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Midland is a city in and the county seat of Midland County, Texas, United States,[6] on the Southern Plains of the state's western area. A small portion of the city extends into Martin County. At the 2010 census, the population of Midland was 111,147, and a 2015 estimate gave a total of 132,950, making it the twenty-fourth most populous city in the state of Texas. Due to the oil boom in Midland, certain officials have given population estimates above 155,000.[7] It is the principal city of the Midland, Texas
Texas
Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Midland County, the population of which grew 4.6 percent, between July 1, 2011 and July 1, 2012, to 151,662, respectively, according to the U.S. Census
Census
Bureau.[8] The metropolitan area is also a component of the larger Midland−Odessa, Texas Combined Statistical Area, which had an estimated population of 295,987 on July 1, 2012.[3] People in Midland are called Midlanders. Midland was founded as the midway point between Fort Worth
Fort Worth
and El Paso on the Texas
Texas
and Pacific Railroad in 1881. It is the hometown of former First Lady
First Lady
Laura Bush, and the onetime home of former Presidents George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
and George W. Bush, and former First Lady Barbara Bush.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Avery v. Midland County

2 Geography

2.1 Climate 2.2 Cityscape

3 Demographics 4 Economy 5 Arts and culture

5.1 Galleries 5.2 Performing arts 5.3 Libraries 5.4 Tourism

6 Sports 7 Government

7.1 Local government 7.2 State and federal representation

8 Education

8.1 Colleges and universities

8.1.1 Visiting lectures

8.2 Schools

9 Media

9.1 Newspapers 9.2 Radio 9.3 Television

10 Infrastructure

10.1 Transportation

10.1.1 Air 10.1.2 Roads 10.1.3 Rail

11 Notable people 12 Sister cities 13 References 14 Bibliography 15 External links

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Midland, Texas

Sandstorm, 1894

Main Street, 1894

Bank of America Building, Midland's tallest

Midland was established in June 1881 as Midway Station, on the Texas and Pacific Railway. It earned its name because of its central location between Fort Worth
Fort Worth
and El Paso, but because there were already other towns in Texas
Texas
by the name of Midway, the city changed its name to Midland in January 1884 when it was granted its first Post Office. Midland became the county seat of Midland County in March 1885, when that county was first organized and separated from Tom Green County. By 1890, it had become one of the most important cattle shipping centers in the state. The city was incorporated in 1906, and by 1910 the city established its first fire department, along with a new water system.[9] Midland was changed significantly by the discovery of oil in the Permian Basin in 1923 when the Santa Rita No. 1 well began producing in Reagan County, followed shortly by the Yates Oil Field
Yates Oil Field
in Iraan. Soon, Midland was transformed into the administrative center of the West Texas
Texas
oil fields. During the Second World War, Midland was the largest bombardier training base in the country. A second boom period began after the war, with the discovery and development of the Spraberry Trend, still ranked as the third-largest oil field in the United States
United States
by total reserves.[10] Yet another boom period took place during the 1970s, with the high oil prices associated with the oil and energy crises of that decade. Today, the Permian Basin produces one fifth of the nation's total petroleum and natural gas output. Midland's economy still relies heavily on petroleum; however, the city has also diversified to become a regional telecommunications and distribution center. By August 2006, a busy period of crude oil production had caused a significant workforce deficit. According to the Midland Chamber of Commerce, at that time there were almost 2,000 more jobs available in the Permian Basin than there were workers to fill them. John Howard Griffin
John Howard Griffin
wrote a history of Midland in 1959, Land of the High Sky. Avery v. Midland County[edit] In 1967, the U.S. Supreme Court heard the case of Avery v. Midland County. Midland mayor Hank Avery had sued Midland County, challenging the electoral-districting scheme in effect for elections to the County Commissioner's Court. The county districts geographically quartered the county, but the city of Midland, in the northwestern quarter, accounted for 97% of the county's population. A judge, elected on an at-large basis, provided a fifth vote, but the result was that the three rural commissioners, representing only three percent of the county's population, held a majority of the votes. The majority of the U.S. Supreme Court held that the districting inequality violated the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection clause. The dissenting minority held that this example of the Warren Court's policy of incorporation at the local-government level exceeded the Court's constitutional authority. Geography[edit] Midland is located in the Permian Basin in the plains of West Texas. According to the United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau, the city has a total area of 71.5 square miles (185.2 km²), of which 71.3 square miles (184.7 km²) is land and 0.2 square mile (0.5 km²) (0.28%) is water. Climate[edit] Midland features a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh or BSk) with long, hot summers and short, moderate winters. The city is occasionally subject to cold waves during the winter, but it rarely sees extended periods of below-freezing cold. Midland receives approximately 14.6 inches (370 mm) of precipitation per year, much of which falls in the summer. Highs exceed 90 °F (32 °C) on 101 days per year, and 100 °F (38 °C) on 16 days.[11]

