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Middle Shabelle ( so, Shabeellaha Dhexe, ar, شبيلي الوسطى, it, Medio Scebeli) is an administrative region ('' gobol'') in southern
Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the Northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Oce ...
.


Overview

It is bordered by the Somali regions of Galguduud, Hiran, Lower Shabelle (Shabellaha Hoose), and Banaadir, as well as the Somali Sea. As part of the former Benadir region, Middle Shabelle's capital was
Mogadishu Mogadishu (, also ; so, Muqdisho or Xamar ; ar, مقديشو, Muqadīshū ; it, Mogadiscio ), locally known as Xamar or Hamar, is the capital city and most populous city of Somalia. The city has served as an important port connecting with tra ...

Mogadishu
up until the mid-1980s, when the town of
Jowhar
Jowhar
became the capital. It is named after the
Shebelle River
Shebelle River
that passes through this region. Middle Shabelle is principally inhabited by various sub-clans of the
Somali
Somali
Mudulood clan; most notably the Abgaal. Other Mudulood subclans that reside in the region include the Udeejeen, Moobleen and Hiilebi, who live alongside the Galje'l and Hawadle. There are also members of the non-Somali ethnic minority Somali Bantu, Bantu group (Kaboole). The region supports livestock production, rain-fed and gravity irrigated agriculture and fisheries, with an annual rainfall between 150 and 500 millimeters covering an area of approximately 60,000 square kilometers. It has a 400 km coastline on the Indian Ocean.


Demographics

The majority clan in the region is the Abgal (Hawiye), but in spite of this majority, the region has suffered from “intense intra-clan conflict that has impoverished the region leading to a regional power struggle that divides the Abgal sub-clans. The two largest sub-clans are the Wa’buudhan (further divided into the Galmah and the Daud) and the Harti Abgal (further divided into the Agoonyar and the Warsangali). Other clans that live in the region include Galjecel, Jarer, Shiidle, Hawadle, Mubliin, Hilibi and other small tribes of Arab origin.


Districts

Middle Shabelle region consists of seven districts: Jowhar District, Jowhar - the regional capital, Balad District, Somalia, Balad, Adale District, Adale, Adan Yabal District, Adan Yabal, Warseikh District, Warseikh, Run-Nigrod District, Run-Nigrod and Mahaddey District, Mahaddey. The region supports livestock production, rain-fed and irrigated agriculture and fisheries, with an annual rainfall between 150 and 500 millimeters. Covering an area of approximately 60,000 square kilometres, the region has a 400 kilometre coastline on the Indian Ocean. The Shabelle river runs for 150 kilometres through the region.


References


External links


Administrative map of Middle Shabelle
Middle Shabelle, Regions of Somalia {{Somalia-geo-stub