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The Midland Metro
Midland Metro
is a light-rail/tram line in the county of West Midlands, England, operating between the cities of Birmingham
Birmingham
and Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
via the towns of West Bromwich
West Bromwich
and Wednesbury. The line operates on streets in urban areas, and reopened conventional rail tracks that link the towns and cities. The owners are Transport for West Midlands with operation by National Express
National Express
Midland Metro,[2] a subsidiary of National Express. TfWM itself will operate the service from October 2018.[3] The Midland Metro
Midland Metro
Alliance brings together West Midlands Combined Authority as well as various engineering and consultancy firms in a long term framework agreement to design and construct future expansions.[4] The line opened on 30 May 1999, mostly using the former disused Birmingham
Birmingham
Snow Hill to Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Low Level Line. The line originally terminated at Birmingham
Birmingham
Snow Hill station at the edge of Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre. An extension into the streets of the city-centre as far as Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street station was approved in 2012, and became operational in 2016, with a further extension planned. Various other extensions, including entirely new lines, are currently under construction.[5]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1984 proposals 1.2 1988 proposals 1.3 Construction

2 Line One

2.1 Service pattern 2.2 Fares 2.3 Usage 2.4 Infrastructure

2.4.1 Track, signalling and depot 2.4.2 Power 2.4.3 Stops

3 Rolling stock 4 Current extension works

4.1 Phase one expansion

4.1.1 Line One ( Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre) extension 4.1.2 Line One Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
City Centre loop

4.1.2.1 Piper's Row
Piper's Row
tram stop

4.1.3 Line Two eastside extension 4.1.4 Present confirmed expansion plans

5 Extension proposals

5.1 Wednesbury
Wednesbury
– Merry Hill extension

5.1.1 Horseley Road tram stop 5.1.2 Sedgley Road tram stop

6 Sprint 7 Historic planned extensions

7.1 Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre to Great Barr 7.2 Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre to Quinton 7.3 Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
City Centre to Wednesfield, Willenhall, Walsall
Walsall
and Wednesbury 7.4 Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre to Birmingham
Birmingham
Airport

8 Accidents and service disruptions 9 Evaluations of success

9.1 Accounting

10 References 11 Bibliography 12 Further reading 13 External links

History[edit] Birmingham
Birmingham
once had an extensive tram network run by Birmingham Corporation Tramways. However, as in most British cities, the network was abandoned, with the last tram running in 1953.[6] 1984 proposals[edit] There had been proposals for a light rail or Metro system in Birmingham
Birmingham
and the Black Country
Black Country
put forward as early as the 1950s and 1960s, ironically at a time when some of the region's lines and services were beginning to be cut back.[7] However, serious inquiry into the possibility started in 1981 when the West Midlands County Council and the West Midlands Passenger Transport Executive formed a joint planning committee to look at light rail as a means of solving the conurbation's congestion problems. In the summer of 1984 they produced a report entitled "Rapid Transit for the West Midlands" which set out ambitious proposals for a £500 million network of ten light rail routes which would be predominantly street running, but would include some underground sections in Birmingham
Birmingham
city centre. One of the proposed routes would have used part of the existing line as far as West Bromwich.[8] The scheme suffered from several drawbacks, one being that three of the proposed routes, from Birmingham
Birmingham
to Sutton Coldfield, Shirley, and Dorridge
Dorridge
would take over existing railways, and would have included the conversion into a tramway of the Cross-City Line, between Aston and Blake Street, ending direct rail services to Lichfield. The northern section of the North Warwickshire Line
North Warwickshire Line
was also to be converted as far as Shirley station, leaving a question mark over existing train services to Stratford-upon-Avon. Tram
Tram
tracks would also run alongside the existing line to Solihull and Dorridge, with local train services ended.[8] The most serious drawback however, which proved fatal to the scheme, was that the first proposed route of the network, between Five Ways and Castle Bromwich
Castle Bromwich
via the city centre would have involved the demolition of 238 properties. This invoked strong opposition from local residents. The scheme was spearheaded by Wednesfield
Wednesfield
Labour councillor Phil Bateman,[8] but was eventually abandoned in late 1985 in the face of public opposition, and the Transport Executive was unable to find a Member of Parliament willing to sponsor an enabling Bill.[9] 1988 proposals[edit]

T-69 on the former Birmingham
Birmingham
Snow Hill to Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Low Level Line

Following the abolition of the West Midlands County Council
West Midlands County Council
and establishment of a new Passenger Transport Authority in 1986, a new light-rail scheme under the present name "Midland Metro" was revived with a different set of lines. The first of up to 15 lines was intended be operating by the end of 1993, and a network of 200 kilometres was planned to be in use by 2000.[10] In February 1988, it was announced that the first route, Line 1, would be between Birmingham
Birmingham
and Wolverhampton, using much of the disused trackbed of the former Birmingham
Birmingham
Snow Hill to Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Low Level Line, a route not included in the 1984 recommended network, partly as at that stage the section between Wednesbury
Wednesbury
and Bilston was still in use, not closing until 1992. The Wednesbury
Wednesbury
to Birmingham
Birmingham
section had closed back in 1972, and the section between Bilston and Wolverhampton was last used in 1983. A Bill to give Centro powers to build the line was deposited in Parliament in November 1988, and became an Act of Parliament a year later, with completion expected by the mid 1990s.[11] A three-line network was initially planned, and powers were also obtained to build two further routes. Firstly an extension of Line 1 through the city centre to Five Ways, then a second line, Midland Metro Line 2, running to Chelmsley Wood, and then Birmingham Airport.[12] A third line, Line 3 was also proposed, running from Line 1 at Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
to Walsall, using much of the disused trackbed of the Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
and Walsall
Walsall
Railway, and then, using the Wednesbury to Brierley Hill
Brierley Hill
trackbed of the South Staffordshire Line
South Staffordshire Line
(which would close in 1993), running southwards to Dudley
Dudley
intersecting with Line 1 along the route. This would provide a direct link with the new Merry Hill Shopping Centre, which was built between 1984 and 1989.[11] Some 25 years later, Line 2 and Line 3 have not been built. In 1997 Centro accepted that they were unable to get funding for the proposed lines, and therefore adopted a strategy of expanding the system in "bite-sized chunks", with the city-centre extension of Line 1 as the first priority. The intention was that the first decade of the 21st century would see the completion of the first of these projects.[11][13] Work on the Birmingham
Birmingham
Metro tram extension began in June 2012, launched by transport minister Norman Baker. The dig was begun at the junction of Corporation Street and Bull Street, with work to move water pipes and power cables. On Sunday 6 December 2015, trams entered service on the extension to Bull Street. Construction[edit] A contract for the construction and operation of Line 1 was awarded to the Altram consortium in August 1995, and construction began three months later.[14] The targeted completion date of August 1998 was missed by ten months, leading to compensation being paid by Altram.[15] The estimated construction cost in 1995 was £145 million (approximately £236 million in 2012 prices).[16] Of this, loans and grants from central government accounted for £80m, the European Regional Development Fund contributed £31m, while the West Midlands Passenger Transport Authority provided £17.1m and Altram contributed £11.4m.[17] Line One[edit] Main article: List of Midland Metro
Midland Metro
stations

