One Direction
must reconcile this range with their own growth spurts," and describing the grown-up appearance of the band members since their debut single as "a big change in just three years."

COMMERCIAL PERFORMANCE

The album debuted at number one on the Irish Albums Chart and number two on the Dutch Albums Chart . On 29 November 2013, it was announced that it had become the fastest-selling album of 2013 in the UK, with 187,660 copies sold in four days. It was revealed on 1 December 2013, that the album had sold in excess of 237,000 copies in its first week in the UK, beating Gary Barlow
Gary Barlow
's Since I Saw You Last , and becoming the fastest selling album in the UK since Michael Bublé
Michael Bublé
's Christmas in December 2011, as well as outperforming One Direction's two previous albums Up All Night (2011) and Take Me Home (2012). It became the best-selling album of 2013 in the UK with 685,000 copies sold for the year.

In the United States, Midnight Memories
Midnight Memories
debuted at No. 1 on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
with 546,000 copies sold. This made One Direction
One Direction
the first group in Billboard 200
Billboard 200
history to debut at No. 1 with its first three albums, and the first to reach No. 1 with its first three albums since 1967. The album sold 1,096,000 copies in five weeks in the United States, making it the twelfth best-selling album of 2013 in the United States. As of August 2015, it has sold over 1.51 million copies in the U.S.

Midnight Memories
Midnight Memories
also debuted at numbers one and two on the ARIA Albums Chart and the New Zealand Albums Chart , and was certified Platinum and Gold, respectively, in its first week. The album went on to sell over 60,000 copies in Mexico
Mexico
after only three days, being certified Platinum.

Despite being released towards the year's end, Midnight Memories nevertheless became the best-selling album of 2013 worldwide according to the IFPI , with sales of over four million copies in only 5 weeks.

TRACK LISTING

The track listing was announced via the band's Twitter account on 11 October 2013. Where the bonus tracks appear as additional tracks in international territories, the British release finds them on a separate four-track bonus disc. Unlike any other release of the album, the Japanese version includes "One Way or Another (Teenage Kicks)", as well as two further bonus tracks. An exclusive review of the album posted by The Sun on 17 November listed writing credits of many of the tracks.

NO. TITLE WRITER(S) PRODUCER(S) LENGTH

1. "Best Song Ever "

* Wayne Hector * John Ryan * Ed Drewett * Julian Bunetta

* Bunetta * Ryan * Matt Rad

3:20

2. "Story of My Life "

* Bunetta * Jamie Scott
Jamie Scott
* Ryan * Louis Tomlinson
Louis Tomlinson
* Liam Payne
Liam Payne
* Niall Horan
Niall Horan
* Harry Styles
Harry Styles
* Zayn Malik
Zayn Malik

* Bunetta * Ryan

4:05

3. "Diana "

* Bunetta * Scott * Ryan * Tomlinson * Payne

* Bunetta * Ryan

3:04

4. " Midnight Memories
Midnight Memories
"

* Bunetta * Scott * Ryan * Tomlinson * Payne

* Bunetta * Ryan

2:56

5. "You float:right;padding-left:10px;background-color:#eee;margin-right:2px">TOTAL LENGTH: 47:41

THE ULTIMATE EDITION

NO. TITLE WRITER(S) PRODUCER(S) LENGTH

15. "Why Don't We Go There?"

* Steve Robson * Claude Kelly * Hector * Tomlinson

Robson 2:54

16. "Does He Know?"

* Bunetta * Scott * Ryan * Tomlinson * Payne

* Bunetta * Ryan * Scott

2:59

17. "Alive"

* Bunetta * Scott * Ryan * Tomlinson

* Bunetta * Ryan * Rad

2:41

18. "Half a Heart"

* Robson * Drewett * Lindy Robbins

Robson 3:08

JAPANESE EDITION

NO. TITLE WRITER(S) PRODUCER(S) LENGTH

19. " One Way or Another (Teenage Kicks) "

* Deborah Harry
Deborah Harry
* Nigel Harrison * John O\'Neill

* Bunetta * Ryan

2:39

20. "Little Things " (live version from the motion picture This Is Us)

* Ed Sheeran
Ed Sheeran
* Fiona Bevan

Jake Gosling 3:47

21. "Best Song Ever " (Kat Krazy Remix)

* Hector * Ryan * Drewett * Bunetta

* Bunetta * Ryan * Rad * Kat Krazy

3:06

NOTES

* ^ signifies a vocal producer * ^ signifies an additional vocal producer * ^ signifies an additional producer * ^ signifies a co-producer

PERSONNEL

Credits taken from Midnight Memories's liner notes .