Climate data for Midland, Texas

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 84 (29) 90 (32) 97 (36) 101 (38) 108 (42) 116 (47) 112 (44) 107 (42) 107 (42) 101 (38) 90 (32) 85 (29) 116 (47)

Average high °F (°C) 57.4 (14.1) 62.5 (16.9) 70.2 (21.2) 79.2 (26.2) 87.6 (30.9) 93.4 (34.1) 94.6 (34.8) 93.6 (34.2) 86.9 (30.5) 77.9 (25.5) 66.6 (19.2) 58.1 (14.5) 77.3 (25.2)

Average low °F (°C) 30.3 (−0.9) 34.6 (1.4) 41.0 (5) 49.3 (9.6) 59.5 (15.3) 67.3 (19.6) 69.7 (20.9) 68.8 (20.4) 62.0 (16.7) 51.8 (11) 39.2 (4) 30.9 (−0.6) 50.4 (10.2)

Record low °F (°C) −8 (−22) −11 (−24) 9 (−13) 20 (−7) 34 (1) 47 (8) 49 (9) 52 (11) 36 (2) 27 (−3) 10 (−12) −1 (−18) −11 (−24)

Average precipitation inches (mm) .56 (14.2) .71 (18) .60 (15.2) .65 (16.5) 1.75 (44.4) 1.80 (45.7) 1.82 (46.2) 1.84 (46.7) 1.86 (47.2) 1.73 (43.9) .69 (17.5) .60 (15.2) 14.61 (370.7)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 2.1 (5.3) .7 (1.8) .2 (0.5) .1 (0.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) .5 (1.3) 1.4 (3.6) 5 (12.8)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3.9 3.4 2.6 3.2 6.2 4.9 5.0 5.8 6.0 4.7 3.1 3.6 52.4

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 1.6 .7 .2 .1 0 0 0 0 0 .1 .3 .9 3.9

Source: National Weather Service[11]

Cityscape[edit] See also: Category:Buildings and structures in Midland, Texas Nicknamed "The Tall City", Midland has long been known for its downtown skyline. Most of downtown Midland's major office buildings were built during a time of major Permian Basin oil and gas discoveries. The surge in energy prices in the mid-1980s sparked a building boom for downtown Midland. For many years, the 22-story Wilco Building in downtown Midland was the tallest building between Fort Worth and Phoenix. Today, the tallest is the 24-story Bank of America Building, which stands at a height of 332 feet (101 m). Four buildings over 500 feet (150 m) tall were planned in the 1980s, including one designed by architect I.M. Pei.[12] The great oil bust of the mid-1980s killed any plans for future skyscrapers. A private development group was planning to build Energy Tower at City
City
Center, which was proposed to stand at 870 feet tall with 59 floors (six floors underground and 53 above). If it had been built, it would have been Texas' sixth tallest building.[13]

Downtown

Summit Building (center) and Wilco Building
Wilco Building
(background)

Petroleum Building, with Centennial Tower on right

City
City
Hall

Kinder Morgan Building

Downtown Doubletree Hotel

Yucca Theater at the Petroleum Building

First Presbyterian Church

Downtown from Ohio Avenue

Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1910 2,192

1920 1,795

−18.1%

1930 5,484

205.5%

1940 9,352

70.5%

1950 21,713

132.2%

1960 62,625

188.4%

1970 59,463

−5.0%

1980 70,525

18.6%

1990 89,443

26.8%

2000 94,996

6.2%

2010 111,147

17.0%

Est. 2016 134,610 [14] 21.1%

U.S. Census
Census
Bureau[15] Texas
Texas
Almanac[16]