[

v t e

]

Midland Metro
Midland Metro
Line 1

Legend

Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton

Piper's Row
Piper's Row

due 2019

Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
St George's

The Royal

Priestfield

The Crescent

Bilston Central

Loxdale

Bradley Lane

Wolverhampton

Sandwell

boundary

Walsall
Walsall
Canal

Wednesbury
Wednesbury
Parkway

Depot

Wednesbury

Great Western Street

South Staffordshire line

(currently disused)

Tame Valley Canal

Black Lake Tunnel

412 yd

377 m

Black Lake

Ridgacre Canal

Dudley
Dudley
Street Guns Village

Dartmouth Street

Lodge Road

West Bromwich
West Bromwich
Town Hall

West Bromwich
West Bromwich
Central

Trinity Way

Kenrick Park

M5 motorway

Birmingham-Worcester line

The Hawthorns

Sandwell

Birmingham

boundary

Handsworth Booth Street

Winson Green Outer Circle

Chase Line

Soho Benson Road

Jewellery Quarter
Jewellery Quarter

Hockley Tunnels

St Paul's

Birmingham
Birmingham
and Fazeley Canal

St Chads

Birmingham
Birmingham
Snow Hill

Bull Street

Chiltern Main Line

Corporation Street

Grand Central

( Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street)

due 2019

Birmingham
Birmingham
Town Hall

Centenary Square

due 2021

Brindleyplace

Five Ways

Edgbaston

Line 1, the 12.5-mile (20.1 km) Birmingham
Birmingham
to Wolverhampton route, was originally opened on 31 May 1999, and runs mostly along the trackbed of the former Great Western Railway
Great Western Railway
line between the two cities which was closed in 1972. Of the 23 tram stops, 11 roughly or directly match former railway stations.[18] Originally, the line terminated at Birmingham
Birmingham
Snow Hill station, using the space of one of the former rail platforms. However, in 2015-16, the line was extended across Birmingham
Birmingham
city-centre to terminate at Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street station. At the southern end the terminus is Grand Central tram stop, which allows interchange with the National Rail
National Rail
network at Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street station, it then runs on street through the city-centre to Birmingham
Birmingham
Snow Hill station. From there, the line runs north-west, and for the first few miles it runs alongside the Birmingham
Birmingham
to Worcester railway line, before the two diverge. Two stations on this stretch ( Jewellery Quarter
Jewellery Quarter
and The Hawthorns) are also tram/railway interchange stations.[19] At the northern end trams leave the railway trackbed at Priestfield to run along Bilston Road to St George's terminus in Bilston Street, Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
city centre. St George's has no direct interchange with other public transport, but the bus and railway stations can be reached on foot in a few minutes. The original proposal was to run into the former Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Low Level station, giving the terminus a link to the very centre of Wolverhampton, but this was abandoned.[20] Service pattern[edit] Mondays to Saturdays, services run at six to eight-minute intervals during the day. Evening and Sunday service is at fifteen-minute intervals.[21] Trams take roughly 45 minutes to complete the route.[22] Fares[edit] Cash fares are distance-related. The scale was originally intended to be broadly comparable with buses, but this proved to be unfinanceable.[23] In January 2013 the adult single fare from Birmingham
Birmingham
to Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
was £2 by bus and £3.60 by tram, although the tram journey is much quicker even when the bus routes are congestion-free. By 2016 the tram fare had risen to £4.[24] In November 2013 Birmingham
Birmingham
City Council indicated plans to introduce a smart-card system (similar to Transport for London's Oyster Card) to improve access, alongside a range of measures including a new Tube-style map and electric bus networks.[25] This has now launched and is called the Swift card. Usage[edit] From opening in 1999, usage averaged about five million passengers annually, and this number had reached a plateau.[26] Following the opening of the extension into Birmingham
Birmingham
city centre in June 2016, passenger numbers reportedly increased sharply.[27] According to official figures, passenger numbers rose to over six million for the first time during 2016/17.[1] Infrastructure[edit] Track, signalling and depot[edit] Line 1 is a standard gauge double-track tramway. Trams are driven manually under a mix of line-of-sight and signals. Turnback crossovers along the line, including in the street section, have point indicators. On the trackbed section Birmingham
Birmingham
to Priestfield, signals are at Black Lake level crossing, and Wednesbury
Wednesbury
Parkway and Metro Centre. The street section has signals at every set of traffic lights, tied into the road signals to allow tram priority. The Metro Centre control room, stabling point and depot is near Wednesbury, Great Western Street tram stop, and occupies land once used as railway sidings. Power[edit] The line is electrified at 750 V DC using overhead lines. The system was renewed in 2010/11, requiring short-term closures.[28][29] Stops[edit] The tram stops are unstaffed raised platforms with two open-fronted cantilever shelters equipped with seats, a 'live' digital display of services, closed circuit television, and an intercom linked to Metro Centre.[17]

The route of Line One, shown in red

Rolling stock[edit]

One of the new Urbos 3
Urbos 3
trams at Wolverhampton

One of the original T-69 trams at West Bromwich
West Bromwich
Central, these were operated 1999-2015.

Main article: Midland Metro
Midland Metro
rolling stock The Midland Metro
Midland Metro
is operated by a fleet of 21 Urbos 3
Urbos 3
trams, constructed by the Spanish manufacturer CAF. The present fleet was introduced into service during 2014-15, replacing the original fleet of 16 Italian-built Ansaldobreda T-69 trams, which had entered service in 1999.[30] In February 2012, Centro announced that it was planning a £44.2-million replacement of the entire tram fleet.[31] CAF was named preferred bidder for 19 to 25 Urbos 3
Urbos 3
trams.[32] A £40 million order for 20 was signed, with options for five more.[33] The new fleet provides an increased service of 10 trams per hour in each direction, with an increased capacity of 210 passengers per tram, compared with the 156 passengers on the former T69 trams. The Urbos 3
Urbos 3
trams are 33 metres long; 9 metres longer than the former T69 stock, and have a maximum operating speed of 70 km/h (43 mph).[34] The first of the new trams was unveiled at the Wednesbury
Wednesbury
depot in October 2013,[35] with the first four entering service on 5 September 2014, they replaced all of the T-69s in August 2015.[36] Fifteen of the T69s have been transferred to the tram test centre at Long Marston.[37]. The last remaining tram ( Tram
Tram
16), has been retained as an engineering vehicle. Current extension works[edit] An extension of Line One into Birmingham
Birmingham
city centre has been approved, with an extension through Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
city centre also approved. Phase one expansion[edit] Line One ( Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre) extension[edit]