* R.J. Shaughnessy - photography * Calvin Aurand - photography * Fluidesign - design * Tom Coyne - mastering at Sterling Sound

CHARTS

WEEKLY CHARTS

CHART (2013) Peak position

Australian Albums (ARIA ) 1

Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria ) 2

Belgian Albums ( Ultratop Flanders) 1

Belgian Albums ( Ultratop Wallonia) 2

Brazilian Albums (ABPD ) 3

Canadian Albums (Billboard ) 1

China Albums ( Sino Chart ) 4

Croatian Albums (Croatian Albums Chart) 1

Cypriot Albums (Official Cyprus Charts) 1

Czech Albums (ČNS IFPI ) 1

Danish Albums ( Hitlisten ) 1

Dutch Albums ( MegaCharts ) 2

Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista ) 2

French Albums (SNEP ) 2

German Albums (Offizielle Top 100 ) 5

Greek Albums ( IFPI ) 1

Hungarian Albums (MAHASZ ) 1

Irish Albums (IRMA ) 1

Italian Albums ( FIMI
FIMI
) 2

Japanese Albums ( Oricon
Oricon
) 3

Mexican Albums (AMPROFON ) 1

New Zealand Albums (RMNZ ) 2

Norwegian Albums ( VG-lista ) 1

Polish Albums (ZPAV ) 2

Portuguese Albums (AFP ) 1

South African Albums (RISA ) 4

Spanish Albums (PROMUSICAE ) 1

Swedish Albums ( Sverigetopplistan ) 1

Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade ) 2

Taiwanese Albums (G-Music) 1

UK Albums (OCC ) 1

US Billboard 200
Billboard 200
1

MONTHLY CHARTS

CHART (2013) Peak position

Argentine Monthly Albums (CAPIF ) 1

YEAR-END CHARTS

CHART (2013) POSITION

ARGENTINE ALBUMS CHART 4

AUSTRALIAN ALBUMS CHART 6

BELGIAN ALBUMS CHART (FLANDERS) 29

BELGIAN ALBUMS CHART (WALLONIA) 67

BRAZILIAN ALBUMS CHART 10

DANISH ALBUMS CHART 4

HUNGARIAN ALBUMS CHART 27

ITALIAN ALBUMS CHART 8

IRISH ALBUMS CHART 2

JAPANESE ALBUMS CHART 71

MEXICAN ALBUMS CHART 2

NEW ZEALAND ALBUMS CHART 8

POLISH ALBUMS CHART 12

SPANISH ALBUMS CHART 6

SWEDISH ALBUMS CHART 10

SWISS ALBUMS CHART 69

UK ALBUMS CHART 1

CHART (2014) POSITION

AUSTRALIAN ALBUMS CHART 86

BELGIAN ALBUMS CHART (FLANDERS) 39

CANADIAN ALBUMS CHART 4

ITALIAN ALBUMS ( FIMI
FIMI
) 33

MEXICAN ALBUMS CHART 14

NEW ZEALAND ALBUMS CHART 45

UK ALBUMS CHART 39

US BILLBOARD 200 4

CERTIFICATIONS AND SALES

REGION CERTIFICATION CERTIFIED UNITS /SALES

ARGENTINA (CAPIF ) 4× Platinum 160,000^

AUSTRALIA (ARIA ) 2× Platinum 140,000^

AUSTRIA ( IFPI AUSTRIA) Gold 7,500*

BELGIUM (BEA ) Gold 15,000*

BRAZIL (PRO-MúSICA BRASIL ) 3× Platinum 120,000*

CANADA (MUSIC CANADA ) 2× Platinum 160,000^

CHILE ( IFPI CHILE) 5× Platinum 50,000^

COLOMBIA (ASINCOL) 4× Platinum 40,000

DENMARK ( IFPI DENMARK ) Platinum 20,000^

ECUADOR ( IFPI ECUADOR) Gold 3,000x

FINLAND (MUSIIKKITUOTTAJAT ) Platinum 36,182

FRANCE (SNEP ) Platinum 100,000*

HUNGARY (MAHASZ ) Platinum 6,000^

IRELAND (IRMA ) 3× Platinum 45,000^

ITALY ( FIMI
FIMI
) 3× Platinum 180,000*

JAPAN (RIAJ ) Platinum 302,185^

MEXICO (AMPROFON ) 4× Platinum 240,000^

NEW ZEALAND (RMNZ ) Platinum 15,000^

PERU ( IFPI PERU) Platinum+Gold 9,000x

PHILIPPINES (PARI ) 2× Platinum 30,000

POLAND (ZPAV ) 2× Platinum 40,000*

SPAIN (PROMUSICAE ) 2× Platinum 80,000^

SWEDEN (GLF ) Gold 20,000^

SWITZERLAND ( IFPI SWITZERLAND) Platinum 30,000^

UNITED KINGDOM (BPI ) 3× Platinum 881,300

UNITED STATES (RIAA ) Platinum 1,510,000

URUGUAY (CUD) 2× Platinum 8,000x

VENEZUELA (APFV ) Diamond+Platinum 110,000x

SUMMARIES

EUROPE ( IFPI ) Platinum 1,000,000*

*sales figures based on certification alone ^shipments figures based on certification alone

RELEASE HISTORY

COUNTRY DATE FORMAT(S) EDITION(S)

AUSTRALIA 25 November 2013

* CD * digital download

* Standard * deluxe

CANADA

FRANCE

GERMANY

ITALY

UNITED KINGDOM

UNITED STATES

SPAIN 26 November 2013

POLAND

JAPAN 27 November 2013

CHINA 10 March 2014 CD deluxe

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* ^ ">> IRMA

Links: ------ /wiki/Boy_band /wiki/One_Direction /wiki/Columbia_Records /wiki/Syco_Music /wiki/Sony_Music_Entertainment /#cite_note-where_we_are-1

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