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Michel Brault, OQ (25 June 1928 – 21 September 2013)[1] was a Canadian cinematographer, cameraman, film director, screenwriter, and film producer. He was a leading figure of Direct Cinema, characteristic of the French branch of the National Film Board of Canada in the 1960s. Brault was a pioneer of the hand-held camera aesthetic.[2]

Contents

1 Career 2 Death 3 Personal life 4 Honours and distinctions 5 Selected films

5.1 As director

5.1.1 Fiction 5.1.2 Documentaries

5.2 As cinematographer

6 References 7 External links

Career[edit] His early cameraman work with Gilles Groulx (Les Raquetteurs), Claude Jutra (À tout prendre, Mon oncle Antoine) and Pierre Perrault (Pour la suite du monde) virtually defines the look of classic Quebec cinema. He became involved with filmmaking while still at university and joined the National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
in 1956, working on the celebrated Candid Eye series. From 1961–62 he was in France, where he worked with directors such as Jean Rouch
Jean Rouch
and Mario Ruspoli, and shot the influential Chronique d’un été with Raoul Coutard and others. In France, he is considered an originator and one of the purist practitioners of cinéma-vérité. Brault returned to Quebec and the NFB, but quit the Board in 1965 when Pierre Juneau, the director of French production, refused to okay his first fiction feature, Entre la mer et l'eau douce. Since he pursued a very successful freelance career in feature films, documentaries, shorts and television. His cinematography ranged from the gritty cinéma-vérité style of À tout prendre to the lyricism of Kamouraska, and his directorial work from the terse documentary stylings of La lutte to smoothly proficient television dramas such as Les noces de papier, which was entered into the 40th Berlin International Film Festival.[3] He won Canadian Film Awards for lensing Mon oncle Antoine
Mon oncle Antoine
and Le Temps d’une chasse, and Genie Awards for his work on Good Riddance (Les Bons débarras) and Threshold. Les Ordres (1974), which he directed, shot and wrote, won for him the CFA for direction and he shared the best director award at the 1975 Cannes Film Festival.[4] The film seamlessly fuses documentary and fiction styles while dramatizing the trauma of innocent people caught up in the October Crisis
October Crisis
of 1970. It is still regarded as a masterpiece of Canadian cinema.[5] Death[edit] Brault died of a heart attack on the afternoon of 21 September 2013, while en route to the Film North – Huntsville International Film Festival, where he was to receive a Lifetime Achievement Award.[6] According to festival founder Lucy Wing, Brault had arrived at Pearson International Airport after a flight from his home in Montreal, accompanied by his son, Sylvain. Brault had begun the drive north to Huntsville by limousine when he began to feel ill, approximately one hour after his arrival in Toronto. Personal life[edit] His son, Sylvain Brault, is one of Quebec’s top cameramen, and his daughter, Anouk, is a producer.[7] Honours and distinctions[edit]

1964 - Film of the Year, Canadian Film Awards 1974 - Prix L.-E.-Ouimet-Molson 1975 - Prix Victor-Morin 1975 - Best Director, Canadian Film Awards 1975 - Best Director Award (Cannes Film Festival) 1980 - Molson Prize 1981 and 1983 Genie Award for Best Achievement in Cinematography (also nominated in 1988) 1986 - Prix Albert-Tessier 1990 - Best director prize at the Flanders International Film Festival 1993 - Prix Luce-Guilbeault 1996 - Governor General's Performing Arts Award 2003 - Prix Guy-L'Écuyer 2003 - Officer of the Ordre national du Québec 2005 - Prix Jutra lifetime achievement award 2013 - Bull’s Eye Lifetime Achievement Award, Film North – Huntsville International Film Festival[6]

Selected films[edit] Over the course of his career, Brault worked as a director or cinematographer on over 200 films.[8] Some of the most notable of these films include: As director[edit] Fiction[edit]