[

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Midland Metro
Midland Metro
Line 1

Legend

Centenary Square
Centenary Square
Extension

Line One to St Paul's

St Chads

Bull Street

Corporation Street

Grand Central

Birmingham
Birmingham
Town Hall

due 2019

Centenary Square

due 2019

Map of Birmingham
Birmingham
extensions to Line 1

The fact that the existing line did not run into Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre was identified as one of the reasons why it failed to attract the predicted patronage.[38] The Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre Extension (BCCE) has extended Line 1 into the streets of central Birmingham. Originally it was planned to terminate the extension at Stephenson Street, adjacent to New Street railway station.[39] In September 2013, Centro started consultation on proposals to extend the city-centre extension from New Street station to Centenary Square. This would be another stage towards extending the line to Five Ways the original planned destination.[40] The plan was approved by Birmingham
Birmingham
City Council in October, allowing the line to add an additional stop at Birmingham
Birmingham
Town Hall.[41] The extension diverges from the previous line between Snow Hill and St Paul's stops. A viaduct has been constructed that carries the line into the streets.[42] The existing terminus at Snow Hill has been closed, which has allowed a fourth platform at Snow Hill to be reinstated for railway use.[43] It was replaced by a new stop further west near Snow Hill station's second entrance on Livery Street, allowing continued interchange with National Rail
National Rail
services.[44]

The first tracks of the extension, laid in upper Bull Street, seen in November 2013

From Snow Hill the tramway runs along Colmore Circus, Upper Bull Street, Corporation Street and Stephenson Street, with three stops. The second phase of the extension to Centenary Square
Centenary Square
will then run from Stephenson Street along Pinfold Street, turning into Victoria Square where a new stop will be located alongside the Town Hall. It will then run along Paradise Street to Paradise Circus then turn onto Broad Street, where it will continue to its terminus on Centenary Square.[45]

In June 2016, shortly after the opening of the extension to Grand Central, a tram stands on the reversing spur in Stephenson Street. The extension to Centenary Square
Centenary Square
will continue to the right behind the tram along Pinfold Street.

An order authorising the BCCE was made in July 2005.[46] Government approval was given on 16 February 2012 for the extension, a new fleet of trams and a new depot at Wednesbury; the sanctioned sum is £128m, of which £75m was be provided by the Department for Transport
Department for Transport
(DfT). The first new tram is scheduled to come into service on the existing line in February 2014, while the enlarged depot will be available in August 2013. The extension as far as New Street station and the full new tram fleet were scheduled to be in service from March 2015 (although the service had still not commenced by 19 November 2015 when The Queen visited Birmingham
Birmingham
and named one of the new trams),[47] with the further extension to Centenary Square
Centenary Square
in operation from 2017.[48][49] On 14 June 2012 works on the extension officially began. Initial works include the relocation of underground services on Bull Street and Corporation Street.[50]

[

v t e

]

Midland Metro
Midland Metro
Line 1

Legend

Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Extension

Line One to Centenary Square

Brindleyplace

Five Ways

Edgbaston

The first section of the extension to Bull Street tram stop
Bull Street tram stop
was opened on 6 December 2015. The rest of the extension to Grand Central was due to open on 22 May 2016, but this was delayed to allow further track alignment work. The extension eventually opened on 30 May 2016, with revisions to the timetable.[51] The track extends past the New Street Station tram stop, almost to the junction with Pinfold Street, providing a spur to allow trams arriving from the Wolverhampton direction to reverse and switch to the opposite track for the return journey. The stated aim of Line One has always been to terminate at Five Ways.[52] In July 2014 it was announced that a local enterprise partnership would supply over 88% of the funding needed for the Edgbaston
Edgbaston
extension to the new terminus on the south side of Hagley Road adjacent to the 54 Hagley Road
Hagley Road
office building,[53] all but guaranteeing its implementation after 2015.[54] Previously, Birmingham
Birmingham
City Council looked at the possibility of constructing an underground railway. Mike Whitby, leader of the council from 2004[55] at one stage spoke in favour of an underground railway, which he claimed would be faster and much cheaper to operate.[56] In February 2005, Liberal Democrat councillor Paul Tilsley, who became deputy leader of the council later that year, stated that a proper underground was needed, and that people would not stand for the mayhem that building a street tramway would cause.[57] The council commissioned Jacobs Engineering[58] and Deloitte
Deloitte
to look into the feasibility of underground trams, but in June 2005 the Birmingham
Birmingham
Post reported that tunnelling would be unaffordable and not meet government funding criteria. Mr Whitby stated that he would challenge the way the studies had been carried out,[56] but the eventual outcome was acceptance of a street tramway. By September 2008, the council's interest had shifted from the full BCCE[55] to a shortened version between New Street and Snow Hill stations, which do not have connecting trains. In September 2017, the DfT allocated the remaining £60 million required for the extension to be fully funded. The extension will open in 2021 with stops at Town Hall, Centenary Square, Brindleyplace, Five Ways and Edgbaston.[59][60][61] Work commenced on 5 September 2017.[62] Line One Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
City Centre loop[edit]

[

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Midland Metro
Midland Metro
Line 1