At the 2010 census,[4] 111,149 people, 41,268 households, and 32,607 families resided in Midland. The population density was 1,558.9 people per square mile (550.6/km²). There were 47,562 housing units at an average density of 667.1 per square mile (231.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.51% White, 8.37% African American, 0.63% Native American, 1.01% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 12.49% from other races, and 1.96% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 28.99% of the population. Of the 41,268 households, 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were opposite-sex married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.3% were made up of same-sex relationships, non-family habitations, or other habitation arrangements . About 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.19. In the city, the population was distributed as 29.9% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males. In 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $39,320, and for a family was $48,290. Males had a median income of $37,566 versus $24,794 for females. The per capita income for the city in 2007 was $52,294.[17] In 2000, about 10.1% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.4% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over. In 2014, Forbes
Forbes
magazine ranked Midland as the second fastest-growing small city in the United States.[18] Economy[edit] In 2014, Midland had the lowest unemployment rate in the United States at 2.3%.[19] According to the city's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[20] the top ten employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees

1 Midland Independent School District 2,919

2 Dawson Geophysical 1,244

3 Midland Memorial Hospital and Medical Center 1,670

4 Walmart 950

5 City
City
of Midland 880

6 Midland College 735

7 Baker Hughes 600

8 Warren Equipment Companies 597

9 Midland County 541

10 Concho Resources 509

Arts and culture[edit] Galleries[edit] Midland College
Midland College
is home to the McCormick Gallery, located inside the Allison Fine Arts Building, on the college's main campus. Throughout the year, changing exhibits at the McCormick feature works of MC students and faculty, visiting artists, and juried exhibits. The Arts Council of Midland[21] serves as the promotional and public relations vehicle to promote the arts and stimulate community participation and support. The McCormick is also home to the Studio 3600 Series,[22] established in 2006 to "spotlight selected art students and provide them the opportunity to exhibit key works that identify the style they have crafted over a period of time." Performing arts[edit] The Midland-Odessa Symphony and Chorale (MOSC) has performed in the Permian Basin for over 45 years, and is the region's largest orchestral organization, presenting both Pops and Masterworks concerts throughout the year. Composed of professional musicians from the area as well as Lubbock, San Angelo and other surrounding cities, the MOSC also is home to three resident chamber ensembles, the Lone Star Brass, Permian Basin String Quartet and West Texas
Texas
Winds. These ensembles are made up of principal musicians in the orchestra, who come to the area from across the United States.

Barbara Bush, Laura Bush, George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
at the dedication of the George W. Bush
George W. Bush
Childhood Home in 2006

Bush Home, 2014

The Chateau Club on Wall Street hosted some musical greats in the early 1970s. Managed by D.M. Williams, Club Chateau's house band consisted of a line up of some of the nation's best known R&B artists from such well known singing groups as The Coasters, The Drifters, and The Shirelles. The band was led by blues great Johnny Heartsman. Heartsman was a master of the Hammond B3 organ, guitar, and flute. Local talent consisted of drummer Jeff Colvin and guitarist Larry Grubb. Heartsman hosted a Sunday afternoon jam session. It was one Sunday that young West Texan, Jay Boy Adams
Jay Boy Adams
wandered in to the Sunday afternoon jam. Williams and Heartsman hired him on the spot. Adams was not yet twenty one. He remained as the regular guitar player and singer for the next two years. Adams will regularly credit his time with The Heartsman Trio as his learning ground and credit Heartsman as a major influence in his musical development. The Midland Community Theatre (MCT) has been entertaining the Permian Basin since 1946 with musicals, comedies, dramas, mysteries, children's theatre and melodramas. MCT produces 15 shows each year in three performance spaces - Davis Theatre I (485 seats) and Mabee Theatre II (155 seats), located in the Cole Theatre, and the annual fundraiser Summer Mummers
Summer Mummers
in the historic Yucca Theatre. MCT has an extensive education program, including the Pickwick Players (teen performance troupe), Theatre School programs and OutReach classes. MCT operates with a professional staff of 20 and depends upon the hard work and dedication of hundreds of volunteers in the Permian Basin to produce shows throughout the year. MCT is a member of the American Association of Community Theatre, and hosted the 2006 AACT International Theatrefest. Twice each year, the Phyllis and Bob Cowan Performing Arts Series at Midland College
Midland College
presents free cultural and artistic performances of "international interest and scope to stimulate and inspire the Midland arts community,"[23] and entertain the community at-large. The series was endowed in 1999, and has since brought a diverse selection of entertainers to Midland, including Andre Watts, the Eroica Trio, the Moscow Boys Choir, the Flying Karamazov Brothers, the Preservation Hall Jazz Band, 3 Mo' Divas, Ballet Folklorico de Mexico
Mexico
de Amalia Hernandez and the Golden Dragon Acrobats of China. Libraries[edit]

