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MIDDLE FRANCONIA (German : _Mittelfranken_) is one of the three administrative regions of Franconia in Bavaria , Germany
Germany
. It is in the west of Bavaria and adjoins the state of Baden-Württemberg . The administrative seat is Ansbach but the most populated city is Nuremberg
Nuremberg
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Subdivisions * 2 History * 3 Main sights * 4 Coat of arms * 5 Population * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

SUBDIVISIONS

The region is divided into seven _Landkreise_ (districts) and five _Kreisfreie Städte_ ('district-free cities'):

* Landkreise

* Ansbach (district) * Erlangen-Höchstadt * Fürth * Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim * Nürnberger Land * Roth * Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen

* Kreisfreie Städte

* Ansbach * Erlangen
Erlangen
* Fürth * Nuremberg
Nuremberg
(_Nürnberg_) * Schwabach

HISTORY

See also: Principality of Ansbach See also: Imperial City of Nuremberg
Nuremberg

After the founding of the Kingdom of Bavaria the state was totally reorganised and, in 1808, divided into 15 administrative government regions (German: Regierungsbezirke (singular Regierungsbezirk )), in Bavaria called Kreise (singular: Kreis). They were created in the fashion of the French departements, quite even in size and population, and named after their main rivers.

In the following years, due to territorial changes (e. g. loss of Tyrol , addition of the Palatinate ), the number of Kreise was reduced to 8. One of these was the Rezatkreis (Rezat District). In 1837 king Ludwig I of Bavaria renamed the Kreise after historical territorial names and tribes of the area. This also involved some border changes or territorial swaps. Thus the district name of Rezatkreis changed to Upper Franconia.

MAIN SIGHTS

Next to the major city Nuremberg
Nuremberg
, the capital Ansbach and the former residene city Erlangen
Erlangen
the cities of the Romantic Road Rothenburg ob der Tauber and Dinkelsbühl belong to the major tourist attractions. The Lichtenau Fortress , Rothenberg Fortress , Hohenstein and Cadolzburg belong to the most important castles of Middle Franconia. The Franconian Jura and the northern valley of the River Altmühl are among the scenic attractions.

COAT OF ARMS

Coat of Arms of Middle Franconia

The coat of arms displays:

* the black and white pattern of the Hohenzollern family in the upper dexter quarter (the first quarter) * the Arms of Franconia in the lower dexter quarter (the 3rd quarter) * the sinister half of the German Imperial Eagle (similar to that displayed by the German Confederation
German Confederation
) in the sinister half.

POPULATION

YEAR INHABITANTS

1900 815,895

1910 930,868

1939 1,065,122

1950 1,273,030

1961 1,371,144

1970 1,486,389

1987 1,521,484

2002 1,703,869

2005 1,712,275

2006 1,712,622

2008 1,714,453

2010 1,710,876

SEE ALSO

* _ Bavaria portal

* Upper Franconia (Oberfranken_) * Lower Franconia (_Unterfranken_)

REFERENCES

* ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". _Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung _ (in German). June 2016. * ^ County of Hohenzollern * ^ Franconia * ^ File:Wappen Deutscher Bund.svg

EXTERNAL