Legend

Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Extension

Wolverhampton

due 2019

Piper's Row

due 2019

Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
St George's

The Royal

Line One to Priestfield

An extension from the existing terminus in Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
running through Market Street and Lichfield Street and then serving Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
bus station and Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
railway station, part of the Phase Two Extensions, was made a separate project following stagnation of the project to build a line to Walsall. It was to take the form of a mainly single-track loop-and-spur extension to Line 1, with an estimated cost of £30 million.[63] By July 2009, the loop had gained funding preference over the Stourbridge
Stourbridge
route via Dudley
Dudley
and Brierley Hill, and a leaflet gave basic details of the proposal.[64] Centro hoped to complete the scheme by 2014,[65] but in May 2010 Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
councillor Paddy Bradley stated it was "on the back burner". Although the 2009 leaflet included a route plan and stops, Centro's spokesman Steve Swingler said "We expect to announce the preferred route later in the summer".[66] The plan entailed southbound trams from Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
first going around the city centre to the railway station. In July 2010, Centro Director General Geoff Inskip hinted that the scheme would be reworked by taking it to "places people need to go, such as the University", and not taking passengers to the railway station and back "if they don't actually need to go there".[67] The reworked scheme, costing £50 million instead of £30 million, might be routed over part of the ring road.[67] In 2012 Centro announced that they would be pressing ahead with a cut down version of the original scheme, which they hoped would take place before 2015. The cut down version would create a branch running from the existing terminus at St. George's, connecting the bus and rail stations, with the creation of a loop through Market Street and Lichfield Street happening at a later date.[68] In March 2014, it was announced that the Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Extension would go ahead as part of a £2bn connectivity package. The new line would see two new stops built at Piper's Row
Piper's Row
and Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Railway Station, which will see trams terminate alternately at the Rail station and at the existing St George's stop. The new stops will be constructed between 2015 and 2019. Though the Extension to Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
railway station has been said to be completed by the end of 2015.[69] The Transport and Works Act Order was approved by Secretary of State Patrick McLoughlin
Patrick McLoughlin
in 2016.[70] Piper's Row
Piper's Row
tram stop[edit] Piper's Row
Piper's Row
is a proposed stop for the Midland Metro
Midland Metro
tram service in Wolverhampton. The possibility of extending the Metro from its current terminus at St George's in the city centre to the town's railway station, via its bus station has long been a priority of Centro.[71] In March 2014 it was announced that the extension would go ahead as part of a £2bn connectivity package for the whole region.[72] Early discussions have suggested that existing services will continue from The Royal up to Piper's Row
Piper's Row
and Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
station, missing out St George's completely, except for busy periods of the day, but this is as yet unconfirmed. The layout of the town made the initially-envisaged 'loop' behind St George's uneconomical, and now services stopping at the old terminus will have to drive in and wait for the driver to switch ends before backing out again to continue the journey.[citation needed] Line Two eastside extension[edit]

[

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Midland Metro

Legend

Line Two Eastside Extension

Coventry station

proposed

Birmingham
Birmingham
Airport

proposed

Lea Hall

proposed

Small Heath

proposed

Adderley Street

due 2023

Fazeley Street

due 2023

Curzon Street

due 2023

Birmingham
Birmingham
Moor Street

due 2023

Line 1 to Birmingham
Birmingham
Snow Hill

Bull Street

Junction with Line 1

Corporation Street

Grand Central

Line 1 extension

to Centenary Square

due 2019

In November 2013, Birmingham
Birmingham
City Council leader Albert Bore
Albert Bore
announced that a task group was considering the construction of a second metro line from Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre, along Fazeley Street to Birmingham Airport and terminating at Coventry. Simultaneously, Centro released a proposed map of the route, taking in a loop between the interchange at the airport, Small Heath
Small Heath
and Lea Hall.[73] The line would spread the benefits of integrated transport beyond the centre of Birmingham
Birmingham
and was part of a wider initiative to better connect both cities to the proposed High Speed 2
High Speed 2
interchange at Curzon Street.[74] In February 2014, it was announced that funding had been secured for the first phase of Midland Metro's Line Two extension to Eastside, including three new stops at either Moor Street or Albert Street, and Curzon Street,[75] before a terminus at Adderley Street.[75] Centro are currently undertaking public consultation of two proposed routes, with both proposals aiming to join the existing Line One at a junction between Bull St and Corporation St.[76] The main aim of the consultation is to establish whether commuters would prefer a shorter, and therefore quicker, route through to Curzon Street from New Street, or if a slightly longer route with a tram stop directly outside Moor Street station would be more agreeable. If the latter option were favoured, it would mark the achievement of what has long been regarded as a major aim for the Metro, namely to connect all three (four when Curzon St reopens) city-centre stations by rapid transit. Any extension would have to be completed before the projected commencement of High Speed 2
High Speed 2
services in 2026. Present confirmed expansion plans[edit] The extension projects with confirmed funding will produce a network as follows:

[

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]

Midland Metro

Legend

Current proposals

Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton

due 2019

Piper's Row
Piper's Row

due 2019

Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
St George's

The Royal

Priestfield

The Crescent

Bilston Central

Loxdale

Bradley Lane

Walsall
Walsall
Canal

Wednesbury
Wednesbury
Parkway

Wednesbury

Great Western Street

South Staffordshire line

Tame Valley Canal

Black Lake Tunnel

412 yd

377 m

Black Lake

Ridgacre Canal

Dudley
Dudley
Street Guns Village

Dartmouth Street

Lodge Road

West Bromwich
West Bromwich
Town Hall

West Bromwich
West Bromwich
Central

Trinity Way

Kenrick Park

M5 motorway

Sandwell

Birmingham

boundary

The Hawthorns

Handsworth Booth Street

Winson Green Outer Circle

Chase Line

Soho Benson Road

Jewellery Quarter
Jewellery Quarter

Hockley Tunnel 1

136 yd

124 m

Hockley Tunnel 2

160 yd

146 m

St Paul's

Birmingham
Birmingham
and Fazeley Canal

St Chads

Coventry

proposed

Bull Street

Birmingham
Birmingham
Airport

proposed

Lea Hall

proposed

Small Heath

proposed

Adderley Street

due 2023

Fazeley Street

due 2023

Curzon Street

due 2023

Birmingham
Birmingham
Moor Street

due 2023

Junction of Lines 1 and 2

Corporation Street

Grand Central

Birmingham
Birmingham
Town Hall

due 2019

Centenary Square

due 2019

Brindleyplace

due 2021

Five Ways

due 2021

Edgbaston

due 2021

Extension proposals[edit] Wednesbury
Wednesbury
– Merry Hill extension[edit]

[

v t e

]

Midland Metro
Midland Metro
Line 2

Legend

Proposed Merry Hill Extension

Line One at Wednesbury

Tame Valley Canal

Golds Hill

Walsall
Walsall
Canal

Great Bridge

Horseley Road

Dudley
Dudley
Port

Birmingham
Birmingham
New Main Line canal

(under aqueduct)