Midland County Library Haley Memorial Library and History Center Murray L. Fasken Learning Resource Center at Midland College

Tourism[edit]

Permian Basin Petroleum Museum

Sitting on the southern edge of the Llano Estacado
Llano Estacado
and located near the center of the Permian Basin oil fields, Midland's economy has long been focused on petroleum exploration and extraction. Providing more information about this industry is the Permian Basin Petroleum Museum, located on the outskirts of town near Interstate 20. The museum houses numerous displays on the history, science, and technology of oil and gas development. The Permian Basin Petroleum Museum
Permian Basin Petroleum Museum
houses a collection of race cars designed by Jim Hall, a long time Midland resident who pioneered the use of aerodynamic downforce in the design of Formula One cars. Midland is also home to The Museum of the Southwest. The museum features a collection of paintings by various members of the Taos Society of Artists and Karl Bodmer
Karl Bodmer
as well as engravings by John J. and John W. Audubon. Located within the same museum complex are the separate Children's Museum and the Marian W. Blakemore Planetarium. The Museum of the Southwest is housed in the Turner Mansion, the historic 1934 home of Fred and Juliette Turner. On display at the Midland County Historical Museum are reproductions of the "Midland Man," the skeleton of a Clovis female found near the city in 1953.[24] Analysis of the remains by Dr. Curtis R. McKinney using uranium-thorium analysis showed that the bones are 11,600 ± 800 years old. Presenting his findings at the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America
Geological Society of America
in 1992, Dr. McKinney said, "[T]he Midland Woman was related to the earliest ancestors of every Indian who lives today, and she is very likely the only representative of those who created the Clovis cultures." Sports[edit] Midland is home to the Midland RockHounds, a Texas
Texas
League minor league baseball team. It is the Double-A affiliate of the Oakland Athletics. The Rockhounds have played their home games in Security Bank Ballpark since 2002. West Texas
Texas
United Sockers is an American soccer team founded in 2008. The team is a member of the United Soccer Leagues Premier Development League (PDL), the fourth tier of the American Soccer Pyramid, in the Mid South Division of the Southern Conference. The team plays its home games at the Grande Communications Stadium. Midland is home to the West Texas
Texas
Drillers (Adult Tackle Football) of the Minor Professional Football League. They were established in 2009. They play their home games at Grande Communications Stadium. Midland College
Midland College
is a member of the Western Junior College Athletic Conference, and fields teams in baseball, men's basketball, women's basketball, men's golf, softball and volleyball. Midland College
Midland College
has won 20 national championships in sports since 1975, as well as produced 192 All-Americans. Plans have been made to develop a 35 court tennis facility named the Bush Tennis Center. Midland is also home to the Midland Mad Dog Rugby Club, which competes in the Texas
Texas
Rugby Union as a division III team. Government[edit] Local government[edit]

The former Midland County Courthouse on Wall Street, looking north from Midland Doubletree towers

According to the city's 2008 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $57.3 million in revenues, $53.0 million in expenditures, $363.4 million in total assets, $133.9 million in total liabilities, and $75.0 million in cash and investments.[25]

List of mayors of Midland, Texas

1907-1908, S.J. Issaacs[26] 1908-1909, A.C. Parker[26] 1909-1911, J.A. Haley[26] 1911-1915, J.M. Cladwell[26] 1915-1917, J.M. Gilmore[26] 1917-1918, H.A. Leaverton[26] 1918-1923, W.A. Dawson[26] 1923-1925, Paul T. Barron[26] 1925-1929, Frank Haag[26] 1929-1934, Leon Goodman[26] 1934-1943, M.C. Ulmer[26] 1943-1946, A.N. Hendrickson[26] 1946-1947, Fred Hogan[26] 1947-1949, Russell H. Gifford[26] 1949-1951, William B. Neely[26] 1951-1953, Perry Pickett[26] 1953-1954, J.W. McMillen[26] 1955-1958, Ernest Sidwell[26] 1958-1962, F.L. Thompson[26] 1962-1968, H. C. Avery, Jr.[26] 1968-1972, Edwin H. Magruder Jr.[26] 1972-1980, Ernest Angelo Jr.[26] 1980-1986, G. Thane Akins[26] 1986-1992, Carroll Thomas[26] 1992-1994, J.D. Faircloth[26] 1994-2001, Robt. E. Burns[26] 2001-2008, Michael J. Canon[26] Ed Magruder, 1968-1972[27] Wes Perry, 2008-2014[27] Jerry Morales, 2014-present[27]

