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The MIDDLE ATLAS (Amazigh : ⴰⵟⵍⴰⵙ ⴰⵏⴰⵎⵎⴰⵙ, Atlas Anammas, Arab : الأطلس المتوسط, al-Aṭlas al-Mutawassiṭ) is a mountain range in Morocco
Morocco
. It is part of the Atlas mountain range , a vast mountainous region with more than 100,000 km2, 15 percent of its landmass, rising above 2,000 metres. The Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
is the northernmost and second highest of three main Atlas Mountains
Atlas Mountains
chains of Morocco. To south, separated by the Moulouya and Um Er-Rbiâ rivers, lies the High Atlas
High Atlas
. The Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
form the westernmost end of a large plateaued basin extending eastward into Algeria
Algeria
, also bounded by the Tell Atlas to the north and the Saharan Atlas to the south, both lying largely in Algeria. North of the Middle Atlas and separated by the Sebou River , lie the Rif
Rif
mountains which are an extension of the Baetic System , which includes the Sierra Nevada in the south of Spain. The basin of the Sebou is not only the primary transportation route between Atlantic Morocco
Morocco
and Mediterranean Morocco
Morocco
but is an area, watered by the Middle Atlas range, that constitutes the principal agricultural region of the country.

The Barbary macaque
Barbary macaque
is native to the Middle Atlas, and chief populations occur only in restricted range in parts of Morocco
Morocco
and Algeria. Snow persists in the Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
in the winter and can appear starting at 600 m above sea level.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography and ecology * 2 Climate * 3 Major Catchments * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Line notes

GEOGRAPHY AND ECOLOGY

Map showing the location of the Atlas Mountains
Atlas Mountains
across North Africa
Africa
(topographic and political)

The Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
provinces cover 23,000 km2 in area, and comprise 18% of the total mountainous surface of Morocco. The provinces of Khènifra , Ifrane
Ifrane
, Boulmane , Sefrou , Khemisset , El Hajeb as well as parts of the provinces of Taza
Taza
and of Beni Mellal lie in the Middle Atlas region. Béni Mellal on the Oum Er-Rbia River is designated "the doorway to the Middle Atlas".

The Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
is a solid mountainous mass of 350 km in length in the north-east of Morocco
Morocco
with a unique charm. Its biodiversity , both in fauna and flora, make Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
a significant tourist destination. The region is noted for occurrence of the endangered primate , Barbary macaque
Barbary macaque
, Macaca sylvanus; this monkey prehistorically had a much wider distribution throughout northern Morocco. Wild boar
Wild boar
and polecat are also found within the Middle Atlas Range.

Its geo-morphologic structure is:

* Primarily limestone . * Tabled rock in the west, running to elevations of 800 to 1,000 metres. * Folded rock toward the northeast and running to elevations exceeding 3000 m, with a highest point, the Jbel Bou Naceur at 3340 m. * Interspersed with volcanic plateaus .

Over the mountain slopes, extensive forests of cedar spread, intersected by deep valleys. Bordered by the rich Plaine du Saïs and the cities of Fes , Meknes
Meknes
and Beni Mellal , the mountainous reaches of the Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
are the stronghold of Berber tribes, speaking Tamazight and living at very low population densities. Area of cedars of Khénifra

The Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
is crossed by one of the principal access roads to the south Marocain, connecting Fes with Tafilalet . Located at the northeast of Atlas . The Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
ends in the east at Tazekka National Park , with a landscape replete with narrow canyons and caves. In the south of Sefrou , the forests of cedars, of holm oak and of cork oak alternate with plates volcanoic stripped and small full of fish lakes. The jewel of the Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
is it Ifrane
Ifrane
National Park , located in causse atlassic between Khenifra
Khenifra
and Ifrane
Ifrane
.

The highest point of the Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
is Jbel Bou Naceur (3340 m). 15km north west lies second highest mountain massif of Moussa ou Sabel (3172 m) and Jbel Bou Iblane (3081m), which lies close to Immouzer Marmoucha .

CLIMATE

Because of its elevation, the Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
experiences snow during the winter months and a cool climate during the summer. The town of Ifrane
Ifrane
enjoys sufficient snow during the winter months that it provides accommodations quite rare in Africa: it is a ski resort.

MAJOR CATCHMENTS

The Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
includes four major catchment areas:

* The basin of Sebou : of a surface of approximately 40,000 km2, discharging to the Atlantic Ocean. * The basin of Oum Errabiaa : extends on a surface from 35,000 km2, discharging to the Atlantic Ocean. * The basin of Bou Regreg : cover a surface of about 10,000 km2, discharging to the Atlantic Ocean. * The basin of Moulouya : takes its source in the Almssid region and drains both the Middle and the High Atlas, with a watershed of 74,000 km2, discharging to the Mediterranean.

The Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
contributes abundant and the relatively regular flows to these rivers. Reservoirs have been developed for flood control, to improve tourism, and to create water reserves supporting the development of the arboriculture important to the agricultural industry of the region.

SEE ALSO

* Mediterranean woodlands and forests * Cèdre Gouraud Forest * Idriss I (dam) * Ouergha River

REFERENCES

* C. Michael Hogan. 2008. Barbary Macaque: Macaca sylvanus, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg * Marshall Cavendish Corporation. 2006. World and Its Peoples, Published by Marshall Cavendish, ISBN 0-7614-7571-0 , ISBN 978-0-7614-7571-2

LINE NOTES

* ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2008 * ^ Marshall Cavendish Corporation. 2006 * ^ Tazekka National Park, created in 1950, covers 137.37 km2

* v * t * e

Regions of Africa
Africa

CENTRAL AFRICA

* Guinea region

* Gulf of Guinea

* Cape Lopez * Mayombe

* Igboland
Igboland

* Mbaise

* Maputaland * Pool Malebo * Congo Basin * Chad Basin
Chad Basin
* Congolese rainforests * Ouaddaï highlands * Ennedi Plateau
Plateau

EAST AFRICA

* African Great Lakes

* Albertine Rift
Albertine Rift
* East African Rift
East African Rift
* Great Rift Valley
Great Rift Valley
* Gregory Rift
Gregory Rift
* Rift Valley lakes * Swahili coast
Swahili coast
* Virunga Mountains
Virunga Mountains
* Zanj

* Horn of Africa
Africa

* Afar Triangle
Afar Triangle
* Al-Habash * Barbara * Danakil Alps * Danakil Desert * Ethiopian Highlands
Ethiopian Highlands
* Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Aden
* Gulf of Tadjoura
Gulf of Tadjoura

* Indian Ocean islands

* Comoros Islands

NORTH AFRICA

* Maghreb
Maghreb

* Barbary Coast
Barbary Coast
* Bashmur * Ancient Libya
Ancient Libya
* Atlas Mountains
Atlas Mountains

* Nile Valley
Nile Valley

* Cataracts of the Nile
Cataracts of the Nile
* Darfur
Darfur
* Gulf of Aqaba
Gulf of Aqaba
* Lower Egypt
Lower Egypt
* Lower Nubia * Middle Egypt * Nile Delta
Nile Delta
* Nuba Mountains
Nuba Mountains
* Nubia
Nubia
* The Sudans * Upper Egypt
Upper Egypt

* Western Sahara

WEST AFRICA

* Pepper Coast * Gold Coast * Slave Coast * Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast
* Cape Palmas * Cape Mesurado

* Guinea region

* Gulf of Guinea

* Niger Basin * Guinean Forests of West Africa
Africa
* Niger Delta
Niger Delta
* Inner Niger Delta
Niger Delta

SOUTHERN AFRICA

* Madagascar
Madagascar

* Central Highlands (Madagascar)
Central Highlands (Madagascar)
* Northern Highlands

* Rhodesia

* North * South

* Thembuland * Succulent Karoo
Succulent Karoo
* Nama Karoo * Bushveld
Bushveld
* Highveld
Highveld
* Fynbos
Fynbos
* Cape Floristic Region
Cape Floristic Region
* Kalahari Desert
Kalahari Desert
* Okavango Delta
Okavango Delta
* False Bay * Hydra Bay

MACRO-REGIONS

* Aethiopia
Aethiopia
* Arab world
Arab world
* Commonwealth realm
Commonwealth realm
* East African montane forests * Eastern Desert
Eastern Desert
* Equatorial Africa
Africa
* Françafrique * Gibraltar Arc * Greater Middle East * Islands of Africa
Africa
* List of countries where Arabic is an official language * Mediterranean Basin * MENA
MENA
* MENASA * Middle East
Middle East
* Mittelafrika * Negroland * Northeast Africa
Africa
* Portuguese-speaking African countries * Sahara
Sahara
* Sahel
Sahel
* Sub-Saharan Africa
Africa
* Sudan (region)
Sudan (region)
* Sudanian Savanna * Tibesti Mountains
Tibesti Mountains
* Tropical Africa
Africa

Coordinates : 33°30′N 4°30′W / 33.500°N 4.500°W

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