Sedgley Road

Birmingham
Birmingham
Old Main Line canal

Birmingham
Birmingham
New Road

Tipton Road

Dudley
Dudley
Town Centre

Flood Street

New Road

Cinderbank

Parkhead Viaduct

over Dudley
Dudley
Canal

Pedmore Road

Canal Street

Waterfront

Merry Hill

Brierley Hill

Brettell Lane

Stourbridge

From Line 1 in Wednesbury, the Brierley Hill
Brierley Hill
Extension (WBHE) would follow the disused South Staffordshire Line, through Tipton to the vicinity of the former Dudley
Dudley
Town station (which closed in 1964 and was later the site of a freightliner terminal), then on-street into Dudley
Dudley
town centre. It would leave Dudley
Dudley
alongside the Southern Bypass to access the railway corridor, leaving it at the approach to the Waterfront/Merry Hill area and Brierley Hill
Brierley Hill
and then on to Stourbridge.[77] Centro has stated that the WBHE would provide 10 trams per hour, alternately serving Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
and Birmingham. Journey time from Brierley Hill
Brierley Hill
to West Bromwich
West Bromwich
was stated as 31 minutes.[78] However, these plans have been complicated by the desire of Network Rail to reopen the South Staffordshire Line
South Staffordshire Line
for the use of freight trains, which last used the route in 1993. Various proposals have been put forward as to how trams and freight trains could coexist on the same corridor, early proposals involved trams and freight trains using different tracks. But since 2008 Centro has favoured the use of tram-trains, which can share the tracks with freight trains.[79] In October 2010, the ' Black Country
Black Country
Joint Core Strategy'[80] cast doubt on implementation of the WBHE, claiming it may not be delivered by 2026.[81] In March 2011, the business plan for the reopening of the South Staffordshire Line between Walsall
Walsall
and Stourbridge
Stourbridge
for the Midland Metro was submitted to Network Rail.[82] Trams would share the line with freight trains, and a decision from Network Rail
Network Rail
on the scheme between Stourbridge
Stourbridge
and Walsall
Walsall
was due in the summer. In December 2012, Centro stated that they intended to build the line in phases to make the scheme more affordable, with the first stretch running from Wednesbury
Wednesbury
to Dudley. In the latest developments, the former railway line was cleared of vegetation and disused track was removed in early 2017, with full scale work set to begin by 2019 and the Midland Metro
Midland Metro
line from Wednesbury
Wednesbury
to Brierley Hill
Brierley Hill
to be completed by 2023. It is unclear whether the line will re-open to goods trains at the same time or a later date.[83] Currently, the expansion is being discussed between Network Rail
Network Rail
and Transport for West Midlands
Transport for West Midlands
on how they will go about the boundary maintenance as recently Dudley
Dudley
Council have applied for a Very Light Railway Depot to test light rail on the 2km track between Dudley
Dudley
and Blowers Green but Network Rail
Network Rail
have allowed a lease to use it but they have the right to break the clause when freight traffic is allowed to run the corridor. Horseley Road tram stop[edit] Horseley Road is a proposed stop on the planned Line two of the Midland Metro
Midland Metro
expansion. It will be the fourth stop on the proposed route from Wednesbury
Wednesbury
– Brierley Hill. The line was expected to be opened in 2013 but is on hold due to lack of funding. Sedgley Road tram stop[edit] Sedgely Road is a proposed stop on Midland Metro
Midland Metro
Line Two being planned by Network West Midlands between Wednesbury
Wednesbury
and Brierley Hill. Sprint[edit]

[

v t e

]

Sprint

Legend

Quinton Road

Birmingham

Colmore Row/Snow Hill

Edmund Street

Centenary Square
Centenary Square

Broad Street

Edgbaston
Edgbaston

Hagley Road

Hagley Road/Chad Road

Hagley Road

Hagley Rd/Apollo Hotel

Hagley Rd/Sandon Road

Hagley Road
Hagley Road
West/

Bearwood Bus
Bus
Interchange

Hagley Road
Hagley Road
West

Hagley Road
Hagley Road
West/

Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Road

Hagley Road
Hagley Road
West/

Innkeeper's Lodge

Hagley Road
Hagley Road
West/

Quinton Church

Ridgeway Avenue

In July 2014, it was announced that a new BRT bus-tram service named Sprint would be introduced on the Hagley Road, from which it would connect with the western end of Midland Metro's Line One extension.[84] Viewed as 'Metro's Little Sister', Sprint is intended to offer a higher level of service quality than standard bus services, and will feature some bus priority measures, like bus lanes and priority signalling to speed up service. Sprint should grow demand, and improve connectivity in areas which do not yet fully justify Metro access.[85] Centro themselves have stated that the new Birmingham-Quinton route was chosen primarily for its potential for economic growth.[86] The route will have 16 stops.[87] If the Quinton line is successful, there are plans to expand Sprint by running a service down the Coventry Road to the airport, connecting with the existing Sprint service in the city, thereby providing a cross-city connection which is currently not offered by bus or Metro. Historic planned extensions[edit] In 2004, the proposed Phase Two expansion included five routes:[88] Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre to Great Barr[edit] A 10 kilometres (6.2 mi), 17-stop route from the city centre through Lancaster Circus and along the A34 corridor to the Birmingham/ Walsall
Walsall
boundary, terminating near the M6 motorway
M6 motorway
junction 7. Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre to Quinton[edit] A 7.5 kilometres (4.7 mi) route from the BCCE terminus at Five Ways along the Hagley Road
Hagley Road
to Quinton. Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
City Centre to Wednesfield, Willenhall, Walsall
Walsall
and Wednesbury[edit] This 20.4 kilometres (12.7 mi) "5Ws" route would connect Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
city centre to Wednesfield, Willenhall, Walsall
Walsall
and Wednesbury, and provide direct access to New Cross and Manor Hospitals, partially using the trackbed of the former Wolverhampton and Walsall
Walsall
Railway. This link was officially declared dead in the Express & Star on 23 October 2015.[89] Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre to Birmingham
Birmingham
Airport[edit]

(A45)- A 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) route from Birmingham
Birmingham
Airport/ National Exhibition Centre
National Exhibition Centre
and serving suburbs along the A45 road. Journey time from central Birmingham
Birmingham
(Bull Street) to the airport was estimated at 29 minutes. This proposal has now been incorporated into the proposals for Line Two.[90] (A47)- In September 2010, the Birmingham
Birmingham
Post reported that a "£425 million rapid transit system" between Birmingham
Birmingham
city centre and the airport "could involve a new light rail scheme".[91] Centro strategy director Alex Burrows stated "the Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre to Birmingham Airport Rapid Transit plan will deliver connectivity between the city centre, Birmingham
Birmingham
Business Park and Chelmsley Wood".[92]

Accidents and service disruptions[edit] There have been several instances of trams colliding with road vehicles at crossings, including one collision in February 2003 in Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
where the car driver was killed.[93] There has been at least one collision between trams, including one in December 2006 near Benson Road station, in which 16 people sustained minor injuries.[94][95] Technical and maintenance failures, severe weather and vandalism have led to some service disruptions. In summer 2001 the Wolverhampton section was temporarily closed because of a risk of electrocution posed by drooping power cables.[96] For the majority of 2017, the line between Priestfield and Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
St Georges was replaced, forcing passengers travelling up to Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
to change at The Crescent for the replacement bus service. Evaluations of success[edit]