State and federal representation[edit] On the federal level, Midland residents are represented in the US Senate by John Cornyn
John Cornyn
and Ted Cruz, and in the US House of Representatives by Mike Conaway. Midland residents are represented in the Texas
Texas
Senate by Republican Kel Seliger, District 31. Midland is represented in the Texas
Texas
House of Representatives by Republican Tom Craddick, the former Speaker from District 82. The Texas
Texas
Department of Criminal Justice operates the headquarters of Parole Division Region V in Midland; the Midland District Parole Office is in the Region V headquarters.[28] The United States
United States
Postal Service operates the Midland Main Post Office on the grounds of Midland International Air and Space Port.[29] The other four post offices are Claydesta,[30] Downtown Midland,[31] Graves,[32] and Village.[33] Education[edit] Colleges and universities[edit] Midland is the home of Midland College
Midland College
(MC), which offers a variety of over 50 programs of study for associate degrees and certificates to more than 6,000 students who enroll each semester. MC offers programs in health sciences, information technology, and aviation, including a professional pilot training program. MC is one of only three community colleges in Texas
Texas
approved to offer a bachelor's degree in applied technology. Dr. Steve Thomas is MC's current president. Midland is also the home for the physician assistant program offered by the Texas
Texas
Tech University Health Sciences Center Permian Basin Campus located on the campus of Midland College. The entry-level graduate program awards a master of physician assistant studies following 27 months of intensive academic and clinical training. Visiting lectures[edit] Twice each year, the Davidson Distinguished Lectures Series at Midland College presents free public lectures by "nationally-known speakers whose academic accomplishments, civic leadership, and/or public achievements interest, enrich, and enlighten Midland students and citizens."[34] The series was endowed in 1996, and has since brought a diverse selection of speakers to Midland, including Ken Burns, Richard Leakey, Bill Moyers, Mark Russell, Sandra Day O'Connor, Richard Rodriguez, Shelby Foote, Anna Deavere Smith, Bill Nye, John Updike
John Updike
and Neil deGrasse Tyson. Schools[edit] Midland is the home to three local public high schools: Midland High School, Robert E. Lee High School and Early College High School (ECHS) at Midland College, all three of which are part of the Midland Independent School District. Another school district is located just outside of Midland, Greenwood Independent School District, containing Greenwood High and a middle and elementary school. ECHS welcomed its first freshman class on August 24, 2009. The goal for ECHS is to award students their associate degrees from Midland College by the time they receive their high school diplomas.[35] Also, there are many private schools in Midland, including Hillcrest School, Hillander, Midland Classical Academy, Midland Christian School, Midland Montessori, St. Ann's School, and Trinity School of Midland, among others. Midland is also home to three charter schools: Richard Milburn Academy, Premier High School, and Midland Academy Charter School. Media[edit] See also: List of newspapers in Texas, List of radio stations in Texas, and List of television stations in Texas Newspapers[edit] Midland is served by the Midland Reporter-Telegram. Radio[edit]

KLFB 88.1 FM (Religious) KFRI 88.7 FM (Christian Contemporary) KBMM 89.5 FM (Religious) KLVW 90.5 FM (Christian Contemporary) KVDG 90.9 FM (Spanish) KXWT
KXWT
91.3 FM (Public Radio) WJFM 91.7 FM (Gospel Music) KNFM 92.3 FM (Country) KZBT 93.3 FM (Hip-Hop) KACD 94.1 FM (Spanish) KTXO
KTXO
94.7 FM (Country) KQRX 95.1 FM (Rock) KMRK-FM 96.1 FM (Country) KMCM 96.9 FM (Oldies) KODM 97.9 FM (Adult Contemporary) KHKX 99.1 FM (Country) KMTH 99.5 FM (Public Radio) KBAT
KBAT
99.9 FM (Rock) KMMZ 101.3 FM (Regional Mexican) KFZX 102.1 FM (Classic Rock) KCRS 103.3 FM (Top-40) KTXC 104.7 FM (Regional Mexican) KCHX 106.7 FM (Adult Contemporary) KWEL 107.1 FM (Talk) KQLM 107.9 FM (Spanish) KCRS 550 AM (News/Talk) KXOI 810 AM (Spanish) KFLB 920 AM (Religious) KWEL 1070 AM (Talk) KLPF 1180 AM (Religious) KMND 1510 AM (Sports)

