OverviewIt is bordered by the Somali regions of Galguduud, Hiran, Lower Shabelle (Shabellaha Hoose), and Banaadir, as well as the Somali Sea. As part of the former Benadir region, Middle Shabelle's capital was up until the mid-1980s, when the town of became the capital. It is named after the that passes through this region. Middle Shabelle is principally inhabited by various sub-clans of the Mudulood clan; most notably the Abgaal. Other Mudulood subclans that reside in the region include the Udeejeen, Moobleen and Hiilebi, who live alongside the Galje'l and Hawadle. There are also members of the non-Somali ethnic minority Somali Bantu, Bantu group (Kaboole). The region supports livestock production, rain-fed and gravity irrigated agriculture and fisheries, with an annual rainfall between 150 and 500 millimeters covering an area of approximately 60,000 square kilometers. It has a 400 km coastline on the Indian Ocean.
DemographicsThe majority clan in the region is the Abgal (Hawiye), but in spite of this majority, the region has suffered from “intense intra-clan conflict that has impoverished the region leading to a regional power struggle that divides the Abgal sub-clans. The two largest sub-clans are the Wa’buudhan (further divided into the Galmah and the Daud) and the Harti Abgal (further divided into the Agoonyar and the Warsangali). Other clans that live in the region include Galjecel, Jarer, Shiidle, Hawadle, Mubliin, Hilibi and other small tribes of Arab origin.
DistrictsMiddle Shabelle region consists of seven districts: Jowhar District, Jowhar - the regional capital, Balad District, Somalia, Balad, Adale District, Adale, Adan Yabal District, Adan Yabal, Warseikh District, Warseikh, Run-Nigrod District, Run-Nigrod and Mahaddey District, Mahaddey. The region supports livestock production, rain-fed and irrigated agriculture and fisheries, with an annual rainfall between 150 and 500 millimeters. Covering an area of approximately 60,000 square kilometres, the region has a 400 kilometre coastline on the Indian Ocean. The Shabelle river runs for 150 kilometres through the region.