Two T-69 trams on the street running section in Wolverhampton

Since its opening in 1999, Midland Metro's existing line has not been as successful as hoped, attracting far fewer passengers than initially predicted.[38][97] At the planning stage it was projected that the line would carry 14 to 20 million passengers per year, but it has actually carried around five million.[97][98] Numerous reasons have been suggested for the relative under performance of the line, including that the line has lacked visibility, being confined to Snow Hill station at the edge of Birmingham
Birmingham
city centre, and is therefore relatively unknown. Other grounds for the line's underwhelming performance include the fact that there are quicker trains running between Birmingham
Birmingham
and Wolverhampton and that the line did not serve New Street station, or any of Birmingham's major visitor attractions except for the Jewellery Quarter, which is already well-served by suburban trains.[38][97] Nonetheless, overcrowding has sometimes occurred on trams at peak hours.[99] It is hoped that the extension of Line One to New Street will greatly increase the number of passengers using the tram service to other destinations between Birmingham
Birmingham
and Wolverhampton. Accounting[edit] At Line 1's opening, it was operated by a for-profit company Altram owned by John Laing, Ansaldo, and National Express. Soon after opening it became evident to all three partners that operating revenue would not cover costs.[98] In February 2003, The Times reported that the Metro's auditors had refused to sign off its accounts as a going concern.[100] Ansaldo and Laing decided to withdraw from involvement in the Midland Metro, which they felt would not be profitable, and had ceased practical involvement as early as 2003, but their official exit took place in 2006.[98] Day-to-day operation has since been in the hands of National Express
National Express
Midland Metro, with losses largely covered by cross-subsidies from other parts of National Express' business.[98] The Commission for Integrated Transport (CfIT) gave an overall cost estimate for British systems of £3.79 per light-rail vehicle-kilometre in 2003–2004, compared with £0.94 per bus kilometre in 2002–2003, according to Rapid Transit Monitor 2004. CfIT estimated that the fare required for Midland Metro
Midland Metro
to break even was twice that of Manchester Metrolink, London Tramlink
Tramlink
and the Tyne & Wear Metro.[101] References[edit]