Matin (Short film, 1950) Geneviève (Short film, 1965) (Re-Released as part of the 1966 anthology film La fleur de l'âge) Entre la mer et l'eau douce (1967) Les ordres (1974) Le son des français d'Amérique (TV series, 1974-1980) La belle ouvrage (TV series, 1977-1980) L'emprise (Short film, 1988) Les noces de papier (TV movie, 1989) Diogène (Short film, 1990) Montréal vu par... (segment "La dernière partie", 1992) Shabbat Shalom! (TV movie, 1992) My Friend Max (Mon amie Max) (TV movie, 1994) Quand je serai parti... vous vivrez encore (1999) 30 vies (TV series, 2011)

Documentaries[edit]

Chèvres (Short film Co-Directed with Claude Sylvestre, 1954) La Mattawin, rivière sauvage (Short film Co-Directed with Claude Sylvestre, 1954) Les raquetteurs (Short film Co-Directed with Gilles Groulx, 1958) Eye Witness No. 101 (Documentary series Co-Directed with Grant Crabtree, 1958) La lutte (Short film Co-Directed with Marcel Carrière, Claude Fournier and Claude Jutra, 1961) Québec-U.S.A. ou l'invasion pacifique (Short film Co-Directed with Claude Jutra, 1962) Les enfants du silence (Short film, 1962) Pour la suite du monde
Pour la suite du monde
(Co-Directed with Marcel Carrière and Pierre Perrault, 1963) Le temps perdu (Short film, 1964) Conflicts (Short film, 1967) Settlement and Conflict (Short film, 1967) Le beau plaisir (Short film Co-Directed with Pierre Perrault and Bernard Gosselin, 1968) Les enfants de Néant (Short film, 1968) Éloge du chiac (Short film, 1969) René Lévesque vous parlez: les 6 milliards (Short film, 1969) L'Acadie l'Acadie?!? (Co-Directed with Pierre Perrault, 1971) René Lévesque pour le vrai (Short film, 1973) Le bras de levier et la rivière (Short film, 1973) René Lévesque: un vrai chef (Short film, 1976) Les gens de plaisir (Short film, 1979) Il faut continuer (Short film, 1979) Le p'tit Canada (Short film, 1979) A Freedom to Move (Short film, 1985) Campaign 1986 (Short film, 1986) Tu m'aimes-tu (Video, 1991) Ozias Leduc, comme l'espace et le temps (Short film, 1996) La manic (Short film, 2002) Une chanson qui vient de loin (portrait de Claude Gauthier) (Short film, 2008)

As cinematographer[edit]

Chronique d'un été (1961) À St-Henri le cinq septembre (1962; shared credit) Mon Oncle Antoine
Mon Oncle Antoine
(1971) Kamouraska (1973) Good Riddance (Les Bons débarras) (1980) No Mercy (1985) The Great Land of Small
The Great Land of Small
(1987)

References[edit]

^ (in French) "Le cinéaste Michel Brault s'est éteint" Radio Canada. Retrieved 22 September 2013. ^ "Michel Brault". Film Reference Library. 2003. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2008-02-13.  ^ "Berlinale: 1990 Programme". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2011-03-20.  ^ "Awards 1975 : Competition". Festival de Cannes (International Film Festival). Retrieved 2017-02-20.  ^ "Introduction for the 2007 Canadian Retrospective". Toronto International Film Festival. Archived from the original on 2007-07-15. Retrieved 2008-02-13.  ^ a b Howell, Peter (22 September 2013). "Quebec film legend Michel Brault, who directed Mon oncle Antoine, dies". Toronto
Toronto
Star. Retrieved 22 September 2013.  ^ Vézina, François (22 September 2013). " Michel Brault s'éteint à l'âge de 85 ans". The Canadian Press
The Canadian Press
(in French). Montreal: Métro. Retrieved 22 September 2013.  ^ " Michel Brault - Oeuvres 1958-1974 Works". National Film Board of Canada. 