Television[edit] Midland is served by nine local television stations: KMID, an ABC affiliate; KWES-TV, an NBC
NBC
affiliate; KOSA, a CBS
CBS
affiliate and a MyNetworkTV
MyNetworkTV
affiliate on their digital cable TV station; KPEJ-TV, a Fox affiliate; KPBT, a PBS affiliate; KWWT, a MeTV
MeTV
affiliate; KUPB, a Univision
Univision
affiliate; and KTLE-LP, a Telemundo
Telemundo
affiliate. It also has one local religious television station: KMLM-DT, a God's Learning Channel affiliate, which is a worldwide institution offering pro-Israel programming. Many major motion pictures have been filmed in and around Midland, including Hangar 18, Waltz Across Texas, Fandango, Blood Simple, Hard Country, Friday Night Lights, The Rookie, The Three Burials of Melquiades Estrada, Everybody's Baby: The Rescue of Jessica McClure (which featured, as extras, many participants in the actual rescue and its coverage), and others. In the Heroes television series, the Midland-Odessa area is a focal point for many of the first season's episodes, serving as the home for the Bennet family, and as the location of a recurring restaurant, the Burnt Toast Diner. Infrastructure[edit] Transportation[edit] Air[edit]

Midland is served by Midland International Air and Space Port (ICAO code: KMAF, IATA code: MAF), which is located between Odessa and Midland. Midland Airpark (ICAO code: KMDD, IATA code: MDD) is a general aviation airport located on Midland's northeast side.[36]

Roads[edit]

I-20 (Interstate 20) BL I-20 (Wall Street/Front Street) SH 140 (Florida Street) SH 158 (Garden City
City
Highway) SH 191 (Highway 191/Sgt. Mike Naylor Memorial Highway) SH 349 (Big Spring Street) Loop 40 Loop 250 Loop 268 (Wall Street) FM 868 (Midland Drive)

Rail[edit] Midland was the site of the 2012 Midland train crash, in which a train collided with a parade float carrying wounded military veterans, killing four. Midland also has citywide public bus services provided for the Midland-Odessa Urban Transit District by Midland-Odessa Transit Management, otherwise known as E-Z Rider. Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Midland, Texas Sister cities[edit] Midland has four sister cities around the world.[37]

Chihuahua, Chihuahua
Chihuahua, Chihuahua
(Mexico) Dongying, Shandong, (China), located near China's second-largest known oil field. A modest pagoda, located at the Beal Complex, was donated by Dongying
Dongying
officials. New Amsterdam (Guyana) Wirral (United Kingdom)

References[edit]