^ a b "Light Rail and Tram
Tram
Statistics: England 2016/17" (PDF). Department for Transport. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ 21st July 2016 09:12 (2016-07-01). " National Express
National Express
Midland Metro". Nxbus.co.uk. GB-BIR. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ "TfWM to take direct control of Midland Metro
Midland Metro
services". Transport for West Midlands. 22 March 2017.  ^ <http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view/midland-metro-alliance-to-manage-tramway-expansion-projects.html> ^ http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view/midland-metro-alliance-to-manage-tramway-expansion-projects.html ^ " Birmingham
Birmingham
Corporation Transport The Tramways 1872-1953". Archived from the original on 12 February 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ Boynton 2001, pp. 72. ^ a b c Boynton 2001, pp. 73. ^ Boynton 2001, pp. 74. ^ Annual Report 1988–1989. West Midlands PTE.  ^ a b c "Midland Metro, The Metro Project". Light Rail Transit Association. Retrieved 25 March 2012.  ^ Midland Metro
Midland Metro
Line 2 map (Map). WMPTE.  ^ " Midland Metro
Midland Metro
– City Centre Extension & Fleet Replacement Strategic Case, October 2009". www.centro.org.uk. Archived from the original on 3 March 2013. Retrieved 7 March 2013.  ^ "House of Commons Debates (pt 27)". UK Parliament. 20 November 1995.  ^ "Big bill for late Midland metro". New Civil Engineer. London. 11 March 1999.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 February 2014. Retrieved 2012-06-13.  ^ a b " Midland Metro
Midland Metro
Light Rail Network, United Kingdom". Railway Technology. 2011.  ^ "Midland Metro". Rail Around Birmingham
Birmingham
and the West Midlands.  ^ "Midland Metro : Tram
Tram
Stops". thetrams.co.uk. Retrieved 16 March 2013.  ^ " Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Low Level". Subterranea Britannica.  ^ "Metro". Network West Midlands. Retrieved 14 November 2013.  ^ West Midlands Planning And Transportation Subcommittee (31 July 2009). "Public Transport Update". [permanent dead link] ^ "Huge losses hit Metro". BBC News. 7 February 2003. Retrieved 12 May 2010.  ^ Created by One Black Bear (2016-01-02). "Purchasing tickets Tickets & prices National Express
National Express
Midland Metro". Nxbus.co.uk. GB-BIR. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ "Historic Plans to Change Transport in Birmingham". Birmingham
Birmingham
Post. 11 November 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.  ^ " Midland Metro
Midland Metro
– City Centre Extension & Fleet Replacement – Strategic Case". Centro. October 2009. p. 21. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2013.  ^ " Midland Metro
Midland Metro
numbers jump by a third after Birmingham
Birmingham
extension". Express & Star. Retrieved 23 March 2017.  ^ " Midland Metro
Midland Metro
to shut for two weeks". Express and Star. Wolverhampton. 11 July 2010.  ^ "Metro upgrage work taking place later this year". Centro. 2010. Archived from the original on 28 July 2010.  ^ Boynton (2001), p.80. ^ " Midland Metro
Midland Metro
– City Centre Extension & Fleet Replacement: Delivery, Commercial & Financial Case". Centro. October 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2010.  ^ "CAF named preferred bidder to supply new Midland Metro
Midland Metro
trams". Railway Gazette International. London. 2 February 2012.  ^ "Work begins on £128m Midland Metro
Midland Metro
expansion project". Railway Gazette International. London. 22 March 2012.  ^ Rackley, Stuart (3 May 2013). "CAF trams for Midland Metro
Midland Metro
Expansion Project". The Rail Engineer. Coalville. Retrieved 19 November 2013.  ^ " Midland Metro
Midland Metro
unveils first CAF tram". Railway Gazette International. London. 16 October 2013.  ^ "New Midland Metro
Midland Metro
trams launched into service". Centro. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014.  ^ " Midland Metro
Midland Metro
Fleet List". British Trams Online. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ a b c "Call for Metro to reach to city centre". Birmingham
Birmingham
Post. 24 May 2005. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  ^ " Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre Extension and Fleet Replacement". Centro.org.uk. Archived from the original on 1 March 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2013.  ^ "Centro unveils plans to extend the Metro to Centenary Square". The Business Desk. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ Brown, Graeme (15 October 2013). "Major step forward for Midland Metro plans". Birmingham
Birmingham
Post.  ^ "Strategic Case". Centro. Archived from the original on 3 March 2013.  ^ "Connecting Local Communities" (PDF). Network Rail. 2009.  ^ Samuel, A. (31 March 2011). "New rail station entrance boosts access to Birmingham". Rail.co. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2011.  ^ "Midland Metro, Birmingham
Birmingham
Centenary Square
Centenary Square
Extension". Centro. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.  ^ "The Midland Metro
Midland Metro
( Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre Extension, etc.) Order 2005". Office of Public Sector Information. 2005. Archived from the original on 23 January 2008.  ^ "Queen officially reopens New Street station on Birmingham
Birmingham
tour". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ Walker, Jonathan (16 February 2012). "£128m Birmingham
Birmingham
Midland Metro extension from Snow Hill Station to New Street Station set to create 1,300 jobs gets go-ahead". Birmingham
Birmingham
Mail. Archived from the original on 3 August 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2012.  ^ "Construction of Midland Metro
Midland Metro
extension to begin" (Press release). Department for Transport. 16 February 2012. Archived from the original on 27 April 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2012.  ^ Lloyd, Matt (14 June 2012). "Transport minister launches scheme to extend Midland Metro
Midland Metro
to Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street". Birmingham
Birmingham
Post. Retrieved 14 June 2012.  ^ "Metro - Metro". Centro.org.uk. 2016-06-17. Archived from the original on 2014-03-05. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ " Birmingham
Birmingham
City Council Midland Metro". 27 June 2014.  ^ " Midland Metro
Midland Metro
Extension – Centenary Square
Centenary Square
to Edgbaston" (PDF). Centreofenterprise.com. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ " Midland Metro
Midland Metro
– Extension to Edgbaston
Edgbaston
(Birmingham) GBSLEP". Centreofenterprise.com. 2016-06-30. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ a b Dale, Paul (23 September 2008). "Whatever happened to the Midland Metro
Midland Metro
extension?". Birmingham
Birmingham
Post Newsblog.  ^ a b "City metro still on track". Birmingham
Birmingham
Post. 13 June 2005.  ^ "Metro on the wrong track". Birmingham
Birmingham
Post. 2 February 2005.  ^ "Company to study plan for city tube". Birmingham
Birmingham
Post. 2 November 2004.  ^ Midland Metro
Midland Metro
extension gets 59.8 million green light from government Department for Transport
Department for Transport
1 September 2017 ^ Midland Metro
Midland Metro
secures funds for Edgbaston
Edgbaston
extension International Railway Journal 1 September 2017 ^ How the new tram to Edgbaston
Edgbaston
will look Birmingham
Birmingham
Mail 2 September 2017 ^ Iron Man kicks off next phase of Midland Metro
Midland Metro
expansion Transport for West Midlands 5 September 2017 ^ " Tram
Tram
bid prioritises New St and Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
links". Transport Briefing. 17 March 2009. [permanent dead link] ^ Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Loop – Extending Metro through the City Centre. Centro.  ^ "Wolverhamptop Loop Consultation". Centro. Archived from the original on 26 January 2010.  ^ "£30m Midland Metro
Midland Metro
plan put on hold". Express and Star. Wolverhampton. 26 May 2010.  ^ a b Wainwright, Daniel (3 July 2010). " Midland Metro
Midland Metro
extension to cost £50m". Express and Star. Wolverhampton.  ^ "£30m Midland Metro
Midland Metro
extension plan revived". Express & Star. Wolverhampton. 2 May 2012. Retrieved 15 March 2013.  ^ Brown, Graeme (2014-03-12). "MIPIM 2014: £2bn Greater Birmingham transport plans take centre stage". Birmingham
Birmingham
Post. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ "Wolves Metro Extension Approved". Modern Railways. Railway Study Association. 73 (815): 21. August 2016.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ " Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Extension - Other Metro Extensions".  ^ Brown-BP, Graeme (12 March 2014). "MIPIM 2014: £2bn Greater Birmingham
Birmingham
transport plans take centre stage".  ^ " Tram
Tram
line could link Coventry and Birmingham". BBC News. 12 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013.  ^ Elkes, Neil (8 November 2013). " Birmingham
Birmingham
to Coventry Metro Line Being Considered". Birmingham
Birmingham
Post. Retrieved 11 November 2013.  ^ a b Brown, Graeme (2014-02-27). "£50m invested to take Midland Metro to Curzon Street". Birmingham
Birmingham
Post. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-15.  ^ "The Route" (Press release). Centro. Archived from the original on 17 January 2016.  ^ " Wednesbury
Wednesbury
to Brierley Hill
Brierley Hill
Extension Information". Centro. Archived from the original on 9 April 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2012.  ^ " Midland Metro
Midland Metro
track-share proposals gather pace" (Press release). Centro. 22 August 2008. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 7 March 2013.  ^ " Black Country
Black Country
Joint Core Strategy". Dudley
Dudley
Council.  ^ " Midland Metro
Midland Metro
expansion is 'unrealistic'". Express and Star. Wolverhampton. 7 November 2010. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ " Tram-train
Tram-train
line work could launch in 2014". Express & Star. Wolverhampton. 21 March 2011. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ "Second line of Midland Metro
Midland Metro
to be built in phases". Express & Star. Wolverhampton. 24 December 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2013.  ^ Brown, Graeme (2014-07-30). "Sprint buses down Hagley Road
Hagley Road
by 2016 under £15m plans". Birmingham
Birmingham
Post. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 2013-02-14.  ^ "Sprint Network Vision - Sprint". Centro.org.uk. 2016-06-17. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ "Sprint : Metro's Little Sister" (PDF). Bearwoodblog.files.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ "Local Transport Plan, Light Rail Strategy". Centro. Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ " Walsall
Walsall
and Black Country
Black Country
Metro tram link declared dead « Express & Star". Expressandstar.com. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ "Airport Route". Centro. Archived from the original on 13 May 2013. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ Walker, Jonathan (24 September 2010). "Loans for big city transport schemes back on the agenda". Birmingham
Birmingham
Post. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ "Centro in joint call over Tax Increment Financing" (Press release). Centro. 6 October 2010. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ "Man killed as car and tram collide". BBC News. 9 February 2003. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ " Tram
Tram
collision causes minor injuries". BBC News. 19 December 2006. Retrieved 2016-07-21.  ^ "Report released into a tram collision at Soho Benson Road on Midland Metro". Rail Accident Investigation Branch. 7 June 2007. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011.  ^ "Electrocution risk closes tram line". BBC News. 4 July 2001.  ^ a b c Leigh, Stephen. "Midland Metro, A Personal Farewell". British Trams Online. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  ^ a b c d "Anticipated acquisition by West Midlands Travel Limited of the joint venture shares of Laing Infrastructure Holdings Limited and Ansaldo Transporti Sistema Ferroviari SpA in Altram LRT Limited" (PDF). Office of Fair Trading. 2 March 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 October 2008.  ^ Bentley, David (14 February 2013). " Midland Metro
Midland Metro
line from Birmingham
Birmingham
to Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
to close at Easter for £128m revamp". Birmingham
Birmingham
Mail. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  ^ Court, Mark (12 February 2003). "Auditors at Midland Metro
Midland Metro
refuse to sign off accounts". The Times. London. Retrieved 12 May 2010.  (subscription required) ^ "Affordable mass transit – guidance". Commission for Integrated Transport. 2005. 

