Midnight Express is a 1977 nonfiction book by Billy Hayes and William Hoffer about Hayes‘s experience as a young American who was sent to a Turkish prison for trying to smuggle hashish out of Turkey. The book was adapted by Oliver Stone and directed by Alan Parker into a 1978 feature film of the same name that took many liberties with the book.

After reading the book, Australian country music singer Shane Nicholson recorded an album and title track, Bad Machines, which was inspired by the book.[1]


  • Dutton, 1977. ISBN 0-525-15605-4 (First edition)


  1. ^ "Shane Nicholson and Bad Machine CD". The Muses. Retrieved 30 April 2020.

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