^ a b "Mayor & City
City
Council". City
City
of Midland, Texas. Retrieved January 29, 2018.  ^ " City
City
Management". City
City
of Midland, Texas. Retrieved January 29, 2018.  ^ a b "Table 2. Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007 (CBSA-EST2007-02)". 2007 Population Estimates. United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau, Population Division. 2008-03-27. Archived from the original (CSV) on April 4, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-21.  ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States
United States
Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.  ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010". US Census
Census
Bureau. 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2012-11-16. [not in citation given] ^ "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas Totals: Vintage 2012 - U.S Census
Census
Bureau". Census.gov. Archived from the original on 2013-03-17. Retrieved 2014-05-29.  ^ "MIDLAND, TX The Handbook of Texas
Texas
Online Texas
Texas
State Historical Association (TSHA)". Tshaonline.org. Retrieved 2014-05-29.  ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-05-15. Retrieved 2009-05-23.  ^ a b "National Weather Service Midland". Srh.noaa.gov. 2012-03-07. Retrieved 2012-11-16.  ^ "List of Architectural designs, including MGF Building by I. M. Pei". Uwm.edu. 2012-04-03. Archived from the original on 2010-09-27. Retrieved 2012-11-16.  ^ "Architect: 'Energy Tower starts ripple effect of downtown activity'".  ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ "American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2012-11-16.  ^ [1] Archived August 21, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "??". Bea.gov. Retrieved 2014-05-29.  ^ Kotkin, Joel (2014-09-03). "America's Fastest-Growing Small Cities". Forbes. Retrieved 2014-09-03.  ^ "Unemployment Rates for Metropolitan Areas". Bls.gov. 2017-04-05. Retrieved 2017-05-02.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-02. Retrieved 2015-02-01.  ^ [2] Archived 2014-05-17 at the Wayback Machine. ^ [3] Archived July 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Phyllis and Bob Cowan Performing Arts Series". Midlandcollegefoundation.org. 2013-10-10. Retrieved 2017-05-02.  ^ "Historic plaque - Midland Man : The Portal
Portal
to Texas
Texas
History". Texashistory.unt.edu. Retrieved 2012-11-16.  ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2009-06-25.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa "Commentary: What do you want from a mayor? Depends who you ask", Midlan Reporter-Telegram, Hearst Communications Inc., November 3, 2013  ^ a b c "The more things change the more they stay the same", Midland Reporter-Telegram, Hearst Communications Inc., March 23, 2015, Midland Mayoral Summit  ^ "Parole Division Region V Archived 2010-01-25 at the Wayback Machine.." Texas
Texas
Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 21, 2010. ^ "Post Office Location - MIDLAND Archived 2010-06-20 at the Wayback Machine.." United States
United States
Postal Service. Retrieved May 22, 2010. ^ "Post Office Location - CLAYDESTA Archived 2010-06-17 at the Wayback Machine.." United States
United States
Postal Service. Retrieved May 22, 2010. ^ "Post Office Location - DOWNTOWN MIDLAND Archived 2010-06-17 at the Wayback Machine.." United States
United States
Postal Service. Retrieved May 22, 2010. ^ "Post Office Location - GRAVES Archived 2010-06-15 at the Wayback Machine.." United States
United States
Postal Service. Retrieved May 22, 2010. ^ "Post Office Location - VILLAGE Archived 2010-06-17 at the Wayback Machine.." United States
United States
Postal Service. Retrieved May 22, 2010. ^ "Davidson Distinguished Lecture Series". Midlandcollegefoundation.org. Retrieved 2017-05-02.  ^ "Early College High School a 'once-in-a-lifetime' chance for students". Mywesttexas.com. Archived from the original on 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2012-11-16.  ^ "KMDD - Midland Airpark". AirNav. Retrieved 2012-11-16.  ^ Miller, Lyn (2008). "Did You Know: Midland's History". City
City
of Midland. Archived from the original on 19 January 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

See also: Bibliography of the history of Midland, Texas

External links[edit]

Texas
Texas
portal

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Midland, Texas.

City
City
of Midland, Texas Odessa-Midland Area Radio Stations Midland from the Handbook of Texas
Texas
Online Midland Reporter-Telegram Midland College

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Midland County, Texas, United States

County seat: Midland

Cities

Midland‡ Odessa‡

Unincorporated communities

Chub Greenwood

Ghost towns

Dameron City Germania Slaughter

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Martin County, Texas, United States

County seat: Stanton

Cities

Ackerly‡ Midland‡ Stanton

Unincorporated communities

Lenorah Tarzan

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

 State of Texas

Austin (capital)

Topics

Architecture Climate Cuisine Geography Government Healthcare History Languages Law Literature Media

Newspapers Radio TV

National Historic Landmarks Recorded Texas
Texas
Historic Landmarks National Register of Historic Places Sites Sports Symbols Texans Tourist attractions Transportation

Seal of Texas

Society

Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Gambling Politics

Regions

Ark‑La‑Tex Big Bend Blackland Prairies Brazos Valley Central Texas Coastal Bend Concho Valley Cross Timbers Deep East Texas East Texas Edwards Plateau Golden Triangle Hill Country Llano Estacado Northeast Texas North Texas Osage Plains Panhandle Permian Basin Piney Woods Rio Grande Valley Southeast Texas South Plains South Texas Texoma Trans-Pecos West Texas

Metropolitan areas

Abilene Amarillo Austin–Round Rock Beaumont–Port Arthur Brownsville–Harlingen College Station–Bryan Corpus Christi Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington El Paso Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land Killeen–Temple Laredo Longview Lubbock McAllen–Edinburg–Mission Midland Odessa San Angelo San Antonio–New Braunfels Sherman–Denison Texarkana Tyler Victoria Waco Wichita Falls

Counties

See: List of counties in Texas

v t e

County seats of Texas

A

Abilene Albany Alice Alpine Amarillo Anahuac Anderson Andrews Angleton Anson Archer City Aspermont Athens Austin