Bibliography[edit]

Boynton, John (2001). Main Line to Metro: Train and tram on the Great Western route: Birmingham
Birmingham
Snow Hill – Wolverhampton. Kidderminster: Mid England Books. ISBN 978-0-9522248-9-1. 

Further reading[edit]

Johnston, Howard (25 February – 10 March 1998). "Midland Metro: City centre extension could be next". RAIL. No. 325. EMAP Apex Publications. pp. 30–35. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699. 

External links[edit] Route map: Google

KML file (edit • help)

Display on Google Maps

Template:Attached KML/Midland Metro KML is from Wikidata

Media related to Midland Metro
Midland Metro
at Wikimedia Commons Official website Route in openstreetmap.org Midland Metro
Midland Metro
( Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre Extension Etc) Order - Inspector's Report Proposed Metro City centre map of 2003 Proposed Metro City centre map of 2003 Network West Midlands route map for Line 2

v t e

Midland Metro

Operations

Operators

Altram National Express
National Express
Midland Metro Transport for West Midlands

Vehicles

T-69 Urbos 3

Stops

Line one

Bilston Central Black Lake Bradley Lane Bull Street Corporation Street Dartmouth Street Dudley
Dudley
Street, Guns Village Grand Central Handsworth, Booth Street Jewellery Quarter
Jewellery Quarter
Kenrick Park Lodge Road, West Bromwich
West Bromwich
Town Hall Loxdale Priestfield Soho, Benson Road St Chads St Paul's The Crescent (Bilston) The Hawthorns The Royal Trinity Way Wednesbury, Great Western Street Wednesbury
Wednesbury
Parkway West Bromwich
West Bromwich
Central Winson Green, Outer Circle Wolverhampton, St George's

Planned Extensions

Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre

Brindleyplace (2021+) Centenary Square
Centenary Square
(2021) Edgbaston
Edgbaston
(2021+) Five Ways (2021+) Victoria Square (2021)

Edgbaston

Adderley Street (2021) Birmingham
Birmingham
Curzon Street (2021) Birmingham
Birmingham
Moor Street (2021)

Line two (eastside extension)

Piper's Row
Piper's Row
(by 2019) Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
station (by 2019)

Proposed extensions

Line Two extensions

Coventry Birmingham
Birmingham
Airport Lea Hall Small Heath

Brierley Hill
Brierley Hill
extension

Birmingham
Birmingham
New Road Brettell Lane Brierley Hill Canal Street Cinderbank Dudley
Dudley
Port Dudley
Dudley
Town Centre Flood Street Golds Hill tram stop Great Bridge North Horseley Road Merry Hill New Road Pedmore Road Sedgley Road Stourbridge Tipton Road Waterfront

Network West Midlands SPRINT UK light rail systems

v t e

UK light rail systems

Tramways

Current

Blackpool Tramway Edinburgh Trams Manchester Metrolink Midland Metro Nottingham Express Transit Sheffield Supertram Tramlink

Proposed

Luton Airport South Wales Metro

Cancelled

Abbey line Cross River Tram Bristol Supertram CITI Belfast Leeds Supertram Merseytram Penistone Line Tram-Train West London Tram

Metro

Current

Docklands Light Railway Tyne and Wear Metro

Proposed

North & West London Light Railway West London Orbital

Preserved

Beamish Museum Black Country
Black Country
Living Museum East Anglia Transport Museum Great Orme Tramway Heaton Park Tramway National Tramway Museum Seaton Tramway Summerlee Museum Wirral Transport Museum Wirral Tramway

v t e

Transport in the West Midlands county

Transport for West Midlands Swift card

Air

Birmingham
Birmingham
Airport Coventry Airport Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Airport

Bus

Operators

Arriva Midlands Central Buses Diamond Bus First The Green Bus Johnsons Coach & Bus
Bus
Travel Midland Classic National Express
National Express
West Midlands National Express
National Express
Coventry Stagecoach Travel de Courcey Travel Express

Routes

8A 8C Inner Circle 11A 11C Outer Circle 50 66 66A 144 Tracline 65
Tracline 65
(defunct) 360 PRS Park and Ride

Bus
Bus
stations

Bearwood Bilston Halesowen Coventry (Pool Meadow) Cradley Heath Digbeth ( Birmingham
Birmingham
National Express) Dudley Merry Hill Walsall
Walsall
(St Pauls) Wednesbury West Bromwich Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
(Pipers Row)

Road

European route E05 European route E24 A34 A38 A41 A45 A47 A435 A456 A5127 A4040 (outer ring road) A4400 (inner ring road)

Motorways

A38(M) M5 motorway M6 motorway

Tram

Midland Metro

Cycle

National Cycle Route 5 National Cycle Route 54

Rail

Stations

Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street Wolverhampton Coventry List of open railway stations

Lines

Cross-City Line Snow Hill Lines Chase Line Birmingham
Birmingham
Loop Stourbridge
Stourbridge
Town branch line

Operators

Arriva Trains Wales
Arriva Trains Wales
(2003-present) British Rail
British Rail
(1948-1997) Central Trains
Central Trains
(1997-2007) Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
(1996-present) CrossCountry
CrossCountry
(2007-present) First North Western
First North Western
(1997-2004) London Midland
London Midland
(2007-2017) Silverlink
Silverlink
(1997-2007) Virgin CrossCountry
CrossCountry
(1997-2007) Virgin Trains West Coast
Virgin Trains West Coast
(1997-present) Wales & Borders (2001-2004) Wales & West (1996-2001) West Midlands Trains
West Midlands Trains
(2017-present)

Other

Aston Manor Road Transport Museum The Transport Museum, Wythall Coventry Transport Museum

See also: Transport in Birmingham

v t e

Local rail transport in the United Kingdom

Metros

Docklands Light Railway
Docklands Light Railway
(East London) Glasgow Subway London Underground

Night Tube

Tyne and Wear Metro

Tramways

Blackpool Edinburgh Greater Manchester Nottingham Sheffield South London West Midlands

Urban rail

Belfast Bristol Birmingham Cardiff Edinburgh Glasgow Leeds/Bradfor

.