External links[edit]

Michel Brault on IMDb Michel Brault (1928-2013), NFB.ca blog, National Film Board of Canada Michel Brault, Canadian Encyclopedia, The

v t e

Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television award for Best Director

Canadian Film Awards 1966–1978

Ron Kelly (1966) Allan King
Allan King
and Ron Kelly (1967) Don Owen (1968) Peter Pearson (1969) Paul Almond
Paul Almond
(1970) Claude Jutra (1971) Gilles Carle (1972) David Acomba
David Acomba
(1973) no award (1974) Michel Brault (1975) Harvey Hart (1976) Jean Beaudin (1977) Daryl Duke
Daryl Duke
(1978)

Genie Awards 1980–2011

Bob Clark (1980) Francis Mankiewicz (1981) Gilles Carle (1982) Phillip Borsos (1983) Bob Clark / David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1984) Micheline Lanctôt (1985) Sandy Wilson (1986) Denys Arcand
Denys Arcand
(1987) Jean-Claude Lauzon
Jean-Claude Lauzon
(1988) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1989) Denys Arcand
Denys Arcand
(1990) Bruce Beresford (1991) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1992) François Girard (1993) Atom Egoyan
Atom Egoyan
(1994) Robert Lepage
Robert Lepage
(1995) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1996) Atom Egoyan
Atom Egoyan
(1997) François Girard (1998) Jeremy Podeswa (1999) Denis Villeneuve
Denis Villeneuve
(2000) Zacharias Kunuk (2001) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(2002) Denys Arcand
Denys Arcand
(2003) Francis Leclerc (2004) Jean-Marc Vallée
Jean-Marc Vallée
(2005) Charles Binamé (2006) Sarah Polley
Sarah Polley
(2007) Benoît Pilon (2008) Denis Villeneuve
Denis Villeneuve
(2009) Denis Villeneuve
Denis Villeneuve
(2010) Philippe Falardeau
Philippe Falardeau
(2011)

Canadian Screen Awards 2012–present

Kim Nguyen
Kim Nguyen
(2012) Denis Villeneuve
Denis Villeneuve
(2013) Xavier Dolan
Xavier Dolan
(2014) Lenny Abrahamson (2015) Xavier Dolan
Xavier Dolan
(2016) Aisling Walsh (2017)

v t e

Cannes Film Festival Best Director Award

René Clément
René Clément
(1946) René Clément
René Clément
(1949) Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(1951) Christian-Jaque (1952) Jules Dassin
Jules Dassin
/ Sergei Vasilyev
Sergei Vasilyev
(1955) Sergei Yutkevich
Sergei Yutkevich
(1956) Robert Bresson (1957) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1958) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1959) Yuliya Solntseva
Yuliya Solntseva
(1961) Liviu Ciulei (1965) Sergei Yutkevich
Sergei Yutkevich
(1966) Ferenc Kósa
Ferenc Kósa
(1967) Glauber Rocha
Glauber Rocha
/ Vojtěch Jasný
Vojtěch Jasný
(1969) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1970) Miklós Jancsó
Miklós Jancsó
(1972) Michel Brault / Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
(1975) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1976) Nagisa Oshima
Nagisa Oshima
(1978) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(1979) Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
(1982) Robert Bresson / Andrei Tarkovsky
Andrei Tarkovsky
(1983) Bertrand Tavernier
Bertrand Tavernier
(1984) André Téchiné
André Téchiné
(1985) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1986) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1987) Fernando Solanas
Fernando Solanas
(1988) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(1989) Pavel Lungin
Pavel Lungin
(1990) Joel Coen (1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1993) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(1994) Mathieu Kassovitz
Mathieu Kassovitz
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(1997) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Edward Yang (2000) Joel Coen / David Lynch
David Lynch
(2001) Im Kwon-taek / Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2002) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
(2003) Tony Gatlif
Tony Gatlif
(2004) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2005) Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Nuri Bilge Ceylan
Nuri Bilge Ceylan
(2008) Brillante Mendoza
Brillante Mendoza
(2009) Mathieu Amalric
Mathieu Amalric
(2010) Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
(2011) Carlos Reygadas
Carlos Reygadas
(2012) Amat Escalante
Amat Escalante
(2013) Bennett Miller
Bennett Miller
(2014) Hou Hsiao-hsien
Hou Hsiao-hsien
(2015) Olivier Assayas
Olivier Assayas
/ Cristian Mungiu
Cristian Mungiu
(2016) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 14961212 LCCN: no2005035131 ISNI: 0000 0001 1488 153X GND: 119157896 SUDOC: 055766277 BNF: cb139302291 (data) BIBSYS: 90270

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