B

Baird Ballinger Bandera Bastrop Bay City Beaumont Beeville Bellville Belton Benjamin Big Lake Big Spring Boerne Bonham Boston Brackettville Brady Breckenridge Brenham Brownfield Brownsville Brownwood Bryan Burnet

C

Caldwell Cameron Canadian Canton Canyon Carrizo Springs Carthage Center Centerville Channing Childress Clarendon Clarksville Claude Cleburne Coldspring Coleman Colorado City Columbus Comanche Conroe Cooper Corpus Christi Corsicana Cotulla Crane Crockett Crosbyton Crowell Crystal City Cuero

D

Daingerfield Dalhart Dallas Decatur Del Rio Denton Dickens Dimmitt Dumas

E

Eagle Pass Eastland Edinburg El Paso Eldorado Emory

F

Fairfield Falfurrias Farwell Floresville Floydada Fort Davis Fort Stockton Fort Worth Franklin Fredericksburg

G

Gail Gainesville Galveston Garden City Gatesville George West Georgetown Giddings Gilmer Glen Rose Goldthwaite Goliad Gonzales Graham Granbury Greenville Groesbeck Groveton Guthrie

H

Hallettsville Hamilton Haskell Hebbronville Hemphill Hempstead Henderson Henrietta Hereford Hillsboro Hondo Houston Huntsville

J

Jacksboro Jasper Jayton Jefferson Johnson City Jourdanton Junction

K

Karnes City Kaufman Kermit Kerrville Kingsville Kountze

L

La Grange Lamesa Lampasas Laredo Leakey Levelland Liberty Linden Lipscomb Littlefield Livingston Llano Lockhart Longview Lubbock Lufkin

M

Madisonville Marfa Marlin Marshall Mason Matador McKinney Memphis Menard Mentone Meridian Mertzon Miami Midland Monahans Montague Morton Mount Pleasant Mount Vernon Muleshoe

N

Nacogdoches New Braunfels Newton

O

Odessa Orange Ozona

P

Paducah Paint Rock Palestine Palo Pinto Pampa Panhandle Paris Pearsall Pecos Perryton Pittsburg Plains Plainview Port Lavaca Post

Q

Quanah Quitman

R

Rankin Raymondville Refugio Richmond Rio Grande City Robert Lee Roby Rockport Rocksprings Rockwall Rusk

S

San Angelo San Antonio San Augustine San Diego San Marcos San Saba Sanderson Sarita Seguin Seminole Seymour Sherman Sierra Blanca Silverton Sinton Snyder Sonora Spearman Stanton Stephenville Sterling City Stinnett Stratford Sulphur Springs Sweetwater

T

Tahoka Throckmorton Tilden Tulia Tyler

U

Uvalde

V

Van Horn Vega Vernon Victoria

W

Waco Waxahachie Weatherford Wellington Wharton Wheeler Wichita Falls Woodville

Z

Zapata

v t e

Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in Texas

Sylvester Turner
Sylvester Turner
(D) (Houston) Ron Nirenberg
Ron Nirenberg
(I) (San Antonio) Mike Rawlings
Mike Rawlings
(D) (Dallas) Steve Adler (D) (Austin) Betsy Price
Betsy Price
(R) (Fort Worth) Dee Margo
Dee Margo
(R) (El Paso) Jeff Williams (R) (Arlington) Joe McComb (R) (Corpus Christi) Harry LaRosiliere
Harry LaRosiliere
(I) (Plano) Pete Saenz
Pete Saenz
(D) (Laredo) Dan Pope (R) (Lubbock) Douglas Athas (Garland) Beth Van Duyne (R) (Irving) Ginger Nelson (Amarillo) Ron Jensen (Grand Prairie) Tony Martinez (Brownsville) Johnny Isbell (Pasadena) Brian Loughmiller (R) (McKinney) Stan Pickett (Mesquite) Jim Darling (McAllen) Jeff Cheney (Frisco) Jose Segarra (Killeen) Kyle Deaver (Waco) Kevin Falconer (R) (Carrollton) Jerry Morales (Midland) Chris Watts (Denton) Norm Archibald (Abilene) Becky Ames (R) (Beaumont) David Turner (Odessa) Alan McGraw (Round Rock) Glenn Barham (Wichita Falls) Paul Voelker (Richardson) Dean Ueckert (Lewisville) Martin Heines (Tyler) Tom Reid (Pearland) Nancy Berry (College Station)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 145152812 LCCN: n80040

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